Today’s situation in country absolutely demands the need for SOCIAL JUSTICE, SOCIAL EQUALITY AND GENDER EQUALITY, which is possible through political, electoral system of the country. It is a bare fact, that “LACK OF SOCIAL JUSTICE AND SOCIAL EQUALITY” is the “PRIMARY ROOT CAUSE OF CORRUPTION” AT ALL LEVELS OF GOVERNANCE; AT ALL PLACES, HAMPERING GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT. Because, as of now the elected representatives at all levels are mostly elite, upper echelons of the society, mostly belonging to select few families who are ruling from village to state. It is an open secret that most of the elected representatives of the ruling party at all levels in general, deliberately, discretely promoting spoil system of administration; Also IT IS A FACT THAT LACK OF SOCIAL JUSTICE CREATES CIRCUMSTANCES WHICH MAKES ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES TO PROMOTE CORRUPTION UNAVOIDABLY. As most of the political parties are having a single agenda to be in power at that respective level, as such provides the tickets to people who are having all sorts of abundance, as such the people who got the ticket to contest election are mostly belong to minor populated of castes in that area, mostly being local elite/ upper echelon of the society, in order to win the election they need majority population castes support, as such, the candidates need to spend excess money/miscellaneous money in the election, just for the sake of win in the election only, beyond the stipulated limit, through their kin, kith and close aides of the candidate to show the election commission that their expenditure is within the limit. It is the root cause of liaison and lobbying by the kin, kith & close aides to recover their moneys spent for the success elected representative. Also the candidates need to have some followers from the majority population, to represent them in the respective territory the candidates caste population being minor in that territory, in order to keep the followers, the candidates encourage the local leaders in villages and mandals to get/fix small contracts/deals and making welfare programmes as money spinning activities for them, also in order to carry on their activities smoothly, they need the support of local administration, as such they do pressure lobbies on the ruling government, being an elected member of the ruling party to have officials who can be biased towards them, to get posting in their respective territory for getting control in the territory, getting their works done for their individual self benefit, as well as for their followers. THIS IS THE FUNDAMENTAL REASON THAT MONEY MEANT FOR THE WELFARE SCHEMES, DEVELOPMENT SCHEMES ESPECIALLY AT THE VILLAGE AND MANDAL LEVELS ARE NOT REACHING THE BENEFICIARIES AS INTENDED.
THROUGH ELECTORAL REFORMS BY BRINGING SOCIAL JUSTICE MAKING IT MANDATORY FOR THE POLITICAL PARTIES TO ALLOCATE TICKETS TO CONTEST ELECTIONS AT ALL LEVELS i.e FROM GRAM PANCHAYAT TO PARLIAMENT PROPORTIONATE TO THE PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION CATEGORY WISE (FC, BC, SC, ST, MINORITY) COVERING ALL MAJOR CASTES/ SUB CASTES WITHIN THE CATEGORY OF (FC, BC, SC, ST, MINORITY). THE PROPORTIONATE ALLOCATION AS PER MAJOR CASTE / MAJOR SUB CASTE WITHIN THE CATEGORY SHOULD BE MANDATORY FOR THE ASSEMBLY AND PARLIAMENT ELECTION, WHERE AS MINOR POPULATED CASTES/ SUB CASTES WITHIN EACH CATEGORY SHOULD BE GIVEN PREFERENCE AT THE LOCAL BODY ELECTIONS, BUT IT IS THE DISCRETION OF THE POLITICAL PARTIES TO COVER MINOR POPULATES CASTES/ SUB CASTES OR NOT.
The PRINCIPLE OF SOCIAL JUSTICE SHOULD BE APPLICABLE TO ALL CANDIDATES WHO WISH TO CONTEST INDEPENDENTLY, AT ANY LEVEL OF ELECTION, MAKING ELIGIBILITY TO CONTEST THE ELECTION AT ANY LEVEL, ONLY BY CANDIDATES BELONGING TO THE SAME CATEGORY (FC, BC, SC, ST, MINORITY) IN THAT RESPECTIVE TERRITORY.
As by implementing social justice in the electoral system, certainly there will be reduction in corruption, as on getting party nomination, miscellaneous election expenditure by candidate for elections will certainly, drastically reduced, due to the reason that candidates caste lobbies will work for the win being, there caste having larger population, in majority cases, the election expenditure is well within the limit determined by election commission.
In addition, ANOTHER MOST IMPORTANT THING WHICH IS VERY BADLY AND VERY URGENTLY NEEDED IN THE ELECTORAL SYSTEM OF THE COUNTRY is TO BRING SOCIAL EQUALITY. As such it should be very ideal and very appropriate to tackle the corruption by BRINGING ELECTORAL REFORMS BY MAKING IT MANDATORY FOR ALL THE POLITICAL PARTIES TO IMPLEMENT SOCIAL EQUALITY IN ALLOCATING THE PARTY TICKETS TO CONTEST ELECTIONS AT ALL LEVEL, ACCORDING TO THE PERCENTAGE OF ECONOMIC CLASS (INCOME GROUP) OF THE PEOPLE AT THAT PARTICULAR LEVEL i.e GRAM PANCHAYAT, MANDAL, ASSEMBLY SEGMENT, PARLIAMENT SEGMENT, IN ADDITION TO MAINTAINING SOCIAL JUSTICE, WHICH CREATE A LEVEL PLAYING FIELD. More elaborately, all parties should allocate tickets based on the class of income group, I.E LOWER INCOME GROUP CLASS, AND MIDDLE INCOME GROUP CLASS (LOWER MIDDLE, MIDDLE MIDDLE, UPPER MIDDLE CLASS) AND UPPER CLASS IN THE RESPECTIVE TERRITORY SIMULTANEOUSLY MAINTAINING THE PROPORTIONATE ALLOCATION OF TICKETS AS PER THE PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION OF CASTES IN THAT RESPECTIVE TERRITORY.. For example in the village having 1000 population with total no 10 of seats for panchayat, with 600 people belong to lower income group class, 300 people belong to middle income group class, and 100 people to upper income group class, then allocation of tickets should be in ratio of 60:30:10 to contest election, similarly the same stand should be applied for the Mandal, Zilla parishand, assembly and parliament elections, ALLOCATING TICKETS PROPORTIONATE TO THE PERCENTAGE OF INCOME GROUPS i.e lower income group, middle income group, upper income group existing in that respective territory, SIMULTANEOUSLY MAINTAINING THE RATIO OF DISTRIBUTION OF TICKETS PROPORTIONATE TO THE PERCENTAGE OF CATEGORY/CASTES, CREATES A LEVEL PLAYING FIELD in all Castes and classes. THIS MEASURE WILL CERTAINLY ELIMINATE CORRUPTION TO A MAXIMUM EXTENT; WILL CERTAINLY CREATE CONFIDENCE IN THE PEOPLE OF THE COUNTRY TOWARDS THE POLITICS AND PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY, BY ELIMINATING FROM THEIR MINDS, WHICH POLITICS IS NOT BELONGING TO UPPER CLASS OF THE SOCIETY ALONE, BUT FOR ALL ECONOMIC CLASSES AS WELL AS ALL SECTIONS OF PEOPLE OF THE COUNTRY, AND ALSO THAT POLITICS/POLITICAL ORGANISATIONS ARE NOT MONEY MAKING BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS, BUT SERVICE ORIENTED ORGANISATIONS. This principle of same income group is applicable to independent candidates also. ALL CANDIDATES WHO WISH TO CONTEST AS INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE ARE ALLOWED TO CONTEST THE ELECTION WITH THAT RESPECTIVE LEVEL IF INCOME GROUP ONLY. i.e any individual belonging to same income group is allowed to compete with other counter parts of same income group only. IN ORDER TO PREVENT MORE NO OF INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES, IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THAT THE CANDIDATES WISH TO CONTEST AS INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE NEEDS TO SUBMIT AN AFFIDAVIT DULY SIGNED BY AT LEAST 10 % OF THE total VOTERS IN THAT LEVEL, SUPPORTING THE CANDIDATURE OF THAT INDEPENDENT. This measure is necessary, as the election is as per the class of income group, many people will barge in the fray, creating un necessary burden to the election commission, creates confusion among the candidates. Also this measure will certainly eliminate the bogus candidates to split the votes among the parties, non serious candidates.
Also it should be made mandatory through electoral reforms that fixed terms of representation in the elections from village to parliament. It should be made that AN INDIVIDUAL CAN BE ALLOWED TO REPRESENT MAXIMUM OF TWO TIMES AT THE VILLAGE OR MANDAL OR DISTRICT LEVEL, EACH SINGLE LEVEL NOT MORE THAN TWO TERMS IRRESPECTIVE OF POLITICAL PARTY THE INDIVIDUALS REPRESENT. i.e if the individual representing any party in the election won the election at that level two times and takes the oath on two occasions at that level as member of that level, the individual is not eligible to contest third term in the same level, but is eligible to contest any next higher level only, than earlier representation level, further subjected to the next level maximum two terms of representation clause. This is applicable only to local body elections i.e gram panchayat/ ward, mandal parishad/block, zillaparishad/municipal Corporation. Also should fixed the number of terms of representing the legislative assembly, legislative council and also parliament. ANY INDIVIDUAL CAN REPRESENT MAXIMUM OF FOUR TERMS FOR ASSEMBLY IRRESPECTIVE OF PARTY HE REPRESENTS INCLUDING BOTH DIRECT AND INDIRECT ELECTIONS i.e LOWER HOUSE AND UPPER HOUSE OF THE STATE AS A MEMBER OF LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY/ LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL. SIMILARLY AN INDIVIDUAL CAN REPRESENT MAXIMUM OF SIX TERMS FOR PARLIAMENT BOTH LOWER HOUSE AND UPPER HOUSE OF THE PARLIAMENT AS A MEMBER OF LOK SABHA / RAJYA SABHA. ALSO THE MAXIMUM AGE LIMIT THAT ONE CAN REPRESENT IN THE ELECTIONS AT ANY LEVEL SHOULD BE SHOULD BE SIXTY FIVE YEARS AT THE TIME OF CONTEST OF ELECTION i.e FROM GRAM PANCHAYAT TO PARLIAMENT. The maximum terms of representation clause are applicable to all independent candidates also. THIS IS VERY IDEAL AND NECESSARY AS THE COUNTRY HAS AROUND SEVENTY PERCENT OF THE POPULATION IS YOUTH WHICH NEEDS A FUTURE VISION.
Also SHOULD BE MANDATORY IN THE ELECTORAL SYSTEM of the country to be followed by the ALL POLITICAL PARTIES ISSUES EIGHTY PERCENTAGE OF THE TICKETS TO CONTEST AT THE VILLAGE / WARD LEVEL ELECTION SHOULD BE GIVEN TO FRESH/FIRST TIME CANDIDATES SUBJECTED TO MAXIMUM TERMS OF REPRESENTATION CLAUSE. AS FAR AS THE MANDAL LEVEL ELECTIONS ARE CONCERNED THIRTY PERCENT OF THE TICKETS SHOULD BE GIVEN TO FRESH CANDIDATES TO CONTEST THE ELECTION AND SEVENTY PERCENT OF TICKETS SHOULD BE GIVEN FOR THE EXPERIENCED VILLAGE LEVEL ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES EITHER SERVING OR RETIRED. AS FAR AS THE ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS ARE CONCERNED TWENTY PERCENT OF THE TICKETS SHOULD BE GIVEN TO FRESH CANDIDATES TO CONTEST THE ELECTION AT ASSEMBLY LEVEL AND EIGHTY PERCENTAGE OF THE TICKET TO CONTEST THE ASSEMBLY ELECTION SHOULD BE GIVEN TO VILLAGE & MANDAL LEVEL ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES EITHER SERVING OR RETIRED. In the 80 %, the village representatives should be given 20% of the tickets and 40 % of the tickets to the representatives from the mandals. And 20 % from the Sitting/Ex- MLA/MLC, subjected to the maximum terms of representation of four terms as MLA/MLC. AS FAR AS THE PARLIAMENT ELECTIONS ARE CONCERNED FORTY PERCENT OF THE TICKETS TO CONTEST THE PARLIAMENT ELECTIONS SHOULD BE GIVEN FROM THE ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES FROM ASSEMBLY, MANDAL AND VILLAGE, AND FORTY PERCENTAGE OF TICKETS FROM SITTING/EX MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT AND REMAINING TWENTY PERCENTAGE SHOULD BE GIVEN TO FRESH/FIRST TIME CANDIDATES Out of 40 %, individuals 25 % of the tickets from assembly experience and 10 % of the tickets to mandal experienced individuals and 5 % for the village experienced individuals. In the 40 % from sitting/ ex members of parliament 30 % from the sitting and 10 % from the ex- members of parliament subjected to the maximum terms of representation of six terms, and twenty percent from the fresh young/experienced candidates. IT SHOULD BE VERY IDEAL THAT SUPPER ANNULATED GOVERNMENT, SEMI GOVERNMENT, PSU OFFICIALS SHOULD BE GIVEN CHANCE TO CONTEST THE ELECTIONS EITHER DIRECT OR INDIRECT, PREFERABLY WHO WORKED MORE NUMBER OF YEARS IN VILLAGE AND RURAL AREAS AND WON THE PUBLIC APPRECIATION FOR THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO THAT AREA AS GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL. For example the postal officials, village and mandal level revenue officials who severed maximum years in that village / mandal are very ideal to be part of at the gram panchayat level, similarly the ex- civil servants/ bureaucrats who served maximum tenure at the state are ideal for state legislative assembly/ council and and those who served more at the central government are ideal for the upper house of the parliament. This measure will enable that at all level a mix of well experienced seniors and talented young representatives a truly successful combination.
The above measures WILL CERTAINLY MAKE ALL THE VILLAGE/ MANDAL/ ASSEMBLY LEVEL ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES TO WORK DEDICATEDLY IN THEIR RESPECTIVE TERRITORY WITH THE HOPE THAT THEY WILL GET AN OPPORTUNITY to represent at the DISTRICT LEVEL , STATE / NATIONAL LEVEL.
Also the REASON FOR GRADUAL INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF TERMS OF REPRESENTATION AT THE ELECTIONS IS BECAUSE THE NUMBER OF SEATS FOR PARLIAMENT is limited IN EACH STATE SINGLE OR DOUBLE DIGIT NUMBERS only, where as the ASSEMBLY SEATS ARE IN DOUBLE AND TRIPLE DIGIT NUMBERS DEPENDS UP ON THE STATE, and LOCAL BODIES SEATS RUNNING IN HUNDREDS AND THOUSANDS IN NUMBERS DEPENDING ON THE STATES. AS SUCH, MORE OPPORTUNITY AT THE ENTRY LEVEL OF PEOPLES REPRESENTATION, where more NUMBER PEOPLE HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY OVER YEARS, fulfilling maximum number of peoples wish to represent the respective territory. In addition, THE IDEA OF GRADUAL INCREASE OF NUMBER OF TERMS FROM LOCAL BODY TO PARLIAMENT IS TO HAVE MOST EXPERIENCED IS NEEDED AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL FOR MAKING THE POLICIES FOR THE WHOLE COUNTRY, MODERATE EXPERIENCE AT THE STATE LEVEL FOR MAKING POLICIES AT STATE IS REQUIRED, COUPLED WITH FRESH YOUNG BLOOD AT THE LOCAL BODIES.
The ABOVE MEASURES MINIMIZES THE POSSIBILITIES OF ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES INCLINATION TOWARDS CORRUPT PRACTICES, AS ALL ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES AT THE GROSS ROOTS WILL WORK MORE DEDICATEDLY IN THEIR RESPECTIVE TERRITORY, TO GROW IN CARRIER, TO REPRESENT ZILLA, ASSEMBLY AND PARLIAMENT.
Also it should be MANDATORY ELECTORAL REFORM, RESTRAINING ALL POLITICAL PARTIES TO ISSUE TO PARTY TICKETS TO REPRESENT PARTY TO ONLY ONE PERSON IN THE FAMILY IN ELECTION, AT ANY ONE LEVEL OF CHOICE, . i.e either Husband, or wife or father or mother or son or un married daughter or son-in-law or daughter-in-law, one brother, one sister in a family are eligible to contest one election at any level from gram panchayat to parliament, i.e only one person in the family can be eligible to contest both in direct (lower house) and indirect elections (upper house) at any level from village to national i.e from gram panchayat to parliament... In case of married daughters if the in-laws family i.e husband, father–in law, mother-in law, brother-in law, sister- in law are not representing the same party then, even thought father or mother or brother is an elected representative of the party, the married daughter can be given ticket by the party for being the surname changed respecting the Indian culture and tradition. No two brothers or no two sisters born for single parents, should be given ticket at any level, restricting only one brother should be allowed if other family members are not representing the same party. THIS PRINCIPLE HOLDS GOOD FOR INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES’ ALSO. I.E OF ANY RECOGNISED POLITICAL PARTY PROVIDES TICKET TO ANY INDIVIDUAL OF THE FAMILY, ANY OF THE REMAINING FAMILY MEMBERS NOMINATION AS INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE IS BARRED TO CONTEST ELECTION AT ANY LEVEL. Similarly if any candidate represents as a elected member at any level, family members belong to that individual is restrained to represent any political party/ to contest as an independent candidate in any election during the valid term of the elected candidate irrespective of whether the candidate is independent or representing any political party. THIS MEASURE WILL BE APPLICABLE TO INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES CONTESTING INDEPENDENTLY.. IN CASE IF THE ANY INDIVIDUAL REPRESENTS ANY LEVEL AS AN ELECTED MEMBER, THEN THE OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS OF THE INDIVIDUAL ARE RESTRAINED TO CONTEST ELECTION AS AN INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE AT ANY OTHER LEVEL OF ELECTION DURING THE PERIOD OF THE VALIDITY OF TERM OF THE INDEPENDENT MEMBER. THIS MEASURE IS NECESSARY TO CONTROL CORRUPTION BY MONOPOLISING THE DISTRICTS, STATE BY MANY NUMBER OF FAMILIES IRRESPECTIVE OF POLITICAL PARTIES. Also this measure will allow lot of fresh and new blood to come into politics.
ALSO IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THROUGH ELECTORAL REFORMS TO RESTRAIN FROM BEING A MEMBER OF CABINET OF ANY LEVEL AND ALSO ANY NOMINATED POSITION (STATE OR CENTRAL GOVERNMENT) IN CASE FROM ELECTED MEMBERS BELONG TO SAME FAMILY /BELONG TO ONE FAMILY i.e with relationship of either father, mother, son, un-married daughter, daughter in law, wife, husband, brother & sister born for same father same mother or may be different mother due to second marriage) EVEN THOUGH CONTESTED IN DIFFERENT POLITICAL PARTIES FOR DIFFERENT LEVELS(LOCAL BODY, ASSEMBLY, PARLIAMENT), THEY CAN REMAIN AS JUST MEMBERS OF THOSE HOUSES ONLY FOR THE WHOLE TENURE OF THAT HOUSE. This measure is necessary because people belong to same family contesting for same/different positions from different political parties just to remain in the power corroders and enjoy the power for the benefit of the family members.
Also it should be MANDATORY THROUGH ELECTORAL REFORMS, RESTRAINING ALL POLITICAL PARTIES TO PROVIDE TICKET, TO THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF TERMS OF REPRESENTATION OF THAT LEVEL, TO CONTEST ELECTION AT THE LEVEL, TO THE CANDIDATES BELONGING TO SAME FAMILY, WHOSE FAMILY MEMBER ALREADY COMPLETED MAXIMUM PERMITTED NUMBER OF TERMS ALLOWED BY LAW AT THAT LEVEL AS ELECTED MEMBER OF THAT LEVEL. i.e in case of local body level i.e gram panchayat/ward, mandal perishad/block, zilla parishad/municipal corporation, if any individual completes two terms at any single level, for example at the gram panchayat level, the family members of the individual who completed two terms as a member of gram panchayat, are restricted to contest the same gram panchayat for next two terms i.e for 10 years in general. Likewise if an individual completes maximum permitted term of four terms as MLA, the family members of the individual should be restrained to contest the same MLA constituency next four terms i.e next 20 years, where the individual completed maximum permitted terms. But the individuals’ family members can contest in any other assembly constituency subjected to the local residence clause and other clauses. Similarly for the parliament elections if the individual completes maximum permitted terms of representation i.e six terms as Member of Parliament, the family members of the individual should be restrained to contest from the same parliament constituency for next six terms i.e next 30 years. Also in case any individual gets into next level without completing maximum number of terms permitted at that level, as long as he is is member, other family members are restrained from contesting elections at any level. in case the individual who represents as member at any level dies without completing the term, the remaining period of that term should be given to the immediate family member of the deceased individual, and restraining the family member who is representing the deceased to the maximum permitted terms of representation at that level, counting the term of the deceased also. For example an MLA died in the middle of the third term, then his family members are allowed to contest from the same seat, but on successful completion of the third term, the member from the same family will be allowed to represent for only one more term for the same assembly constituency. This measure is necessary to free the constituency from monopoly of the family.
THIS PRINCIPLE WILL BE APPLICABLE TO INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES ALSO, RESTRICTING THE FAMILY MEMBERS OF THE INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES TO CONTEST THAT LEVEL OF ELECTION, TO THE MAXIMUM PERMITTED TERMS AS PER THE ABOVE PRINCIPLE.
Also it should be MADE MANDATORY THROUGH ELECTORAL REFORMS THAT ANY INDIVIDUAL SHALL BE ALLOWED TO CONTEST AT ANY LEVEL, ONLY IN THE TERRITORY OF RESIDENCE/LIVING OF THE INDIVIDUAL. i.e if the individual is living in an area, he is eligible to contest only to the gram panchatay/ward, only to the mandal, only to the assembly constituency, only to the parliament constituency where his residential address is falls under/ covered by the respective territory i.e gram panchayat, mandal parishad, assembly segment, parliament segment. ALSO IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THAT THE INDIVIDUAL SHOULD BE LOCAL IN THAT TERRITORY WHERE HE WISHES TO CONTEST, I.E RESIDING MORE THAN SEVEN YEARS IN THAT TERRITORY WHERE HE WISH TO CONTEST ANY LEVEL ELECTION. This principle will be applied to direct election only. THIS PRINCIPLE IS APPLICABLE TO INDIRECT ELECTIONS ALSO. i.e upper house i.e legislative council and rajya sabha of parliament, ONLY INDIVIDUALS BELONGING TO THE RESPECTIVE STATE I.E RESIDENT OF THE STATE FOR OVER SEVEN YEARS ONLY SHOULD BE ELIGIBLE TO REPRESENT THE STATE IN THE UPPER HOUSE. THIS PRINCIPLE WILL BE APPLICABLE TO I CANDIDATES WHO ARE CONTESTING INDEPENDENTLY.
Also it should be MANDATORY THROUGH ELECTORAL REFORMS THAT AT THE GRAM PANCHAYAT/VILLAGE LEVEL, THE MAXIMUM POPULATION OF CATOGERY/CASTE i.e OVER 1/3 OF THE POPULATION OF THE VILLAGE BELONGING TO ONE PARTICULAR CATEGORY i.e FORWARD CASTES, BACKWARD CASTES, SCHEDULED CASTES, SCHEDULED TRIBES, MINORITIES, THEN THE SARPANCH OF THE VILLAGE/GRAM PANCHAYAT SHOULD BE FROM THAT PARTICULAR CATEGORY ONLY (FC, BC, SC, ST and MINORITY), ALONG WITH MAINTAINING THE GENDER EQUALITY AS PER GOVERNMENT AMENDMENT OF PANCHAYAT RAJ ACT of MANDATORY REPRESENTATION OF 50 % SEATS TO BE RESERVED FOR WOMEN AT THE GRAM PANCHAYAT. THE ABOVE PRINCIPLE OF MAXIMUM POPULATION CATEGORY SHOULD BE APPLICABLE TO ALL LEVELS OF LOCAL BODY ELECTIONS.
Also it should be MANDATORY THROUGH ELECTORAL REFORMS THE “RIGHT TO RECALL” THE NON PERFORMING CANDIDATES AT THE ASSEMBLY AND PARLIAMENT. IT CAN BE MADE THROUGH INDIRECT VOTING ONLY. THE RIGHT TO RECALL CAN BE INITIATED ONLY IF MORE THAN 50 % OF THE GRAM PANCHAYATS OR WARDS IN THE CONSTITUENCY FILE A COMMON WRITTEN COMPLAINT TO THE ELECTION COMMISSION ON THE MAJORITY APPROVAL OF THE RESPECTIVE GRAM SABHAS/WARDS. THE ELECTION COMMISSION WILL ANNOUNCE A DAY AND TIME TO CONVENE THE ASSEMBLY OF ALL GRAM SABHAS TO CONDUCT VOTING BY ALL GRAM SABHAS AT THE SAME TIME, TO VOTE Y/N TO RECALL THE NON PERFORMING CANDIDATE (ASSEMBLY/PARLIAMENT), SIMULTANEOUSLY CONDUCTING VOTING OF ALL THE ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES IN THAT CONSTITUENCY FOR THE RECALLING OF THE CANDIDATE. FOR THE ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCY ALL LOCAL BODY ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES OF THAT CONSTITUENCY, IN ADDITION TO LOCAL BODY ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES OF ALL THE ASSEMBLY SEGMENTS, ALL THE ELECTED MEMBERS OF THE ASSEMBLY IN THE PARLIAMENT CONSTITUENCY ARE THE ELIGIBLE MEMBERS TO VOTE FOR THE MOTION TO SAY Y/N. IN THIS ALL THE GRAM SABHA RESULTS SHOULD BE GIVEN 60 % WAITAGE, AND THE REMAINING WAITAGE OF 40 % TO ALL THE ELECTED REPRESENTATIVE. IN THE VOTING MOTION OF RECALL THE RECOGNISED POLITICAL PARTIES WIPE IS VALIED, ONLY THING IS THAT ELECTION COMMISSION WILL ISSUE WIPE TO MANDATORY VOTE IN THE MOTION TO THOSE GRAM PANCHAYAT MEMBERS WHO HAS EVOKED THE RIGHT TO RECALL. IF THE “YES” FOR RECALLING OF THE CANDIDATE, IS MORE THAN 50 %, THEN CANDIDATE SHOULD BE DISMISSED AS THE MEMBER (OF ASSEMBLY/ OF PARLIAMENT) AND FRESH ELECTIONS SHOULD BE CONDUCTED IN THE CONSTITUENCY. THE RIGHT TO RECALL CAN BE INITIATED ONLY AFTER COMPLETION OF TWO YEARS TERM AS ELECTED REPRESENTATIVE FOR GENERAL DESCENT AMONG THE PEOPLE OF THE CONSTITUENCY, IN CASE OF ANY SERIOUS CRIMINAL CHARGES AGAINST THE CANDIDATE, OR ABNORMAL RAISE IN THE WEALTH OF THE CANDIDATE (AS THE CANDIDATES ARE BEING CONTESTED AND ELECTED AS PER THE CLASS VIZ LOW, MIDDLE, UPPER CLASS), THE PROVISION CAN BE EVOKED IRRESPECTIVE OF MINIMUM PERIOD, BUT THE RIGHT TO RECALL, CAN NOT BE INITIATED 18 MONTHS BEFORE THE EXPIRY OF THE TERM OF THE ELECTED CANDIDATE (TERM OF ASSEMBLY, PARLIAMENT). This method will certainly, ensure that all elected representatives work dedicatedly in the villages and wards gaining the confidence of the all sections of the people.
Also it should be mandatory that the COMPOSITION OF CABINET AT THE STATE GOVERNMENTS AND CENTRAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD BE PROPORTIONATE TO THE PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION OF CATEGORY (FC, BC, SC, ST, MINORITY) COVERING PROPORTIONATELY ALL MAJOR POPULATED CASTES/ SUB CASTES WITHIN THE CATEGORY OF (FC, BC, SC, ST, MINORITY), AMONG THE ELECTED MEMBERS OF IN THE RULING PARTY/ RULING ALLIANCE ALONG WITH MAINTAINING GENDER EQUALITY. ALSO IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THAT THE CABINET COMPOSITION SHOULD BE A MIX OF YOUNG AND SENIOR MEMBERS, WITH MAINTAINING THE AVERAGE AGE OF THE CABINET TEAM EQUALS THE AVERAGE AGE OF THE MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY/PARLIAMENT. IN ADDITION, IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THAT ANY MEMBER CAN HEAD THE CABINET, AND BECOME A MEMBERS OF CABINET FOR A MAXIMUM OF TWO TERMS ONLY DURING THE ENTIRE TENURE AS A MEMBER IN HIS LIFE TERM( MAXIMUM ALLOWED TERMS OF THAT LEVEL) OF EITHER LOWER HOUSE OR UPPER HOUSE. This measure will ensure that majority of the members can get an opportunity be in the cabinet during their tenure as members of the state assembly/ parliament. Only the leader of the legislative party elected by the members can be from any caste as decided by the parties or allies. In this also the allocation of portfolios is the discretion of the Chief Minister, Prime Minister.
In order to bring values, morals in the political system it should be mandatory THROUGH ELECTORAL REFORMS, RESTRICTING INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES TO HAVE ONLY THE RIGHT TO EXTEND OUTSIDE SUPPORT TO ANY PARTY FORMING THE GOVERNMENT, INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES SHOULD BE BARRED FROM JOINING THE RULING GOVERNMENT, ALSO BARRED TO HOLD ANY GOVERNMENT NOMINATED POSITIONS. In case the INDEPENDENT ELECTED CANDIDATE WISHES TO JOIN ANY POLITICAL PARTY WHETHER RULING OR OPPOSITION, SHOULD LOSE HIS CANDIDATURE, AND BECOME JUST A MEMBER OF THAT PARTY AND ONLY AFTER COMPLETING 4 YEARS AS A MEMBER OF THAT RECOGNISED POLITICAL PARTY (NATIONAL OR STATE) OR FOR ALL REGISTERED UN RECOGNISED POLITICAL PARTIES WITH COMMON SYMBOL, FOR A PERIOD OF RECOGNISATION TILL THE JOINING OF THAT PARTY, i.e for a period from the date of joining of that party, to the date of obtaining the registered symbol for that party, OR 4 YEARS WHICHEVER IS LOWER, they SHOULD BE ELIGIBLE TO CONTEST THE ELECTION FROM THAT PARTY. If any INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE EXTENDS SUPPORT TO ANY PARTY OR ALLIANCE AT THE TIME OF OF FORMATION OF GOVERNMENT OR DURING THE TRUST VOTE, THE INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE SHOULD BE BARRED FROM GIVING ANY OUTSIDE SUPPORT LETTER FOR ANY OTHER PARTY IN HIS TENURE AS MEMBER OF THAT LEVEL IN CASE THE RULING GOVERNMENT LOSES THE CONFIDENCE OF THE HOUSE. The VOTE FOR THE NEW GOVERNMENT IN HIS CURRENT TENURE WILL BE INVALID AND HIS CANDIDATURE SHOULD BE SUSPENDED FOR THE REMAINING PERIOD OF THE TENURE. This will certainly eliminate the horse trading of the independent candidates. This measure will certainly, improve values to the political system in the country, avoids horse trading..
To START ANY POLITICAL PARTY IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THAT AT LEAST 2 % OF THE POPULATION OF THE STATE SHOULD GIVE IN WRITING IN THE STANDARD FORMAT WITH VOTER ID NUMBER AND SIGNATURE, alternatively IN CASE OF PARTIES TO BE RECOGNIZED, INTERESTED IN CONTESTING IN THE LIMITED NUMBER OF CONSTITUENCIES, THEY SHOULD OBTAIN THE 2 % SUPPORT FROM A MINIMUM AT LEAST 1/10 OF THE TOTAL STRENGTH OF ASSEMBLY. However in the second case only those constituencies will be allowed to contest by that party as registered political party in the state. IN CASE OF FAILURE TO SECURE 2 % OF THE TOTAL VOTERS IN THEIR FAVOUR FOR GETTING A COMMON SYMBOL, THE PARTIES ARE NOT TREATED AS REGISTERED PARTIES (FOR FAILURE TO OBTAIN THE SYMBOL) and SHOULD BE TREATED AS INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES AND ALL THE CONDITIONS OF THE INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES SHOULD BE APPLICABLE TO THE CANDIDATES OF THAT GROUP. All the details will be submitted by the proposed political party in the standard format ward wise. In case of any duplication of the supporters list, the parties are given time to re present the list in a given time period. IN THE LIMITED REGISTERED PARTY WITH SYMBOL ONLY SUCH CONSTITUENCIES AS ELIGIBLE FOR GETTING THE COMMON SYMBOL., WILL BE ALLOWED TO CONTEST AND HAVE ANY SEAT SHARING AND PRE ALLIANCE ONLY IN THAT PARTICULAR CONSTITUENCIES ONLY. Remaining conditions are uniform for all the political parties. ALL THE EXISTING POLITICAL PARTIES NEED TO GO THROUGH THIS SYSTEM FOR GETTING RE RECGNIZATION. Failure to obtain the minimum support from the people, the allotted common symbols to the political party should be withdrawn by de registering that party, should be treated as independent candidates and the conditions of the independent candidate holds good.
ONLY PRE POLL ALLIANCES OF THE REGISTERED POLITICAL PARTIES SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO BE A PART OF THE GOVERNMENT FORMATION. ALL PARTIES NOT HAVING PRE POLL ALLIANCE CAN BE ALLOWED TO EXTEND OUTSIDE SUPPORT ONLY, AFTER THE POLLS, SHOULD BE BARRED FROM JOINING THE GOVERNMENT OR HOLDING ANY NOMINATED POSITIONS FROM THE GOVERNMENT DURING THE VALID PERIOD OF THAT GOVERNMENT.
TO HAVE PRE POLL ALLIANCE OR POST POLL ALLIANCE THE PARTIES NEED TO HAVE THE APPROVAL OF MORE THAN 51 % OF THE PRIMARY MEMBERS OF THAT PARTY TO HAVE THE ALLIANCE IN A VOTING and the VOTING SHOULD BE RECOGNISED ONLY IF AT LEAST 2/3 OF THE TOTAL PRIMARY MEMBERS VOTE. In order have this, THE PROPOSED PARTIES SHOULD APPLY AT LEAST ONE YEAR BEFORE THE ELECTIONS TO HAVE THE POLL ALLIANCE, ON RECEIVING THE APPLICATION, AND THE ELECTION COMMISSION SHALL ANNOUNCE THE DATE OF INTERNAL ELECTION UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF ELECTION COMMISSION TO HAVE THE VOTE FOR ALLIANCE. In case of bi elections pre poll alliance should be barred to operate, unless having pre poll alliance before the general elections. THE PRE POLL ALLIANCE PARTNERS ARE FREE TO VOTE, ON ANY BILLS AND MOTIONS MOVED IN THE RESPECTIVE HOUSE. IN CASE THE RULING GOVERNMENT LOST IN THE TRUST VOTE, THE PRE POLL ALLIANCE IN THE GENERAL ELECTIONS SHOULD BE BARRED FROM JOINING IN THE GOVERNMENT FORMED BY OTHER ALLIANCES, SHOULD BE RESTRICTED TO EXTEND ONLY OUT SIDES SUPPORT FOR THE REMAINING TENURE OF OTHER ALLIANCES, AND EVEN TO EXTEND THE OUTSIDE SUPPORT TO THE PARTY NEEDS HAVE LEAST 50 % OF THE PRIMARY MEMBERS OF POLITICAL PARTY SHOULD EXTEND THE SUPPORT FOR THE NEW ALLIANCE.
TO VOTE ON ANY BILL IN ASSEMBLY/ PARLIAMENT EITHER FOR OR AGAINST THE POLITICAL PARTIES NEED TO HAVE AT LEAST 50 % OF THE VOTES FOR OR AGAINST FROM ALL THE ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES OF THAT PARTY AT SAME LEVEL AND LEVEL BELOW THEM I.E IN CASE OF PARLIAMENT FROM THE PARLIAMENT MEMBERS AND ALL ELECTED ASSEMBLY MEMBERS, ALL LOCAL BODY ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES FROM THAT PARTY OR AT LEAST 50 % OF THE PRIMARY MEMBERS OF THAT PARTY Without which the meaning of real democracy has no value.
IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THAT ALL POLITICAL PARTIES SHOULD COMPULSORY VOTE IN THE HOUSE FOR ALL BILLS, ESPECIALLY FOR ALL CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS & TRUST MOTIONS, FOR YES/ NO, IN CASE CAN BE WALKED OUT OR ABSTAIN FROM THE VOTING.. AS PEOPLE GIVEN MANDATE FOR THAT PARTY MEMBERS NOT TO ABSTAIN FROM THE VOTING. THIS PRINCIPLE HOLDS GOOD FOR ALL INDEPENDENT ELECTED CANDIDATES ALSO.. ABSTAIN FROM VOTING IS BEING USED BY RULING PARTIES FOR GETTING THROUGH IN THE VOTING.. CREATING A BAD PRECEDENCE IN THE DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM
ALL THE PRE POLL ALLIANCE PARTIES SHOULD BE GIVEN BERTHS IN THE CABINET OR ANY NOMINATED POSITIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT PROPORTIONATELY TO THE STRENGTH OF THE REPRESENTATION OF THE PARTY IN THE ALLIANCE STRENGTH TO THE MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE NUMBER OF BERTHS IN THAT LEVEL, with the desertion of portfolio allocation to the majority ruling party. This will eliminate the bargaining of the alliance parties.
Also IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THROUGH REFORMS THAT ELECTION COMMISSION SHOULD PROVIDE AN OFFICE FOR THE ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES FROM THE MANDAL LEVEL TO THE PARLIAMENT. All the offices should have slandered design and equipment throughout the country like standard tables, chairs, with fixed number of chairs based on the population of that territory, telephone, fax, computer, printer, internet, etc with drinking water and sanitation facility for the visitors, with consumables & maintenance to be supplied by the respective state governments for up to assembly level offices and by the central government for the parliament offices.
In addition IT SHOULD BE MADE MANDATORY THAT ALL ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES SHOULD MANDATORILY VISIT THEIR TERRITORY ONE IN THREE MONTHS COVERING ALL THE VILLAGES, The visits should be preferably on weekends and non working hours, to ensure that work of the villagers is getting not disturbed, in every village SHOULD CONDUCT A GATHERING DURING THE VISIT TO ENSURE THAT ALL VILLAGERS ARE BEING HEARD ABOUT THERE GRIEVANCES. All the DETAILS OF THE VISIT SHOULD BE SUBMITTED TO THE ELECTION COMMISSION QUARTERLY WITHIN FIFTEEN DAYS OF COMPLETION OF THE QUARTER. Also all the expenditure of the funds given to the elected representatives should be submitted to the election commission every quarter. Every ELECTED CANDIDATE SHOULD USE THE COMPUTER WITH INTERNET PROVIDED BY EC, WITH STANDARD E MAIL ADDRESS FOR ALL THE ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES EXCEPT WITH MANDAL NAME, ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCY NAME, PARLIAMENT CONSTITUENCY NAME CHANGE, THE STANDARD FORMAT TO BE FILLED BY THE INDIVIDUAL CITIZENS ABOUT THE GRIEVANCES, ONE COPY OF THE MAIL WILL BY DEFAULT WILL REACH, in case the computer not opened for more than 5 consecutive days , the election commission office will alert automatically the candidate, the party organisation of the candidate and the local authorities to get the candidate attend to the mails and in case of any repair ensures it get repaired immediately. This ensures that all the candidates are vigilant all the times. As in almost all villages and towns are having net facility, this can be used by the public. Alternatively fax and personal visit should be made, every personal copy should be acknowledged by the elected representative.
IN ADDITION THE ELECTION COMMISSION INCORPORATE A NATIONAL TOLL FREE NUMBER WITH STAFF PROPORTIONATE TO THE POPULATION OF THE STATE AND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF THAT STATE TO RECEIVE THE COMPLAINTS/ GRIEVANCES OF THE PEOPLE AND SCRUTINY THE GRIEVANCES ACCORDING TO THE CATEGORY AND FORWARD IT TO THE RESPECTIVE LEVEL ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES. And THE ACTION TAKEN REPORT SHOULD BE SUBMITTED BY THE ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES TO THE ELECTION COMMISSION OFFICE WILL BE UP LOADED IN THE SYSTEM; also will be informed to the callers. The toll free number should be operated by the election commission only.
The ELECTION COMMISSION WILL ISSUE THE PERFORMANCE REPORTS OF THE CANDIDATES ANNUALLY TO THE PUBLIC BASED ON THE VISITS, BASED ON THE ATTEND SYSTEM TO THE GRIEVANCES, ETC. If the performance is below 50 %, the election commission will issue advisory notice to the individual elected representatives, IF TWO CONSECUTIVE YEARS IS BELOW 50 % IT IS UP TO THE PEOPLE TO DECIDE FOR THE RECALL, IF THE PERCENTAGE IS BELOW 50 % FOR THREE CONSECUTIVE YEARS THE ELECTION COMMISSION SHOULD SUE MOTTO ORDER FOR RIGHT TO RECALL.
The TIMING OF THE HOUSES SHOULD BE AT LEAST 12 HOURS A DAY, FOR A MINIMUM OF 90 DAYS IN A YEAR. IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THAT ELECTED REPRESENTATIVE SHOULD BE MANDATORY TO ATTEND THE HOUSE WITH 75 % ATTENDANCE OF THE TOTAL NUMBER OF HOURS OF THE HOUSE. In case of the attendance is less than 75 % for two consecutive secessions on the aggregate, the candidature can be liable for right to recall by the people elected, IF THE ATTENDANCE IS LESS THAN 75 % ON AGGREGATE FOR THREE CONSECUTIVE SECESSIONS THE ELECTION COMMISSION SHOULD SUO MOTTO INITIATE THE RIGHT TO RE CALL. Unless on serious medical grounds, and the doctors certify that his recovery and mental balance. This measure will ensure that candidates will have the responsibility to their people. IN ADDITION, IF THE PARTIES, CANDIDATES DISTURBING THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE HOUSE, THE CONSTANTLY ARE LIABLE FOR THE LOSS OF THE PUBLIC MONEY FROM THE PARTY AND THE CANDIDATE AND THE ELECTION COMMISSION CAN INITIATE ACTION FOR RIGHT TO RECALL ON SUCH CANDIDATES ON THE REQUEST OF THE HEAD OF THE HOUSE FOR CONSTANTLY DISTURBING FOR HAVING RECEIVED MORE THAN THREE WARNINGS.. ALSO BY RECEIVING COMPLAINT FROM OVER 50 % OF ALL THE ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES OF LOCAL BODIES, & ASSEMBLY IN THAT CONSTITUENCY WHERE THE CANDIDATE GOT ELECTED. ALSO TIME BASED BIOMETRIC SYSTEM SHOULD BE INSTALLED FOR ENTRY AND EXIT OF THE FLOOR OF THE HOUSE ENSURING THAT ALL CANDIDATES ATTEND THE HOUSE PROPERLY. (Even for the individual candidates attending school level board examinations how can a representative elected by several lacks of people should be spared for not attending the secession?)
Also IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THAT ONE HOUR OF TIME DURING THE ENTIRE 90 DAYS SESSION WITH EQUAL DISTRIBUTION OF AT LEAST 15 MINUTES EACH SECESSION FOR THE ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES TO RAISE THE ISSUES PERTAINING TO THE REPRESENTATIVES CONSTITUENCY. This will enable that all elected representatives will be represent the voice of their people, apart from the regular party questions. The speeches should not include personal work done by the individual candidate or his party, all the speech / questions should mandatory restricted to the issues. IN CASE IF THE PERSONAL SPEECH IS MADE, THE COST OF EXPENDITURE FOR TIME PERIOD OF THAT SPEECH RELATED TO THE PERSONAL SPEECH SHOULD BE DEDUCTED FROM THE CANDIDATES SALARY, AND IN CASE OF MORE THAN 15 MINUTES OF TIME IN THREE SESSIONS FOUND TO BE PERSONAL SPEECH, THE CANDIDATE SHOULD BE LIABLE FOR RECALL AND THE EXPENDITURE OF THE RECALL SHOULD BE CHARGED FROM THE PARTY CANDIDATE AND ALSO PARTY ORGANISATION.
The ELECTION COMMISSION SHOULD MAKE IT MANDATORY FOR THE REGISTERED POLITICAL PARTIES TO ANNOUNCE ITS CANDIDATES AT LEAST 4 MONTHS BEFORE THE EXPIRY OF THE TERM OF THE HOUSE AND SUBMITTED TO THE ELECTION COMMISSION WITH THE STATUTORY DEPOSIT FOR EACH CANDIDATE. This principle should holds good for all independent candidates also. This will provide the candidates to express their views to the people of their territory, and the people can also understand the policies of the parties and the candidates and will give fair ideas to choose their candidate to represent them. THE ELECTION COMMISSION CODE SHOULD BE IMPLEMENTED FROM THIS DATE I.E 4 MONTHS BEFORE THE EXPIRY OF THE TERM OF THAT HOUSE. ONLY THE SCHEDULES OF THE ELECTION SHOULD BE ANNOUNCED 30 TO 45 DAYS PRIOR TO THE ELECTION FOR NOMINATION AND POLING & COUNTING AND ANNOUNCEMENT OF RESULT.. IN NO CASE THE ANNOUNCED CANDIDATES SHOULD BE CHANGED BY THE POLITICAL PARTIES, EXCEPT WITHDRAWAL OF THE CANDIDATURE.
In addition THE ELECTION COMMISSION SHOULD SET UP AT EACH STATE A UNIT TO PRINT THE POSTERS, TO MAKE BANNERS AND ACCESSORIES FOR THE POLITICAL PARTIES AND ALL POLITICAL PARTIES NEED TO ORDER FOR THE POSTERS AND BANNERS BY ADVANCE PAYMENT TO THE ELECTION COMMISSION ORGANISATION. All the BANNERS ARE RESTRICTED TO HAVE MAXIMUM OF THREE PHOTOGRAPHS WITH COMPULSORILY ONE PHOTOGRAPH BELONG TO THE CONTESTING CANDIDATE, THE PHOTOGRAPHS OCCUPYING NOT MORE THAN 25 % OF THE SPACE OF THE BANNER. The banners should ONLY DESCRIBE THE POLICIES OF THE PARTY / CANDIDATE FOR THE CONSTITUENCY/ STATE. ALL THE BANNERS SHOULD BE BAR CODED. The principle should be applied to the independent candidates also. And in case of any printing press found printing banners should be seized and non bail able case should be registered with minimum of 5 years of imprisonment. This measure will certainly reduce black money in the election. In case any banners/ posters found should be removed by the election commission with deducting 5 times the cost of the banner or the poster from the account of the candidate/ party.
ALL THE CAMPAIGN THE CANDIDATES SHOULD BE GIVEN PERMISSION TO HAVE MAXIMUM OF 25 VEHICLES (10 FOUR WHEELERS AND ABOVE, AND 15 TWO WHEELERS & THREE WHEELERS) EXCLUDING THE GOVERNMENT SECURITY VEHICLES. ALL VEHICLES SHOULD BE PROVIDED WITH VEHICLE PASSES ISSUED BY THE ELECTION COMMISSION. Any PERSONAL VEHICLES NOT HAVING PERMISSION FROM THE EC, BELONGING TO ANY INDIVIDUAL FOUND IN THE CAMPAIGN SHOULD BE SEIZED AND BARRED FOR ONE YEAR FROM RUNNING ON THE ROADS. Any ELECTION CAMPAIGN MATERIAL AND CASH FOUND TRANSFERRING IN THE VEHICLES DURING THE VALID PERIOD OF ELECTION CODE SHOULD BE SEIZED AND NON BAIL ABLE OFFENCE SHOULD BE LODGED AGAINST THE CANDIDATES IN THAT VEHICLE AND THE VEHICLE SHOULD BE BARRED TO RUN ON THE ROADS FOR AT LEAST ONE YEAR. This measure will eliminate the individuals & travel operators to provide vehicles to the poll purposes. The travel operators can have the facility to claim the losses from the candidate or the political party in case of seizer of the travel vehicle, in case of investigation proves that there is no role of the travel agent. This way the drivers of the travel vehicles will alert the election commission in case found that election material being transported in the hired vehicles.
EVEN TO HAVE THE POSTERS AND BANNERS TO BE FIXED NEED TO OBTAIN THE PERMISSION FROM THE LOCAL AUTHORITY; THE SAME SHOULD BE INTIMATED TO THE ELECTION COMMISSION AND ELECTION OBSERVERS.
THE ELECTION COMMISSION SHOULD MAKE IT MANDATORY THAT THE CANDIDATES ALSO SHOULD DEPOSIT THE MONEY PROPOSED TO SPENT IN THE ELECTION PROCESS WITH THE ELECTION COMMISSION ACCOUNT ONLY THE CANDIDATE AND THE AUTHORISED PERSON OF THE CANDIDATE CAN DEPOSIT THE AMOUNT, THE ELECTION COMMISSION SHOULD PROVIDE CHEQUE LEAFLETS TO WITHDRAW THE AMOUNT TO BE SPENT FOR THE ELECTION PURPOSES. ALL PAYMENTS ABOVE 5000 RS SHOULD BE THROUGH THE CHEQUE ONLY. AND NOT MORE THAN 20 % OF THE AMOUNT DEPOSITED SHOULD BE SPENT IN CASH.
ALSO IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THAT ALL THE POLITICAL PARTIES SHOULD DEPOSIT THE MONEY WITH THE ELECTION COMMISSION TO BE SPENT IN THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN FOR THEIR STAR CAMPAIGNERS AND SENIOR LEADERS AND ALL THE ELECTION TOURS OF THE CAMPAIGNERS SHOULD BE SUBMITTED TO THE ELECTION COMMISSION AND THE TOUR EXPENSES SHOULD BE DRAWN FROM THE ELECTION COMMISSION EXPENSES BY THE CHEQUE FOR THE TRAVEL, STAY AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE VENUES ETC. This measure will eliminate corporate sponsorships and black money to a larger extent. And also reduces the burden on the local leaders. THE MONEY DEPOSITED IN THE ELECTION COMMISSION ACCOUNT SHOULD PROVIDE THE SOURCE OF INCOME. IN CASE THE SOURCE OF INCOME FOUND UN DECLARED THE REORGANISATION OF THE POLITICAL PARTY SHOULD BE CANCELLED AND THE ELECTED MEMBERS FROM THE PARTY SHOULD BE BARRED FROM CONTESTING ELECTION IN FUTURE. In no case any excess expenditure should be allowed to be spent by the parties, ALL THE FREE BIES DISTRIBUTION LIKES CAPS, PENS, SARIES, SPORTS KITS, KITCHEN CONSUMABLES ETC SHOULD BE BARRED TO DISTRIBUTE SOON AFTER THE CODE OF CONDUCT OF ELECTION COMMISSION IS INITIATED. In ALL POLITICAL MEETINGS SHOULD BE HELD ONLY ON WEEKENDS ONLY, AND NO ROAD SHOWS SHOULD BE ALLOWED, ONLY DOOR TO DOOR CAMPAIGN BY THE CANDIDATE AND HIS FOLLOWERS SHOULD BE ALLOWED ON ANY WORKING DAY.
ALL THE STATE GOVERNMENTS SHOULD BE BARRED FROM ISSUING GOVERNMENT ADVERTISEMENTS, HOW EVER CENTRAL GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES CAN ISSUE GENERAL ADVERTISEMENTS FROM THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES FOR ALL THE ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS. IN CASE OF PARLIAMENT ELECTIONS BOTH STATE AS WELL AS CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS SHOULD BE BARRED FROM GIVING ADVERTISEMENTS FROM BOTH STATE AND CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS IN ALL FORMS OF MEDIA. ALL THE POLITICAL PARTIES ARE BARRED FROM GIVING ADVERTISEMENTS AFTER THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF POLLING DATES, EITHER DIRECTLY OT THROUGH THIRD PARTY ADVERTISEMENTS IN ALL FORMS OF MEDIA. THE ELECTION EXPENSES COUNT SHOULD BEGIN FROM THE DATE OF ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE CANDIDATES i.e 4 MOTHS PRIOR TO THE EXPIRY OF THE TERM OF THAT HOUSE.
ALL THE EXPENDITURE FOR THE SECURITY OF THE STAR CAMPAIGNERS, FOR THE STATUTORY PAYMENTS FOR THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES FOR THE GROUND, SANITATION, AND DRINKING WATER ETC SHOULD BE CHARGED IN ADVANCE BY THE CONCERNED LOCAL ADMINISTRATION FROM THE ELECTION COMMISSION, ONLY AFTER OBTAINING THE AMOUNT FROM THE ELECTION COMMISSION THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES SHOULD PROVIDE PERMISSION.
IT SHOULD BE MADE MANDATORY THROUGH ELECTORAL REFORMS THAT ALL THE REGISTERED POLITICAL PARTIES NEED TO MAINTAIN WEB SITES AND MAINTAIN THE LIST OF THE PRIMARY AND ACTIVE MEMBERS WITH PHOTOGRAPH, AREA BELONG TO AND THE DATE OF JOINING OF THE PARTY. ALSO SHOULD PROVIDE THE CONTACT DETAILS OF ALL OFFICE BEARERS. When they are joining politics for public service there should not be any hesitation in putting their details in the website. This method will eliminate much confusion in public and provides clarity to them about the leaders and the party activists.
ALL POLITICAL PARTIES SHOULD BE GIVEN STANDARD NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES AS OFFICE BEARERS OF THOSE PARTIES. I.E AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL TO VILLAGE LEVEL WITH THE DISCRETION OF THE POLITICAL PARTIES TO HAVE THE OFFICE BEARERS IN THAT LEVEL OR NOT , IN CASE THEY WISH TO HAVE THE OFFICE AT A PARTICULAR VILLAGE IT SHOULD BE ON THE STANDARD GUIDELINES. THIS MEASURE WILL CERTAINLY CREATE A LEVEL PLAYING FIELD FOR ALL POLITICAL PARTIES
THE STANDARD GUIDELINES SHOULD INCLUDE REPRESENTATION FOR ALL SECTIONS OF THE PEOPLE I.E FC, SC, ST , BC MINORITY AND GENDER EQUALITY PROPORTIONATE TO THE POPULATION IN THAT AREA/ TERRITORY, ALL LEVELS SHOULD HAVE NOT MORE THAN 20 OFFICE BEARERS AT EACH LEVEL OF THE PARTY. In case of ADDITIONAL WINGS LIKE MIHALIA, SC, ST, OBC, MINORITY NEED TO FOLLOW THE PROPORTIONATE % OF EXISTING CASTES/ TRIBES/ SUB CASTES IN THAT PARTICULAR CATEGORY , WITH MAXIMUM NUMBER OF OFFICE BEARERS OF THAT SPECIAL WINGS RESTRICTED TO 20 NUMBERS. Again in case of special wings like kisan cell, computer cell, intellectual cell, human rights cell, legal cell, traders cell, etc the general composition as per the proportionate of population of FC, SC, ST, BS MINORITY and WOMEN should be maintained to have a level playing field. THE AVERAGE AGE SHOULD BE MAINTAINED BY ALL POLITICAL PARTIES BY PROVIDING OPPORTUNITY FOR MIXTURE OF YOUNG AND EXPERIENCE PEOPLE.
THE MOST IMPORTANT THING COMMON FOR THE POLITICAL PARTIES IS TO MAINTAIN THE PROPORTIONATE REPRESENTATION OF THE CLASS OF INCOME GROUP OF THE PEOPLE, I.E LOWER INCOME CLASS, MIDDLE INCOME CLASS, AND HIGHER INCOME CLASS AT ALL LEVELS OF THE ORGANISATION. ALL POLITICAL PARTIES NEED MANDATORY TO IMPLEMENT THAT ONE FAMILY ONE POSITION IN THE PARTY.
ALL THE POLITICAL PARTIES ARE AT THE DESERTION REGARDING THE ALLOCATION OF WORK TO THE OFFICE BEARERS, BUT ANYTHING PARTY NEEDS TO MAKE IT AS ITS POLICY NEEDS TO HAVE AT LEAST 50 % OF THE OFFICE BEARERS’ SUPPORT IN VOTING ON THAT PARTICULAR POLICY FROM ALL LEVELS. THIS WILL ENSURE THAT ALL OFFICE BEARERS ARE INFORMED PROPERLY ABOUT THE POLICIES OF THAT PARTY AND ARE DEFINITELY AN INCLUSIVE DEMOCRACY.
As such, I strongly believe, it is great urgency and need for reforms in electoral system of country making it mandatory for ALL POLITICAL PARTIES ALLOCATE TICKETS, PROPORTIONATE TO PERCENTAGE OF INCOME GROUP MAINTAINING SOCIAL EQUALITY, SIMULTANEOUSLY MAINTAINING ALLOCATION OF TICKETS PROPORTIONATE TO THE POPULATION OF CASTES MAINTAINING SOCIAL JUSTICE, AND ALSO MAINTAINING GENDER EQUALITY, MAINTAINING THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF TERMS OF REPRESENTATION IN THE ELECTIONS AT ALL LEVELS, ALLOWING ONLY ONE MEMBER FROM THE FAMILY, WITH LOCAL RESIDENTIAL REPRESENTATION, Will certainly reduce the corruption from day one of the electoral process i.e from nomination for the election, till the last day in power. As fresh young blood at the entry level will work more dedicatedly at the grassroots, As the need for spending excess money other than allowed by election authority is much less, because of mix of experienced candidates from that part of the territory who are familiar to the locals as an elected representative for mandal, assembly and parliament elections, the caste/community equations which makes candidates near to the majority of people, after success in election, most of them certainly work in the direction ensuring the reach of welfare schemes are much effective and fairer manner as they are more aware of the problems of their income class, caste and gender. THESE ELECTORAL REFORM WILLS UN-DOUGHTILY REDUCE THE SOCIO- ECONOMIC DISPARITIES IN THE COUNTRY AT ALL LEVELS AND BY REDUCING THE CORRUPTION, WITH A RAISE IN THE MORAL VALUES IN THE POLITICAL SYSTEM, IS CERTAINLY A GAME CHANGER IN THE POLITICAL DEMOCRACY OF THE COUNTRY.
Also, I strongly believe there is an urgent need for EFFECTIVE REFORMS AT GOVERNMENT SIDE FOR CONTROLLING CORRUPTION AND DELIVERING GOOD GOVERNANCE IN SECTORS like LAND REVENUE, AGRICULTURE, PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM, EDUCATION, HEALTH CARE, ENERGY, TRANSPORT etc, WHERE DAY TO DAY LIFE OF PUBLIC IS ASSOCIATED.
I believe the REFORMS SHOULD HAVE AN INBUILT MECHANISM, WHERE THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE ITSELF IS TRANSPARENT WHICH CAN PREVENT AND ERADICATE CORRUPTION TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT BY MARGINALISING THE DESECRATION AUTHORITY, WITH ALMOST NO SCOPE FOR CORRUPTION and also THE SYSTEM ITSELF DEMANDS MANDATORY PARTICIPATION FROM PEOPLE BY DEFAULT AUTOMATICALLY with TOTAL ACCOUNTABILITY AT ALL LEVELS WITH INBUILT CHECKS AND BALANCES WITHIN THE SYSTEM, which can COMPLETELY PREVENT CORRUPTION IN A POSITIVE, CONSTRUCTIVE and EFFECTIVE MANNER, the reforms are PREVENTIVE, PERMANENT AND UNIFORM IN NATURE.
I am of the opinion, that the LOKPAL/JAN LOKPAL is POST OPERATIVE MECHANISM, which is FAULT ESTABLISHMENT IN NATURE, which can act ONLY AFTER THE LOSSES OCCURRED DUE TO CORRUPTION. The LOKPAL/JAN LOKPAL CANNOT PREVENT CORRUPTION ON ITS OWN, but CAN REDUCE CORRUPTION TO SOME EXTENT by creating some element fear of punishment in individuals. As such, corrupt people will keep on doing corruption; finding ways and means to escape from the law as in the present system of governance several loop holes are in existence. Also LOKPAL / JAN LOKPAL REQUIRE LOT OF MANPOWER, MAN HOURS TO ESTABLISH THE GUILT, takes LOT OF TIME TO RECOVER THE LOSSES OCCURRED, the PERCENTAGE OF RECOVERY IS MARGINAL COMPARED TO LOSS INCURRED due to corruption, also RECTIFYING THE DAMAGE HAPPENED due to corruption IS AN ADDITIONAL FINANCIAL BURDEN TO THE GOVERNMENT.
As such, I AM OF THE VIEW that the EXISTING ANTI - CORRUPTION MECHANISMS such as CVC, CBI, ED, ACB, LOKAYUKTA Etc, ARE SUFFICIENT ENOUGH with slight modifications of relevant acts, TO TACKLE ALL CORRUPTION ISSUES, but it is very necessary TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF SPECIAL TRAIL COURTS FOR GRAFT CASES with FIXED TIME FRAME FOR SPEEDY DISPOSAL OF THE CASES.
As such, I strongly believe, IF SUGGESTED REFORMS ARE ENFORCED, DEMAND FOR LOKPAL /JAN LOKPAL DOSE NOT FIND MUCH MERIT. In any case, IF STILL INTENDED TO ESTABLISH LOKPAL / JAN LOKPAL, AS AN ADDITION TO EXISTING ANTICORRUPTION MECHANISMS, then PROPOSED GOVERNMENT DRAFT ON THIS SHOULD BE ACCEPTED, along with simultaneously bringing and implementing suggested reforms as suggested which does not require much investment, manpower, majority of the reforms can be implemented with present setup itself. Without reforms the objective of controlling corruption can never be fulfilled in total, only faction of target may be achieved.