MEASURES ENSURING CLEAN ‘WATER FOR ALL’ THROUGH CONSERVATION, CONTAINING CONTAMINATION
Mandatory Use of Only River/ Desalinated / Harvested Rain Water, With Complete Ban on Use of Ground & Municipal Water for Manufacture of Bottled Mineral Water & Beverages, In addition Ban on Manufacture in Cities; Stringent Quality Control & Waste Disposal Measures For Water Based Manufacturers; Ban on Use of Packaged/Bottled Mineral Water in all Commercial/Office Establishments with More than 5 Employees & Also in all Mass Gathering Functions like Marriages etc; Mandatory to Pay Deposit for Purchase of First Bottle for Small Mineral Water Bottles(100 ml to 1000 ml)& Further Purchases at Normal Cost by Return of Empty Bottle of Any Brand, Any Where in India for Ensuring Total Recycling of Used Bottles; Establishment of ‘Bring Banks’ Village/Ward Wise Jointly by Manufacturers to Collect Empty Bottles & All Recyclable Items; Mandatory Bar Coding of Bottled Water with Mandatory Display on Internet Quantities Manufactured, Stock With Each Sale Point & Display of Execution of Sale Online Real Time of Every Bottle Sale Ensuring Accountability; Mandatory to Establish Reverse Osmosis (RO) Water Plants (By Government & Private) in all Educational Institutions, Office Establishments, Commercial Complexes, All Public Places, At All Bank ATM's, All Major Post Offices, All Wards & Villages to ensure Safe Drinking Water for All Sections of People, Especially Downtrodden Hard Labour, Farmers & Farm Workers; Mandatory for Employers to Provide RO Water for all Workers Working Onsite in Construction Etc; Mandatory, Installation of RO Plants & Free Supply of RO Water in All Apartments, Gated Communities & in RAW, All Industrial Associations to Supply to Residents in Industrial Zone with Capacity Equivalent to 20 Litres Per Day Per Household; Waste Water from RO Units Stored & Used for Cleaning Common Floors, Fire Stations. Vehicle Service Stations; Mandatory Water Meters for Every Type of Water Use (Municipal, Ground, River Water, Grey), Online Data of Quantities/ Source/ Nature of Water (Fresh, Recycled) Usage, Mandatory Monthly Water Audit for Usage by Every Category, Residential, Commercial, Agriculture, Also Ensuring Working & Calibration of Water Meters, All Water Usage Charges Paid Online Bank Transaction; Fixed Limit of Water Usage for Every Category User, Additional Cost for Water Usage Above Fixed Limit; Mandatory Periodic Maintainance of Plumbing Systems, Storage Tanks, Water Utility Machines to Prevent Leaks; Luxury Tax on Swimming Pools, Bath Tubs in RWA, Gated Communities, Hotels; Mandatory Water Meters for Bore Wells Extracting Ground Water Using Powered Motors for All Category Users; Fixed User Charges for Ground Water Usage & Ban on Manual Water Lifting from Wells beyond 200 litres Per Day Ban on Ground Water Use by Commercial Bulk Users With More than 60,000 Litres Monthly Usage/ Above Rs 10 Lakhs Turnover PA; Ban on Municipal Water Use by Commercial Users With More than 60,000 Litres PM Usage/ Rs 1 Cr Turnover PA in Cities, Should Use Only Directly Sourced River Water / Desalinated / Harvested Rain Water; Water use Limit for Farmers Based on Type of Soil, Crop, Season, Nominal User Charges, Beyond Optimum Limit Use Water Charges on Additional Quantities; Mandatory All Sugar Cane, Cotton & Horticulture Cultivation by Use of Drip Irrigation; Fixed Water Usage Charges For Commercial Cultivation by Corporate & Contract Farming Mandatory All Private Water Supplying Enterprises to Register with Government, All Water Tanker Vehicles be Equipped with GPS & Water Meter at Discharge Outlet, Certified for Quality & Source of Water; Mandatory order of Private Water Tanker through Government Online By using Municipal Water Meter Details, Uniform Fixed Rate for Quantity of Water, Separate Rate for Distance of Transportation & on Urgency of Requirement & Mandatory Payments to Water Tankers by Online Bank Transactions from Registered Accounts, Criminal offence to Supply & Buy Illegally, or Paying Cash; Mandatory for Bulk Water Commercial Users to Create Huge Rain Water Harvesting Earth Tanks/Dams; Incentives for Cloud Seeding by Bulk Users to Get Rain Water in Water Bodies; Incentives for Establishment of Desalination Water Plants & Use of Desalination Water for Commercial Purposes; Mandatory All Costal Districts Supply 25% of Water Processed Through Desalination of Sea water to Conserve River & Ground Water; Private Investment for Desalination & Supply to Government Like Oil & Gas Excavation; Mandatory for Residential & Hotels, Restaurants, Rail, Bus Stations to Install Sensor Based Electronic Water Dispenser Taps at Wash Basins to Save Billions Litres of Fresh Water; All Existing Taps Should get Replaced with Sensor Based Taps, Else Pay 10% Additional Charges on Total Water Usage, All New Construction Install by Default Mandatorily Sensor Based Taps; Mandatory all Residential Habitations & Office Buildings Establish Rain Water Storage Systems Capacity Based on Annual Rain Fall, Terrace Area; Mandatory Storage & Use of Waste Water from Air Conditioners & Home RO Systems; Installation of ‘Water Extraction from Air’ Machines in all Remote Places Habitations for Supply of Pure Water; Measures to Reduce Air Pollution, Vehicular Pollution for Ensuring Better Rains by Using RO RO (Roll On - Roll Off) Shipping for Bulk Carrying of Several ‘Goods Trucks’ Along Sea Cost Districts to Reduce Road Transportation Distance, In addition Also Creation of Railway Sidings in All major Agriculture Markets & Manufacturing Units in Land locked Districts to Reduce Road Transportation; Mandatory Recycle & Reuse Grey Water With Minimum 50 % of Total Generated for Toilets Flushing & Gardening in Residences, Hotels, Hostels; Mandatory Use of Grey Water for Toilets Flushing in All Commercial Complexes, Cinema Halls, Market Yards, All Rail & Bus Stations, Stadiums to Reduce Fresh Water Usage, Incentives for Grey Water Recycling & for More Usage; All Existing Residential / Commercial Establishments Must Install Recycling System or Pay Additional Fixed Cost for Using Fresh Water, All New Construction Install Grey Water Recycling By Default; Mandatory to Mention Ingredients, Chemical Composition Types of Threats, Harmful Effects on Humans, Pets when Contacted, Needed Precautions on Detergents, Surface Cleaners; Mandatory Grading of Detergents as per Eco Friendliness; Time Bound Phasing-out of Chemical Based Detergents & Surface Cleaners; Incentives for Manufacture & Use of Organic/Bio Detergents to Reduce Water Usage, Soil Contamination & Health Risks ; Mandatory For all Laundry Services to Register with Government; Mandatory for All Bulk Commercial Uses of Detergents & Surface Cleaners in Laundries, Hotels, Hospitals, Restaurants Etc Use only Bio Organic Detergents & Surface Cleaners; Streamlining Use of Acids, Ban on Use of Acids for Residential & Commercial Places for Recyclable Grey Water; Streamlining Distilled Water Use In Batteries of Power Inverters, only Service Providers Change for Safety & Recyclable Grey Water; Streamlining Paints Use for Residential & Commercial Building for Better Grey Water & De Clogging Sewers; Online Data of Periodic Maintainance of Transformers to Prevent Transformer Oils Leakages & for Un Interrupted Power; Ban on Manufacture & Use of Rat Poison, Rats Catched Using Cages, Drove Away By Ultrasonic Sounds to Prevent Water & Soil Contamination ;Creation of Safe Disposal Bins for Used Sanitary Napkins/ Period Cloths in all Streets, Residential Habitations, Apartments, RWA, Office Buildings, Railway & Bus Stations to Prevent Soil & Water Contamination, to Reduce Health Risks for Garbage Lifting & Sewerage Cleaning Workers; Supply of Low Cost Sanitary Napkins to all Adult Girls & Women Free/ Subsidised Cost to Ensure Hygienic & Health Care; Mandatory for All Sewerage Workers to Register with Government, Get trained, Get Free Safety Kits, Full Body Apron, Oxygen Masks, Only Certified Sewage Works Permitted for Cleaning, Uniform Pay For Sewerage Works, Mandatory Health Insurance & One Crore Life Insurance from Government for Sewage Workers, All Sewerage Works Ordered through Government Online, Mandatory Monthly Maintainance of Sewerages in Residential & Commercial Places, All Payments For Sewerage Works Through Bank Transaction; Criminal Office to Use Non Registered Sewage Workers, or Cash Payment; Regulating Processing of Meat & Commercial Use for Safe Disposal of Material Remains; Exclusive Places for Meat/Non Vegetarian Retail Markets; Unique RFID number Tagging for each Animal Living in Habitations; Mandatory Permission from Government For Animal Slaughter for Meat; Mandatory all Households Slaughter Animals in Designated Places Only for Meat by Trained Persons to Contain Contamination of Water Bodies & Soil, to Contain Adulteration of Milk, Meat, Oils & Also To Prevent COW Slaughter; Mandatory Safe Disposal of Dead Animals by Special Trained Persons, With Last Rituals, especially HOLY COWS in Excusive Places by Government; Streamlining of Water Usage for Religious Purposes; Building Long Lengths of GHATS on River Banks Based on Average Visit of People with One Sft Area Per Person, Fixed Number of People Per Year Allowed on Lottery System From Among Applied; Ban on Pouring any Substances in Water Bodies as part of Religious Rituals; Only One Temporary Idol Installation per Village/ Ward on Lottery System from Among Private Religious Associations to Contain Water Contamination; Mandatory to Install Pressurised Water Cleaning Systems For Daily Cleaning, Hath Facets at all Taps Meant for Washing Feet in Religious Places to Save Billions of Litres of Fresh Water; Government Create Federal Irrigation Authority to Issue Permission for Construction of Dams in All States Using River Water, Sharing of River Water Based on Population of Territory/ Cultivation along Flow of River Water; Geo Mapping of Water Bodies, Cannels, Sewer Lines, Dismantling of Encroachments to Prevent Water Logging; Mandatory Online Information with Geo Mapping of Factories/ Industries Village /Ward Wise, Nature & Quantities of Manufacture, Type & Quantities of Discharges/Emissions, Details of Effects on Ecology, Living Beings; Mandatory to Provide Online Real Time Live Web Casting of Process of Treatment of Effluents Before Discharge & Display of Permissible Limits of Discharge through Instruments Readings; Mandatory for Vehicles Carrying Effluent Fluids Equipped with GPS, Monitoring with CC Cameras Fitted on Vehicles to ensure Discharge in Designated Locations Safely to Prevent Water Bodies & Soil Contamination; Periodic Testing of Water, Soil Health in Immediate Vicinity of Factories Which Discharges Effluents, Storage of Data for Analysis; Mandatory Responsibility on Employees Union Members to Inform Government about Untreated Effluents Discharge; Mandatory Education of People in Vicinities of the Factories for Possible Health Hazards due to Untreated Effluents, Precautionary Health Care Measures, Act As Vigilant; Measures to Reduce Production & Use of Paper in India to Save Billions Litres of Fresh Water & Waste Water; Reduction of Usage of Paper by Adopting Measures to Reuse Text Books, E-Text Books, E-Slates for Writing in Higher Education; Mandatory only Online All Court Papers Submission, Legal Agreements, All Government & Private Organisational Internal Communication; Mandatory for Manufactures of Various FMCG Products & Electronic Goods to Use Only Reusable Plastic, Nylon Cartons in Place of Corrugated Paper Boxes For Transportation of Finished Goods; Ban on Use of Corrugated Paper Boxes for Delivery in E-Commerce Trade; Ban on Use of Paper Boxes for Packing Shoes, Ready to Eat Fast Foods like Pizzas Etc; Reduction of Newsprint Paper by Restricting Value of Advertisements in Print Media to 25% of Total Value of Advertisements by Private & Government; Mandatory Rationing of Sale of Processed Sugar Per Household to ensure Each Individual Adhere to Maximum Consumption Limit, Regulation Sugar Use in Carbonated Drinks, Confessionary by Levy of Cess Enhancing Cost of Sugar for Commercial use 3 to 5 Times Normal Cost to Reduce Use of Sugar, To Reduce Production of Sugar to Conserve Billions of Litres of Fresh Water Used in Cultivation of Sugar Cane; All Measures Ensure Clean “Water For All”
 MANDATORY USE OF RIVER WATER
BAN ON USE OF UNDER GROUND WATER, MUNICIPAL WATER FOR MANUFACTURE OF PACKAGED BOTTLED WATER; MANDATORY USE OF RIVER WATER SOURCED DIRECTLY OR HARVESTED RAIN WATER; BAN ON MANUFACTURE OF BOTTLED WATER IN CITIES
MANUFACTURERS/BEVERAGES MANUFACTURERS TO REPLENISH THE QUANTITIES OF WATER SOURCED FROM THE RIVERS THROUGH CLOUD SEEDING/ WEATHER MODIFICATION; INCENTIVES FROM GOVERNMENT FOR CLOUD SEEDING & CREATION OF EARTH DAMS
 ALSO MANDATORY THAT BOTTLED WATER/ BEVERAGES MANUFACTURED USING DESALINATED WATER WITH AT LEAST 50% OF TOTAL OVER ALL PRODUCTION, SALE IN INDIA MUST BE USING DESALINATED WATER, BY ESTABLISHING PLANTS/ SHIFTING PLATS IN THE SEA COAST DISTRICTS
 MANDATORY USE OF CNG/LNG/ELECTRIC OPERATED VEHICLES FOR CARRYING, DISTRIBUTION, DELIVERY OF BOTTLED WATER
 QUALITY MEASURES ENSURING QUALITY WATER IN PACKAGED BOTTLED WATER
 MANDATORY SALE OF BULK WATER BOTTLE THROUGH MOBILE APP BOOKING/PURCHASE AND PAYMENT THROUGH E WALLET, ONLINE BANK TRANSACTION; ELSE PAY 20% EXTRA WITH CASH PAYMENT THAT TOO ORDER MUST BE THROUGH APP/ REGISTER WITH MANUFACTURER, ALONG WITH A BAR-CODED BILL ISSUED AT DOOR STEP BY THE SUPPLIER
 MANDATORY UNIQUE BAR CODING OF BOTTLED WATERS, DISPLAY IN THE WEBSITE/ APP IRRESPECTIVE OF BRAND THE FLOW FROM MANUFACTURER TO RETAILER, AND ALSO MANDATORY FOR DISPLAY OF COMPLETION OF SALE OF THE BOTTLE SOON AFTER SALE AT RETAILER
 NEED FOR RECYCLING OF USED WATER BOTTLES; MEASURES TO IMPLEMENT MAJORITY OF USED BOTTLES TO GET RECYCLED; BAN ON BOTTLED WATER LESS THAN 200 ML, AND MANDATORY DEPOSIT OF FIXED SUM FOR THE FIRST PURCHASE TO CARRY THE BOTTLE, ELSE RETURN THE BOTTLE THERE AND THEN, ALSO ALL RETAILERS CAN EXCHANGE ANY BRAND EMPTY BOTTLES TO PROVIDE ANY OTHER BRAND FILLED SEALED BOTTLE (AS ALREADY FOR ONE BOTTLE THEY HAVE DEPOSITED SUM)
 BAN ON MANUFACTURE, SALE, USE OF PLASTIC DISPOSABLE GLASSES TO CONTAIN ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
 MANDATORY INSTALLATION OF RO WATERS AT ALL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, OFFICE ESTABLISHMENTS, BAN ON OFFICE ESTABLISHMENTS BUYING PACKAGED / BOTTLED MINERAL WATER
INSTALLATION OF RO WATER DISPERSERS BY GOVERNMENT/ CORPORATE UNDER CSR AT BANK ATMS, FUEL STATIONS, BUS STATIONS, RAILWAY STATIONS, AND AT ALL MARKET YARDS IN MULTIPLE NUMBERS TO CATER THE FOOT PRINTS
 MANDATORY SUPPLY OF RO WATER OF AT LEAST 5 LITRES PER PERSON PER DAY TO ALL EMPLOYEES & WORKERS WORKING ONSITE LOCATIONS IN BUILDING, ROAD CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS, ETC BY THE EMPLOYER EITHER PRIVATE OR GOVERNMENT.
 MANDATORY FOR MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS TO MAKE BOTTLED WATER IN BULK TO SUPPLY TO THE INDIVIDUAL HOUSES AND OTHER COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS
 MANDATORY RO WATER SUPPLY TO EACH HOUSE HOLD IN THE VICINITY OF INDUSTRIAL ZONES FREE OF COST BY THE INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATIONS
 MANDATORY RO WATER FACILITIES IN EVERY VILLAGE, EVERY FARMERS/ FARM WORKER MUST GET RO DRINKING & COOKING WATER FOR THEIR INDIVIDUAL AND HOUSEHOLD.
 MANDATORY RO WATER USE IN FOOD PREPARATION, IN ALL FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY, RESTAURANTS AND ALL GOVERNMENT MID DAY MEAL SCHEMES AND ALSO IN ALL WELFARE HOSTELS FOOD PREPARATION AND DRINKING; ICE MANUFACTURE.
 MANDATORY RO WATER FACILITIES IN ALL RELIGIOUS PLACES FOR SUPPLY OF DRINKING AND COOKING WATER
 MANDATORY TO PROVIDE RO WATER FOR DRINKING FOR COWS AND BUFFALOS IN THE DAIRY FARMS; MANDATORY WATER TRAYS IN EVERY STREET, BIRD BATH IN PARKS
 MANDATORY FOR ALL RO WATER PLANTS TO CONSTRUCT AND STORE THE WASTE WATER GENERATED; ONLINE DAILY DATA ON THE GOVERNMENT WEBSITE BY ALL RO WATER PLANTS HE QUANTITIES OF FRESH RO WATER USED, THE WASTE WATER STORAGE LEVELS, UTILISATION OF WASTE WATER, EXCESS WASTER CAN BE TRADED TO GOVERNMENT; ALSO DATA OF PERIODIC MAINTENANCE.
 MANDATORY THAT ALL VEHICLES WASHING IN SERVICE CENTERS MUST USE WASTE WATER FROM RO PLANTS, ELSE DRY WASH
 MANDATORY THAT ALL THE FIRE EXTINGUISHER SYSTEMS THAT RO WASTE WATER
 100% TAX FREE DONATIONS FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF RO WATER FACILITIES
 ESTABLISHMENT OF WATER PLANTS TO MANUFACTURE WATER FROM AIR, IN ALL REMOTE VILLAGES WHERE POTABLE DRINKING NOT AVAILABLE; GOVERNMENT PROVIDE SUBSIDY, INCENTIVES FOR PURCHASE & UTILISATION IN REMOTE AREAS BY THE PEOPLE.
 MANDATORY ACCOUNTABILITY OF USAGE OF WATER BY EVERY TYPE OF WATER USER RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL, INDUSTRIAL & AGRICULTURE; MANDATORY WATER METERS FOR ALL TYPE USERS; MANDATORY PERIODIC WATER AUDIT
 GOVERNMENT MUST FIX THE MAXIMUM WATER USAGE LIMIT FOR INDIVIDUAL HOUSE HOLD OF 30,000 LITTERS PER MONTH FOR EACH HOUSE HOLD; LESSER USE THAN MAXIMUM LIMIT SHOULD GET INCENTIVES, SIMILARLY MORE USAGE ABOVE MAXIMUM LIMIT LEADY TO LEVY OF ADDITIONAL FINE.
 EXEMPTION OF MAXIMUM WATER USAGE LIMIT FOR RELIGIOUS PLACES
 THE UPPER LIMIT FOR GROUND WATER FOR COMMERCIAL USERS SHOULD BE 60,000 LITRES/ MONTH OR 1O LAKHS ANNUAL TURNOVER & THE UPPER LIMIT FOR MUNICIPAL WATER USAGE FOR COMMERCIAL USE SHOULD BE 60,000 LITRES PER MONTH OR 1 CRORE PER ANNUM IN URBAN AREAS
 MANDATORY TRAINING OF OPTIMAL QUANTITIES OF WATER USE FOR VARIOUS RESIDENTIAL PURPOSES, COMMERCIAL PURPOSES
 MANDATORY ALL MOTORS USED FOR WATER PUMPING MUST HAVE EXCLUSIVE ENERGY METERS TO RECORD THE TOTAL USAGE OF MOTOR, TO DETERMINE THE QUANTITIES OF WATER AND ALSO HEALTH OF THE PLUMBING SYSTEM.
 MANDATORY PERIODIC MAINTAINANCE & AUDIT FOR PIPING SYSTEM FOR ENSURING EVEN FLOW, ALSO ENSURE SAVING OF ENERGY; REPLACEMENT OF PIPES EVERY 15 YEARS
 STRINGENT QUALITY CONTROLS FOR PLUMBING SYSTEMS, LIKE PIPES, JOINTS, TAPS, WATER CONTROL VALVES, FLUSH TANKS TO ENSURE; MANDATORY MONTHLY CHECKING FOR HEALTH OF THE TAPS TO CONTAIN LEAKAGES FROM THE TAPS TO SAVE WATER
 MANDATORY ALL INDEPENDENT HOUSES, APARTMENTS MUST ACQUIRE PRESSURISED SPAY SYSTEM FOR CLEANING COMMON FLOORS, CORRIDORS, CLEANING HOUSE WITH WATER ON ANY OCCASIONS.
 MANDATORY FOR ALL THE PEOPLE INDIVIDUAL HOUSES, APARTMENTS, GATED COMMUNITIES, RWA FOR PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ONLINE DATA OF ALL HOME APPLIANCES LIKE USING THE WASHING MACHINES, DISH WASHERS, KITCHEN EXHAUST SYSTEMS, MINI/ MICRO RO WATER SYSTEMS TO SAVE WATER & ENERGY
 MANDATORY DISPLAY OF THE PASSAGE OF FRESH WATER & SEWER LINES EACH STREET END, THE FLOW/ MARKINGS, AND MANDATORY PERIODIC MAINTAINANCE; GOVERNMENT MARGINALIZE THE DISTRIBUTION LEAKS BY MONITORING THE HEALTH OF THE PIPES USING THE TECHNOLOGY
 MANDATORY TOILET FLUSH SYSTEMS ARE WATER CONSERVING, GOVERNMENT PROVIDE INCENTIVES FOR SHIFTING TO WATER CONSERVING TOILETS TO REDUCE BLACK WATER GENERATION
 MANDATORY AUTOMATED SENSOR BASED WATER DISPENSING TAPS IN ALL PLACES WHERE THERE IS WASH BAIN TO SAVE WATER
 MANDATORY PERIODIC CLANGING OF WATER STORAGE TANKS TO PREVENT FORMATION OF BLUE GREEN ALGAE AND OTHER SEDIMENTS DEPOSITION TO ENSURE EVEN FLOW OF WATER
 MANDATORY GOVERNMENT MUST CLEAN THE WATER BODIES AND RIVER STREAMS TO REMOVE THE SILT AND DIG MORE DEPTHS OF THE LAND LOCKED WATER BODIES FOR MORE WATER STORAGE
 LUXURY TAX ON SWIMMING POOLS & BATH TUBS
 MANDATORY FOR PRIVATE WATER TANKERS TO GET REGISTERED WITH GOVERNMENT, MANDATORY TO ORDER PRIVATE WATER TANKER THROUGH APP WHICH IS GPS LOCATION BASED AND WITH REAL TIME INFORMATION ON THE WEB FOR THE PEOPLE WHO ORDERED; MANDATORY ORDERING OF WATER TANKERS (GOVERNMENT & PRIVATE) THROUGH GOVERNMENT ONLINE, MOBILE APP, ALL PAYMENTS THROUGH ONLINE BANK TRANSACTIONS
 MANDATORY THAT ALL WATER TANKERS CARRYING WATER TO RESIDENCES WITHIN THE CITIES MUST BE OPERATED ON CNG/LONG/ELECTRIC; MANDATORY SPEED GOVERNORS FOR WATER TANKERS/ FLUIDS CARRIERS FROM DISTILLERIES/ EFFLUENTS; FIXED NUMBER OF TRIPS DAILY PER VEHICLE
 GOVERNMENT PROVIDING INCENTIVES FOR GATED COMMUNITIES, RWA, FOR CONSTRUCTION TANKER WATER STORAGE AND SUPPLY INSTEAD OF TANKERS GOING INDIVIDUALLY TO EACH HOUSE IN THE GATED COMMUNITY, RWA; ALSO MANDATORY THAT ALL GATED COMMUNITY HAVE ONE SINGLE LOCATION STORAGE AND SUPPLY OF TANKER WATER FOR RESIDENTS.
 MANDATORY FOR ALL THE DISTRICTS NEAR THE SEA COST MUST USE AT LEAST 25% OF THEIR TOTAL WATER DEMAND SUPPLIED THROUGH DESALINATED WATER PLANTS; MANDATORY FOR COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS TO USE THE DESALINATED WATER.
 PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN DESALINATION OF WATER AND SUPPLY TO GOVERNMENT FOR DISTRIBUTION TO HOUSE HOLD
 GOVERNMENT CONSTRUCT EARTH DAMS IN CITIES & RURAL AREAS; GOVERNMENT MUST CREATE RAINWATER STORAGE TANKS EACH VILLAGE WISE, WARD WISE IN THE LOW GRADIENT AREAS TO COLLECT AND PRESERVE THE RAIN WATER.
GOVERNMENT CREATION OF EARTH DAMS IN GOVERNMENT LANDS IN THE HIGH WAYS, RAILWAY LANDS ETC AND PROVIDE THE ADJACENT LAND FOR CULTIVATION FOR FREE OF COST FOR THE UN EMPLOYED YOUTH BY LOTTERY SYSTEM; MANDATORY USE OF MNREGA WORKERS FOR CREATION OF EARTH DAMS IN STRATEGIC LOCATIONS
 MANDATORY FOR ALL RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS TO CONSTRUCT UNDER GROUND PITS/ STORAGE TANKS FOR RAIN WATER STORAGE
 MANDATORY THAT ALL THE INDIVIDUAL HOUSES APARTMENTS, GATED COMMUNITIES, RWA, OFFICE COMPLEXES MUST PROVIDE TREE CENSUS AND GARDEN LAWN DETAILS; MANDATORY ALL LAWNS USE HARVESTED RAIN WATER, RO WASTE WATER, OR RECYCLED GREY WATER ONLY, ELSE PAY LUXURY TAX
 MANDATORY FOR RESIDENTIAL HOUSES, COMMERCIAL COMPLEXES, GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS TO RAISE TERRACE GARDEN IN POTS OF 10 POTS MINIMUM FOR 1000 SFT TERRACE/ OPEN SPACE FOR ORGANIC CULTIVATION LEAFY VEGETABLES USING THE HARVESTED RAIN WATER / TREATED GREY WATER; GOVERNMENT PROVIDE INCENTIVES, VERMI COMPOST AT NOMINAL RATE; KITCHEN/ TERRACE GARDEN VEGETABLES ONLINE TRADE FOR TRADING/ BARTER THE EXCESS PRODUCTION
 BAN ON CULTIVATION OF HORTICULTURE/ AGRICULTURE IN THE VICINITY OF POLLUTED WATER BODIES, USING THE UNTREATED EFFLUENT WATERS
 MEASURE TO REDUCE AIR POLLUTION IN CITIES ON ROADS THROUGH REDUCING VEHICULAR POLLUTION FOR ENSURING BETTER RAIN AND PURE RAIN WATER AVAILABLE FOR HARVESTING
 ALSO USE OF RO-RO SHIPPING TO TRANSPORT GOODS ACROSS THE COSTAL DISTRICTS USING SEA COST TO REDUCE THE POLLUTION IN MAXIMUM NUMBER OF CITES
ALSO CREATION OF MORE RAILWAY SIDINGS IN ALL MAJOR AGRICULTURE MARKETS, AND INDUSTRIAL ZONES TO REDUCE THE ROAD TRANSPORT TO REDUCE AIR POLLUTION TO ENSURE QUALITY RAIN.
 MANDATORY TO COLLECT THE WATER DRAINED FROM THE AIR CONDITIONERS AND USE FOR KITCHEN GARDENING, WASHING CLOTHES, CLEANING
 MANDATORY RECYCLING OF GREY WATER IN APARTMENTS, GATED COMMUNITIES, RWA, HOSTELS, HOTELS
 MANDATORY THAT ALL TOILETS FLUSH SYSTEM IN THE PUBLIC PLACES LIKE BUS STANDS, RAILWAY STATIONS, MARKET YARDS, COMMERCIAL COMPLEXES MUST USE THE GREY WATER ONLY
 MANDATORY TO DISINFECT THE WASTE WATER GENERATED FROM THE HOSPITALS, TO DRAIN IN SEWERS, BAN ON USE AS GREY WATER, BAN ON RECYCLE/USE OF GREY WATER FOR TOILETS FLUSH.
 MANDATORY THAT DETERGENT USED FOR WASHING SHOULD BE ECO FRIENDLY, HUMAN FRIENDLY, GREY WATER FRIENDLY
 REGULATION OF CHEMICAL DETERGENT MANUFACTURING/ SALE IN INDIA;
GOVERNMENT MUST CLASSIFY THE CHEMICAL DETERGENTS ACCORDING TO CHEMICAL CONTENT, HARM TO THE ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH DISORDERS;
MANDATORY FOR MANUFACTURERS OF CHEMICAL DETERGENT / SURFACE CLEANERS TO PROVIDE FULL DETAILS OF INGREDIENTS, THEIR EFFECTS ON HEALTH, OPTIMAL QUANTITIES, QUANTITIES OF WATER REQUIRED TO RINSE, HEALTH HAZARDS & PRECAUTIONS
 MANDATORY BULK USERS OF DETERGENTS MUST USE ONLY ORGANIC BIO DETERGENTS WITH COMPLETE BAN ON USE OF CHEMICAL DETERGENTS
 MANDATORY THAT ALL THE LAUNDRY SERVICE PROVIDERS /CLOTHS WASHING INDIVIDUALS AND ENTERPRISES REGISTER WITH GOVERNMENT
 BAN ON SALE & USE OF ACIDS FOR DOMESTIC CLEANING PURPOSES TO ENSURE BETTER GREY WATER RECYCLING; ACCOUNTABILITY OF USE OF ACIDS FOR INDUSTRIAL PURPOSES AND SAFE DISPOSAL OF USED ACID CONTAINERS TO PREVENT CONTAMINATION OF WATER BODIES AND SOIL
 MANDATORY REGULATION OF SALE AND USE OF DISTILLED WATER USED IN THE BATTERIES FOR RESIDENTIAL INVERTER BATTERIES & IN VEHICLES
 GOVERNMENT BAN THE DISPOSAL OF PAINTS, WALL COATING MATERIAL USED TO WHITEWASH, PAINT COATING BUILDINGS
 GOVERNMENT MUST MANDATORY THAT VEHICLE LUBRICANTS, SALE AND SERVICE SHOULD BE IN VEHICLE SERVICE STATIONS ONLY, AND ACCOUNTABILITY AND SAFE DISPOSAL OF USED LUBRICANTS FROM VEHICLES TO PREVENT WATER & SOIL CONTAMINATION
 MANDATORY PERIODIC MAINTENANCE OF TRANSFORMERS TO CONTAIN LEAKS OF TRANSFORMER OILS, ENSURE SAFE DISPOSAL
 MEASURES FOR SAFE DISPOSAL OF USED SANITARY NAPKINS/ PERIOD CLOTHS; CREATION OF EXCLUSIVE SANITARY NAPKIN WASTE BOXES IN ALL APARTMENT COMPLEXES, OFFICE ESTABLISHMENTS AND COMMERCIAL COMPLEXES, ALL RAILWAY STATIONS, ALL BUS STATIONS TO BE USED BY WOMEN TO DISCARD USED SANITARY NAPKINS FOR SAFE DISPOSAL; CREATION OF COLLECTION OF USED SANITARY NAPKIN PADS BY WOMEN WORKS FROM DOOR TO DOOR IN CITIES, VILLAGES.
 GOVERNMENT BAN ON RAT POISON MANUFACTURE & SALE
 CREATION OF FENCING OVER WATER BODIES, CANNELS, AT HABITATIONS & IN TOURIST LOCATIONS; VISITORS RESTRICTED TO ONLY CERTAIN SAFE WATER BODIES, CRIMINAL OFFENCE TO CROSS THE FENCING OR GOING FOR NON DESIGNATED WATER BODIES, OR THROWING ANY SUBSTANCES INTO WATER BODIES
INSTALLATION OF CC CAMERAS 24/7 MONITORING OF TOURIST WATER BODIES; BAN ON PEOPLE ENTERING SEA/ RIVER BANKS BEYOND THE DESIGNATED HIGH TIDE LIMIT, BREACHING BAN, ENTERING RESTRICTED ZONE SHOULD BE CRIMINAL OFFENCE CHARGE WITH SUICIDE. LEVY OF FINE FOR OPEN DEFECATION
 SEWERAGE CLEANING; GEO MAPPING OF MANHOLES; MANDATORY REGISTRATION OF ALL SEWERAGE WORKERS; GOVERNMENT PROVIDING SAFETY EQUIPMENT, HEALTH INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE; MANDATORY PERIODIC MAINTAINANCE OF SEWERAGE SYSTEMS.
 MANDATORY CENSUS OF ANIMALS NEAR THE LIVING HABITATIONS BOTH PET ANIMALS & STRAY; BAN ON WASHING ANIMALS N THE WATER BODIES; RFID TAGGING FOR EACH ANIMAL; MANDATORY CEMETERY FOR ANIMALS, 24/7 EXCLUSIVE TEAMS FOR DISPOSAL OF THE DEAD ANIMALS TO REDUCE WATER CONTAMINATION AND ENSURING LAST RESPECTS ARE PAID FOR ANIMALS ESPECIALLY HOLY COW
 MANDATORY SAFE DISPOSAL OF REMAINS OF MEAT AFTER PROCESSING/ COOKING/ CONSUMPTION
 MANDATORY TO REGISTER WITH GOVERNMENT RETAILERS OF NON VEGETARIAN RAW FOOD.
PERMIT TO SALE FRESH NON VEGETARIAN ONLY IN EXCLUSIVE NON VEGETARIAN MEAT SHOPS IN EXCLUSIVE NON VEGETARIAN MARKETS IN THAT TERRITORY WITH COMPLETE BAN ON SALE OF FROZEN NON VEGETARIAN
ALSO COMMERCIAL RESTAURANTS MUST USE EVERY TIME ONLY FRESH NON VEGETARIAN, CRIMINAL OFFENCE TO STORE IN REFRIGERATOR, USE FROZEN NON VEGETARIAN MEAT
BAN ON SALE OF NON VEGETARIAN IN SUPER MARKETS
 MANDATORY FOR ALL INDIVIDUALS TO INFORM THE GOVERNMENT TO CUT THE ANIMALS FOR MEAT OR SELLING / DISPOSING AGED ANIMALS FOR SLAUGHTER HOUSES
GOVERNMENT CREATE SPACE IN EVERY WARD/ VILLAGE FOR CUTTING ANIMALS FOR MEAT BY THE INDIVIDUALS, COMMERCIAL SALE (INCLUDING PET CHICKEN/ HEN), TO ENSURE HOLY COWS ARE NOT SLAUGHTERED, GIVEN DUE RESPECTS.
CRIMINAL OFFENCE TO KILL/ CUT ANY ANIMAL AT HOME/ OTHER THAN DESIGNATED PLACE
GOVERNMENT AGENCY TO COLLECT THE REMAINS FROM THE EXCLUSIVE PLACE OF ANIMAL SLAUGHTER LIKE BIO HAZARDOUS WASTE COLLECTION FOR SAFE DISPOSAL TO PREVENT WATER, SOIL CONTAMINATION
 RELIGION AND WATER
 STREAM LINING OF RELIGIOUS RITUALS, BAN ON IMMERSION/ DISCARD OF TEMPORARY IDOLS, RELIGIOUS RITUALS MATERIAL INTO WATER BODIES
 STREAMLINING USE OF WATER IN RELIGIOUS PLACES
 ALL TEMPLES, RELIGIOUS PLACES MUST USE PRESSURISED WATER SPAY SYSTEM FOR CLEANING THE COMMON AREAS; ALSO MANDATORY INSTALLATION OF HATH FACETS TO THE TAPS TO WASH THE FEET BY THE DEVOTEES, ALONG WITH AUTOMATED WATER DISPERSES TAPS IN WASH BASINS.
 FEDERAL IRRIGATION AUTHORITY FOR CONSTRUCTION OF DAMS IN THE STATES
 GEO MAPPING OF FRESH WATER BODIES; CANNELS, SEWERAGE LINES ; DISMANTLING OF THE ENCROACHMENTS TO ENSURE FREE FLOW OF WATER (FRESH & SEWAGE), ENSURE NO BLOCKS, STAGNATION, FLOODING IN THE TERRITORIES OF AGRICULTURE LANDS, RESIDENTIAL HABITATIONS, COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL AREAS
 DISMANTLING OF ALL ENCROACHMENTS IN THE HILL STATIONS FROM WHERE FREE FALL OF WATER TO THE RIVERS, DISMANTLING OF THE CONSTRUCTIONS / DAMS PREVENTING FREE FLOW OF RIVER/ GLACIER WATER
 GOVERNMENT MUST MAINTAIN DATA BANK OF ALL COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS, MANUFACTURING UNITS, VILLAGE WISE, WARD WISE, DETAILS OF NATURE OF MANUFACTURE, AND NATURE OF WASTE GENERATED SOLID, SLURRY, FLUID, THE EFFECTS OF INTENSITY OF THAT WASTE, ALSO GEO MAPPING OF VARIOUS ALL TYPES OF MANUFACTURING UNITS CATEGORY WISE.
 MANDATORY TO MAKE PUBLIC DATA OF ALL MANUFACTURING UNITS, CATEGORY WISE EMISSION OF TYPE OF WASTES GENERATED, QUANTITY OF EFFLUENTS, DISCHARGE DATA OF EFFLUENTS EVERY DAY ONLINE, REAL TIME UP DATES
MANDATORY THAT ALL VEHICLES CARRYING THE EFFLUENT/ SLURRY ARE EQUIPPED WITH GPS AND DASH CAMS AND ALSO CC CAMERA MOUNTED ON THE VEHICLES MONITORING FOR ENSURING DISCHARGE ARE DONE AT THE DESIGNATED LOCATIONS ONLY
ALSO IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY FOR MANUFACTURING UNITS ENTIRE PROCESS OF TREATMENT AND DISCHARGE OF EFFLUENTS SHOULD BE UNDER HIGH RESOLUTION CC CAMERAS WITH LIVE WEB FEED REAL TIME FOR PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING AND SCRUTINY ENSURING MANUFACTURE ADHERE TO STANDARDS OF EMISSION AND ETHICAL MANUFACTURING
 GOVERNMENT MUST MAKE THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE TRADE UNION/ TRADE UNION MEMBERS INDIVIDUALLY AND COLLECTIVELY FOR NOT INFORMING/ CONCEALING THE INFORMATION OF DISCHARGE OF EFFLUENTS WITHOUT TREATMENT;
MANDATORY FOR ALL MANUFACTURING UNITS WITH MORE THAN 10 EMPLOYEES TO BE PART OF ALL TRADE UNION OF THAT TYPE OF MANUFACTURING, WITHOUT WHICH THERE IS NO MEANING FOR FREEDOM OF UNION
 MANDATORY GOVERNMENT MUST CONDUCT PERIODIC TESTING OF WATER BODIES, SOILS IN THE VICINITY OF THE FACTORIES WHICH EMIT LIQUID EFFLUENTS FOR ENSURING THAT THE FACTORIES ADHERE TO TREATMENT STANDARD FOR SAFE DISCHARGE OF WATER, MAKE THE TESTING DATA PUBLIC
 MANDATORY GOVERNMENT MUST INSTALL AIR QUALITY INDEX METERS IN ALL PLACES OF MANUFACTURING UNIT, IN THE VICINITY OF THE MANUFACTURING UNIT FOR IDENTIFYING THE EMISSIONS ONLINE REAL TIME FOR ENSURING THE DISCHARGES ARE SUBJECTED TO STANDARDS
 MANDATORY REDUCTION OF USAGE OF WATER IN VARIOUS INDUSTRIES, MANDATORY UP GRADATION OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR REDUCTION & RECYCLE WATER; INCENTIVES FOR ZERO WASTE MANUFACTURING.
BAN ON CAPACITY ADDITION IN THE PAPER INDUSTRY, BAN ON FURTHER INSTALLATION OF NEW PAPER & PULP UNITS; MEASURES TO REDUCE THE USAGE OF PAPER PRODUCTS (WRITING, PRINTING AND PACKAGING AND ALSO NEWS PRINT) IN VARIOUS SECTORS.
 MEASURES TO REDUCE WRITING & PRINTING PAPER
 MEASURES TO REDUCE USE OF PACKAGING PAPER
 MEASURES TO REDUCE CONSUMPTION OF NEWS PRINT PAPER
 GOVERNMENT FIX THE QUOTA FOR SUGAR PER HOUSE HOLD AT NORMAL PRICE, ABOVE QUOTA PRICE SHOULD BE TWICE PER KG FOR HOUSE HOLD; SUGAR FOR COMMERCIAL USE SHOULD BE THREE TIMES HOUSE HOLD PRICE TO REDUCE USE OF SUGAR, SUGAR CANE PRODUCTION, TO REDUCE WATER USAGE
 MANDATORY INCULCATION OF HABIT OF CONSUMING MORE WATER TO CHILDREN, STUDENTS, ALL AGE GROUP PEOPLE FOR ENSURING HEALTHY LIFE
Even though India is surrounded by water having long coastlines, and perennial rivers with ideal climate for best rains in normal weather conditions, But most surprisingly majority of the population in India do not have access to quality water for consumption, and even water for Industries is not adequate, or Agriculture is not Adequate, Mainly due to poor water management, Lack of Systems in place to Reduce Global Warming gases, Lack of systems in place to conserve water, lack of systems in place to ensure optimal use of water for various purpose, also lack of systems in place preventing contamination of water bodies from various sectors, also lack of systems in place for recycle and reuse the waste water to a maximum extent, all lacunas in water management leading large quantities of water unusable, the issue of Scarcity of Water is getting more complex in Urban areas where the population is on the rise and the water from existing river basins is not proportionate to the requirement, in addition due to encroachments, so called projects the natural flow of the water from the perennial rivers has been restrained, as such majority of the people living in the country, especially in the cities has to depend up on the ground water, abnormal density of population in a limited area drawing ground water indiscriminately, even most of the commercial purpose bulk water users are using ground water, as a result even the ground water tables are getting depleted fast-ly, adding more scarcity of water.
It is a fact that Water in Rivers has to depend up on the rainfall, climatic Temperatures which depend up on Greeneries in the Territories, as for the Water in Clouds to get precipitated and fall as rain suitable optimal temperatures are required, but due to excess deforestation, due to industrialisation leading to global warming resulting inadequate & uneven, extreme/low rainfall across the country; also lack of appropriate planning for weather modification/ cloud seeding to tap the rain water existing in the clouds to precipitate them to shower rain, as a result the status co of less water in reservoirs is prevailing in most of the places; also in some places even when rain water is abundant, again due to lack of planning for adequate storage of rainwater by creation of appropriate earth dams the rain water is getting wasted and majority of Rain water is flowing into the sea/oceans, leading to shortage of potable water, water for agriculture and industrial uses, soon after rainy season.
Also due to lack of monitoring of the quality of water being delivered by the government municipalities mostly due to age old pipes which are made of cast iron, which is subjected to corrosion, and deposition of scaling due to dissolved chemical salts due to hardness of water, also due to blue green algae and other bacteria’s deposited inside pipes making some flow path reduced/shrink-ed, some gets burst, leakages due to wear & tear of pipe material, leading to not only loss of fresh processed water, but also fresh water is getting mixed with sewerage waters, in addition the supply of municipal water is not fully taken place across length & breadth of cities, in addition due to hardness of ground water most of the people in urban areas as well as in small towns are preferring to consume so called Bottled/ Packaged Mineral water, with the notion that mineral water is safe drinking water, it is fact that people reached to a stage that especially youth, middle class and above are of the totally of the impression that one has to consume mineral water, else no water, with wrong notion, consuming any other water (normal, RO) water is dangerous to health. En-cashing the demand thousands, lacks of bottled mineral water plants are established, operating officially, un officially; of which majority do not bother about any quality standards, but just because it is bottled water, packed water, people are consuming it, making their health at serious risk by consuming such unauthorised sub standard bottled water, most of them are stale water, contains bacteria, chemical in such bottled water, causes severe health disorders, in addition most strangely most of the bottled water manufacturers/ beverages manufacturers uses the ground water or the municipal water in millions of litres per day, causing the depletion of groundwater table, thus acute water shortage for the people in the vicinity if they are residential habitations they have to depend up on the tankers to get their basic water needs, in case the bottled water manufacturing plants are in rural areas the farmers are suffering as they have to spend huge amounts to dig bore wells as deeper and deeper, in addition to lift water from such a depths they need to use extra house power motors, which consume more electricity, all added is high costs, thus cultivation becomes un viable, and most of the farmers are becoming daily wage labour and migrating to urban areas in search of work, and the load on the urban areas for water is again on the raise. All leading to forcing most of the people in the urban areas to depend up on the supply/ purchase of water tankers, gain which are one of the major contributors of ground water table depletion as they extract millions of litres of ground water from city outskirts, in addition causing excess pollution due to transportation of water from long distances emitting heavy vehicular pollution.
Also lack of systems in place that government supply the RO water in all public places, also due to lack of mandatory supply of RO Water in office establishments, organisations to the employees leading to excessive dependent on the bottled water, causing waste of billions of litres of water in the processing of Bottled water, in addition causing severe environment pollution.
Also lack of systems in place to quantify the use of water for individual use by various user categories like residential users, the commercial, the industrial, and agriculture, various types of water viz. The river water, the municipal water the ground water, the harvested rain water, leading to excess use, lack of systems in place to monitor the source, quantities of supply of private water tankers; lack of systems fixing the optimal quantities for various users, for various purposes like residential, commercial, industrialises of various types.
Also lack of systems in place to till date (till full-fledged implementation of Soil Health Card) educating the farmers for right quantities of water, providing them Drip irrigation where ever possible for optimal use of water, also lack of systems in place for making the account of the quantities of water used by the farmers by various sources leading to loss of excess water un productivity.
Also due to lack of foolproof systems in place to quantify the amount of waste generated each manufacturer wise, lack of systems in place to make manufactures adhere to optimum water utilisation and no stringent norms to monitor disposal of waste water/ effluents most of the Manufactures who use water as part of their processing, discharges un treated water/fluids/ effluents in the nearby fields or water bodies thus polluting the water tables, as a result most water bodies are unsuitable for consumption, or even for agriculture, industrial purposes, also people in the vicinity are unable to get quality potable water and facing severe health disorders due to using contaminated water.
Also Lack of system in place for mandatory utilisation of waste water generated from residential, Commercial, Industrial Establishments through treatment/ recycling/ re use of ‘Grey water’ / Zero Emission from industries with total recycling (residential grey water is used water from bath rooms) grey water is getting wastes which if recovered, recycled and reused can reduce fresh water demand; also ‘dark water’ water from the kitchens, washing machines which contains chemicals oils, fats can be treated for re cycle & reuse in drought prone areas/ in severe water scarcity areas where underground water table is very low apart from low rain fall. The grey water can be used by recycling if it is safe grey water/ eco friendly grey water, with no chemicals in the grey water. Also lack of systems in place to reduce the black water (water from the toilet flush tanks); billions of litters of fresh water getting to black, which is waste, un re usable.
Also lack of systems in place to prevent from Excessive use of chemicals in detergents and surface cleaners which are otherwise causing contamination of grey water turning to dark water unusable for plants, apart from causing severe health hazards for those who are wearing the clothes washed using chemical detergents or those exposed to surfaces cleaned by chemical surface cleaners; also there is no systems in place to ban use of Acids in residential and commercial cleaning purposes (other than industrial purposed) leading to turning grey water to dark/ black water un usable for recycle; Also Lack of Systems in place to prevent the Distilled water used in the batteries in the power inverters, contamination of the soils, grey water, apart from severe health risks due to unsafe disposal of used cans/ bottles; Also lack of systems in place to regulate the paints dust, from getting into sewer lines, grey water, making the grey water unusable; Also lack of implementation of foolproof system to prevent the leaks of Transformer oils from the millions of transformers into Soil, thus into water bodies due to Rains contaminating the water bodies, in addition due to failure of transformers agriculture, industrial production is affecting severely.
Also lack of systems in place to prevent the discharge of used lubricants from the vehicles into soils, and water bodies and in sewerages leading to contamination of water bodies, some Turing grey water to dark water or black water making them unfit for recycling. Also lack of systems in place to reduce the vehicular pollution due to transportation of goods through using alternative transport systems of transport through ships and rails leading to excess pollution, leading to reduced rain fall, in addition the rain water is also not suitable for usage without treatment.
Also lack of systems to contain the use of RAT poison entering the soil, food, water bodies due to use in agriculture fields/ residential and commercial indiscriminately; also lack of systems in place for safe disposal of dead animals, Also lack of systems in place to regulate dumping of remains of animal slaughter, also lack of systems in place fixed location for domestic animal slaughter/ cutting for meat causing soil & water bodies contamination, causing severe health risks to people in the vicinity.
Also lack of systems in place to mandatory disinfect the used water, waste disposals from the hospitals (only part of bio medical waste get collected & treated at present), soil, water bodies are contaminated leading to development of bacteria and pathogens making the health risk for the people who use such water; in addition to causing severe health risks for sewerage workers, Also lack of systems in place to ensure safe disposal of sanitary napkins/ period cloths leading to sever contamination of water bodies indirectly as most of them are thrown into the soil, which is getting into soil, water bodies due to rains causing the water bodies developing bacteria, pathogens.
Also lack of systems in place to reduce the clogging of sewerages, by ensuring no solids enter the sewerage lines, also lack of systems in place preventing the deaths of sewerage workers leading loss of valuable life’s.
Also lack of systems in place to ensure all the used water bottles get recycled, all used items get recycled causing severe clogging of sewerages, in addition causing severe environmental pollution due to getting into soils.
Also lack measures to conserve water from excessive water use industries like paper industry, which consumes several times the water against the weight of finished paper for writing& printing, for packaging, for news print, lack of systems to reduce the use of paper in packaging in transportation of finished goods from the manufacturer, also lack of systems in place to contain use of paper , paper packaging boxes in e-commerce trade, delivery packages leading to excessive demand for paper thus billions of litres of fresh water getting wasted, in addition to contamination of water bodies and soil, air due to the discharge of effluents, GHG from the paper manufacturing.
Also lack of systems in place to ensure less sugar is consumed by rationing the use of sugar by the individual, which can also help in reduction of several health discords ; also lack of systems in place to reduce the overall production of sugar cane leading to loss of billions of litres of water in the production of sugar cane to manufacture of sugar cane; also lack of systems in place to regulate the so called carbonated drinks leading to loss of billions of litres of fresh water apart from generating billions of litres of effluents.
Also lack of systems in place to reduce the water contamination due the religious rituals performed by individuals on the auspicious days, on special festivals dumping tonnes of used material; also lack of systems in place streamlining the judicious use of water religious purposes further reducing the fresh water un usable for consumption, any use in addition to causing severe health risks for the people. Also lack of systems in place to minimise the waste water from taps established in religious places.
Also lack of systems in place for mandatory rain water harvesting and best use, as billions of litres of fresh water from the rain getting wastes, if with small individual investment in storage by every habitation, or bulk industrial users will reduce the load on the other sources of water to a considerable extent.
Also lack of systems in place for periodic maintainance of water pipes and taps to prevent leaks, storage tanks, the water pumping motors to pump efficiently, washing machines to work optimally, the dishwasher, the micro RO water purifies to best use of exhaust water, the air conditioners, also collect the waste water from air conditioners and home RO systems, the kitchen exhaust systems to reduce power consuming etc, the water, energy getting wasted.
Also lack of systems to identify and dismantle the encroachments of water bodies, sewerage lines, causing water clogging, flooding during monsoon or in the event of folds.; Also lack of systems in place to clear the silt, sediments in the water bodies and cannels to store more water, lack of systems in place the indiscriminate construction of irrigation, power dams in the upstream of rivers blocking the water for downstream leading to loss of agriculture and habitations in the downstream; Also lack of awareness, educating people to adopt the cleaning of the cloths, utensils, vehicles, floors with minimum water; Also lack of systems in place for educating, making people to drink minimum required quantities leading to health disorders; which need to be addressed properly to fix the lacunas in the systems and make sure every drop of water is accounted for, utilised to the best and ensure clean water is available for all purposes all times.
This document “WATER FOR ALL” provides comprehensive solutions to issues pertaining to measures containing water contamination, for best use of water existing, to conserve water for future needs, ensuring healthy living of all sections of people, as water is life.
2) MANDATORY USE OF RIVER WATER
BAN ON USE OF UNDER GROUND WATER, MUNICIPAL WATER FOR MANUFACTURE OF PACKAGED BOTTLED WATER; MANDATORY USE OF RIVER WATER SOURCED DIRECTLY OR HARVESTED RAIN WATER; BAN ON MANUFACTURE OF BOTTLED WATER IN CITIES
MANUFACTURERS/BEVERAGES MANUFACTURERS TO REPLENISH THE QUANTITIES OF WATER SOURCED FROM THE RIVERS THROUGH CLOUD SEEDING/ WEATHER MODIFICATION; INCENTIVES FROM GOVERNMENT FOR CLOUD SEEDING & CREATION OF EARTH DAMS
As it is a fact that Bottled/ Packaged Mineral Water become Synonym to Water in India, whether it is urban areas, or even in small towns and Even in some parts of Rural areas., Also it is a fact that majority of the so called bottled / packaged mineral water manufacturers are sourcing the municipal water or ground water, thus causing severe water crises in the vicinity of the manufacturing territory, due to the bottled water manufacturers drawing excess water from the municipal or ground water mostly unauthorised-ly, some authorised-ly, Since Municipal Water supply is not sufficient for the household, and since the ground water in the well, bore well in their compound/ vicinity is of no use because of failure of bore or less water and that too after digging hundreds of feet into the underground, also due to excess habitation in limited area most of the people are forced to go for tanker water for their daily needs, also it is a fact most of the people in the urban areas are depended on bulk mineral water bottles for their daily consumption, which not only causing health disorders due to lack of proper quality checks for these bottled water as most of the local brands bottled water are un authorised manufacture or even licensed to manufacture, un accounted manufacture, even the circulation of contra bands of so called MNC branded water, in addition the vehicles supplying the bulk bottles every door door causes additional air pollution; the manufacturing units of bottled water in the cities, is one issue of water crises in urban areas, forcing the people to buy the same water at a higher price, in addition to causing loss to the environment, as for manufacture of bottled water takes 1:1.39 which means for manufacture of one litre of bottled water 1.39 litres is used, and these 390 ml waste waste generated is contaminating the coils, water bodies, in addition the use of electric power to manufacture indirectly causing environment pollution due to most of the power manufactured from coal burning, also directly causing environmental pollution by way of bottled water transport vehicles causing air pollution, in addition causes loss of more water, as every manufactured water bottle is transported in the paper carton corrugated boxes, and mostly one carton box contain 12 litre bottles, weights about 100 gm, and it takes 12.5 litres of fresh water to manufacture 100 gm of corrugated paper, in addition 9 litres of waste water effluents, in addition the power for processing of paper of 100 gm (as it takes 80,000 litres to 150,000 litres of fresh water to manufacture 1000 kg paper depending up on the raw material); so people has to understand that there are huge loses occurring due to bottled mineral water directly and indirectly in several ways.
So in order to contain all the negative effects of bottled / packaged mineral waters, government must stream line the manufacturing & distribution, use of the bottled waters, the first step is to ensure complete ban on sourcing of water from underground water through digging bore wells, and using motors to lift the water from the bore wells or using the municipal water by the manufacture of packaged water. In addition Government must make it mandatory that all beverages manufacturers must use river water only, must make the plants near to the river or at the downstream of the dams that discharge excess rainwater/flood water, and complete ban on manufacturing in the agriculture fields, or in the vicinity of agriculture zones to save cultivation from becoming unviable due to depletion of water table.
Also in order to ensure the used water replenished by the bottles water manufacturers government must make it mandatory for all manufacturers of bottled water, either use could seeding as CSR in the vicinity of the rivers, pounds or contribute for cloud seeding by government to tap the water from the clouds where ever possible to get fresh water into rivers ad also improvement of ground water table; government must provide its support for the cloud seeding, which is otherwise the cheapest pure water which cost 25 Pisa per litre.
Also it is ideal that all the bottled water manufacturers may preserve the rainwater by creating huge earth dams/ tanks of huge capacity in the non agriculture fields in hundreds/ thousands of acres in the areas of heavy rainfall, and store it for their processing’s of their manufacture; alternatively the bottled water/ beverages manufactures can source the river water, not required to do cloud seeding, but should construct and maintain the bulk rainwater storage systems near to cultivatable lands in the rain shadow areas/ areas with less rainfall and ensure supply of the rainwater harvested for the agriculture fields where there is no cannel irrigation and in the areas of cultivation depending on the rain fall/ ground water; the manufacturing plant may be elsewhere, but equivalent water used in the manufacture must be supplied elsewhere in the country through rain water harvesting. In order to encourage this Government may provide tax concessions/ incentives for this purpose.
3) ALSO MANDATORY THAT BOTTLED WATER/ BEVERAGES MANUFACTURED USING DESALINATED WATER WITH AT LEAST 50% OF TOTAL OVER ALL PRODUCTION, SALE IN INDIA MUST BE USING DESALINATED WATER, BY ESTABLISHING PLANTS/ SHIFTING PLATS IN THE SEA COAST DISTRICTS;
Also government must make it mandatory that all the bottle water manufacturers must use desalinated water Mandatorily in future for at least 50% of their total production and sale in India, and the maximum time for bottled water/ beverages manufactures for using desalinated water should be 5 years from now; government must provide tax concessions, incentives for establishment of bottled water plants using the desalinated water in the sea coastal districts or for the dismantling and re erection of the existing plants in the sea cost districts for use of desalinated water. Also it should be mandatory that the entire sale of bottled water/ beverages in sea costal districts should be 100 % made from the desalinated water.
As it is a fact that desalination may cost another Rs 50 per 1000 litres to convert salt water into normal water so for manufacture of one litre of bottled water the ratio of water is 1:1.39 i.e. for 1000 ml of mineral water 390 ml of waste water is generated and a total of 1390 ml of water is used, in case of use of ordinary water sourced from the municipalities/ ground water it cost around 10 to 15 Rs per 1000 litres, and for desalination it is Rs 50 for 1000 litres, so manufacture of 1000 litres of mineral water 1390 litres of water is used which has additional cost of (15 – 50= 35 Rs x 1.39 = Rs 48 and 65 paisa, additional cost for 1000 litres of water, so the water cost increases by 0.48650 additional cost per litre bottle, which means the bottle selling at Rs 20 now will become 20.486 Pisa + taxes on Rs 0.4865 as applicable in that state then cost of Rs at present 20 Rs bottle will be Rs 21; this measure has multiple advantages, as the water effluents discharged by the desalination, and purification process can be discharged into the sea directly, which will not have any effect on environment/ or the effects is very meagre, as desalination processes rises the temperature by 5 degrees only, but as per international standards up to 7 degrees temperature addition will not have any effect on the aquatic marine life, also the effect of desalination temperate water is only 50 to 100 meters in the sea from the plant discharge point, so there is no affect on fisher men catching fish as the fish cash is far beyond his discharge points; also in this process of desalination water usage will save millions/ billions of litres of municipal water (river water) & ground water which can be supplied to the residential purposes, for cultivation in the no costal districts, also in the costal districts reduced water requirement through tankers using the bore well water due to availability of abundant of ground water.; which also reduces cost of water for daily use by the house hold, in addition to reduction of pollution caused by the water tanker carrying vehicles.
4) MANDATORY USE OF CNG/LNG/ELECTRIC OPERATED VEHICLES FOR CARRYING, DISTRIBUTION, DELIVERY OF BOTTLED WATER
Also in order to reduce air pollution, government must make it mandatory that all the packaged mineral water bottle vehicles whether big trucks carrying bottled water within the cities or medium trolley autos for door to door deliver, must be operated on CNG/ LNG or even electric vehicles, and complete ban on use of petrol or diesel, this measure is necessary as the bottles water suppliers uses diesel vehicles (mostly bulk material carrying 3 wheeler autos) for carrying the bulk water bottles (20 litres cans), which does more number of trips in the residential areas every day several times, causing substantial pollution, in order to reduce the air pollution caused by the bottled water carriers, government must make it mandatory that all bottled water manufacturers must ensure that their suppliers for delivery uses only CNG /LNG or Electric vehicles for carrying and delivering water to the individual consumers.
5) MEASURES ENSURING QUALITY WATER IN PACKAGED BOTTLED WATER
Also government must make it mandatory that every manufacturer must conduct basic quality tests under the camera directly water collected from the finished products and put the tests in government website for very batch of manufacture, Government must make it mandatory that all bottled manufacturers association must conduct the quality checks periodically among their association members, all in CC camera monitoring; in addition government must conduct surprise checks for quality of water individually randomly every month of every manufacturer.
The first step is to ensure quality of bottled water manufactured and sold, by government obtaining data of each Mandal wise/ block wise, which are the company’s manufacturing and supplying so called packaging, mineral water, their brand names by making it mandatory that bottled water manufacturers must get registered with government; also making it mandatory that all the employees working in the bottled water manufacturing/ distribution must register with government online to obtain a separate unique ID number to be carried by the employee all the time when on duty.
All the registered companies manufacturing must be asked to submit the details of machinery, the details of source of water, the details of process, and details of quality checks. the details of disposal of the waste water, details of distributers, dealers, stockists, bulk purchasers/ marketing, the details of staff, the details of bank account, along with the video of processing in the plant from outer location with surroundings, to entering the plant, clear display of all machinery and equipment with the numbers, and the display of processing of water Raw to Finished product, and all the government licences, approvals, details about the place of manufacture its own or leased if leased who are the owners, their contact details. The areas / territories where the product is currently sold, who are the retailers. Government must keep those details on the website (except the personal contact details like phone numbers, bank account details), with centralised data each state wise, district wise, Mandal wise, village/ward wise manufacturers of bottled water, also each state wise, district wise, Mandal wise, ward wise, colony wise details of retailers of the products for public understanding and scrutiny; in addition government must create awareness about the need for quality bottled water, and give advertisement, propaganda through radio, television that people must know about the manufactures of bottled water they are consuming by going to government website or mobile APP, and report if any other brands are in circulation.
Government must en act law for severe punishments for un authorised manufacturing of bottled mineral waters. Also government must make it criminal offence for the employees working / engaged in the manufacture/ distribution of bottled water with government, also only the registered employees only should work in the manufacture/ distribution of bottled water. The punishment should be a non bail able offence with life imprisonment for the owners/ and imprisonment for all the workers / workers union in that factory. This measure will certainly reduce un authorised manufacturing, and all the manufacturing units by and large adhere to the quality standards.
6) MANDATORY SALE OF BULK WATER BOTTLE THROUGH MOBILE APP BOOKING/PURCHASE AND PAYMENT THROUGH E WALLET, ONLINE BANK TRANSACTION; ELSE PAY 20% EXTRA WITH CASH PAYMENT THAT TOO ORDER MUST BE THROUGH APP/ REGISTER WITH MANUFACTURER, ALONG WITH A BAR-CODED BILL ISSUED AT DOOR STEP BY THE SUPPLIER
Also in order to regulate the sale of sub standard, un authorised manufactures manufacturing and supplying bulk water, and to contain the sale of contra band, duplicate of established MNC brand (as most MNC brands are certainly better in quality than most local brands even through most of the MNC brand water they fail the 100% quality tests); government should make it mandatory that all bulk water manufacturers and suppliers must perform the sale of the bulk water through mobile app, and also receive the payment through mobile app, e wallet, online bank transaction, in case the customer wishes to pay by cash, they should be charged 20% extra on the normal fixed rate with online generated bill through hand held billing machine; even the retailers who sell the bulk water must sell the water only through online APP to register the sale soon after, with mandatory voter id/ mobile number of the person sourcing the water along with online bar coded billing from the manufacturer for cash bills; all data of the quantities of bulk water bottles manufactured, sale must be submitted to the government online real time, This measure will improve quality of the water supplied, as the accountability for supply is made mandatory.
7) MANDATORY UNIQUE BAR CODING OF BOTTLED WATERS, DISPLAY IN THE WEBSITE/ APP IRRESPECTIVE OF BRAND THE FLOW FROM MANUFACTURER TO RETAILER, AND ALSO MANDATORY FOR DISPLAY OF COMPLETION OF SALE OF THE BOTTLE SOON AFTER SALE AT RETAILER
Also in order to ensure quality of water, and no contra brands are being in sale in the marker as far as packaged drinking water is concerned, government make it mandatory that entire processing unit of the packaged mineral water must be under high resolution CC cameras with live web casting and also every bottled water was bar coded and display on the web the packaging of cartons for transport to the distributors, dealers, retailers.
Also in order to prevent circulation of contra brand/ non authorised/ non tax pad bottled water, government must make it mandatory that daily for each batch of production the manufacturer should apply online to the government for bar-coding series numbers, with submitting details of the quantity proposed to manufacture that day, with details of previous batch of production manufacture, distribution, etc, the details of workers present on that date, the details of quality check measures etc the quantity of raw material etc then government will provide online instantly a unique bar code series, which should be printed online real-time for wrapping the bottles of the same day production; in case of small manufacturers with pre printed labels, and paste the wrappers, stickers on the bottles/ pouches and read the bar code before packing and delivery to the distribution/ retail points, so that count of quantities can be made.; in case of non production, short production due to any reason, the bar codes should be surrounded to the government, else will be treated as manufactured and added to the turnover for calculation of tax, in addition levy of fine for non reporting.
Also the details of stock at each level from manufacturer to retailer should be on the website, government create a mobile APP if any individual purchases any brand of mineral water bottle and just, read the bar code through smart phone using the mobile APP or just SMS the bar code number the details of manufacturer, batch number, the retailer details must surface, In addition the retailers must read the bar code through the mobile App which will record the sale of the bottle (of any brand in the single app, with manufacturers of bottled water association and government record the details of sale). This is the only way that people can get original manufactured bottled mineral water, and in case the above measures of quality control measures are strictly implemented then further assured that quality packaged mineral water is available.
Without this process, majority of people of the country, especially the youth who are otherwise addicted to drinking packaged bottle water, is danger-ing their health, as hardly any quality standards are maintained by the original manufacturers in the very first place including the so called multinational billions of dollars turnover companies.
Also it is a fact that most of the manufacturers of alcohol are using the bottled water to promote their alcohol brand through engaging local manufacturers who manufacture packaged drinking water for cheap in their brand name by doing job works and sell in the market, they do not have any bother to maintain any quality as the water is just a pretext and the original profits are only through alcohol, also because most of these kind of brands with alcohol brand names are sold in the wine shops as most of the people who purchases the hard drink alcohol beverages buys water from these shops only to dilute the concentration of alcohol spirit, so these alcoholic addicts do not bother about any quality of bottled water, they just want some water to dilute the concentrated alcohol to consume; also this kind of alcohol branded mineral water was sold to nearby shops, especially in the slums and rural areas and in the highways, bus stations/ railway stations, where people do not bother about the brand, they want only packaged mineral water that is it.
Also as far as most of the local brands are concerned there is no quality, and substandard, even duplicate packaged bottle water manufactured in the local streets, with multinational brands with same bottle, same rapper, and with seal, just by filling the local municipal water directly or with little filtering and selling it through local vendors through select street shops, select pan shops, select mom & pop store, offering heavy margins for selling, (since hardly any processing is there just filling the municipal tap water, they can provide heavy margins); also most sad part in this they use the branded bottles thrown away after using it, which are not crushed by the users, especially they collect these kind of bottles from the restaurants, also from the rag-pickers, shops which collect the rag picking material, and just re use the bottle, or may little clean the bottle, and since most of the bottles if not crushed appears as if new, they just fill water and also either rub the printed manufacturing and expiry date or just reprint with manufacturing date and expiry date and seal the bottle with cap; causing severe health hazards for the consumers due to prolonged storage of untreated, un processed water being stored in the bottles, in addition exposing it to daylight developing bacteria in the closed bolted water of these local duplicate bottled water, in addition these local duplicates are creating substantial loss for the original brand who follow at least far better quality than normal tap water.
So the best solution to prevent this kind of trade of duplicate packaged water, bolted water is to ensure that all water bottles are bar coded and online details of each retailer wise stock must be made available and there should be system in place that all the retailers of water must maintain online real time data of sale of packaged drinking water from the manufacture to their retailer through mobile APP or through computer accounting whenever a bottle of water sold the same should be recorded online real time by scanning the bar code and sell, so that soon after the sale is over the sales recorded in the manufacturers data bank, and in case if any duplicate manufactures uses the same bottle then it can be easily identifiable, also it enables the retailers to check themselves that all the water they are getting from the distributor vans of the branded manufacturers are genuine and not sold earlier (as there is every possibility that the duplicate manufacturers may use some of the delivery vans & some corrupt staff of original branded bottles and sale the duplicate in place of the original, in connivance with duplicate manufactures especially to the retailers in busy places like bus stations, markets etc, or most of them use these kind of stock during the mass gatherings of political rallies, or processions or marriages or during the sports events etc where people are busy and never ever bother to look for any quality standards) so this mandatory online real-time sale with bar-coding of bottled water will ensure that at least to a maximum extent contain the sale of sub stand/ un standard bottled water, in addition government must conduct periodic surprise checks on all the retailers to show their stock, for quantity and quality check instantly, and once in three months.
8) NEED FOR RECYCLING OF USED WATER BOTTLES; MEASURES TO IMPLEMENT MAJORITY OF USED BOTTLES TO GET RECYCLED; BAN ON BOTTLED WATER LESS THAN 200 ML, AND MANDATORY DEPOSIT OF FIXED SUM FOR THE FIRST PURCHASE TO CARRY THE BOTTLE, ELSE RETURN THE BOTTLE THERE AND THEN, ALSO ALL RETAILERS CAN EXCHANGE ANY BRAND EMPTY BOTTLES TO PROVIDE ANY OTHER BRAND FILLED SEALED BOTTLE (AS ALREADY FOR ONE BOTTLE THEY HAVE DEPOSITED SUM)
Also it is a fact that billions of empty water bottles are left out in the soils across India, and it is a fact that all over the world that the average recycling of empty water bottles is only fraction i.e. only less than 20% empty used bottles, and remaining majority (80%) bottles are un-doubted-ly going to the earth, some percentage going to the water bodies, sewer lines causing severe hazards.
Also in order to contain environment pollution due to non recycle of used water bottles, government must ban manufacture of less than 200 ml packaged/ bottled water, also ban on making water pouches; also make it mandatory that water must be transported in plastic crates just like egg crates which are re usable, Also government must make for every first sale of water bottle through collecting a fixed deposit for the bottle to ensure return of the empty bottle for refund/ second purchase at normal cost.
The deposit (first bottle cost) for the 200 ml water should be 50 Rs, similarly for 500 ml should b 100 Rs, the 750 ml should be 150 Rs, the 1000 ml should be 200 Rs. All the second bottle sale should be of normal cost (the present market cost of Rs 20 per litre of branded or as fixed by the brand), provided the person who used any brand water bottle returns the used one to any sale point of the water of any brand, for this the water bottles manufacturers association must have tie up to collect the empty water bottles; and the empty bottle must be returned within the expiry date; this measure ensures that majority of the people return the empty bottles. Also it should be mandatory that all the sale points should collect the empty bottles by reading the bar coding and recording the return of the empty bottle; Also government create Bring Banks to collect the empty water bottles at fixed locations or go door to door to collect the used bottles; also it should be mandatory that the manufacturers association should recycle used bottles jointly, Also government must provide incentives for using the recycled material by any manufacture for any product manufacturing.
This measure not only reduces the usage of bottled mineral waters, but also it reduces the environment pollution; as it is a fact it become a common that for every mass gathering either a political party public meeting, road show or a marriage or a sports event or a social event, name anything, the water is served in the bottles either 100 ml, 200 ml or 500 ml, also there are number of vendors selling the same, also near the beach’s, near the parks, near the tourist places, near the large pilgrim places, people purchase, use, just throw the same after the use, hardly any mechanism to safe disposal, as such making them return to buy a new one at normal cost will certainly bring a drastic change in the attitude of the people, people feel more responsible, either they carry their own bottled water from home, fill water from the RO water available in the nearby vicinity, also in the marriages, functions mostly RO water served with disposable paper glasses.
9) BAN ON MANUFACTURE, SALE, USE OF PLASTIC DISPOSABLE GLASSES TO CONTAIN ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
Also Government must ban manufacture of plastic disposable glasses, As it is a fact that billions of plastic glasses are being disposed into the garbage, earth, as most of the wine shops one will find thousands of glasses every day as most of the people who buy alcohol from the wine shop and have their drink adjacent to the wine shop by mixing the drink with local brand mineral water/ packaged bottle water and consume and dispose the same on the road side; also these plastic glasses are widely used in the functions at homes, at offices to serve the aerated drinks, or water, and they too are thrown in the garbage; and also it is a fact that due to the empty packaged water pouches and empty glasses are causing severe life threats to the cows / buffalos which eat the same along with green/ paper garbage, and are suffering with indigestion for several months and dying..as such government must ban manufacturing, sale & using of plastic disposable glasses in the large interest of protecting environment and protecting the Holy COWS.
10) MANDATORY INSTALLATION OF RO WATERS AT ALL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, OFFICE ESTABLISHMENTS, BAN ON OFFICE ESTABLISHMENTS BUYING PACKAGED / BOTTLED MINERAL WATER
INSTALLATION OF RO WATER DISPERSERS BY GOVERNMENT/ CORPORATE UNDER CSR AT BANK ATMS, FUEL STATIONS, BUS STATIONS, RAILWAY STATIONS, AND AT ALL MARKET YARDS IN MULTIPLE NUMBERS TO CATER THE FOOT PRINTS
It is a fact that most of the people are living thirst as they do not like to drink the municipal tap water, and cannot afford daily to buy the bottled mineral water, and are suffering with lot of health disorders due to less water consumption, especially the work class, more specifically the urban working class). The best solution to ensure more fresh water available to various sections of people is by ensuring availability of RO water, which will ensure people drink more water for healthy life, which means health productivity which means sustained development of the country.
In order to ensure RO water is available to all sections of people government must make it mandatory that all educational institutions, all office establishments (more than 5 employees), all commercial complexes, all market yards, all bus stations, all railway stations, all airports, all major religious places, all tourist establishments, all cinema halls, stadiums, market yards etc must install latest technology RO water Facilities, in appropriate number, and government must create a separate department for this to monitor and maintain the R O Water facility centers functioning with online data of installations of RO plants, there capacity, the date of periodic maintainance quality of water dispensing, every day, periodic maintainance, to ensure hygienic surroundings prevail every time in the surroundings etc and in addition the information about inform the nearest place of availability of RO water for the commuters on the streets, highways made available through internet, mobile APP.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the apartments, gated communities install the RO water facility with the capacity equal to 5 litres per day per person or 20 litres per house hold, and supply free of cost to all the house hold, adjusting the maintainance cost from the amounts collected towards maintainance of other essential services lie water, electric for common floors, pumping the water from sumps t over had tanks for distribution to each house hold etc; Also it should be mandatory to maintain the inventory of use of the RO water by each house hold, by providing the RO water filled in 20 litres can and supplying it hose hold; there should be exclusive staff engaged for this work, or may assign to the existing staff in case of less than 10 households in the apartment; this measure ensures all the house hold will get quality water, also it reduces the use of Bolted water.
In addition Government must establish large RO water plants in all the colonies, slums, all villages, wards, to ensure all sections of people will get RO water for daily consumption, government supply RO water for the BPL families free of cost, for the low income group at cost to cost, for middle income group it is for little margin, this measure is required to ensure people have access to quality water, as millions of people are suffering with health discords and Lakhs of people are losing their life due to water borne diseases. Also this measure reduces the financial burden on millions of people who do not able to buy bottled water in the absence of availability of quality water, even when they are thirsty, as a result most of them are affected with dehydration for some time daily,
To make more availability of RO water facilities the CSR funds should be diverted to this for making RO water system in all public places. Also as a CSR any of the companies should establish RO water plants adjacent to the BANK ATM centers, Also all the fuel stations must establish RO water facilities so that people can just fill the water in a bottle or just drink water and go, all the water disposal systems should be sensor based, and also under CC camera monitoring so that no misuse happens, also people use judiciously in limit.
Also at all the bus stands where number of footage is more, so they can just drink the water while waiting for the bus, even some may fill the water. Also government must ban begging completely in the country, whether it is in the traffic islands or near the bus stops, or in the railway stations or at the tourist places or near the temples;, as most of the people, especially youth in the bus stops many not like to consume water in the public places mostly because the people who are begging in the streets/ traffic islands are completely unhygienic appearance with some of them are with dirty all around due to lack of bathing with stinky smell uses the same RO water facility, and they do not know how to use with basic cleanliness, making the facility dirty. To to avoid all these things, in addition to avoid mental disturbance at the traffic signals, also to reduce emissions from vehicles government must ban begging in the country, all such destitute must be kept in separate remand houses and ensure proper counselling for few months, provide them skill development, send them to their native place and make them join with their relatives of villagers, provide them some self employment. This measure is very necessary.
11) MANDATORY SUPPLY OF RO WATER OF AT LEAST 5 LITRES PER PERSON PER DAY TO ALL EMPLOYEES & WORKERS WORKING ONSITE LOCATIONS IN BUILDING, ROAD CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS, ETC BY THE EMPLOYER EITHER PRIVATE OR GOVERNMENT.
Also government must make it mandatory the responsibility of the employers whether private organisations or Government MNREGA workers or any other Government / PSU to supply the RO water for all the employees and the workers working on the onsite jobs whether in the building, road construction sites or in any open locations, to ensure at least safe drinking water is provided for the employees, the supply of water should be at 5 litres of RO water person per day, as it is fact that many of the construction sites do not have any supply or adequate supply of even ordinary water, and the construction workers has to bring the water along with them, generally they carry water in used disposable water bottles sourced from their homes or enroute from home to site from the local municipal taps, and the bottles are exposed to sun every day for long hours, are the water is turning into hazardous due to the chemicals in the used plastic bottles get dissolved into the water due to long expose to hot sun, that too daily, whereas most of the employees working in the same construction site enjoy drink so called bottled mineral water; Government must ensure all the MNREGA workers get the RO water, by making it the responsibility of the person engraining the MNREGA workers to provide with the support of the Sarpanch or other local Government officials, to transport the water from the Village/ Ward RO water facility established by the Government. By ensuring that all employers mandatorily provide the RO water too onsite workers the health risks on account of water can be reduce to a great extent, and there will be certain amount of more work from the workers and the possibility of completion of projects before the standard time subjected to other conditions.
12) MANDATORY FOR MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS TO MAKE BOTTLED WATER IN BULK TO SUPPLY TO THE INDIVIDUAL HOUSES AND OTHER COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS
Also government must make it mandatory that all the municipal corporations and city water corporations must manufacture RO water bottled and supply the bulk water (20 litres Can) can be sold to individual households (other than apartments, gated communities, RWA, which should install their own RO water facility) at cost to cost or with low margin, in addition to all those office, commercial establishments with less than 5 employees to ensure quality water available to all.
13) MANDATORY RO WATER SUPPLY TO EACH HOUSE HOLD IN THE VICINITY OF INDUSTRIAL ZONES FREE OF COST BY THE INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATIONS
It is really pathetic that most of the people living in the vicinity of the industrial estates, especially the factory workers families are subjected to severe health hazards on account of consuming contaminated ground water, when it is a fact most them already suffer with acute air pollution; so in order to ensure at least they have safe drinking water, government must make it mandatory that all the house hold in the industrial estates vicinity of 5 km outer limit of the industrial zone should be supplied with RO water free of cost at 20 litres per house hold in bottles jointly by the industrial association of that territory by sharing the expenses for operating the Large RO water plant based on the turnover of the manufacturing unit & the type of emissions and quantities of emission. This will certainly improve the health of millions of workers working in the factories as most of them are living in the habitations near to the industrial zone, which will help the industries to get more production, more turnover, on account of more good health of the workers as well as their families.
14) MANDATORY R O WATER FACILITIES IN EVERY VILLAGE, EVERY FARMERS/ FARM WORKER MUST GET RO DRINKING & COOKING WATER FOR THEIR INDIVIDUAL AND HOUSEHOLD.
It is a fact that most parts of the Villages Agriculture is a major activity, and it is a fact most of the agriculture is done by using chemical fertilizers, Chemical Pesticides (most of them are hazardous) and there is no proper education about the required quantities to be used, also certainly some quantities of pesticides goes into the soil, and also no safe disposal of used pesticide containers, as a result the ground water in the rural areas, especially near the agriculture fields are fully contaminated with chemicals used as a fertilizer, and chemical pesticides; it is a fact that most of the farmers, farm workers live adjacent to the farm/ within the vicinity of the farm, and most of the farm workers and farmers and their family directly consume the bore water coming from the earth in the agriculture field (as there is no facility of supply of potable water from government) , this is one of the main reason that the farmers and farm workers health getting effected due to excess dissolved chemicals from the underground water table in the agriculture fields are being consumed along with drinking water; as such in order to improve the quality of health of the farm workers and farmers who are providers of food for entire population of the country through their hard labour, government must establish RO water plants in every village and ensure every rural house hold get at least 30 litres of drinking water per family of 4, and all the farmers and farm workers are provided RO water filled in the Cans free of cost, all the fertilizer companies, all pesticide companies must provide their CSR funds for installation and operation of the RO Water facilities in the villages; without which there is no meaning for respect for the farm workers and farmers in the country; and it is nothing but we all are thriving at the hard labour of farmers when they are striving. Also government must provide incentives for all farmers for using less chemical fertilizers and using more bio fertilizers and pesticides in the larger interest.
15) MANDATORY RO WATER USE IN FOOD PREPARATION, IN ALL FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY, RESTAURANTS AND ALL GOVERNMENT MID DAY MEAL SCHEMES AND ALSO IN ALL WELFARE HOSTELS FOOD PREPARATION AND DRINKING; ICE MANUFACTURE.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the food preparation whether they are commercial food preparation by the manufacturing companies or SHG or the commercial restaurants, or private catering cooking food for functions or government mid day meals or the food prepared in the government welfare hostels or old age homes must be mandatorily using the RO water, in addition supply of RO water for drinking by default, free of cost; Also government must levy 100 % luxury tax on the bottled mineral water sold in the restaurants, food courts.
Also it should be made mandatory that food processing industry which uses water as an ingredient must use only RO water; Also all the ice used in the food processing (in mixing with fruit juices, ice creamers, milk shakes etc), food storage (aquatic foods like fish, prawns etc) should be made out of RO water, and all the manufacturers of ice (ice factories) that is used in food processing units should use RO water, Also all the buttermilk manufactures and other drinks, fruit juices where water is mixed must use only RO water. As consuming the dissolved salts in water through food preparations leads to health hazards, also using untreated water room temperature foods may lead to health hazards as the source of water may be contaminated even though it is appearing clean and colourless, so it is necessary that only RO water used in food preparation to ensure all the salts in the water are at the standard levels and also it eliminates the bacteria by and large.
16) MANDATORY RO WATER FACILITIES IN ALL RELIGIOUS PLACES FOR SUPPLY OF DRINKING AND COOKING WATER
Also government must make it mandatory that all the religious places must have RO water plants based on the number of devotees visiting, in normal days, on special occasions acquiring the RO water from the nearby locations to supply to the devotes; as it is a fact most of the devotes come from far places to visit the religious places, and consume water, also daily the water is used to offer as THIRATH as sacred water offered to god and served to devotes in all Hindu religious temples, also the water poured on the idols during the bathing of the god (ABISEKHAM) and part of the water collected and added to the THRITH to serve to the devotes, also the water is used to prepare Prasad, and also most of the temples uses ordinary water at room temperate to mix in several PRASAD'S like DADDOJANAM (the curd rice), also to serve the PANAKAM (the jiggery water), also many religious places prepare the food to serve it devotes as PRASAD in the temple/ gurudwaras ; as such government make it mandatory that all the religious places are installed with RO water facility in appropriate capacity to ensure average daily needs are taken care like the water for abisekhams, for cooking food, for serving water to the devotes etc. this measure is necessary to ensure devotees do not fall sink in the name of the god.
17) MANDATORY TO PROVIDE RO WATER FOR DRINKING FOR COWS AND BUFFALOS IN THE DAIRY FARMS; MANDATORY WATER TRAYS IN EVERY STREET, BIRD BATH IN PARKS, ALL GATED COMMUNITIES, RWA FOR BIRDS.
Also government must make it mandatory that all dairy farms provide RO Drinking water for the cows/buffalos to ensure they drink quality water fresh water, as majority of the milk is water content and the contaminated waters drinking by the cow/ buffalos has harmful effect on the humans health by consuming such milk, especially the children and ailing/ elderly.; Also it is advise all the people who are raising per animals must be given RO water only.
Also government must establish in every street end, in every parks, every the large trays to fill the fresh municipal water every day, for consumption of the stray animals & birds, in addition government must establish the birdbaths in all public parks and all places where ever greenery is in existence, also government must make it mandatory that all the gated communities, all the RWA must establish bird baths and maintain them to ensure birds consume water and take bath; other than RWA, gated communities in residential habitations the people should visit and change the water in the stray animal water trays else the municipal employee who clean the streets or the sewer works must change the water every day, it is real humanity, compassion towards creatures; it is otherwise also considered auspicious.
18) MANDATORY FOR ALL RO WATER PLANTS TO CONSTRUCT AND STORE THE WASTE WATER GENERATED; ONLINE DAILY DATA ON THE GOVERNMENT WEBSITE BY ALL RO WATER PLANTS HE QUANTITIES OF FRESH RO WATER USED, THE WASTE WATER STORAGE LEVELS, UTILISATION OF WASTE WATER, EXCESS WASTER CAN BE TRADED TO GOVERNMENT; ALSO DATA OF PERIODIC MAINTENANCE.
Also government must make it mandatory that RO water facilities located in the public places, all commercial establishments, private establishments must get registered with government, also in order to ensure the care is taken for the daily maintainance should be made mandatory that all RO water plants must update the quantities of fresh RO water generated, quantities of waste water generated, stored, used, and the data should be made online, so that government collect the waste water from the storage tanks in public places, or excess water when the storage is full and the utilisation of waste water is marginal, also all the residential RO water waste storage can be traded with government for nominal price; this stored waste water can be supplied to vehicle service stations and also for the fire tenders, so that millions of litres of fresh water can be saved. Also there should be an exclusive government department for maintainance of all RO water plants in every district. This measure of online daily online data ensures better assessment and better periodic maintainance and best use of every drop of water.
19) MANDATORY THAT ALL VEHICLES WASHING IN SERVICE CENTERS MUST USE WASTE WATER FROM RO PLANTS, ELSE DRY WASH
Also government must make it mandatory that all vehicles service stations must use waste water generated from RO water plants to wash the vehicles in case of water wash; for this government must ensure all the RO water Treatment plants established in public places have a storage tanks to collect the waste water generated and government must supply this water to all vehicle service stations, also all vehicle service stations must have large storage tanks to store the supplied RO water, and also all the vehicle service stations must use the pressurised water cleaning to reduce the quantities if water used, also government must fix the optimal limit of use of water per vehicle, so that the RO water generated in all public places is sufficient to supply for the vehicle service stations through tankers; Also an option should be given to the vehicle owners whether they go for waste water from RO plants water wash or dry wash in all the service stations; RWA should monitor the use of water for cleaning the vehicles, also RWA must use the waste water generated from RO plants to clean their vehicles or common areas, in case excess RO water generated, they may trade the same to the government RO waste water collection centres to collect the water to supply for vehicle service stations; Levy of heavy fine for washing with fresh waters, all the vehicles owners/drivers must be educated to wash the vehicles with less water wiping with dry & wet sponge/cloth only. The cost of fresh water for vehicle service stations must be 100 % more than the normal cost of the fresh water supplied to all other commercial use like for restaurants etc. with complete ban on use of ground water by the vehicle service stations.
20) MANDATORY THAT ALL THE FIRE EXTINGUISHER SYSTEMS THAT RO WASTE WATER
Also it should be made mandatory that all fire extinguisher systems/ fire engines that uses water to douse the fire must use only the RO waste water generated from the public RO plants or from the RO waste water storage from the nearby by enroute Apartments, Gated communities, RWA, and also government must make it mandatory that in case of fire emergency the fire tenders can source RO waste water from any nearby by location ; Also it should be mandatory that all the Apartments, gated communities and RWA and must maintain the data of the RO waste water collected in the storage tank daily and up date in the Government online RO water system, to ensure the RO water generated consumed, the waste water generated , utilised, and the time for periodic maintainance, and in case excess waste water unutilised, the same can be sourced by the government from them and store it and supply it to vehicle service stations and fire stations; this measure ensure information on quantities of RO waste water stored in the vicinity of the fire accident, and the fire tenders can source the water from these waste water storage tanks, this measure saves lot of time for the fire tenders as the water is available n the nearest possible location from the operations.
21) 100% TAX FREE DONATIONS FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF RO WATER FACILITIES
Also government must create public trust for receiving donations from public for establishment of RO water facilities; which should be a 100% tax free donation for contribution to establish RO water facilities in any location whether in the Educational institutions or old age homes or in public cow sheds by the government on behalf of the individual. This measure will generate lot of funds; else government must levy 2% cess on fuels and electricity bills and 5% cess on the bottled waters, beverages, and 10% on sugar, paper etc for accumulating funds for establishment of RO water facilities.
22) ESTABLISHMENT OF WATER PLANTS TO MANUFACTURE WATER FROM AIR, IN ALL REMOTE VILLAGES WHERE POTABLE DRINKING NOT AVAILABLE; GOVERNMENT PROVIDE SUBSIDY, INCENTIVES FOR PURCHASE & UTILISATION IN REMOTE AREAS BY THE PEOPLE.
Also government must ensure that in all remote places where there is no proper water connection or facility to ensure Purified water is available to the people living in the habitations, by providing the water from air manufacturing units which extracts the water from the moisture and purifies the water and supplies; this facility can be made available to all welfare hostels in remote areas, all hospitals in the remote areas, also for the armed forces working in remote areas; government must provide tax concessions, provide o subsidy like the solar power/ water heaters to get purchase and use by the people/ institutions in the remote areas where the moisture content is more, also where the nearby cultivation do not require moisture.
23) MANDATORY ACCOUNTABILITY OF USAGE OF WATER BY EVERY TYPE OF WATER USER RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL, INDUSTRIAL & AGRICULTURE; MANDATORY WATER METERS FOR ALL TYPE USERS; MANDATORY PERIODIC WATER AUDIT
It is a fact till date there are systems no place to quantify the amounts of water used by all types of users, only there is some accountability for the municipal water usage, but again most of the meters are faulty or do not function, also hardly any accountability for the ground water usage by various types of water, all leading to some using excess groundwater, by spending more initial investment in digging deep depths of bore wells, and using higher capacity motors, so there is acute discrimination indirectly, that those who are having money power can draw more water from depths, as such most of the people whose bore well are standard depts. Are getting dried and unusable; also due to rapid urbanisation the small areas the vertical buildings enabling lot of habitations in limited area, resulting in excess withdrawal of ground water leading to depend up on the taker water, again there the taker waters are also drawing water either river water or the ground water from where else and selling it for a price, and here also there is no accountability of how much quantities each house hold or commercial organisation is using; also the case is same for the agriculture sector, there is no limit for the withdrawal of the ground water, the more money the farmer invests, the more the water he/she can withdraw from the ground water, in addition there is optimal quantities of river water; also similarly the case is same for the commercial establishments and also the industrial, manufacturing units, all this is leading waste of large quantities of water unproductively, this can be contained by way of making every type of water user made to account the total quantities of water used from whichever source, for this it s necessary to fix water meters for all types of water users sourcing from all types of resources, and government set the optimal use of water, to ensure best output for the quantities of water used.
Also government must set the limits of use of water at normal conditions at normal rate even for the agriculture, depending up on the soil type, crop type, the season, and over and above should be charged at an appropriate rate. This measure ensures judicious use of water.
Similarly for commercial use and industrial use every sector wise, every process wise, and government must ban the process that consume lot of water when alternative measures are available to process with less water for both commercial and industrial uses of various types, government must put maximum water quantity use for various sectors, and over and above use of water should attract penalty, multiple rate of the optimal optimal water rate.
As it is a fact that most of the apartments and gated communities have only one principle water connection for that plot and also most of the apartments do not have individual water meter, as such misuse of water (the present municipal), wastage is happening. Also in case all independent houses whether in RWA, gated communities or Apartments, each individual house should be equipped with water meters, for municipal water as well as bore water/ tanker water then each house will certainly use the water judiciously, there will be a drastic reduction in the demand for water.
Also government make a data bank of the quantities of usage of water, by all types of water users whether must provide residential, commercial, industrial or agriculture, water users, whether sourced from rivers or municipal water or ground water obtained through piped connection or through tankers. The data of usage of water from the water meters should be collected every month like the electricity bills and the above optimal limits should be charged, this measure will certainly reduce the use of quantity of water
Also government must make it mandatory that each and every individual house, apartment, commercial establishment and manufacturing unit must undergo water audit for the water usage, where they are using water, the quantities are optimum, whether the process has any scope for improvement, the calibration of water meters, periodic cleaning of the storage tanks, periodic maintainance of the piping, and plumbing systems. This measure will certainly reduce the water demand.
24) GOVERNMENT MUST FIX THE MAXIMUM WATER USAGE LIMIT FOR INDIVIDUAL HOUSE HOLD OF 30,000 LITTERS PER MONTH FOR EACH HOUSE HOLD; LESSER USE THAN MAXIMUM LIMIT SHOULD GET INCENTIVES, SIMILARLY MORE USAGE ABOVE MAXIMUM LIMIT LEADY TO LEVY OF ADDITIONAL FINE.
Also government must fix the maximum usage limit of water per individual house hold of 4 at 1000 litres per day or 30,000 litres per month the total cumulative water use of fresh water sourced from municipal water or bore water or tanker water, in case of excess use by any individual house hold even in the gated communities / apartments must pay additional cess of extra used water at 1.2 times the normal cost of municipal water, the lesser quantities must get incentives from government with reduced bill of every 1000 litres less use must get 1% of the bill reduced limiting maximum reduction of 20% of the bill; This measure will benefit lot of user and lot of savings in water usage resulting in lesser demand, as in the apartment at present there is no individual meters to measure the usage of water and all the residents are jointly paying for the water usage, some household use very less water, some household use excessively wasting unnecessarily, some use the water tub daily wasting lot of water, all such people can control their water usage by and large, it is up to them to use water by paying more, in case the water use is more than 60,000 litres, the commercial charges should apply, the commercial charges should be double the residential charges, so by making meters at every apartment house hold providing incentives for lesser users will continue to use less, ad those who are excessively using will control their excessive usage and use judiciously. Similarly all those who are using the ground water lesser they will get incentives, and those who are using more than limit get additional fine, so they will start using water judiciously, draw less water from the bore wells. So this fixation of maximum water limit of all types of water for the residential users will certainly save substantial quantities.
25) EXEMPTION OF MAXIMUM WATER USAGE LIMIT FOR RELIGIOUS PLACES
The category of users exempted from maximum quantity use of water are for religious places like temple, masjids, churches, gurudwarsas etc. as millions of people visit these places, however must undergo periodic audit for the use of water, all inlet and outlet must have water meters and record the usage of water like for cleaning the sanctum sanctorum, for use in the kitchens, for use by the devotees, for use in the washrooms etc; also installation of water conserving systems like sensor based taps, hath facts etc this measures will certainly make sure water is used judiciously.
26) THE UPPER LIMIT FOR GROUND WATER FOR COMMERCIAL USERS SHOULD BE 60,000 LITRES/ MONTH OR 1O LAKHS ANNUAL TURNOVER & THE UPPER LIMIT FOR MUNICIPAL WATER USAGE FOR COMMERCIAL USE SHOULD BE 60,000 LITRES PER MONTH OR 1 CRORE PER ANNUM IN URBAN AREAS
The ground water source must be allowed to be used only by the restaurants, hotels in the city/ rural areas, or by the MSME whose turnover do not exceed Rs 10,00,000 per annum or who do not use more than 60,000 litres of water per month such as small/ medium bakery, sweet shops, etc.; All other food and beverage manufacturers whose turnover is more than 10 Lakhs per annum and below 1 cr or uses more than 60,000 litres of water per month and less than 2,00,000 litres per month, can source water from the government municipal department in cities, beyond this they should source water directly from the rivers or use desalination plant waters or can use rain water harvesting or contribute for cloud seeding individually or jointly.
27) MANDATORY TRAINING OF OPTIMAL QUANTITIES OF WATER USE FOR VARIOUS RESIDENTIAL PURPOSES, COMMERCIAL PURPOSES
Also government must make it mandatory that all the residents must be educated to use the water judiciously for various purposes, all the housemaids must be given special training in using limited water and full cleaning of the kitchen utensils and cloths and also limited use of detergents, which type of detergents should be used for which type of cloths, how much quantities of detergent , how much water they should use to rinse, the sequence of rinsing of clothes in series to save water, also must be educated about how to use surface cleaners, the frequency of use of surface cleaners etc; as it is a fact that since most of the apartment residences has space constraint, most of the apartments do not have specific place for washing utensils and washing clothes, even if there exists a space in some small percentage of apartments, the space is not sufficient for fully comfortably clean the utensils or wash cloths, as such most of the people/maid servants and most of the residents especially the women clean their utensils in the kitchen wash basin using the running tap, without any understanding that they are wasting hundreds of litres of water just washing few utensils, as unknowingly they just open the tap and do clearing, and since there is no accountability of individual household use of water in almost all the apartments, and the water used by individuals are getting adjusted in the overall use of water;
Also most of the people in the apartments who otherwise do not use the washing machines washes their cloths with chemical detergents in the bath rooms, and excessive detergents in the Grey water collected from the bath rooms are unusable for recycling for the greenery garden, only they can used to recycle in the toilet flushes, as such government must educate every individual household and every servant maid to use the water judiciously in addition ensure no cleaning chemicals will remain in the utensils/ cloths/floor surface, using stored water in a container rather than using the running tap, in addition in case they use the bath rooms to wash the cloths manually, they are advised to discharge/drain the rinsed water in the toilet commode so that maximum percentage of detergent chemical water will not enter the bathroom Grey water and the water is quite safe for recycling.
Also government provide training to all the bulk cleaning of utensil in restaurants, mid day meals, in the canteens, in the functions etc how to clean them hygienically with less detergent and less water; and how to make them free from chemicals while using the utensils for food preparation and serving the food; it should b mandatorily to use waste water from RO plants for initial cleaning of the utensils, and later sterilize the utensils in boiling water; this measure not only saves water, but also ensures health for the people, especially the children in educational institutions, also the devotees in the religious places canteens, also the invites in the functions, also the customers in the restaurants.
In addition government provide training to the laundry services, hotels staff how to wash the cloths in bulk, which clothes to be washed first, how to rinse in sequence, how to ensure no detergent is left in the washed clothes after rising, etc; Also government must create public awareness through advertisements to make people understand and adopt the system; these measures of training certainly saves some percentage of water used.
28) MANDATORY ALL MOTORS USED FOR WATER PUMPING MUST HAVE EXCLUSIVE ENERGY METERS TO RECORD THE TOTAL USAGE OF MOTOR, TO DETERMINE THE QUANTITIES OF WATER AND ALSO HEALTH OF THE PLUMBING SYSTEM.
Also government must ensure periodic audit of the energy used by the individual house hold, the apartments, the gated communities and RWA, commercial places like hotels, lodges, and restaurants, hospitals etc also in the industries also in the agriculture used motors for lifting the water, pumping the water; for this government must make it mandatory exclusive energy meters must be used for reading the energy usage for the water pumping motors, the data should be recorded by the persons who are recording the monthly water usage meters, the analysis of data of the total water usage and total consumption of electricity must match with permission of 2 to 3% +or - , for any ideal running of motors, of the variation is more, then tax should be levied on the more usage of water arrived from the consumption of electricity for running the motor, this may be due to excess use of water un authorised, or poor maintainance of the pipes and plumbing system, so this measure ensures the water is judiciously used, in addition all the plumbing systems are maintained periodically, in addition all the motors are in full running condition operating fully efficient way.
29) MANDATORY PERIODIC MAINTAINANCE & AUDIT FOR PIPING SYSTEM FOR ENSURING EVEN FLOW, ALSO ENSURE SAVING OF ENERGY; REPLACEMENT OF PIPES EVERY 15 YEARS
Also government must make it mandatory periodic maintainance all plumbing’s, all the pipes must be UPVC or PE-AL-PE pipes and complete ban on GI pipes/ steel pipes, also mandatory to replace the pipes every 15 years. Also government must amend building laws to make it mandatory that all the pipes carrying water must be through the walls and less than one inch grove from the wall, also every house must display the water lines in the house through a flow chart plan, to ensure that in case of any leakages/ replacements, the same can be easily identifiable and also easily replicable with minimum damage, also all the lines above and below the pipes must have separate tiles in case bath rooms, Kitchens are tiled to ensue minimum damage occurrence in case of water pipe repair and replacement
Also government must make made mandatory flow of fluids audit for every individual home every year after completion of two years of construction of the house till 5 years, and after completion total 5 years of use of building every 6 months till 10 years and after 10 years every three months till 15 years and all plumbing pipes must be replied totally every 15 years. In the audit government must check the rate of flow from each pipe, compared to a new pipe rate of flow at the same head, this will determine the amount of harness material deposited in the inner diameters of the flow pipes, which will affect the total energy consumption in case of water lifting pipes till the tank, also it effects the quality of water due to deposition of blue green algae etc ; as such government must ensure all the piping systems are get periodic maintainance using the de-scaling (hardness deposits) removing solutions where ever possible, also in case the pipes flow is reduced to 50% of the actual flow, it should be mandatory to replace the plumbing/ piping in that section. This measure saves lot of energy.
Also mandatory every months pipes are checked for any leakages to ensure zero leakages from the taps, as it is a fact over 10 to 15% of the fresh water is getting wasted due to leakages of the taps and lack of periodic replacement and using the wear and tear of taps repeatedly with minor adjustment leading to loss of precious water.
30) STRINGENT QUALITY CONTROLS FOR PLUMBING SYSTEMS, LIKE PIPES, JOINTS, TAPS, WATER CONTROL VALVES, FLUSH TANKS TO ENSURE; MANDATORY MONTHLY CHECKING FOR HEALTH OF THE TAPS TO CONTAIN LEAKAGES FROM THE TAPS TO SAVE WATER
It is a fact that just due to leaks in the pipes, plumbing joints and in the taps the loss of fresh water is to the tune of 10 to 15 % annually of the total water consumed,
It is a fact that a facet dripping slowly at one drop per every two seconds time causes a loss of more than 3,785 litres per year, and a facet dripping at 45 drops per minute will cause a loss of about 6,000 litres per annum.
Also it is a fact that the average leaks in the residential toilets as per research is around 20 to 35% which means if there is no periodic maintainance, or if the quality of the plumbing fixtures is not maintained then the loss of water from the toilet flush in one urban house hold using 30,000 litres of water per month or 3,60,000 litres per annum, with 20% water used for toilets as per standards of the total water used which means 72,000 litres of fresh water used by the house hold for flushing toilets, in the event of at present average house hold toilets leaks ranging from 20 to 35%, the mean of 30% fixed, then out the 72,000 litres used as flush water more than 21,000 litres of water wasted annually or 700 litres per month by the housed which uses 30,000 litres per month; so this much quantity of water per house hold multiplied by millions of house hold will lead to billions of litres of loss of fresh water; as such it is necessary that government ensure that periodic maintainance of plumbing systems by every house hold, especially the apartments, gated communities, RWA.
Also in case of using the recycled gray water at homes, apartments, commercial places and also in all public places, for use in the toilets flush, any leaks in the pipes or control valves of the pipes, or in the flush system will have some effect on the health, as leaked pipes are continued to use may generate the algae, bacteria, fungus etc and may cause some serious health hazards.
As such government must fix the root cause of the leaks, as most of the plumbing leaks are due to non quality / sub standard pipes, fittings or the sealing material or the sub standard taps, sub standard boll joints used to control the release and close of water from the taps; in addition also lack of quality of the plumbers, as most of the plumbers are not certified, trained, they use the force by and large to tighten and open the systems instead of instruments/ tools and use of non standard procedures with non standard tools also leading to development of cracks/ leaks in the pipes; so standardisation of the pipes & fittings & flush systems, with stringent quality control norms a must in addition to ensure all plumbers are trained, certified, and mandatory only trained certified plumbers only do plumbing service.
Also government must make it mandatory that all plumbing related manufacturing must get registered and the manufacturers association must check the quality standards among the manufactures of different products, with tracking from the quality of the raw material sourced, the process adopted, the quality tests made to ensure the finished product is zero defective, and reject the non quality items and recycle the same within the premises of the manufacturing unit, also making the pipes and fittings and plumbing systems should be sold only to registered end users like builders, plumbing service providers, with details of end use. Also it should be mandatory that all the plumbing services should be ordered only through government registered plumbing service provider, so that the quality of use of the material can be assured by and large.
Also the responsibility should be fixed on the plumbing service personal and also on the product manufacture for leaks; in case leaks are a result of the manufacturing defect or as a result of the fault service, they should be penalised accordingly; Also it should be the responsibility of the plumbing service personal to detect the possible manufacturing defect, and report to the government when visited for periodic service in each household. Also all the payments to the plumbing service should be against online bill and payments must be online bank transitions, with criminal offence to pay cash for plumbing service; Also stringent punishments for sub standard / non quality certified products sale, use, or performing plumbing service without registration from government; Also the data of replacement of plumbing systems from every household/ building and from each pluming service provider or the manufacture can be used to assess the manufacturing defects of the taps, facets etc, also the quality of the service provided by the individuals due to the time period of repairs / leaks, by and large the data will provide quality of the product or quality of the service, and government must observe the deficiency in quality and train further the service provider or ensure more quality checks for that manufacture, in case of repeated complaints, the licence of the service provider and the manufacture should be cancelled. These measures along with periodic maintainance/ inspection of the plumbing will certainly reduce the leaks due to adhere to standards by the manufacturers and service providers.
31) MANDATORY ALL HOUSE, APARTMENTS MUST ACQUIRE PRESSURISED SPAY SYSTEM FOR CLEANING THE COMMON FLOORS, CORRIDORS, CLEANING HOUSE WITH WATER ON ANY OCCASIONS.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the apartments, gated communities and all religious places, all commercial buildings must possess and use the water conservation devices like pressurised water cleaning machine, for use to clean the floors, the spray water to gardens etc; and it should be mandatory that in a apartment and gated community if any house is vacant and need to be cleaned before new occupant or after white wash to clean or to clean on any occasion they should mandatorily use the common pressurised water cleaner, this measure saves billions of litres fresh water getting wasted, as it is a fact the to clean a room of standard size most of the people use at least 10 buckets of water which is approximately 200 litres, either by using the buckets or simply using the running pipe of ½ inch for 5 to 10 minutes running even lose more quantities of water; but still not sure the entire dirt is cleared, but with the pressurised water jet cleaning with just 1 to 2 buckets (20 to 40 litres ) at maximum the entire standard room get cleaned, which means there is a saving of about 80 to 90% of the water by cleaning through the pressurised jet; similarly the common floors and corridors, should be cleaned only with pressurised water cleaners, which will save the water even while using the waste water from the RO systems.
32) MANDATORY FOR ALL THE PEOPLE INDIVIDUAL HOUSES, APARTMENTS, GATED COMMUNITIES, RWA FOR PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ONLINE DATA of all HOME APPLIANCES LIKE USING THE WASHING MACHINES, DISH WASHERS, KITCHEN EXHAUST SYSTEMS, MINI/ MICRO RO WATER SYSTEMS TO SAVE WATER & ENERGY
Also government must make it mandatory periodic maintainance of all home appliances in order to conserve the energy and water; Especially washing machines, dish washer machines and also the kitchen exhaust chi nines, and each house hold must inform the government about the same, also it should be the duty of the RWA, Apartment/ gated community association to ensure that every resident must undergo this in their presence and submit to the government; this measure is necessary as due to blue green algae, sediments, the wash machines flow of water is reduced as a result more time of power consumption, in addition there are occasions many users rewash already half washed cloths due to stoppage at middle, which will further consume excess water, as far as the kitchen exhaust fans are concerned due to lack of periodic maintainance, the kitchen exhaust fans are causing severe air pollution within the kitchen and also to the entire house hold, already choked houses the entire family get exposed to the kitchen pollution, the more vulnerable are the cooks, the women, the infants, children, the aged people, this measure of periodic maintainance of kitchen exhaust will lead to reduction of indoor air pollution, in addition to reduction of the usage of electricity as the load on the motor of the exhaust fan will be less.
33) MANDATORY DISPLAY OF THE PASSAGE OF FRESH WATER & SEWER LINES EACH STREET END, THE FLOW/ MARKINGS, AND MANDATORY PERIODIC MAINTAINANCE; GOVERNMENT MARGINALIZE THE DISTRIBUTION LEAKS BY MONITORING THE HEALTH OF THE PIPES USING THE TECHNOLOGY
Also government must make it mandatory to construct separate layers for running the sewerage pipes and the municipal water pipes, and also the flow of pipes must be provided in the drawing in every street, that such and such diameters, lengths of pipes with the flow parameters are running in this direction, with design of the pipes flow should be made on the map at every street, and date of periodic maintainance, the contact details of local authority and hierarchy responsible for periodic maintainance and emergency contact number in case of leakages. Also government must use technologies to minimize the leakages in the transmission and distribution by fixing the water meters at every point of step down and distribution to find out the leakages and real time flow details using SCADA should shared in the internal network of all the water work departments, also government must provide smart phones / tablet PC for all worker works technical team, maintainance team and provide the readings at each nodal point and flow details and flow design, so that it will be easy for repair and maintainance and also to minimize the loses.
It is a fact that Leakage in public water supply systems results in not only loss of treated drinking water but also is a loss of energy for pumping the water, in addition to causing in damage to the pipe network, in addition may lead to health disorders due to water contamination.; also it is fact that as per reports the loss of water from the supplier side it s is 30 to 40 % in some places, result water scarcity in some part of the city; also government must put details online the quantities of water flow from the starting point to the end point ice the sump of the individual house hold every day. Also penalise for the maintainance staff if the water works authority in case of leakage of the pipe in the supply line due to maintainance fault or n case of the fault is due to the sub standard works of the contractor, the person/ organisation which executed the supply pipe line work must be penalised. This measure will certainly make the suppliers are more attentive ad ensure the leaks are reduced by and large.
34) MANDATORY TOILET FLUSH SYSTEMS ARE WATER CONSERVING, GOVERNMENT PROVIDE INCENTIVES FOR SHIFTING TO WATER CONSERVING TOILETS TO REDUCE BLACK WATER GENERATION
Also government must make it mandatory that all the toilets flush must be of latest technologies with less water usage and more quantity of flush, like LED Bulbs government must make sure all the public toilets, toilets in commercial places must change to latest technology water flush units in the first phase, and in the second phase all the apartments, gated communities and RWA must change their toilet flush system that are water conserving (ideal to adopt to such water conserving flushes even while using the recycled Grey water for flushing to reduce the generation of black water), as far as individual houses other than in the gated communities/ RWA, it is up to them whether to change to latest technology water conserving flush systems or pay additional amount monthly for generating more black water; this measure is necessary as INDIA being the DIABETIC capital of the world, millions of people use toilets frequently, which will increase the black water largely, which cannot be recyclable, so to reduce the black water quantity, government must make sure they adopt the less water usage flush system.
35) MANDATORY AUTOMATED SENSOR BASED WATER DISPENSING TAPS IN ALL PLACES WHERE THERE IS WASH BAIN TO SAVE WATER
Also government must make it mandatory that all the hotels, restaurants, all public toilets rooms where wash basins are fixed, must be equipped with sensor based automatic water dispenser taps, this measure saves billions of litres of fresh water; as it is a fact that most of the people in the restaurants after consuming the food or after the toilet uses the wash basin tap to wash the hands in this process they open the tap with hand (most of them touch the tap to open the tap with right palm which they consumed food sticked to the palm or some left hand); and take the whatever soap /hand wash if available otherwise also rub the hands for a while and then again put the hands under the water; in this process lot of water getting wasted un used without serving any purpose; also government must make it mandatory for all new constructions for residential, commercial purposes, where ever there is wash basin, the taps must be sensor based automatic dispensers, the existing must replace the conventional taps with sensor based automated taps or pay more for using conventional taps, this measure is necessary to conserve water as all residential places after the food eating most of the people in the urban areas who has wash basins will do the same way of wasting water by washing hands in open tap; also most of the men in the urban areas while performing the shaving for their bread at home they open the tap and do the shaving thus causing loss of water; also this connectional taps are causing some health hazards as every user need to open and close with hand and there is no guarantee that the hands are not infected, and the same infections may be transmitted to other users via tap due to hands rotation for opening and closing; in case even if everyone in the public place open once and close one with hand certainly certain amount of contamination occurs which itself causes severe health risks for millions of people, not only at public places, but also at homes as the kind of bacteria generated is same, in addition washing the tap head/ opening with water repeatedly makes the tap head get spoiled due to corrosion and get jammed and need frequent replacement, as such in order so government must make it mandatory that all wash basins (at dining hall or at bath rooms or at kitchen) must be equipped with automated sensor based water dispenser daps, which will save billion of litres of fresh water, also reduce billions of litres of dark water.
36) MANDATORY PERIODIC CLANGING OF WATER STORAGE TANKS TO PREVENT FORMATION OF BLUE GREEN ALGAE AND OTHER SEDIMENTS DEPOSITION TO ENSURE EVEN FLOW OF WATER
Also government must make it mandatory that all the independent houses, all the apartments and gated communities, all the RWA, commercial, industries must provide the data of the storage tanks and their capacity and government must make it mandatory that every three months the storage tanks must be cleaned and the data of the cleaning of the storage tanks must be given to the government, and all the storage tanks must be cleaned with the government information from the registered trained shortage tank cleaning staff, also government make it mandatory that storage tanks cleaning job should be done by the people from the community, who are used to clean the sewage tanks, but the cleaning staff who cleans the storage tanks do not clean the sewerages, and are exclusively trained for storage tank cleaning, and do only storage tank cleaning, they must be equipped with safety apparatus and trained for crises management. This measure saves billions of litres of water, also saves electricity and also the life cycle of the pipes and washing machines, dish washers and also the Home RO water systems as without periodic maintainance/ cleaning of the water storage tanks both underground and over head tanks, the water storage tanks are subjected to deposition of slit, sediments that are coming along with water which are settled down, in addition there is formation of blue green algae, and also some other water bone bacteria, insects, pathogens are getting developed for no maintainance or no periodic maintainance; as a result when the same water is pumped the sediments are getting deposited over a period of time to the inner diameters of the pipes and the flow become reduced as a result more consumption of power and also due to the sediments, silt, blue green algae the flow at the washing machines and dish washers which are coned to the taps is getting effected and as a result they are taking more time to wash or stopping in the middle of wash forcing to rewash, so consuming more water, in addition there is every danger of health risks in case the water is used for food preparation in the room temperature process like adding in foot juices or in butter milk etc or in the process of food preparation without RO water, or cleaning the raw food with ordinary tap water (like salads, fruits etc), so it is ideal and necessary that every water storage tank must get cleaned periodically in every house hold, especially the apartments, gated communities, the RWA and also all commercial places of bulk water use like restaurants, bakeries, food courts etc .
37) MANDATORY GOVERNMENT MUST CLEAN THE WATER BODIES AND RIVER STREAMS TO REMOVE THE SILT AND DIG MORE DEPTHS OF THE LAND LOCKED WATER BODIES FOR MORE WATER STORAGE
It is a fact that due to deposition of sediments and formation of silt in the water bodies, the cannels and in the natural dams, the storage capacity of the rain water or river water holding capacity is getting decreased, so in order to ensure more water is stored there is acute need of periodic maintainance of the water bodies’ river cannels; for this government must conduct the geo mapping of all rivers, water bodies, cannels, government must in estimate the quantities of water storage capacity of the water bodies, especially the land locked rain dependent water bodies and government must ensure periodic maintainance, Also government must estimate the over flow of rivers and water bodies in the event of floods or release of water from the upstream dams and estimate how much more depts. They can make to store the water in the event of large quantities of water released from the upstream rivers/ dams, depending up on the usage of water for agriculture and industrial purposes, also ideal that in the more water usage territories the storage depths are digged ensuring more water availability for all seasons.
38) LUXURY TAX ON SWIMMING POOLS & BATH TUBS
Also government must levy heavy luxury tax on swimming pools in commercial and residential establishments (exemption for exclusive sports training swimming pools), mandatory that swimming pools must make record online the usage of water, treatment, discharge of water. This measure is necessary as millions of people are starving for water someone will enjoy the luxury of swimming in the pools with thousands of litres of water getting wasted. The so called health benefits if at all they are getting should not take the life of some other due to lack of water, in case they want luxury they should pay 10 times the cost of normal water for swimming pools every month.
Also government must levy luxury tax on the so called bath tubs in the residential and commercial places, as the so called bath tubs are using hundreds of litres of water which is getting waste for productive work except the so called proud feeling/ ego of the so called upper echelons that they taken the bath tub water, (also some people with wisdom feel that most of the people who are ‘addicted’ to taking bath in the bathtubs are sick in mind and will stoop down to any levels keeping aside morals, values, ethics for their personal enjoyment, as enjoyment is paramount for them and everything else is trash). So government must levy luxury tax every month, for all Independent homes, apartments, hotels having the bath tubs in the household for all existing bath tubs, in order to reduce the usage of future installation of bath tubs government must levy luxury tax on the manufacturers of the bath tubs. Also all the apartment associations, gated community associations, RWA must provide the data of swimming pools and also household wise data of bath tubs.
39) MANDATORY FOR PRIVATE WATER TANKERS TO GET REGISTERED WITH GOVERNMENT, MANDATORY TO ORDER PRIVATE WATER TANKER THROUGH APP WHICH IS GPS LOCATION BASED AND WITH REAL TIME INFORMATION ON THE WEB FOR THE PEOPLE WHO ORDERED; MANDATORY ORDERING OF WATER TANKERS (GOVERNMENT & PRIVATE) THROUGH GOVERNMENT ONLINE, MOBILE APP, ALL PAYMENTS THROUGH ONLINE BANK TRANSACTIONS
As it is a fact that due to short supply of municipal water which is otherwise considered as drinking water for being sourced from the rivers/water bodies considering they are having less dissolved chemicals/ less harness compared to ground water which is otherwise certainly more harder then river water, but due to rapid urbanisation and industrialisation the rivers are depleting faster, in addition indiscriminate construction and blocking of the upstream river, the municipal water supplies are getting reduced in many cities year after year; in addition due to more concrete constructions in limited space with over drawing of water, also no space for rainwater to get into ground, leading to depletion of ground water, as a result more and more urban habitations are dependent up on the tanker water, where the tankers source water from the rivers or from the ground water tables of non residential habitations and supply to the habitations; in this process there is no accountability for the private water tankers for sourcing of water or supply of water, as such in order to stream line the private water tanker supplies in the cities/ urban areas government must make it mandatory that all private water tankers suppliers must get register with government, and they should get their tanks inspected every month for the volume of the tankers, also every tanker must get the meter attached to it at discharging points ; also government must fix the rate of water fixed for entire state/ country or the quantities of water, and the transportation cost must vary depending up the distance between source and destination point; government must make it mandatory GPS mandatory for all water tankers, also mandatory is dash cams to record the driving of the tankers, in addition all waters must be operated on CNG / LNG with complete ban on diesel or petrol vehicles.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the water tankers (Government & private) ordering must be routed through government; it should be made mandatory that all the independent houses, RWA, Gated community, Apartment associations, commercial users must register with with government to order the water tankers through the government website by providing municipal water meter connection number (already some water boards doing this only for supply of government operated tankers, but no control over the private tankers, that is where water mafias are ruling), and government allocate the water tankers both private or government to the people who ordered by GPS optimisation to ensure that the shortest distance from the source to the place of requirement is made, Also government must put it on the web and accessible to the association/ person ordered the water tanker the details of vehicle, details of driver, details of capacity, details of time of starting from the source, details of time of deliver through one time pass word with each order.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the water delivery must be under CC cameras at the discharge locations either by the associations, or by the individuals or by the tankers supplier for quantity though observing the water meter at the discharge for the quantity; Also all the payments must be routed through government only through bank payments online; and complete ban on the payments by cash, it should be criminal offence to supply water un-authorised-ly or accepting cash
This measure ensures the sourcing of water is known and no abuse of ground water over extraction, also all the water sourced is not contaminated and safe to use for domestic purposes, also the water tankers water will not be used for used by the local bottled manufacturers or local other manufactures using water and discharging the waste water without any kind of treatment.
40) MANDATORY THAT ALL WATER TANKERS CARRYING WATER TO RESIDENCES WITHIN THE CITIES MUST BE OPERATED ON CNG/LONG/ELECTRIC; MANDATORY SPEED GOVERNORS FOR WATER TANKERS/ FLUIDS CARRIERS FROM DISTILLERIES/ EFFLUENTS; FIXED NUMBER OF TRIPS DAILY PER VEHICLE
Also government must make it mandatory that all the water tankers whether operated by the government municipalities/ government water supply department or by the private water tankers must be operated using the CNG/ LNG/ ELECTRIC only, in order to reduce the pollution emission within the residential habitations; as these water tankers do several trips every day causing heavy pollution every day using the diesel as fuel, as such by making mandatory use of CNG/LNG/Electric the pollution can be reduced to a considerable extent in the residential habitations.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the water tanker vehicles whether operated by Government or Private, all other vehicles carrying fluids, industry effluents, must be fitted with speed governors, also there should be fixed number of trips per daily in 24 Hours, and fixed number of trips per single driver with maximum of 8 hours working per driver, all drivers must be full time drivers, they should not work as driver or any other duty after completion of 8 hours duty on these vehicles; these measures are necessary to reduce the accidents occurring on account of over speeding, rash driving due to fatigue.
41) GOVERNMENT PROVIDING INCENTIVES FOR GATED COMMUNITIES, RWA, FOR CONSTRUCTION TANKER WATER STORAGE AND SUPPLY INSTEAD OF TANKERS GOING INDIVIDUALLY TO EACH HOUSE IN THE GATED COMMUNITY, RWA; ALSO MANDATORY THAT ALL GATED COMMUNITY HAVE ONE SINGLE LOCATION STORAGE AND SUPPLY OF TANKER WATER FOR RESIDENTS.
Also government may provide one time incentives for RWA to build a large capacity underground/ over head tank for entire colony/ gated community for storage and supply of tanker water, in addition the water release pipes and control systems, so that those houses which require additional quantities for that house only water should get release from the main over head storage tank, and all other homes in that series of pipes must get their valves closed, in addition there should be auto supply cut off instruments must be placed so that the water can be supplied to any individual homes from the main tank, and all the tankers can discharge their water in the main tank and no need to go home to home to supply the water for every house that requires additional water; this measure is necessary in order to contain movement of tankers frequency inside the RWA/ Gated Community, Since diesel tankers emit lot of pollution, Even in case they use CNG still they generate large noise pollution, with heavy CC vehicles emitting enormous amounts of pollution several times a day while travelling inside the RWA, Gated community internal roads causing severe health disorders. This can be minimised/ avoided in case entire RWA/ Gated community has one water storage and supply large tank for the tanker water.
42) MANDATORY FOR ALL THE DISTRICTS NEAR THE SEA COST MUST USE AT LEAST 25% OF THEIR TOTAL WATER DEMAND SUPPLIED THROUGH DESALINATED WATER PLANTS; MANDATORY FOR COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS TO USE THE DESALINATED WATER.
Also in order to reduce the load on the municipalities to supply the fresh potable water, government must make it mandatory that all the districts, in the sea cost along the India must mandatory install and supply the desalinated water with minimum of 25% of their total demand and supply, as it is a fact the municipalities and districts are drawing water from rivers running for several hundreds of kilometres, which can be reduced, and the 25% quantities can be utilised in the non costal Districts to increase the supply of municipal water in non seacoast districts, thus reducing the excessive extraction from ground water table and also reduction of tanker water. And also more water for industrial and agriculture.
As such GOI must provide financial aid for the state governments for implementing this measure of desalinated water supply in the sea costal districts; also governments must provide incentives and tax concessions for the private commercial units/ manufacturing units / industrial associations installing the desalination plants in the costal districts for captive consumption.
Also it should be made mandatory that all the industrial & commercial establishments in the costal districts must mandatorily use 100 % quantities of their water requirement from the desalinated water supplied by the municipality or they install their own plant; also government must absorb the cost difference of desalination water while supplying in 25% 75 % ratio, of the desalinated water and river water and the cost of unit should be equated for all the users in the sea costal districts.
This measure ensures that the load on the municipalities for sourcing water from rivers, especially during the dry periods, summers will be reduce, in addition the transportation costs of the water reduced, also the same amount (25%) of river water or rain water can used in non costal districts/ cities so that their supply demand can be matched. As at present for filtering the normal river water before sending into portable drinking pipelines lines it cost Rs 7 to 10 for a 1000 Litres of water, where as for desalination it takes 40 to 55 Rs per Kilo litre, so by making mandatory that 25% of the water to be supplied should be from desalination process, then if the cost of processing of river water of 1000 litres on average is Rs 8, for desalination of 1000 litres is 40, then 75:25 ration will make the cost of 1000 litres mixed water at 16 rupees; in order to reduce the burden that government must absorb the additional cost of 8 Rs per 1000 litres for or all residential users, with certain conditions, also must levy the cost to cost to all other uses like commercial users, industrial users; All the residential users must made mandatory to use 50% of the Grey water generated should recycled and reuse, which reduces the demand for fresh water to the extent of 20 to 25%, as it is a fact that the water used in the toilets flush considered as Black Water accounts for 20 to 30% of total water usage, if the mandatory recycle of Grey water is made to use in toilets flushing the amount of fresh water saved is 20 to 30 %.
In addition other mandatory water conservation is at least remaining 10 to 20% demand of fresh water; so the effective demand of water reduces by at least 30% on an average on the individuals so the demand for fresh water reduced by 30%, which leads to cost of fresh water bill on an average is reduced by 30% which means for every 1000 litres of water usage they pay a bill of 16 Rs, with 25% desalinated water 75 % fresh water, with reduced demand of water by 30% the demand for fresh water is only 700 litres and so the effective cost on average will get reduced by 30% i.e. 11,20 Rs, so the average hike on the bill of individuals user charges is just 11% more; also government should compensate this 11% by absorbing themselves, in order to encourage the water conservation ensuring that incentives for the individuals, apartments, gated communities for converting more than 50 % Grey water recycling, and excess Grey water can be supplied back to government, and government must buy back excess Grey water other than the minimum re usage and supply the same to be used in public toilets places at bus stations, railway stations, commentarial complexes, all the hotels, educational institutions etc for use in the toilet flush at a nominal cost for transportation; Also even though the commercial users are charged at cost to cost, of Rs 16 per 1000 litres (25% desalinate : 75% river water), since they too mandatorily use re cycle of water or use recycle of water, certainly there will be reduction of 20 % demand in most commercial users, and some commercial users even more than 40% reduction due to recycle, so the overall burden on commercial users bay be raised by 20 % on the present cost. So this measure is viable without much additional burden, the benefits are huge due to savings of 25% of river water of the total demand in the costal districts/ cities, for being that 25% water used in several ways in non sea costal districts and the productivity will get improved substantially (both agriculture, industrial) also the health care of the people in the costal districts as well as the non costal districts will improve due to sufficient quantities of availability.
43) PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN DESALINATION OF WATER AND SUPPLY TO GOVERNMENT FOR DISTRIBUTION TO HOUSE HOLD
Since initial investment and running costs are high for the desalination of water, government may encourage private investment in treating the sea water i.e. desalination water in all costal districts, the private desalination plants supply the water only to government water boards, and government water boards will distribute the water to the territories near to the desalination plant so that the transportation can be reduced for the Water Boards; also the price should be fixed for the cost of desalination; this process of private investment in desalination is more or less like extraction of gas from the river gas basins, but unlike the gas prices, the water prices should be fixed limited margin throughout life time of the plant operation. The actual cost of desalination should be decided by the government.
44) GOVERNMENT CONSTRUCT EARTH DAMS IN CITIES & RURAL AREAS; GOVERNMENT MUST CREATE RAINWATER STORAGE TANKS EACH VILLAGE WISE, WARD WISE IN THE LOW GRADIENT AREAS TO COLLECT & PRESERVE THE RAIN WATER.
GOVERNMENT CREATION OF EARTH DAMS IN GOVERNMENT LANDS IN THE HIGH WAYS, RAILWAY LANDS ETC AND PROVIDE THE ADJACENT LAND FOR CULTIVATION FOR FREE OF COST FOR THE UN EMPLOYED YOUTH BY LOTTERY SYSTEM; MANDATORY USE OF MNREGA WORKERS FOR CREATION OF EARTH DAMS IN STRATEGIC LOCATIONS
As it is a fact that Rain water is one of the purest water on the earth, and in rainy season abundant of rains in many parts of the country, and if the rain water captured and stored will be useful for several purposes; this rain water stored will certainly reduce the demand for ground water and municipal water to a considerable extent, as such government must make focus on using the natural rain water, as such government must identify the low lying areas where water get accumulated in case of rains, and build a huge pits of large diameters and depths (just above the underground water tables in that territory) to collect the rain water to form a natural lake, and use this water for providing water for the public gardens, plants on the pavements, also for the public toilets flush system in cities, the same stored water can be used for agriculture. This measure saves billons of litres of ground water from drawn from deep depths.
Also government must maintain ward wise, street wise public trees and the watering should be done in a drip irrigation method, where ever possible, using the stored rain water, for this government must construct rain water storage tanks every street, and pump the rain water collected to it and municipal employees draw the water every alternative day in a Tricycle (non polluting) in cans and pout every tree wise in the street. This measure not only ensures maximum of amount of municipal/ ground water is conserved (as properly stored rainwater will last for nearly 4 to 6 months)
Also government must create earth dams for rain water harvesting in the government lands, in the railway lands, in the state and national highways sides/ road banking and the land adjacent should be given for landless farmers/ un employed youth for cultivating on nominal lease rent, extendable year after year based on the cultivation/ yield with standard inputs, and after continuous performance of yield for 6 to 7 years the property rights only for cultivation must be transferred to the concerned individual with a pre condition that in case the land is required for the government, it should be returned and no court cases entertained, an alternative land is shown to them, this is more or less similar to assigned lands of government providing to SC ST people, but this vacant lands near earth dams can be given to all sections who are un employed, landless on lottery system among the applicants with public notice on the government website and also in the nearby gram panchayats and in open lottery among the applicants in presence of gram Sabha, the youth, females should be given preference, this measure not only reduces the unemployment, but also it improves agriculture production, better utilisation of natural water, also prevents soil degradation. Also it is ideal that the MNREGA works should be executed for creation of rain water harvesting earth dams, for preserving the rain water during rainy season/ during floods. The payments for the MNREGA workers for this work will be fully justified as this earth dams are not only permanent assets but also provides livelihood indirectly to several people.
45) MANDATORY FOR ALL RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS TO CONSTRUCT UNDER GROUND PITS/ STORAGE TANKS FOR RAIN WATER STORAGE
Also government must make it mandatory to create a separate storage tank for all the residences, apartments to store rain water collected and pumped by pipe to storage tanks of each house for use for kitchen gardening, and washing clothes, for this government must have a fixed designs depending up on the volume of storage tanks, the available space at present in the existing independent houses, apartments, office establishment complexes etc, the volume of the storage depends up the rain fall average in that territory in volume, average number of days of rain fall, total approximate quantities per sft, also the average area of terrace in the building, and based on this parameter the rain water storage tanks has to built in every home under ground or use the plastic tanks to store; the un covered open areas can be left to receive rain water, for the getting absorbed into ground; also for the gated communities and RWA, commercial areas the un covered areas rain received if over flowing due to concrete flooring must be tapped and stored in an underground storage created in the direction of low lying flow so that even that water can be used for two to three months for gardening, vehicles cleaning and clearing of common floors in the gated community, RWA. This will further save billions of litres of ground water and municipal water.
46) MANDATORY THAT ALL THE INDIVIDUAL HOUSES APARTMENTS, GATED COMMUNITIES, RWA, OFFICE COMPLEXES MUST PROVIDE TREE CENSUS AND GARDEN LAWN DETAILS; MANDATORY ALL LAWNS USE HARVESTED RAIN WATER, RO WASTE WATER, OR RECYCLED GREY WATER ONLY, ELSE PAY LUXURY TAX
Also government must make it mandatory all the RWA, gated communities, office campuses, parks must provide the census of trees, greenery raised by them along with photographs, also it should be mandatory that all green lawns must be fixed with sprinklers, all the big trees must be provided with drip irrigation system so that lot of water is saved at the same time greenery is also maintained, and either the rain water or waste water from RO plants or recycled Grey water must be used to wet the gardens and lawns.
Also in case the lawns do not want to use rain water or treated Grey water, government must levy luxury tax on those RWA. Gated Communities, office establishments and entertainment centers like hotels, restaurants, and also the individual homes which lays the green lawns, as it is a fact that to maintain the lawns lot of water is getting consumed to keep it green, as such the luxury tax should be levied.
47) MANDATORY FOR RESIDENTIAL HOUSES, COMMERCIAL COMPLEXES, GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS TO RAISE TERRACE GARDEN IN POTS OF 10 POTS MINIMUM FOR 1000 Sft TERRACE/ OPEN SPACE FOR ORGANIC CULTIVATION LEAFY VEGETABLES USING THE HARVESTED RAIN WATER / TREATED GREY WATER; GOVERNMENT PROVIDE INCENTIVES, VERMI COMPOST AT NOMINAL RATE; KITCHEN/ TERRACE GARDEN VEGETABLES ONLINE TRADE FOR TRADING/ BARTER THE EXCESS PRODUCTION
Government must make it mandatory terrace gardening in all open spaces in the buildings whether residential, commercial, or government, and each house hold, apartment or gated communities should raise at minimum 10 pots of leafy vegetables in the terrace; in apartments and high rise buildings the vertical garden on the terraces; 100 pots of leafy vegetables in 1000 Sft area of terrace in the horizontal, in the vertical the same terrace of 1000 Sft can be used for rising from 600 to 1000 pots in vertical layers; which can cater entire apartment/high raise for the leafy vegetables consumption.
Government must provide incentives/concessions for establishment of terrace gardening, and raising more pots. Leafy vegetables (like coriander, spinach, mint, etc) also vegetables like green chillies, tomato, brinjol, cabbage etc also can be grown in the terraces of the individual houses, apartments, gated communities using the harvested rain water/ waste water from air conditioners / treated & recycled Grey water, it not only makes the people healthy by consuming fresh vegetables grown in their terrace, but it also provides lot of health due to the fact that for caring for watering daily, it is one form of exercise for the body, also it provides self satisfaction / un known happiness by seeing the greenery, it reduces stress. Also it reduces the monthly vegetables expenditure substantially; Also it should be mandatory that each apartment/gated community must engage/employ trained gardens (temporary hire / permanent depending up on the number of habitations in the apartment) to raise these leafy vegetables throughout the year. This measure makes serious attempt by the apartment and gated communities towards terrace gardening.
Also government must provide the terraces of government buildings and also the free land in the government office compounds for raising the vegetables/ leafy vegetables by the employees associations using the harvested rain water or treated Grey water and the same can be sold to the employees at a nominal price. For this either government horticulture department may establish a separate wing to exclusively monitor and raise the leafy vegetables in verticals or alternatively private horticulture agencies used to build the vertical terrace gardens with hundreds of pots in the vertical steps and raise the leafy vegetables.
This measure ensures people will be habituated to eat leafy vegetables daily. This is very healthy otherwise, leafy vegetables can be raised throughout the year, and there will not be any issue.
It is a fact that most of the people in the urban areas are anaemic especially the females and children, due to lack of vitamins, iron deficiency in the food, which can be obtained by eating green leafy vegetables, also it helps in better digestion, and metabolism, even though if some people are consuming most of the green leafy vegetables in the cities/ urban areas are cultivated in the dirty waters near the sewerage stagnated waters, or with black waters stagnation areas, which is causing severe health hazards, as it is a fact that transportation of the green leafy vegetables from other places is un viable due to quick perishable nature of the green leafy vegetables with short life span after it is removed from the earth or cut from the plant, as such mostly grown in the black water areas in the city outskirts are being supplied & sold even in the so called costly super markets; since India has young population of below 35 years over 70%. Which young children born for them, also growing children require more green leafy vegetables, also the elderly and aged required, so by making it mandatory that every house should raise at least 10 pots of green leafy vegetables will certainly bring a sea change in the health of the individuals, which will further translate into improved productivity of the country.
The above measures also generate employment to millions of people as gardeners, as each city has more than 30 thousand apartments/ gated communities, which means at least 30,000 people can be employed as gardeners, government must introduce a certified gardener course to rise the gardens and plants, so by adopting this measure, government must make it mandatory that each apartment, gated community/RWA must have at least one gardener as permanent employee for every 1000 pots maximum i.e. for every 100 flats, in case independent houses in a gated community one gardener for every 30 houses irrespective of number maximum pots. This measure will yield the desired results, as most of the leafy vegetables cultivated are by organic farming, as government can supply at nominal cost the vemi compost generated from the bio mass in the cities can be converted into vermin compost and supplied to each apartment/ housing society at minimal price after loading the conversion and transportation charges.
Also government may create an online vegetable exchange, for either trading the excess leafy vegetables for a price or for barter system, so that there will not be any loss in case of non captive consumption of the terrace/ kitchen gardening; since the mobile app pickup and delivery service providers are already in the, market, their services can be used for barter or trade delivery of kitchen garden or terrace garden by the registered persons/ associations.
48) BAN ON CULTIVATION OF HORTICULTURE/ AGRICULTURE IN THE VICINITY OF POLLUTED WATER BODIES, USING THE UNTREATED EFFLUENT WATERS
Also government must ban cultivation, horticulture, especially the leafy vegetables in the black waters / contaminated polluted waters, using such waters, in the vicinity of the effluent discharges, as it has harmful effects on the health of the people who consume it. It should be criminal offence to grow food plants, vegetables in the black water /stagnated water; Also government must make it mandatory that all the leafy vegetable producers, bulk sellers bust register with government and provide the information of place of growth every time certified by the horticulture department. Also it should be made mandatory all the retailers (especially the super markets) must obtain the chain of source (from cultivation to retailer shop).
49) MEASURE TO REDUCE AIR POLLUTION IN CITIES ON ROADS THROUGH REDUCING VEHICULAR POLLUTION FOR ENSURING BETTER RAIN AND PURE RAIN WATER AVAILABLE FOR HARVESTING
It is a fact that the pollution effects the rain fall, also the quality of water obtained from the rain water, the measures of effluents treatment and discharge of gases from the industries regulated through continuous treatment and monitoring, but the other major factor for the contribution of pollution in the cities is the vehicular pollution; which need to be addressed to ensure not only people breath quality air but also people get quality rainwater for best use to reduce the load of ground water, improve waters in river waters; for this government must ensure more space utilisation for less fuel burning per vehicle, for this in addition to use of multimode transport in the cities, also need is partial commercialisation of personal passenger vehicles (especially the people who are using the vehicles for desk to desk jobs) to pick up and drop people enroute, same place of work for a commercial payment to reduce the load on the multi mode transport, also reduce the vehicle traffic density on the roads, thus reduce pollution levels; in addition government must make it mandatory all educational institutions all employees office establishment must use mass transport with ban on use of personal vehicles, in addition different timings for various purposes in the territories to reduce traffic density and thus pollution.
50) ALSO USE OF RO-RO SHIPPING TO TRANSPORT GOODS ACROSS THE COSTAL DISTRICTS USING SEA COST TO REDUCE THE POLLUTION IN MAXIMUM NUMBER OF CITES
ALSO CREATION OF MORE RAILWAY SIDINGS IN ALL MAJOR AGRICULTURE MARKETS, AND INDUSTRIAL ZONES TO REDUCE THE ROAD TRANSPORT TO REDUCE AIR POLLUTION TO ENSURE QUALITY RAIN.
Also government must ensure reduction of use of road transport in the goods carriers which is one of the major contributor of the pollution not only in the cities but all across the country; so the best means to reduce the pollution of goods vehicles is to reduce the length of travel of the goods vehicles by creating the RO-RO transport system in the country across all the sea ports to carry the goods vehicles in the ship from the ports to transport in sea route, so that maximum length of transport of the goods vehicles get reduce thus the pollution get reduce drastically in the costal districts by and large.
As such it is necessary that Government establish RO RO (Roll On Roll Off) Shipping, which is widely used internationally to carry the automobiles, if this measure is introduced in INDIA to start with covering all 12 major ports, the heavy vehicle truck pollution can be reduced to a great extent, as one 20,000 DWT(dead weight tonnage) Ship can accommodate around 800 to 1000 Trucks of 12 MT, so several thousand litres of diesel can be saved from burning on the roads,(Ex. a truck carrying goods from cost of Gujarat to cost of Tamil Nadu, the truck needs to travel over 2500 Km approximately, total fuel consumed by each truck on an average of 5 kilometres per litre, which means for travelling 2500 kilometres will take 500 litres of diesel, suppose over 1000 trucks plying every day in between these destinations, then for 1000 trucks near about 5 lakh litres of diesel is burnt, where as if these 1000 trucks go in a RO-RO SHIP it consumes less than 100 - 150 litres per hour ship journey on the sea, with approximately 5 – 6 days to rah from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu, which means an average of 150 hours of ship on the sea, adding all extra time for weighting, loading, un loading another 50 hours, total of 200 hours, which even if taken on higher side of 150 litres per hour consumption, then it will not cross more than 30,000 litres of fuel, that too on the sea, not near to the living habitations. Which means RO RO Ships can reduce the fuel consumption by more than 80% of the fuel consumed on by the trucks for that weight of carriage, since millions of trucks are on the streets every day, (around 15 million), then by RO RO at least certain percentage of trucks on the roads can be made less kilometres done. This measure even though initial cost of investment is high for procuring the RO RO Ships, but over 1000 Ships operating between 12 ports will reduce around 1 million trucks on the road daily, as such government must take serious steps in inviting Private investment in this regard to reduce the pollution to a substantial extent, in addition it reduces hundreds/ thousands of accidental deaths, thus saving millions of lives, in addition millions of working pollution man-hours saved thus indirectly contributing the sustenance of growth..
In addition in order to reduce the vehicular pollution due to transportation of goods in the land locked areas (other than sea costal districts), government must identify the areas of market yards where the agriculture production is brought to a centralised place in the mandals, agriculture districts, where the inter district, interstate trade occurs and the agriculture produce need to be transported, such areas government must construct the storage godowans and railway sidings, to connect the railway sidings to the main railway lines to the nearest possible main line; this measure ensures more trade of the agriculture produce, more margins for the farmers, cheaper rates for the consumers as easy, fast, economic transport in large volumes from the places of abundant yield crops of various food grains and perishable vegetables; in addition it also saves millions of kilometres of road transport every day, thus reduction of air pollution, in addition reduction of accidents, reduction of consumables of Transport vehicles, and also better fall and quality rainwater.
Also government identify the clusters of the industrial and manufacturing zones from where maximum amount of good is transported by the road ways, to ensure building of railway siding within the vicinity to ensure maximum finished goods are transported through railways, this measure not only reduces the air pollution but also ensure the finished goods are safely transported to the destinations with minimum risk; government must focus on this measure for the FDI in railways instead of Bullet Trains at this junction as this measure will ensure sustained development and inclusive growth of all existing sections with existing infrastructure, providing immediate and quick and permanent yields as the permanent business is assured and the ROI is assured to the investor and a WIN WIN for farmers, traders, consumers and also the investors.
All these measures will certainly reduce the vehicular polluting, thus clear atmosphere, thus better rains, and fresh rain water, which can be harvested in the homes, and by the bulk consumers for use to reduce the load of other sources of water.
51) MANDATORY TO COLLECT THE WATER DRAINED FROM THE AIR CONDITIONERS AND USE FOR KITCHEN GARDENING, WASHING CLOTHES, CLEANING
It is a fact that most of houses in the urban areas found the air conditioners for residential purposes, also for commercial purposes most of the office establishments uses the air conditioners, and the so called software companies which work in all shifts used fully centralised air conditioner 24/7, also most of the shopping malls uses the air conditioners throughout the working hours,; It is a fact that a one tone Air conditioner produces about 1.4 litres of water per hour approximately, under normal humidity, if the humidity is more the water produce also more; which means millions of litres of fresh water is generated, with the projections of total room air conditioner is about 37 million units by 2020 and about 116 million 2030; which means billions of litres of water can be conserved and best utilised by making it mandatory to recover and use waste water from the air conditioners used by various categories;
Also government must make it mandatory to inform the government about the procession of an Air conditioner by all sections of people, with the details of air conditioners like the total tonnage, (no need for information of make/brand) year of manufacture, and utilisation data, like approximate time of use, frequency of use, use only in summers or all season (commercial buildings by and large), the power connection etc etc so that government can exactly estimate the demand for power during the approximate peak time each territory wise and plan the electricity power distribution accordingly.
Also Government must make it mandatory that periodic maintainance of air conditioners, to ensure quality of air, also to reduce the overall consumption of power in the process of cooling; in addition this measure further generates million of jobs in the country in an organised manner as all the air conditioner repair and maintainance job should be mandatory made by the trained, register staff with online registration for maintainance from the individual air conditioner users, with mandatory online bank transaction payment for the service of air conditioners will ensure the periodic maintainance is done from the authorised people only. Also ideal that government collect the annual periodic maintainance fee in the beginning of the year i.e. in January month, with double the penalty for non payment within the stipulated time, will ensure all the air condition users are under annual periodic maintainance.
Also this measure of data of all air conditioner users will ensure that those organisation which need to maintain the required temperatures to store the medicine, food items etc will install the air conditioner, also if installed will ensure they are running/ operating 24/7 to ensure food products are not spoiled, the medicine is not spoiled; as it is a fact most of the medicinal Drugs are required to be stored in temperatures below 30 degrees centigrade, some medicine below 21 degrees, and some require deep freeze, but strangely most of the medical retail stores in India do not adhere to the standards and hardly any botherisation for standard temperatures, except storing some medicine in refrigerator, also if the air conditioners are in existence they may or may not operate throughout the year, many operate only in the summers, also some may not be in working condition, remain as ornament, name sake, also some have less capacity so it takes time to cool the room, which will affect the medicine; similarly some of the food products require to be stored in temperatures below 30 degrees, so the super markets, shops must operate the air conditioners mandatorily 24/7 at the storage section of such products; similarly many other sector require conditioned temperatures; so the data bank of users of the air conditioners with the frequent, time of operation will certainly ensure that those organisation which require to maintain the temperatures below the room temperature will use without fail, thus saving the material from getting soiled, in addition saving lives due to avoiding health hazards due to change in the composition, reactions in the medicine for not storing in the required temperature conditions.
52) MANDATORY RECYCLING OF GREY WATER IN APARTMENTS, GATED COMMUNITIES, RWA, HOSTELS, HOTELS
Also making it mandatory for all the apartments, gated communities, RWA to recycle the waste water from the bath rooms, washing machines by collecting it and store in a separate tank underground (for not more than 24 hours of storage) and use mild bleaching to reduce the bacteria growth; and construct a separate over head tank and pump the recycled water to the separate overhead tank meant for use of recycled water and discharge the same for toilet flushes, for this there should be a separate pipelines. Since most of the houses use the flush several times and that amount of water saved will it saves billions of litters of water every day, as it is a fact that India being a diabetic capital of the World, more frequency of use of toilets will occur, so more fresh water is converted to black water, so in case the recycling of Grey water is mandatory which saves billions of litres of fresh water every day across the country;
When using the Grey water Recycling, all the residents, users must mandatorily flush their toilets at least once in 24 hours to ensure no water is staled and any possibility of bacteria growth in the flush tanks, and in case the users do not use the flush for what so ever reason, they should close the supply pipe inlet so that no Grey water enters/remain the flush tank. Also ideal tat once in a week the flush tanks should be cleaned with disinfectants (preferably organic disinfects); also it should be advised to strictly followed by the Grey water Recycling users to flush the toilet only when they are out of the toilet basin, so that there will not be any chance for the flushed water spilling on the body of the users.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the Hotels. Hostels, Coffee shops, all public toilets (using the excess Grey water obtained from the nearby residential habitations) must mandatory design their toilets flush systems to use the recycled Grey water, in addition to normal fresh water supply. The flush system should have two water connections, one is fresh water and one is Grey water, when the Grey water is no available (which is most un likely in case once the system starts) to use the fresh water to the flush tank, this measure will reduce any inconvenience.
Also government must provide incentives for recycling the Grey water; also making it mandatory to recycle the Grey water at least 50 % of the total water used by the independent house or apartment; Also government must provide one time incentives for Grey water recycling storage tanks and piping’s for entire apartments/ houses after submitting the design to the government, along with housing plan approvals and also after approval by the authorities after physical inspection.
53) MANDATORY THAT ALL TOILETS FLUSH SYSTEM IN THE PUBLIC PLACES LIKE BUS STANDS, RAILWAY STATIONS, MARKET YARDS, COMMERCIAL COMPLEXES MUST USE THE GREY WATER ONLY
Also government must make it mandatory that all the large foot print public places like bus stations, rail way stations, air ports, commercial complexes, the tourist places, the market yards, the cinema halls, the exhibition centers, the stadiums of sports, all large office establishments, must mandatorily use the Grey water generated from the nearby by residential habitations or hotels or the laundry services, the government must carry the water in the tankers and supply to these bulk generations of black water to use the Grey water for flushing the toilets, which itself will save billions of fresh water getting flushed, as it is fact that Railways carries over 23 million passengers daily of which 50 % are suburban passengers, annual average of total passengers over 8. 4 billions, annually; it is a fact that in the Indian railways for other than sub urban (considered as daily passengers), for every train journey at least one more person on an average to see of them in the railway stations, considering at least bare minimum of 15% of the passengers uses the railway public toilets, then more than 1 billion litres of fresh water being used by the railways along to flush their toilets and the water is generated to black, which is not recyclable; in case the railways uses the Grey water generated, then there will be saving of more than one billion litres of fresh water, which can used for residential or commercial uses in the respective territories by the municipalities. Similarly there are billions of people per annum are travelling in the intercity, interstate bus stations and by using Grey water for flushing the toilets billions of litres of fresh water can be conserved in the same manner billions of fresh water can be conserved by using the Grey water in the market yards, commercial complexes, office complexes, cinema theatres, sports stadiums, also in the large pilgrimage and tourist places. This mandatory grey water usage will not only saves billions of litres of fresh water, the saved water used for various other purposes provides growth of economy, in addition for carrying the excess grey water by tankers and monitoring of the requirement etc will further generate Lakhs of jobs to the un employed youth.
54) MANDATORY TO DISINFECT THE WASTE WATER GENERATED FROM THE HOSPITALS, TO DRAIN IN SEWERS, BAN ON USE AS GREY WATER, BAN ON RECYCLE/USE OF GREY WATER FOR TOILETS FLUSH.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the waste waster generate from the hospitals must be stored in a separate underground storage, and should disinfect the water before releasing the water to the sewerage lines, also ban on use of recycling the waste water generated from the hospitals/ nursing homes any where including in the public toilets. Also ban on use of grey water generated elsewhere to flush the toilets of the hospitals; this measure will reduce the spread of infected bacteria growth; Also government ban throwing any kind of waste (including the non bio material, bio medical) generated from the hospital premises on the open soil in the hospital permits, all the hospital waste need to be stored in the polyethylene packs within the hospital premises only in a separate covered location with daily disposal by the separate waste disposal along with bio medical waste disposal for ensuring safe disposal and prevention of contamination of soil, ground water, water bodies in the vicinity of the hospitals during the rainy season.
Also government must make it mandatory that the hospitals laundry should be exclusive and should not mix with normal cloths washing by the commercial laundry, in addition it should be mandatory that all the hospital laundry should use only organic bio detergents, in addition must adopt sun dry in all places where ever possible or must dry using the electric heater rooms, also it should be mandatory all the hospitals cloths must be washed using the ground water or municipal water or rain water harvest, and it should be criminal offence to wash the hospitals cloths in the water bodies. These measures certainly reduce contamination of water bodies; also reduce health risks for the inpatients in the hospitals.
55) MANDATORY THAT DETERGENT USED FOR WASHING SHOULD BE ECO FRIENDLY, HUMAN FRIENDLY, GREY WATER FRIENDLY
It is really a shocking, astonishing that till date there is no regulation regarding the use of chemicals in the so called detergents used in washing clothes, cleaning utensils, and also the surface cleaners (floor, glass, etc), and there is no indication of the composition of the detergents and no indication of its safe use, and and no indication of optimal quantities of use; no indication of frequency of use, no indication of possible side effects due to exposure of using the detergents by the user while washing manually, after drying cloths if not rinsed property (studies indicate that occurrence of skin diseases, other health disorders due to fumes from the surface cleaners, so called optical brighteners, and perfume smells embedded in the detergents); no indication of preventive health care measures; how come all successive Governments till date did not mandated the detergent manufacture to indicate the above minimum requirements, which is a big surprise to many people; it is fact most of the chemical detergents and surface cleaners are the main reason for several health disorders in millions of people, due to improper use, also the chemical detergents and surface cleaners are causing severe hazardous pollutants to the water bodies and soil, also the chemical detergents are polluting the ground water table in many habitations. And also the chemical detergents are one of the reasons for death of three to four sewerage workers daily in INDIA which is otherwise a NATIONAL SHAME, all mainly due to poisonous gases in the sewerage tanks, and mostly the sewerage tanks poisonous gases are on account of the chemical detergents
Also it is a fact that the major deterrent for Grey water recycling without treatment is the chemicals in the detergents that are used in the washing machines, if used without treatment could harm plants and contaminate soil as it contains chemicals like phosphorus and sodium, and boron leading to more pH levels which are are deterrent to plants and soil; it is a fact that phosphorus in small quantities useful for plants, but excess phosphorous leads to excessive algal growth, leading to toxic algal blooms, Similarly the salts affects the soil's permeability and causes a loss of structural stability. Also boron is required for plants in very minute quantities, excess boron leads to toxicity; Also Laundry detergents are highly alkaline with PH more than 10, which is useful to dissolve organic dirt, but the ideal PH for plants and other micro organisms in the soil is 6 and 9, as such grey water with a high pH is likely to harm many plants and soil organisms. So government must make it mandatory that all detergents manufactured, sold and used for the residential purposes must be Grey water friendly
56) REGULATION OF CHEMICAL DETERGENT MANUFACTURING/ SALE IN INDIA
GOVERNMENT MUST CLASSIFY THE CHEMICAL DETERGENTS ACCORDING TO CHEMICAL CONTENT, HARM TO THE ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH DISORDERS
MANDATORY FOR MANUFACTURERS OF CHEMICAL DETERGENT / SURFACE CLEANERS TO PROVIDE FULL DETAILS OF INGREDIENTS, THEIR EFFECTS ON HEALTH, OPTIMAL QUANTITIES, QUANTITIES OF WATER REQUIRED TO RINSE, HEALTH HAZARDS & PRECAUTIONS
It is in fact a grave criminal offence on the part of the governments till date allowing the so called detergents manufacturers to keep their so called trade secret, also not making it mandatory to disclose on the pack itself the details of ingredients, chemicals, also not banning the use of harmful chemicals in the detergents, also allowing so called “optical brighteners/ whiteners”, “fragrances“etc used in the detergents which has potential skin disease in the users.
Also government make stringent licensing system for all detergent manufacturers, they should obtain licences, by clearly providing the details of ingredients, quantities, the effects on environment etc, in addition the process of manufacture should be revealed / shown in web site video, stricter punishments for manufacture and sale of detergents without licence from the government; also it should be criminal office to sell in the retail shops without approvals / registration/ manufacture licence from the government for the quantities, with stringent quality checks.
Also all detergents for cloths, dish washers, surface cleaners, bath soaps, shampoos, must be classified according the nature of chemicals content, government must make it mandatory that the manufacturers must Cleary specify the content, ingredients, quantities in that pack (100 gm, 500 gm, 1000 gm pack with details of total quantities bifurcation in that weight of 100 gm, 500 gm etc), also the manufacturers must clearly specify the potential threats for individual users due to improper rinsing of the cloths, after using the detergents, also the threat to the soils, water bodies & environment by the used chemicals of the detergents, surface cleaners manufactured by them.
Also government must make it mandatory that all detergents, sops, powered, surface cleaning solutions must be classified for potential threat to health and environment based on the chemical content and effects of other ingredients, like food grading labels green for veg, Grey for egg, red for non vegetarian food, government must classify the detergents, to be used in soft water (rain water), hard water (ground water), municipal water etc; and government must recommend the use of type of soaps/ detergents based on the water types in the territory, type of clothes etc ; government allow to sell only such detergents which is suitable to the water types in that territory.
It is fact that till date there is no actual measurement of weight of cloths used in the washing machines, if a washing machine has the capacity of 5 kg load, majority of the people who use the washing machine even if highly qualified do not put correct weight, majority of them frequently overload, due to the fact they do not know the exact weight of the dry dirt cloths, also the other reason is to conserve water, due to limited water supply in their residential area, as a result most of the detergents are not diluted properly while soaking in the washing machine, and added to it most of the detergent chemicals are absorbed within the cloths as there is improper rinsing due to over load, also due to drying in the washing machine mostly due to non availability of direct sun light in the apartment, they dry in the shade only, and as a result the chemicals effect on the cloths is severe.
Also as far as the rural areas / BP/ LOW income families, slums are concerned most of the people are living in water shortage areas, and most of them do not use washing machines, and most of them wash cloths soaking in buckets, most of them use three or four buckets of water to wash a bucket full of cloths due to the fact they do not have continuous supply of water, they have to store the water when the municipal water/ tanker visit their place and they have to use that water only for washing cooking, bathing etc; also most of them uses low cost, detergents/ detergent powders, which contains excessive phosphates, sodium chemicals to fight clean the dirt, as most of the cloths are more dirt than the urban middle class for the reason they do hard labour on the ground which automatically causes more dirt, if such high chemical content detergents are used, in limited water rinsing, and mostly shade dry, also most of them throw/dump used rinsed detergent water on the mud road, or in their compound, or near to their hut/ small home, Juggi, or throw in the drainage, if one takes a slum, in the limited area the density of population is 100 times more than the middle class colonies of such total built up area, so in that limited area they are exposing the cloths to dry with moisture of the chemicals will get inhaled by the infants, children, ailing aged people, and also the young, in addition, already they are mal nourished and the surroundings are very un hygienic, in such circumstances they are more vulnerable to the health risk of skin diseases, the effects of chemicals on the metabolism system leading to health disorders, in addition the soil getting contaminated, contaminating the ground water table in that vicinity, and most of these people drink the water directly without even using without filtering the water, and it is a fact most of them use the ground water bore well for cooking purposes, also most of the green leafy vegetables are grown in the outskirts of the slums where the entire drainage water from the open drainages are accumulated due to the fact even till date the outskirts of most of the cities in India do not have proper drainage system, and still open drainage is clearly visible. So the persons who are most affected by the chemical detergents are the BPL and Low income group people, which means majority of the population in India is at serious health risk in India as the BPL and Low income group account for over 50 % population of the country, also the entire economy of the country at risk due to large population of downtrodden section are having one or other health disorder and the shop floor work or any other production related labour jobs are doe the downtrodden BPL/ LOW income group people only. Also the most effected people due the chemical detergents are Dalits and Adivasis as most of them are BPL and Low income group
Also more effected due to chemical detergents are children of downtrodden sections, especially belonging to dalits, adivasis and other back ward class, who are studying in the government welfare hostels, and government supply the detergent which are low cost and which contains high amount of chemicals which are otherwise sourced from the local manufactures, and the water supply in the welfare hostels is very meagre and many children are living with no bathing and even for cooking the water is limited, in such circumstances the young children washing the clothes themselves using these these high chemical content detergents in the limited water, with limited rinsing, which is causing health risks for the children while using the chemical detergents with their tiny tender hands and standing on the soap/ detergent water bare foot, also spilling on the cloths while washing, in addition the improper rinsed cloths due to limited water, not aware to rinse till the foam is nullified, using these limited rinsed dried cloths are causing the skin diseases as the chemicals that stick in the cloths are in direct contact with the skin entering the body through the skin pores, as due to getting the pores open and the wetness makes the dried chemicals wet and stick to the body, and other health disorders, as a result most of the children in the welfare hostels are suffer with some other health disorder and most common s skin diseases.
In addition most of the BP/ LOW income people in cities and rural areas and the downtrodden children in the welfare hostels are directly consuming the chemical detergents along with cooked food, eating vessels, due the fact that the utensils used for cooking, eating plates are cleaned using the chemical detergents in limited water which will not get rid of all the chemicals, as most of the utensils are made of aluminium, or even made of steel, and prolonged use of chemical detergents for cleaning leads to pores, micro cavities in the utensils and unless they are rinsed properly thoroughly the chemicals from the detergents entered/ fixed in the pours /cavities will not go away / wash away with limited water, which require large amounts of water to fully rinse the utensils. (chemical detergents require large quantities of fresh water to rinse and wash the utensils), so due to limited water rinsing and using the low cost detergents which are high in chemical content are directly getting consumed through food causing severe health risks in the long run, effecting health of majority of people belonging to BP/ LOW income group, of course some percentage of middle and even upper class people. As such government to start with must ban use of chemical detergents in the welfare hostels, also government mandatorily supply only bio organic detergents in the welfare hostels to save children and future generations from the potential health risks.
It is criminal on the part of the governments to allow this chemical detergents to flourish for the profits of the manufactures millions of downtrodden section people's health’s are getting spoiled and they are also becoming financially weak due to spending heavy amounts on health care from pockets and also many times living in hunger due to un able to attend the daily wage work due to sickness. AS it is a fact that the turnovers of the detergent market itself is over 12,000 Cores in India at present from the organised market, which means that only from the organised, accounted sales till date millions of tonnes of chemicals are getting discharged into the soil, water in India for decades, which is one of the primary reason for health disorders in India otherwise.
So government must on war footing bases regulate the use of chemicals in the detergents, also government must educate widely about the harmful effects of chemicals used in non bio detergents, soaps, liquids via radio, television, also in all gram sabhas and also through in the RWA, apartment associations, Gated community associations must mandatory educate their residents about this; Also government must educate the people regarding the use of type/quantities of detergent powder, detergent for the cloths, also government slowly with draw the chemical detergents over a period of time.
Also government must make sure every year 10 to 20 % reduction in the production of the non bio manufacturing and covert them into eco friendly bio degradable organic material for the manufacture of bio detergents, spas, shampoos etc so that with a span of 5 to 7 years majority of the manufacturing of chemical based detergents Limit reduced their OVER ALL production to 20 to 30% of the present level, so that in limited quantities under high cost can be sold, those who wish to utilise can purchase especially the bulk purchases for yarn/cloths/ dying industry to wash/ bleach the yarns/ cloths, for industrial use; so that the impact of chemicals in daily life can be reduced, more quality water, safe soils, and healthy hands, safe cloths available to the people.
Also government must make it mandatory that country turn into organic detergents, personal care by providing incentives for manufacturing, also government provide tax concessions for organic products to be purchased by the individual users in the local territory only so that both manufacturing and use will occur in local territory of each Mandal/ district/ block/ ward so that local entrepreneurship can be developed in addition reduced transportation and distribution margins as within the local territory of a local the manufacturer can supply the same directly from the manufacturing point to the retail sale point. This measure will yield the desired results of employment, warning, eco friendliness.
Also government must ban the manufacturing of Phenol so called surface cleaners which uses the chemicals, especially the benzene, it is a fact that excess inhaling benzene for over 15 minutes is dangerous to health as per international standards The short term exposure limit for airborne benzene is 5 ppm for 15 minutes. And exposure limit of 0.5 part of benzene per million parts of air (.5 ppm) in the home/workplace during an 8-hour, Benzene exposure leads to serious health hazards. The short term breathing of high levels of benzene may result in death, while low levels may cause drowsiness, dizziness, rapid heart rate, headaches, tremors, confusion, and unconsciousness. Eating or drinking foods containing high levels of benzene may cause vomiting, irritation of the stomach, dizziness, sleepiness, convulsions, and death. also in the hospitals, bath rooms, toilets, are cleaned with phenol which ahs affect not only on the sick patents but also on the healthy people who are working in the hospitals or who are visiting the hospitals due to excess of chemicals releasing toxic fumes into the air.
It is a fact that due to excessive advertisements, many people especially people living in apartments, individual houses uses these chemical surface cleaners to wipe their floors of the houses every day, mostly daily, indiscriminately, risking their health every time, and every day millions of people might be getting disorders due to it, as it is a fact that most of the houses the indoor air quality is poor, in addition exposure of benzene released from these surface cleaners will severely affect the health of the people who inhales, also who come in contact with it, as it is a fact most of the people who get their homes wiping with surface cleaners are made with servant maids, and almost all the servant maids do the work with bare palm and bare foot, so they them self’s are exposed to contact with the harmful chemicals (one standard room to wipe takes at least 5 to 10 minutes, then for a 3 bed room house the servant maid/ persons who are cleaning the rooms are exposed these harmful surface cleaners directly for more than 30 minutes daily) , in addition in most house hold in INDIA people do not use home slippers and walk bare foot in their home, for them the surface cleaner chemicals are directly entering into their body, and most of the infants, children play on the bare floor which will severely affect their health, over long term exposure , also all pet animals raised at home will walk, bare foot naturally, also almost all the pet animals (dogs, cats) sleep on the floor and which will get effected, and not only that people who arise the pet animals, especially the children in their home nurse their pet the animal every now and then, then they too get affected.
Also it is fact that most of the chemical based surface cleaners, bath room cleaners on using regularly causes damage to the flooring/ surface where cleaning happing, causing roughing up the floor, cavities in the floor, leading to accumulation of dust and bacteria on regular bases, also loss to colour, texture, fading of the flooring, it costs heavy to polish the marble flooring/ replace the tiles in the bath rooms, as more dirt, wetness due to losing/ decay of the joining cement/ adhesives between tiles, also between tiles & grounds /slab. More surprisingly there is no mention of harmful effects of these chemical based surface cleaners.
As such in order to avoid such loses for health and property and environment, government must make it mandatory that the surface cleaners must clearly special their ingredients, composition, quantity and also harmful effects on the people, also environment, directions of use, safety measures, frequency of use, Also government classify the chemical surface cleaners according to chemical content, effects on human beings; Also people should be educated about judicious use of these chemical surface cleaning agents, also government must encourage organic bio detergents which are less harmful/no harmful, also phase out the manufacturing of the chemical based cleaning agents in less than a decade.
Government must create awareness to people about the harmful effects of the chemical detergents, the optimal quantities of use, the best way of use to reduce the harmful effects, the ways to reduce the effects of chemicals in the detergents; government must encourage people to use the harvested rain water for washing clothes, which is very soft in nature and it takes much less quantities of detergents, also use natural stain removing methods of using citrus juices, drying in the sun to fade the stains slowly, also by drying in the sun not only the energy required for drying in the washing machine get reduced, but the UV rays in the sun kills bacteria in the washed cloths.
Also government must educate people to switch /adopt natural organic bio detergents for washing the daily wearing cloths, night weaning cloths, inner garments, etc which do not have much dirt, to use the bio detergents, which will take less rinse time, which means less water, also less power in washing machines, also since free from chemicals, they are very skin friendly, especially for infants, children and elderly aged.
Government provide incentives/ tax concessions for organic detergents, organic dish washer manufacturing, and end products, also government provide incentives for the bulk users for using the bio detergents which are environment friendly, will be good to use as Grey water;
Also government provide incentives for un employed youth, farmers for raising the soap nuts cultivation, also neem, lemon grass etc which can be used in the manufacture of the bio detergents; also government must provide interest free loans, and subsidies for un employed youth for establishing, marketing of the bio detergents in the country. This measure reduces harmful chemicals in the washing machine waste water for better Grey water; also it reduces chemicals in dark water.
Without which it is nothing but indirect state sponsored health hazards to the people of India for the few cores of rupees of money i.e. through taxes from these manufacturers of the detergents, but the amount of effect on health of the individuals, environment is un imaginable, billions of rupees are getting lost on account of these non bio detergents and surface cleaners.
57) MANDATORY BULK USERS OF DETERGENTS MUST USE ONLY ORGANIC BIO DETERGENTS WITH COMPLETE BAN ON USE OF CHEMICAL DETERGENTS
Also government must make it mandatory that all bulk users of washing detergents for washing clothes, dish washers must mandatory use only organic cloth washing detergents, and also organic dish washer (bio detergents), like extracts from the soap nuts, need for he cloths, also soap nuts, neem, lemon grass, citrus juices etc for dish washers, in all laundries, all hotels, all restaurants, all canteens, all commercial eateries, all educational institutions serving mid day meals, all hostels must use only organic bio detergents and cleaning agents, Also the organic surface cleaners like vinegar etc to reduce the affects of chemicals on large section of people.
58) MANDATORY THAT ALL THE LAUNDRY SERVICE PROVIDERS /CLOTHS WASHING INDIVIDUALS AND ENTERPRISES REGISTER WITH GOVERNMENT
Also government must make it mandatory that all the laundry service enterprises or individuals must register with government and must provide daily the quantities of cloths washed, the method of washing (dry wash/ wet wash), the quantities of detergents used, the source of water, the quantities of water and quantities of water used to rinse each cloths, and provide certification each time after the wash that they used harvested rain water or municipal water and only using fresh water not washed cloths in in the water bodies and also they are sure there is no amounts of traces of detergents as they fully raised it (government must fix limit of traces of detergent in the laundry dried cloths, to ensure that the traces of such quantities of detergents do not harm the human being who wear it, and either sun dried or electric heater dried.
This measure is necessary as it is a fact that most of the laundry services uses the hard detergents and uses the water bodies water or wash and rinse in the water bodies, thus polluting the fresh water bodies, and most of them in the cities washes the cloths in the accumulated water bodies of Grey water/ effluents discharged watered bodies, which is otherwise very un hygienic, and un healthy, with severe risk of health hazards for both the washer men/women (they stand long hours need deep waters concentrated with chemical detergents) as well the persons who wear the cloths after washing in such waters due to large amounts of chemical particles in the cloths, (but the effect of bacteria is getting reduced even after washing in such stale water is due to the use of hard chemical detergents by the laundry service), and most of the laundry services do the same even washing the cloths from the hospitals in these dirty water, causing a serious health disorders for already sick people.
Also government supply the harvested rain water if required for the laundry service providers at nominal cost of the transportation cost from the government rain water hasted storage tanks, earth dams, and also government must provide incentives for the laundry service providers to create bulk earth dams/ rain water storage in the cities; also government provide space for laundry services near the government rain water harvesting places or near to earth dams to source the natural rain water for washing.
Also government must train all the individual laundry services personal for safe washing, government making it mandatory that all bulk users and laundry services use the organic bio detergents by and large (at least 80 % of the total detergent consumption), and remaining low percentage of chemical detergents only to get faster removal of heavy dirty clothes or stains (which should cost more, as government impose cess double the cost of the normal chemical detergent for use in the laundries); also ensuring all laundry services mandatorily use only natural rain water or fresh water and do not contaminate the water bodies, and also the laundry services do not discharge the water indiscriminately into the fresh water bodies, and the laundry Grey water can be further collected and used by the government for bulk water users like bus stands, railway stations, commercial complexes toilets flushing, as dally thousand and lacks of foot prints in these public toilets occur, all measures saves billions of litres of fresh water getting contaminated, also it saves the sewers water getting poisoned due to discharge of chemical based detergent grey water after washing the cloths in bulk, are from health care of the washers as well as people who are wearing the laundry services.
59) BAN ON SALE & USE OF ACIDS FOR DOMESTIC CLEANING PURPOSES TO ENSURE BETTER GREY WATER RECYCLING; ACCOUNTABILITY OF USE OF ACIDS FOR INDUSTRIAL PURPOSES AND SAFE DISPOSAL OF USED ACID CONTAINERS TO PREVENT CONTAMINATION OF WATER BODIES AND SOIL
Also it is fact that that indiscriminate use of acids for cleaning the toilets and other places in the residential and commercial establishments is becoming a great threat to the water contamination, in addition to potential threat the users of the acid, the acids are used to clean the bath rooms, kitchen sinks are turning the Grey water into black water, which is not suitable for recycle, as the acids are cheaply available and no one really knows the amount of damage that the acids are causing to individual, to the property, to the environment, all are simply using in the name of fast cleaning, it is a fact that when cleaned with acid the bath room tiles, the toilets appear to be shiny, but the tiles surface and toilets surface is getting eroded and gradual rise in the cavities and pores on the surface, over a period of time with regular use of acids lead to total damage of the surface of the tiles and toilets, which will quickly catch the dirt & sediments in the water.
Also as proposed to recycle the used water from bath rooms which is otherwise considered as recyclable water, ready to use without any treatment to flush the toilets and also to use in the gardens, but if acids are used, the bathroom used water (grey water) not only unusable for garden plants due to high acidic contents/PH, but also regular use of such acid content Grey water in the flush tanks will damage the flush tanks and the piping system of Grey water circulation, also the ceramic toilet basins, ; as such government must ban the use of acids in the residential and commercial purposes, for this government must regulate manufacture and sale of acids in the retail shops.
Government must make it mandatory that all Acid manufactures must get register with government and all acid bottles/containers must be bar coded, every acid sale should be recorded, all the end users/ buyers of acid must register with government and acid sale only to the registered users.
These measures are necessary as there is no clear accountability of use of ACIDS in the residential and commercial purposes and industrial purposes, as such government must ensure accountability of acids sale, with ban on sale of acids by the retailers, for any residential and commercial purposes, acids can use used only in the industrial and manufacturing units if the process of manufacturing demands and certainly not for cleaning, also government must make it mandatory that acids should be sold to the factories and industries with online requisition for quantities of acids and all acids sale only for the government registered and approved factories and industries, all those factories and industries that require acids must apply for the government with the need for acid and where they use the acids and what are measures in place to treat the used acids and safe disposal of the acids, without the government registration approval number for acid use, sale of acid and use of acid should be a non bail able criminal offence. This measure saves lot of water from getting contaminated, lot of soils from getting contaminated, and every possibility of recovery of best Grey water for direct recycle of grey water. Also it saves health of people who otherwise using acids and risking their life’s with possible severe health disorders due to exposure/ inhaling the acid fumes.
60) MANDATORY REGULATION OF SALE AND USE OF DISTILLED WATER USED IN THE BATTERIES FOR RESIDENTIAL INVERTER BATTERIES & IN VEHICLES
Also government must regulate the sale and use of distilled water used in the batteries in the home & office inverters and also in the batteries of all vehicles; it s a fact there is no system in place for monitoring the sale and use of the so called DISTILLED water, which is otherwise also a potential hazardous if come in contact with human body, animals or even for plants and also there is no mechanism to ensure safe disposal of used distilled water /bottles as of now, otherwise which can cause serious health hazards, contamination of soil, water bodies. It is fact that many of the individual users are unaware of the health hazards of non safe disposal of distilled water containers.
As it is a fact due to rapid urbanisation, due to power cuts not only in the rural areas but in urban areas most of the office establishments, especially the software companies, also most of the commercial establishments uses the inverters to ensure no darkness in the commercial premises during the business hours when people are inside the store, to have un interrupted power supply; most of the urban upper echelons and upper middle class are using the power inverters to store the power in the large batteries and use the power during the power cut / failure to ensure uninterrupted power supply, and it is a fact that there is a hug requirement of distilled water , as periodic change/ addition of so called DISTILLED water is required and for a 1.5 kva battery the required distilled water is about 15 litres, and the requirement of periodic change/ addition of distilled water depends up on the frequency of use of battery power, which depends up on the frequency of power cuts, there are millions of home inverters are in existence and the market is growing year after year; Also every vehicle requires the battery for ignition and lighting as minimum requirement and almost 12 core vehicle population in India requires millions of litres of so called distilled water. It is necessary to use the distilled water periodically to ensure the battery functions effectively and the quality power delivered with long life of battery, but the issue is there is lack of periodic maintainance/ replacement of distilled water in the batteries and there is no safe disposal of used distilled water/ bottles.
As such government must ban the sale of the distilled water to individuals, government must make it mandatory that distilled water is sold only to the service providers which provide inverter battery/ distilled water service; it should be mandatory that all service provides must get registered with government, all the end users of the inverters must get registered with the government with details of the capacity of the inverter, the batteries etc and only registered users can apply online for service/ periodic maintainance from the registered service providers; the service providers must be accountable for safe disposal of distilled water.
To ensure this works effectively, government must make it mandatory that the data of users of the UPS whether residential or commercial users with installed capacity must be recorded village wise, ward wise by obtaining the data from the UPS retailers and the battery retailers data, those who are not registered with the government must be sent communication to get register, or pay fine in case of non register; government must make it mandatory that all the users must get periodic maintainance of battery through trained authorised battery service stations; so that the government registered\battery service stations (whether OEM or authorised local agencies by the OEM) should replace/ fill the distilled water and update the government online real time, with next approximate date of inspection; also people who uses the UPS must be educated to identify the requirement for change/ fill of the distilled water by gauging the quality of power the UPS delivering over a period of time after periodic maintainance, if the distilled water is low in the battery, the lights may emit low LUX levels, the fans may move slowly than the normal speed, in such cases the users may safely switch off the inverter main power connection, and then may remove safely one of the lid of the battery and check for the quantity of the distilled water with naked eye, or simply inform the UPS service provider, for further servicing.
It is a fact that if the bottles are not crushed and ensure safe disposal, they may be used for filing water and consuming as the bottles appear clean, which will severely affect the health of people who consumed water in the distilled water bottles; there is every danger that children may do this without any knowledge, even they may consume it presuming it a filled fresh water. As such government must ensure every bottle of distilled water is safely disposed by making it mandatory to return to the retailer/ distributor after use, to make this happen, government must ensure every bottle distilled water sale by returnable depositing 5 times the value of the bottled quantity of distilled water for the service providers, and return the deposits after returning the empty distilled bottle. Also the service provides who purchase the distilled water from the retailers should provide the accountability to the government the purchase quantities details, the end user details, if at all the batteries need to drain the used distilled water the quantities drained and stored, they should drained used distilled water under CC camera and quantify it, store it and return it to the retailer or government authorised safe disposal collection centers for safe disposal. These measure not only saves water, soil from getting contaminated due to un safe disposal as millions of containers of the distilled water are disposed of just like that, it also contains the health hazards for individuals.
61) GOVERNMENT BAN THE DISPOSAL OF PAINTS, WALL COATING MATERIAL USED TO WHITEWASH, PAINT COATING BUILDINGS
Also it is fact that the paints and other wall coating material used for white wash the buildings and fixtures and also for the vehicles are causing environmental pollution especially to water bodies, soils, as there is no systems in place to regulate the disposal of the used paints ad used wall coating material, and the used paint containers, which require safe disposal.
In order to ensure the buildings and paints are used judiciously and dispose of the waste material/ empty containers safely, government must make it mandatory that all the sale of paints and white wash material should be made through pre registration with government, the purpose of use, also government must ban sale of paints above 200 ml to any individual, also the organisations and individuals who use the paints must be trained to safe disposal, and the paint waste/ used containers must be returned to the retailer for safe disposal, else government must make it mandatory that hence forth painting/wall coating should be done with agencies only, which should be registered with government and all the workers must be trained, the institutions must obtain the permission in automatic mode by informing the quantities required after inspecting the area to be painted/ wall coating and government approve the same, after work they should return the empty used containers to retailer, they will ensure no amount of paint mixes with Grey water in the bathroom sinks, bathrooms or kitchen sinks or wash basins, and they are trained for dry washing with all equipment, safety to use the paint without getting touching to their hand or spilling on the floors, or contaminate the Grey water. Also the dust collected from the scrubbing the old paint coat should be collected and disposed safely.
This measure of institutional use of painting the buildings will not only reduce the water contamination, but also generates lot of employment, in addition reduces the cost of painting the homes, as the painters cannot over charge, over use the paint, as the government fixes the standard quantities for the standard areas in general, and mandatory periodic paintings of the buildings by and large ensure the standard quantities are sufficient and also this ensures quality of work delivered in less time as all the institutional workers are trained to use optimal quantities and using the machines to quickly depaint/remove old/existing paint and repaint in quick time, and there will not be any inconvenience to the residents. Also it should be mandatory that all the apartments, gated communities, all the RWA, all the commercial buildings must get painting done once in three to four years depending up on the local wreathing, and use, all independent houses also must do paining at least once in three to five years.
62) GOVERNMENT MUST MANDATORY THAT VEHICLE LUBRICANTS, SALE AND SERVICE SHOULD BE IN VEHICLE SERVICE STATIONS ONLY, AND ACCOUNTABILITY AND SAFE DISPOSAL OF USED LUBRICANTS FROM VEHICLES TO PREVENT WATER & SOIL CONTAMINATION
It is a fact that there is no system in place to regulate the used lubricants in the vehicles, which is one of the biggest contaminants of water bodies and soil, in addition one of the hazards that are taking life’s of sewerage workers working in the sewerages; as it is a fact that almost all the vehicle service stations, and almost all people (more than 120 million vehicles in INDIA) are discharging every year billions of litres of used lubricant, and the lubricates are just discarded/ thrown in the drainages or in the soil by and large, when the rain comes the lubricates are mixing with the rain water and flowing along with the rain water and reaching the water bodies, in addition some amount of the hazardous used lubricants are entering the ground water table over a period time.
The best way to contain this contamination is to ban the sale of lubricants to the individual users, all lubricants must be sold only to service stations, and also making mandatory that all vehicles must undergo periodic service in the vehicle service stations only, all service stations must get registered with government, all service stations must account the collection of used lubricants from the vehicle while performing the service and inform the government online real-time of each vehicle and like bio medical waste collection, there should be daily collection vehicle to collect the used lubricants by the government agency and government ensure treatment and safe disposal of the used lubricants
Without this regulation even when earth dams are created to harvest the rain, majority of them get contaminated with used lubricants turning the rain water which is otherwise considered as pure water / soft water to Dark water, and it is not usable for even vehicle washing without treatment, which is otherwise again a costly affair.
Also without regulation of used lubricants safe disposal, the health of the people who consume the ground water is going to effect, and there is every possibility of rise of cancers and many other disorders due to hazardous substances in the used lubricants, as such government on war footing bases must regulated the sale, use of vehicle lubricants and safe disposal.
63) MANDATORY PERIODIC MAINTENANCE OF TRANSFORMERS TO CONTAIN LEAKS OF TRANSFORMER OILS, ENSURE SAFE DISPOSAL
Also government must ensure accountability of all the DISCOMS and TRANSCO’S that transmit and distribute the electric power, which uses the transformers to step up and step down the power supply to prevent the leakages of transformer oil from the Transformers, as it is a fact that the failure rate of transformers in India are high at 10 to 15 % of the total installed transformers across the country; it is a fact that majority of the failures are due to leakages of transformer oil, or lack of transformer oil; and majority of the failures are in the rural areas where the cultivation is more; and there are millions of transformers across the country using billions of litres of Transformer oil, and the performance of the transformer depends up on the transformer oil which otherwise acts as coolant to regulate the heat generated in the transformer, transformer oil health determines the health of the transformer, which determines the performance / quality of current supply; Also it is a fact that there is no accountability of the quality of the transformer oils, also no accountability of used transformer oils and the safe disposal of the used transformer oils; as such government must make it mandatory that all the discoms must mandatorily make public the details of periodic maintainance of transformer, change date of transformer oil and the quantities of used transformer oil collected/ recovered from each transformer and cumulative collection of used transformer oil every day in their respective territory, and it should be mandatory that the used transformer oils must be collected/ recovered/ drained in CC Camera / video recording monitoring.
Also government must make it mandatory that used transformer oil collected from every single transformer must go to the laboratory for testing the properties of the used transformer oil for ascertaining the life of the transformer by analysing various parameters, including the dissolved metal content in the used transformer. This measure improves the health of transformers thus quality current, especially in the rural areas, where the transformers periodic maintained is hardly done as a result the failure of transformers in rural areas is more with failure rate of 10 to 15%, then one can imagine the economic loss occurring on account of failure of the transformers is not only for the DISCOMS and But several folds to the GDP as farmers, MSME get affects, if one MSME effected the large industries who entrust job works of components in the continuous process industries get effected due to non supply of components from the MSME and the loss are cascade effect just for a failure of small percentage of transformers; Government must make it mandatory that all the transformers health is maintained throughout in the larger interest, especially in the rural areas as most of the cultivation that is dependent on the ground water uses motors to lift the water, in case the current is not quality, it effects the motor and flow of water, also in case failure of the transformer and not replaced for 10 days then the precious time of requirement of water during the cultivation will lead to great loss to the farmers in the territory. To avoid all such situations, the periodic maintained data and analysis of the used transformer oil will help, also use of remote “thermal imagining” of the transformers as far as more than one kilometre distance using infrared rays to capture the the heat generation images of the transformer and analysis of the data for determining the health of the transformer and also determining the approximate period of change of transformer oil otherwise approximate date of failure can be ascertained. This measure will certainly further reduce the contamination of water bodies, soil and also rain water harvesting earth dams from the used lube oil saves water from not tuning into Dark water, in addition to help in improving the economy.
64) MEASURES FOR SAFE DISPOSAL OF USED SANITARY NAPKINS/ PERIOD CLOTHS; CREATION OF EXCLUSIVE SANITARY NAPKIN WASTE BOXES IN ALL APARTMENT COMPLEXES, OFFICE ESTABLISHMENTS AND COMMERCIAL COMPLEXES, ALL RAILWAY STATIONS, ALL BUS STATIONS TO BE USED BY WOMEN TO DISCARD USED SANITARY NAPKINS FOR SAFE DISPOSAL; CREATION OF COLLECTION OF USED SANITARY NAPKIN PADS BY WOMEN WORKS FROM DOOR TO DOOR IN CITIES, VILLAGES.
Also it is a fact that the indiscriminate disposal of the used sanitary napkins are becoming a great health hazard, and one of the major cause of contamination of soil, water bodies especially in the rainy season where the discarded used sanitary napkins get wetted from the soils, public dust bins; even though it is a NATION SHAME that over 95% of the Adult Women in Menstrual Cycles do not use the sanitary Napkins for the reason of non affordability, non accessibility, lack of knowledge to use the Sanitary napkins, using unhygienic methods of used/ rough toured old cloths bundled, which is the major cause of health disorders in the women due to long wetness in that private area; this is leading to infections, and several other health disorders, and it is a fact that there are limited gaynic doctors in India, in addition majority of the even most educated women has hesitation even to revel to their own husbands about the infections in that Private parts, forget about going to the doctor, so most of the reason for several health disorders in the women is due to lack of the access/ use of sanitary napkins, and most of the women indiscriminately dispose the clothes used as a sanitary napkin in the open soils, garbage, causing health hazards for millions of people indirectly. Also it is a fact that the sanitary napkins which are mostly made up of low density polyethylene and wood pulp are if not disposed safely it takes over 800 years to natural bio degradation.
As it is a fact that at present of the total population in India near about 50% of the population is women around 65 crores, of which around 60 % women in menstrual cycle (remaining 40% children & older women who are out of menstrual cycle), which means around 36 cores women in India are in monthly menstrual cycle, which means 36 core women are discarding their used Periods cloths/ Napkins; of which since as per estimates that over 95% of women in India do not have access / affordability of Sanitary napkins, which means near about 34 core women use unhygienic, health risk practice of using the tore unused cloths, and 2 core women use the Sanitary Napkins, even for the 2 core women the Sanitary Napkins suffering due to the fact of lack of change rooms /separate women friendly bath rooms in office establishments and public places, leaving along the sufferings of the women who uses cloths to contain the period fluids, bearing all kinds of infections, rashes, allergies due to prolonged exposure of wetness, also due to the fact that even when, some women wash and reuse the period cloths due to shortage of even waste old cloths, will do discretely and dry them in some shade rather than sun dry (when sun dry can kill the bacteria due to ultraviolet rays of sun) due to fear of exposure even within the family, how strange, pity????? in addition most of the working women are expiring terrible psychological fear of getting embarrassed in public due to exposed of their period blood stain on their outer clothes in case of large quantities of leak, which itself is making them to get into depression for many working women who are mostly the labour and hard jobs, daily bread earners, MNREGA workers, small employees, house maids etc???, it is ultra high time government must ensure every adult girl/ women should get the access to hygienic sanitary napkins.
Also It is a fact that every day due to lack of safe disposal methods of the period clothes/ sanitary napkins millions of used cloths with blood stains are entering into the soil directly, only certain percentage is going to sewerage lines; Also the sanitary napkins/period clothes thrown usually in the garbage by the urban women are causing severe health risks for the garbage collectors who otherwise till date has not equipped with safety gloves, carry with bare hand, segregate with bare hand the wastes gathered to take the waste to dumping yard for earth filling, in this process due to unsafe disposal, the blood stains with some wet contacting on the bare had of these garbage collectors (almost all the garbage collectors are finally poor DALITS), are subjected to various health risks including HIV, and other diseases that are carried through blood; also it is a fact that most of the garbage thrown in the garbage bins in the colonies, the sanitary napkins are toured by the stray dogs due to blood smell, further leading to health risks.
So government must ensure all the adult women in the Country must have access to the hygienic sanitary napkins, by establishing low cost sanitary napkins manufacture by the SHG in every Mandal, Block & in majority of the large populated villages and ensure government provide subsidy for the finished product (low cost napkins cost Rs 20 per set of 8 Napkins) for the adult women belonging to the BPL families irrespective of caste, religion, which will benefit more the dalit and adivasi women; THIS IS REAL BETI BACHO??? In addition Government must ensure safe disposal of the used sanitary napkins; but since most of the women feel to have privacy that the outer world should not know about their PERIODS cycle, due to the existing RELIGIOUS & SOCIETY TABOOS considering the women in menstrual cycles as bad omen, government ensure that the safe disposal of sanitary napkins should not affect the privacy and dignity of the adult girls, but the used sanitary napkins must be disposed of safely
For this government must create a collection bins for used sanitary napkins, baby dippers adult diapers in all the places, lanes in every street in case of independent houses, in villages/ wards, in case of apartment at the basement of the apartment, similarly in the gated community at particular locations, also in all the RWA at multiple location not more than 500 meters from any residence; also in all the office complexes, all commercial establishments, all trains, and also all the railway stations, bus stations, air ports, all tourist places, in all women toilets; this collection bins should be installed with geo tagging and informing the women through mobile alter if they click to find out the nearest sanitary napkin disposal bin; it should be mandatory on the part of the adult women who uses the sanitary napkin (till all women use the sanitary napkins, all women who are using the waste clothes at present also must discard the used waste cloths during the periods to discard in the designated bins of sanitary napkins/ periods cloths collection bin) must mandatorily dispose the used sanitary napkins in the bins; Also the bins should be designed in such a manner that they are closed tightly, cannot be accessed to dogs to jump and tore the used napkins, also do not get spilled on the floor/ ground.
Government must create a separate department exclusively operated by women with women workers to collect the used sanitary napkins & baby diapers adult diapers from the bins in an semi mechanical methods by lifting the bins and pouring the collected napkins in the main transport vehicle just like the bio medical waste disposal and ensure all the bins are cleared every day from all locations, and the vehicles picking up the used sanitary napkins must have GPS and tracked for picking from every location every day, this measure ensures that by and large the used sanitary napkins/ period cloths are safely disposed without contamination of the water bodies, and soil, also for the better health of the females across the country; As it is a fact that most of the women especially the working women, women in journey are carrying the used napkins in their hand bags till some point to dispose it safely or they simply throw in the dust bins, also some women through on the journey on the soils, some even try to flush them in the toilets causing the clogging of the toilets; most of the working women throw them in the nearby sewerages while returning from work; all these can be avoided to have hygienic water and hygienic soil.
Also all adult women should be advised to use the toilets only and not use the bath rooms during periods to ensure grey water not contaminated with period body discharges, as the gray water getting recycled into the toilet flush tanks, the bacteria may get generated due to the fluids of the period even though diluted in the water of the gray water; this is not misogynist, but a must in the larger interest.
65) GOVERNMENT BAN ON RAT POISON MANUFACTURE & SALE
Also government must ban manufacture, sale, use of so called RAT Poison, in INDIA, it is really a big health hazard that Rats are common rodents in India, which are found everywhere whether in villages or cities, (some time back even in airlines RATS are found), are getting killed at residential, commercial and agriculture fields and are disposed in the open soils r in the sewage lines, which is causing huge health disorders due to the bacteria / pathogens developed in the dead rats, the such dead rats are in millions and billions of numbers in India in the residential habitations, market yards, and in the grocery shops, causing huge foul smell that itself is causing health hazardous in the nearby vicinity causing sever breathing and neurological problems to healthy people leaving the infants, aged and sick people; the dead rats are biggest cause of water pollution, health hazards for the sewerage works.
Also it is fact that it being poisonous, but unfortunately even though there is mention of keep away from children, several hundreds of children are succumbed due to consumption of so called RAT POISON (Zinc Phosphide) after consuming it by mistake un intentionally, considering it as eatable/ chocklet, such incidences are coming across every at some or other part of the country as the deaths will not occur suddenly, but over a period of time of two to four weeks or even more due to slow failure of various organs due to the effect of poison getting into metabolism of human beings.
Also using of rat poison in the agriculture fields extensively, tonnes of rat poison (sodium posphide) is going in to the earth and on the same earth the cultivation is happing, as such the so called sodium phosphie is going to the human begins indirectly through the food grown in that rat poison contaminated soil; in addition most of the farmers, agriculture workers consume the bore water generated in the agriculture fields which will certainly contain the sodium phosphide as a result most of the people in the villages are getting effected to some extent due to RAT poison; as such government ensure that not only ban on rat poison, but also by and large are caught and left in the forests or drove away by ultrasonic sounds so that the soils and water are safe for cultivation and consumption.
Also this dead rats are a serious health hazards for the sewerage workers and ; So government must ban rat poison in India, but the rats should be prevented from being at home/drove away from homes, commercial establishments and agriculture fields to save the food grains, crops from damage also from many health issues like pelage etc; as such Government must make it mandatory that every village/ ward should be installed with alternative ultrasonic instruments to drove away the rats; also encourage only catching rat through rat cages that only catches rates not kill the rat, and dispose of the rat safely into the far way forests; alternatively there is a special community called rat catchers community in most of the villages, they should be further educated, trained in catching live and disposing the rats, like dog catching , government must employ rat catching employees in every village/ ward and all the rats cached through cages alive should be collected for making them to leave then in the far way forests alive; also in case they found dead rats, they should pick up and ensure safe disposal. This measure reduces the contamination of soils, water bodies, and hygienic surroundings
66) CREATION OF FENCING OVER WATER BODIES, CANNELS, AT HABITATIONS & IN TOURIST LOCATIONS; VISITORS RESTRICTED TO ONLY CERTAIN SAFE WATER BODIES, CRIMINAL OFFENCE TO CROSS THE FENCING OR GOING FOR NON DESIGNATED WATER BODIES, OR THROWING ANY SUBSTANCES INTO WATER BODIES
INSTALLATION OF CC CAMERAS 24/7 MONITORING OF TOURIST WATER BODIES; BAN ON PEOPLE ENTERING SEA/ RIVER BANKS BEYOND THE DESIGNATED HIGH TIDE LIMIT, BREACHING BAN, ENTERING RESTRICTED ZONE SHOULD BE CRIMINAL OFFENCE CHARGE WITH SUICIDE. LEVY OF FINE FOR OPEN DEFECATION
Also it is necessary that government create a protective fencing/ markings along the length of the water bodies & cannels in the tourist spots and where ever habitations are in Existence. This measure is is necessary not only to protect the water bodies from encroachments, but also to protect people from getting drown into water, with risk of loss of valuable life of human beings and animals; Also government must create a special monitoring cell of the water bodies near habitations and also in the tourist spots, with multiple High resolution CC cameras to ensure, no contaminates poured into the water bodies, also to save people & animals if fall into water bodies by accident or intentionally; also government must levy heavy fine for pouring, throwing, discarding any material into the water bodies by any individuals on any occasion / any day, any time, Also government must ban carrying, sale & use of plastic wafers, carry bags, water bottles on the river banks, sea coasts near the habitations or tourist places, ban on any food/ non-food items that are packed in polyethylene packs near the water bodies. Also heavy fine, and repeated acts to lead to imprisonment for OPEN DEFECATION in the water bodies, near to water bodies, all people must defecate in the Toilets Constructed by themselves or in the Public toilets constructed by governments, to ensure water bodies are not contaminated.
Also government fix the maximum limits of high tide on the river banks and also on the sea cost banks, and these limits are clearly marked every 10 meters along the length, and also electronic automated warning through mobile SMS and mobile call to the people who crossed the high tide limit during the low tide and enters the water body soils/ rocks through GPS tracking of all mobiles that comes near the water bodies, simple fine in case any persons crossing the first warning limit of the full tide limit, there should be mechanism to deduct from mobile recharge or add fine in the mobile of the people cross the limit of the entry into water bodies, the best way to prevent youngsters from crossing the limits and risking their precious life, to save the family from misery, to avoid accidental deaths, to prevent suicidal deaths through early detection and immediate rescue measures from the rescue team near the river/ sea cost banks; it should be a criminal offence charged with attempt to suicide by the people who crossed the limits and enter the water bodies, intentionally despite warning; only on safe low tide time people at safe designated locations on beaches / banks can go into water, and all such places for every 10 meters one trained rescue swimmer with rescue apparatus should be placed, all those safe zones where people enter the water should be charged per person per entry per hour in an electronic ticket manner, to ensure employment generated for swimmer paid through the amount collected from the visitors, also this measure ensures water bodies are not contamination due to throwing all kinds of substances, also saves lives of many people who to end lives, also saves people who fall accidentally into water bodies, also saves water body contamination from unknown dead corpus of animals, humans.
67) SEWERAGE CLEANING; GEO MAPPING OF MANHOLES; MANDATORY REGISTRATION OF ALL SEWERAGE WORKERS; GOVERNMENT PROVIDING SAFETY EQUIPMENT, HEALTH INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE; MANDATORY PERIODIC MAINTAINANCE OF SEWERAGE SYSTEMS
It is really very unfortunate and inhuman for allowing the blunder of manual cleaning the sewers that too without any protective body cover suits and no kind of other safety gears for sewer cleaning workers, it is a fact that till date the entire, means entire, sewerage cleaning workers (around twelve lakh workers) are daily sinking into sewers with their bare naked bodies without any protection in the stinky, filth, foul smells and fluids, which are high risk of severe life risk health discords, and clean the sewers for helping all section of people in the country live healthy, when the more pathetic part is every day 3 to 5 persons dying inside the sewerage manholes, sewerage pipelines, and almost all the sewerage workers are suffering with some or other severe health disorders, and the average life of male of the sewerage workers household is 45 years, far below the national average of any country, even the primitive and nomadic tribes living in remote parts of the world who are not having any contact with the outer world, not having any facility of medicine are having more life span these sewerage workers; but SHOCKINGLY none of the Governments in the last 69 years till date bothered to ensure SAFETY SUIT, OXYGEN MASK AND PROPER HEALTH CARE, LIFE INSURANCE for the sewerage workers; It is nothing short of a NATIONAL SHAME to let the sewerage workers losing life in a very pathetic conditions, for ignore the deaths millions of sewerage workers from the independence to till date by all Governments.
Many educated people with empathy are amused, shocked that the sewerage workers life is cheaper than animals?? It is because that all the Sewerage workers are DALITS??? Even NATIONAL MEDIA who promote themselves as saviours of the NATION, promoting the SWATCH BAHRAT in their own way inviting/involving the so called celebrities did not bothered about the daily deaths of sewerage workers??; Also the political parties, NGO’s who sit on the dharnas for the death of any individuals died in any unfortunate incident demanding compensation, but Strange the plight of SEWERAGE WORKERS did not seen the light of day, is it because all Sewerage workers are DALITS?? It is ultra high time that government must take corrective steps to save lives of these sewerage cleaning workers and also VALUE THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE SEWERAGE WORKERS, AND VALUE THE DIGNITY OF LABOUR.
The first step is to ensure government must do geo map the manholes and drainage poppies and drainage lines, and ensure they were maintained periodically, making it mandatory that it should be mandatory that every individual house, RWA, Apartment and gated community must install the mesh filters of different sheave sizes of the mesh holes in each outlet of the drainage pipe and ensure no kind of solid waste enters the individual drainage sumps of the Apartment, gated community/ RWA and also ensure that no solid wastes enter the main drainage line of the community drainage line with the braches; Also government cover all the open drainage systems with mesh guards (removable and use) to contain the fall of solid wastes into the drainage. Also government make the GEO mapping of the Manholes on the mobiles with automated update on the mobile of the by passers that such and such location a Man hole is existing, drive with caution, to contain accidents occurring due to open manholes/ uncovered/ damaged cover manholes.
Government must ensure at any point of time the sewerages should not be clogged, also no silt/ sediments deposit more than 10% of the volume of the total length of the sewer pipe lines in that street with every day cleaning of the seaware lines, also no deposit of sewage /silt on the road/ pavement at any point of time, also government must ensure hence forth all public sewage should be cleaned with machines as far as possible, government must abolish the use of humans to drive into this filthy stinky, poisonous drainage public mane holes un protected; government use only machines to lift the drainage fluids, garbage, sweep the roads, drainage, certainly not by the bare Hands, using the sewerage workers by providing training to them along with providing safety apparatus only if the machines are not able to clear, after full attempts from the machines.
For this government must make it mandatory to get registered all the sewage cleaning workers, government provide basic training in safety, also skills, also government must provide free of cost the safety gears and completely body cover aprons of standard international quality, also it should be mandatory to use the oxygen mask and head light (like mining workers in underground mine) in addition nose masks, aprons, hand gloves and a fresh water, anti septic soap, washing & bath immediately after cleaning, and drinking water; Government must train these workers to operate these in proto type creation of different types of hurdles practically; once they are fully trained they should be provided with certification/ licence to carry out the sewage treatment work; also it should be a non bail able criminal offence to hire men for swage cleaning without government licence.
Also government must provide insurance cover to all the registered sewage workers for Rs 1 core for death in case of on duty death in the sewage, all the sewage workers must be fitted underwater camera, also all the equipment must be checked before using under camera for any leakages/ mal functioning; also government must use the fire stations/ police stations, water works depart offices for deposit of the swage workers gears and apparatus and oxygen cylinders/ oxygen mask, every day they should deposit the same after usage, also the full body cover must have sophisticated high end GPS system in built in it to track the person who is wearing the suit, which will be useful in identifying the location of the person in case he washed / slipped accidentally in the long pipe in the running water, so that immediately the people in the other location can trace and bring him out in case of fatal accidents; also all the head masks must have equipped with water resistant walky-talky system so that the person who is drowning can communicate with the persons on the ground for any help if required.
Also it should be mandatory for the RWA, gated communities, apartments must registered with the government for sewage treatment, with the government along with their municipal tax numbers, and also it should be mandatory that they should get their sewages cleaned once in a month, and the details of cleaning should be video graphed and kept as record. Also it should be mandatory that all sewerage cleaning must be ordered through government ; There should be fixed price for the sewage cleaning, which should not be less than 10,000 Rs for each sewage cleaning of one sewage tank, and the payment must be made to the government through bank, in advance.
Since the machine cleaning reduces the requirement of number of sewerage workers, government must create a alternative jobs like mandatory cleaning of water storage tanks, in all house hold, for removal of silt from the water bodies using the achiness or use them as peons in the government offices, educational institutions or provide them self employment, being in system like SHG for men, the choice should be up to the sewerage workers to choice; also government must make it mandatory that for all the private organisations must employ those manhole cleaning men for the class four in their organisations, by creating reservation for these sections exclusively for the class four jobs in private organisations.
Also government must reserve 100 % jobs for any employment if part of job is related to cleaning to these sewerage workers who lost employment on account of using MACHINERY, whether it is physical cleaning (sweepers) or using machine (all crane operators, dredging machine operators etc). this is what the minimum we all can do for the families of sewerage works for their sacrifice in the last 7 decades to make all of us live in hygienic surroundings.
68) MANDATORY CENSUS OF ANIMALS NEAR THE LIVING HABITATIONS BOTH PET ANIMALS & STRAY; BAN ON WASHING ANIMALS N THE WATER BODIES; RFID TAGGING FOR EACH ANIMAL; MANDATORY CEMETERY FOR ANIMALS, 24/7 EXCLUSIVE TEAMS FOR DISPOSAL OF THE DEAD ANIMALS TO REDUCE WATER CONTAMINATION AND ENSURING LAST RESPECTS ARE PAID FOR ANIMALS ESPECIALLY HOLY COW
Also government must make animal census every village wise, ward wise, street wise; government must provide unique number for each animal that was raising by the individuals or the stray animal; government create a separate cemetery for the animals, and there should a separate animal disposal vehicles working 24/7 in every Mandal/ block, and also government create a toll free number for informing the government, and whether the raised PET animal or stray animal died on the village/ ward/ roads or high way, must be immediately removed safely dispose of safely; it should be a criminal offence not to inform government by the people who rise or in case of stray animals people who are living in that territory or by the by passers about the death of animal.
It is a fact that till date across the length and breadth of INDIA, whether in villages or in the cities, almost all those people with real humanity to remove the dead and rotten animal remains are DALITS, by doing so not only they are paying at least some kind of last respects to these animals, in addition also preventing the spread of diseases, also allowing others in the nearby territory to breath fresh air; but very shockingly and pathetic is that they do not have any basic protection, even hand gloves or nose masks, nor any disinfects spread on the remains or any disinfects to wash the hands after removal, as most of them are in unorganised employees.
As such government must make it fully organised employment with full safety and hygienic way of removing with semi mechanical equipment and safe disposal of animal remains by these DALIT community members with highest paid regular salary for them compared to any other class 4 employee in the country, for the reason that even if a RAT is dead at home, people will feel uncomfortable to touch the rat with hand gloves or a polyethylene cover, and in case they have to pass by the road where a dead animal lying they cover the nose, and they get vomiting sensation, dizziness for the smell also they cannot psychologically dare to see the shattered/ rotten remains of animals, but the DALITS bearing all these odds are performing this act to ensure the hygienic atmosphere prevails in the nearby territory for the health and happiness of the people living in the territory, so government making their services utilised in an organised manner with regular employment and highest salary is at least that we are repaying some debt that all of us owe to these DALITS.
Also government must ban washing of animals in the water bodies (whether fresh water bodies or not) especially the earth dams of rainwater harvesting; government must construct exclusive facilities for washing animals in every village/ ward based on the animal census, (for every 500 animals one centre); it should be mandatory that all the residents in urban areas as well as rural areas must get register their animal through mobile App along with certification from the local government veterinary once in a week visit to their village/ ward for providing the RFID tagging (internal for small animals. External for large animals); it is a fact most of the water bodies and even soils are contaminated with the dead animals as till date there is no system in place to ensure they get their last rights paid by the humans, especially those who raised them; especially for HOLY COWS & DOGS which deserve respectful last rights as per Hindu religious system being considered as GOMATA and KALABIRAVA; so that all animal spirits get salvation. This measure will not only reduce the contamination of water bodies, soils, (through soils the water bodies during the rainy season/ floods), but also ensure hygienic and healthy living of people.
Also government must sponsor for the last rights of the stray animals, especially the HOLY COWS and DOGS, from the tax payers money, also government must make it mandatory a fixed amount from the animal owners who raise the animals for performing the last rights of animals, this amount should be collected in the beginning of the rise of the animal from the animal owners, also government must create a separate trust for donations from people for caring the animals in the animal care centers created by the government or private trusts for caring the stray animals or ailing animals to ensure they get natural death, also to perform the last rituals, also government must provide tax concessions for donating for animal care/ last rituals, especially for the last rituals of Holy Cow, and in case of Hindus sponsor / donate they should get 100 % tax concession, in case of non Hindus contribute for the care/ last rituals of Holy Cow they should get 125% tax benefit to the amount of contribution; the maximum amount of contribution should be fixed at Rs 10000 per Annum. This measure will represent truly secular & communal harmony in India.
69) MANDATORY SAFE DISPOSAL OF REMAINS OF MEAT AFTER PROCESSING/ COOKING/ CONSUMPTION
Also government must regulate the processing units of meat, chicken etc of non vegetarian foods by the manufacturers of readymade foods or by the retailers or the restaurants using the non veg meat must follow the guidelines for processing, also ban on discharging such water in the water bodies/ soil without treatment, also all the bulk users of non vegetarian food must mandatory treat water before discharging the processing of the raw non vegetarian food; and it should be a criminal offence to throw it in water bodies/ open without treating with disinfects to contain the bacteria growth/ pathogens growth from the meat blooded water, which otherwise contaminated the fresh waters and Grey water through bacteria generation.
70) MANDATORY TO REGISTER WITH GOVERNMENT RETAILERS OF NON VEGETARIAN RAW FOOD
PERMIT TO SALE FRESH NON VEGETARIAN ONLY IN EXCLUSIVE NON VEGETARIAN MEAT SHOPS IN EXCLUSIVE NON VEGETARIAN MARKETS IN THAT TERRITORY WITH COMPLETE BAN ON SALE OF FROZEN NON VEGETARIAN
ALSO COMMERCIAL RESTAURANTS MUST USE EVERY TIME ONLY FRESH NON VEGETARIAN, CRIMINAL OFFENCE TO STORE IN REFRIGERATOR, USE FROZEN NON VEGETARIAN MEAT
BAN ON SALE OF NON VEGETARIAN IN SUPER MARKETS
Also it should be mandatory that for all the retailers who sell the non vegetarian Meat must get registered with government; government make arrangements for exclusive non vegetarian markets to sell all non vegetarian items from meat to sea foods, all meat must be fresh, ban on sale of frozen meat/ fish in INDIA, also it should be criminal offence to sell non vegetarian in the super markets or any other markets other than exclusive non vegetarian market, that too only by government registered individuals/ shops, with ethical sourcing of the meat.
It is really unfortunate to allow the sale of frozen non vegetarian meat in the so called super markets. selling along with all vegetarian items, including the religious rituals items, and the persons in billing counter touch with hand the packets of the meat and with the same hands they touch the next customers religious rituals items thus denigrating the HINDU religious sentiments, when it is a fact that most of the HINDUS who are on vegetarian food consumers, also do not consume/touch the non vegetarian meat or even egg on certain days in the name of the god, but strangely even the priestly class who are otherwise going to the super market to purchase the religious ritual items or for some groceries are getting the vegetarian food packs touched by the non vegetarian food touched hands, it is really unfortunate till date no one bothered???; if they say there are adjustments and can sanctify, then they should adjust in all other matters, including the priestly-ness positions in the temples. In addition it is a fact the so called super markets who are selling the frozen non vegetarian meat are directly / indirectly forcing their employees to touch the non vegetarian meat to do billing, to store in the retail store from the godown, from all employees on rotation bases, and some of the employees who came from traditional vegetarian families are humiliated to touch this non vegetarian every day, in order to retain their job for taking care of the family needs in this regard the acts of the so called super markets, hyper markets are nothing short of the erstwhile BRITISH RULERS in the 18th century forcing the Indian Syphoy’es to use the cartridges coated with cow wax; it is really a shameful act to allow this to happen in this democratic country, all people who has respect for religion must ensure government ban the sale of frozen non vegetarian in the country, in addition non vegetarian meat sold only in the exclusive non vegetarian market, all items that contain non vegetarian meat should be banned from selling in the super markets or any retail stores including mom & pop stores, and any food items that contain non vegetarian should be sold only in exclusive non vegetarian market. Also since the mobile based home delivery is on the raise, even when someone orders the non vegetarian, there should be exclusive delivery persons to deliver non vegetarian based raw foods or foods that contain non vegetarian meat.
Also it should be mandatory for the non vegetarian purchasers to book one week in advance the quantities of non vegetarian online, with the registered non vegetarian suppliers, so that only limited quantities will be sold that to whatever sold is fresh and certified by the government for not having any diseases for the meat and safe to consume after cooking; also it should be mandatory for the commercial users like restaurants, food courts must mandatorily register with government and inform the government about the required quantities online request and all commercial users must source their requirement only through certified meat; also government must ban on use of freeze non vegetarian meat by the restaurants in INDIA including the so called Five star restaurants; all commercial non vegetarian restaurants must be exclusive and should serve fresh non vegetarian every day, so they can order the quantities if required through exclusive non vegetarian meat suppliers in the city; also the citizens who consume non vegetarian can order the non vegetarian food through exclusive non vegetarian APP based food suppliers to get the fresh non vegetarian raw food from the exclusive markets. This measure ensures by and large healthy meat consumed by the non vegetarian, in addition safe disposal of the non vegetarian food remains at the seller’s side. Also it should be mandatory that the non vegetarian market should be sanitised every hour to ensure no kind of foul smell comes from the market to the nearby vicinities, and the surroundings are very hygienic.
71) MANDATORY FOR ALL INDIVIDUALS TO INFORM THE GOVERNMENT TO CUT THE ANIMALS FOR MEAT OR SELLING / DISPOSING AGED ANIMALS FOR SLAUGHTER HOUSES
GOVERNMENT CREATE SPACE IN EVERY WARD/ VILLAGE FOR CUTTING ANIMALS FOR MEAT BY THE INDIVIDUALS, COMMERCIAL SALE (INCLUDING PET CHICKEN/ HEN), TO ENSURE HOLY COWS ARE NOT SLAUGHTERED, GIVEN DUE RESPECTS.
CRIMINAL OFFENCE TO KILL/ CUT ANY ANIMAL AT HOME/ OTHER THAN DESIGNATED PLACE
GOVERNMENT AGENCY COLLECT THE REMAINS FROM THE EXCLUSIVE PLACE OF ANIMAL SLAUGHTER LIKE BIO HAZARDOUS WASTE COLLECTION FOR SAFE DISPOSAL TO PREVENT WATER, SOIL CONTAMINATION
Also government must make it mandatory that all the individuals who raise the animals or who cut the animals for meat must inform the government before they cut the animal for meat (Individual household or commercial registered non veg meat sellers), in order to ensure safe disposal of the remains government create a space for animal slaughter in every villages/ ward/ Mandal/block, adjacent to exclusive non vegetarian market; government must have exclusive non vegetarian waste collection vans will collect the remains of the animals and ensure safe disposal of the remains; government must create a mobile APP or SMS facility and all the people who raise the animals must inform the government with unique number of the animal that they are going to cut the animal or dispose of the animal for slaughter house; otherwise it should be a criminal offence to cut the animal in the habitations or sell the animal to the slaughter house; also government must make it mandatory that all the animals traded should be done with the permission from the government for trade; all the animals used for meat by the individuals or the commercial must get permission from government for slaughter for meat, and only those who get the permission number from the government to cut the animal for meat, that animal only allowed to enter the designated area and people can cut from the designated trained persons to ensure the animal is cut without much cruelty.
Government should provide permission to those animals which are not less than 50 % of average life span, those animals are not with pregnancy, those animals are having kids less than two years, those animas do not have any disease, those animals who crossed 75% of the average life expectancy and are at the edge of natural death, and all the animals are cage free grown, all animals are organically grown, and no kind of abnormal growth due to steroids. No animal is physically handicapped due to accidents, no animal is underweight below the average weight for that age, no animal is without periodic vaccinations, if an animal do not fall in the above category they should be permitted to cut for meat.
This measure ensures the meat sourced is healthy and no harm on health of the individuals, also following the universal spirit of no harm to children, pregnant women, nursing mothers, ailing people, applying the same to the animals, after all they too have family, also by ensuring no diseases, non caged ensures less antibiotics given to the animals so that no side effects on the human consumption, and also no steroids growth ensures safe for consumption, and the animals are grown naturally, not physically handicapped due to accidents, and the animal is given right food, finally the animal received periodic vaccinations, and ensuring no diseases ensure that the consumption meat not harmful.
This measure of ban on frozen meat sale, mandatory to use non caged birds/ animals meat, also no storage of raw meat in the restaurants; exclusive non vegetarian markets in the village/ war at faraway place from habitations and exclusive slaughter places with mandatory only trained people to slaughter, also all the remains to be collected like bio medical waste will create employment opportunity for millions of youth (especially to non Hindu Religious minority people).
This measure not only ensures that no animal is slaughtered illegally, but also it prevents the contamination of meat sold in the non vegetarian market, in addition most important it contains the use of the animal remains to make cooking oils, which is a big hazardous issue, which is fully prevalent across the length and breadth of the country illegally, illegitimately and most of the manufacturers are within the city limits and the oil extracted from the animal remain fats are used by the most of the small restaurants and most of the Dhabas in the city outskirts and on high ways as the cost of these oils are dead cheap, so they mix this oil with normal oil and add some essence to avoid the foul smell, which is causing severe health hazards in the people who consume such food over a period of time, as such those people who are consuming are not able to detect the reason why they are falling sick; so by regulating the animal to get cut/ slaughtered in a specific area, that too the area is fully in CC camera monitoring, that to to cut any animal government permission will certainly ensure all the animal remains are fully retained by the government (other than meat) only meat can be taken back by the people whether individual or the commercial people, but the remaining martial outer skin. Intestines, bones etc should be mandatorily left in the place of slaughter and government account each waste and dispose it safely. Also this measure of animal census ensure the quantities of milk sourced & supplied by milk dairies is must be ethical not adulterated. Also This measure further ensure no animals are traded for raising or meat without government permission, also no animal can be theft and raise them or theft for meat or theft / keep it as a loan recovery to get the debts of the small farmers cleared.
Also this FULLY ENSURES no slaughter of HOLY COWS takes place anywhere in INDIA, and in case of the persons who raised wish to dispose of the COW due to ageing, the COW adoption centers adopt to ensure proper care taken with the help of volunteer groups and pay last respects after natural death of the HOLY COW as Majority of the HINDUS consider COW as HOLY and as MOTHER GODDESS GOMATA.
72) RELIGION AND WATER
Also it is high time that government must regulate/ stream line the utilisation of water resources for the Religious purposes; It is a fact that in the name of religion & hope, in the name & faith of special rituals millions of people dipping in the same place and in addition dropping various kind of materials in the name of ritual into the water bodies, as such water bodies are getting contaminated, even fully becoming hazardous, as these bacteria grown in billions of numbers in the first few feet of length and breadth of river GHATS, also due to addition of disinfectants like bleaching powers mixing in water are causing serious health hazards for a prolonged period, so instead of goodness / blessings of almighty, people are getting sickness/ skin diseases, abdominal disorders and various other heart & neurological disorders in future course; here one should understand that there is no kind of wrong in the religious rituals, in fact whatever rituals mentioned in the religious texts are well thought and are for the benefit of the health of the individuals as it is a fact that if health is taken care, peace and prosperity will follow; but most of the religious rituals are valid in that olden days, few centauries age, as the population is limited, the river water is perennial and no encroachments, no effluents of any kind discharged into the rivers, in addition those time people are very immune to all kinds of odds as they use to eat natural foods, fresh from farm grown organically without any chemicals in them, breathing fresh natural air, but the present era and the conditions are very strange, water is fully contaminated, the perennial flow of water is restricted due to so called developments of dams, habitations, air filly polluted due to factories, vehicles, entire body system is fully weak, and the food eating are fully chemical fertilisers grown with traces of pesticides, and over and above for majority of the present generation the quantities of food is not adequate/nutritious, no adequate physical exercises, over and above subjected to lot of stress sue to various reasons, as such most of the people are suffering with one or other health disorder, in such circumstances without preventive measures and without rationing people to fit appropriately with the quantity and quality of water, there is every danger more people are going to die prematurely in future by performing the religious rituals, which has adverse affect not only on the families, but entire nation, as the productivity is going to effect.
It is fact that in the name of the religion people who claim to be so called religious leaders (most of them) are not subjected to these health hazards of religious rituals of dipping in water, as they being belong to upper caste/upper echelons, so called publicity people with political nexus perform the dipping rituals specially meant for them in the very beginning of the rituals, along with political/ elected representatives of the ruling government of that territory, they are the first among the Lakhs/ cores of people, so they are not subjected to any kind of health risks, but the fact of the matter is the downtrodden people who are already suffering financially, health wise, and lacks peace are being wooed, brain washed directly, indirectly that by doing this rituals all your worries are vanished over night like a magic wand are dipping with such assumption are getting themselves troubled further with further health deterioration due to contaminated waters as millions of people are dipping in the short space of water.
As such government must stream line the religious GHATS dipping, by construct long religious GHATS all along all major pilgrim places and rivers, in general to accommodate maximum people possible (depending up on the lengths of the river banks and the ‘respect for religion’ by the regional government in allocating funds to build long lengths of GHATS) also allocate the GHATS and GHATS space with numbering, and allowing fixed number of people at each GHAT at all times so that there won’t be excess rush, contamination at a single location, also for allowing free flow of water, also government must make sure all long the flow of water through Ghats from the origin should be periodically maintained, remove the silt/ sediments form it, ensure no industrial pollutant emissions are discharged in the rivers (it should a criminal offence for discharge of effluents in any upstream river of the RELIGIOUS GHATS from where the water reaches the GHATS ) , especially the near to the flow of water in the river GHATS used for religious purposes; fresh water should flow perennially.
Also government make it mandatory that all the pilgrims who wish to take a dip at any river GHAT at any pilgrimage should get register with the government online, and government allocate the date, time, GHAT number where the devotes can take a dip and perform the religious rituals; making fixed number of people allowed to dip during the season from among the people who applied/ registered for dipping selected in lottery system; and no kind of privileges for any section of people in this regard whether they are religious leaders or priests or elite, celebrities, business persons or political class or bureaucrats or judiciary, all have to go by lottery system if they intend to dip in river for performing rituals following the norms, and only in the designated GHAT numbered they should perform the rituals if they wish to do so after waiting for their luck/ turn to come, treating it as god’s grace, if they have true respect for religion, if they follow letter & spirit of the religious texts which primarily expresses that “all are equal before god”; this measure ensure even distribution of load, rush, minor contaminants due to rituals flow in the stream, help in ensuring quality, healthy water at the Ghats, taking care of the health of people who are dipping in the river water with great belief on the religious rituals, making their beliefs intact, and carry forward it for their next generations.
Also this measure enables that priests and other small vendors that supply the material for the rituals are also evenly distributed along the length of the river GHAT and there is every possibility of rise of number of lively hood for these sections of people, also it enables the priests to perform the rituals fully as per the religious texts, rather than making it shortcut just like that for earning more money due to rush, also many people who perform religious rituals in the rush do not have personal satisfaction, if there is even distribution of rush, then people will get satisfaction by and large for performing the rituals in peace.
Also government must make it mandatory that the priests must be registered with the government and they should be allocated equal number of devotees who seek priests help to get the rituals performed, Also government must make sure all the payments to the priests at the GHATS through online while booking for the ritual and it should be a non bail able criminal offence for priests to insist on for any other ritual or performing other than the designated rituals and take cash payments, also it should be a crime to pay any tip to the priests at the Ghats. This measure ensures uniform earnings by all priests; also this measure is necessary to ensure the priests do not act as day time dacoits robbing everything from the devotes by making them scare with their tong power that this bad will happen that sin will occur, I performed this ritual you should give this much money or else some bad/ sad occurs to you or someone in family etc and psychologically making the devotes down and offer everything they have.. Some places it is such that new first time devotes feel that if they return with their under garments, they feel god saved them, as these corrupt priests left them not robbing their chastity.
Also government must educate the devotes about the do and don’ts in the river water, safety, and precautions and ensure they do not contaminate, the river water at GHAT with their mediocre knowledge or belief and pour every other item in the river; Also government must levy stricter fine/ punishment for carrying/ pouring in river the banned items. Government must ban pouring any oil items, or cooked food, raw food items in the rivers at GHATS, also even the other items like flowers, leafs, turmeric, vermin should be in the very nominal quantities per person as a symbolic offering, also government make it a criminal offence to use plastic in the river GHATS or even in the TEMPLES, Religious places; also it should be criminal offence to defecate/ urinate in the River Ghats or adjacent to the river Ghats openly. Government must create a protective fencing all along the river Ghats, also the 24/7 CC camera watch all along the river Ghats.
Also government ensure the Ghats must be under multiple CC camera monitoring, and complete ban on any TV channels, individuals carrying mobiles, taking photos, videos of their religious performances or the religious rituals of the devotes as many females dip in the water and the wet cloths reveal their body structure or their might be malfunction of their ward robs during their dip leading to revealing of the body parts, which airing in the TV channels in the name of so called LIVE VISUALS from this place, even in the so called devotional television channels is heinous act, but this heinous acts are going on till date without any kind of objection from the either the female rights groups or from the religious leaders, religious organisations, in a country where women are treated as goddesses the television channels are not leaving the women even at religious rituals to attract more eye balls for TRP rating for the personal financial benefit of the television channels, so government must ban airing the visuals of dipping of any devotees in the television channels or appear in print media or social media.
These measures will not only ensure religious believes are intact, but also ensure health care of the millions of downtrodden devotees are taken care in a natural way by the government, ensuring the river water is not contaminated.
73) STREAM LINING OF RELIGIOUS RITUALS, BAN ON IMMERSION/ DISCARD OF TEMPORARY IDOLS, RELIGIOUS RITUALS MATERIAL INTO WATER BODIES
Also government must ban on pouring any religious material into the water bodies un authorisidely; government must make it mandatory that all the private religious organisations must registered with government for performing any religious rituals, especially annual rituals which may last for one day to 21 days by installing temporary idols, in pandals; Government must restrict the installation of only one pandals/ temporary idol per village/ ward throughout the country, with strict ban and criminal offence to install temporary ideals unauthorised-ly; also complete ban on installation of separate/exclusive idols by the apartment associations, gated community associations, RWA associations, instead they should join the celebrations at their ‘ward idol’; government provide the opportunity for managing the temporary ideal installation from among the private associations on lottery system, also government must ban on collecting donations from any private individuals for performing religious rituals on the temporary idols, all private individuals who wish to sponsor/donate must donate to the government, for this donation collection government must provide a Religious Donation Agency, all religious donations must be 100% tax exemption. Also irrespective of donations government must sponsor all annual religious rituals in all villages/ wards for any religion, if the population of any religion in that village is more than 30% of total population in that territory.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the temporary idols must be made of MUD/ non Chemical, organic Bio Degradable Raw Material, and also government must restrict the height of the Idols to a maximum of 3 feet from among the pre approved standard designs, and all the Pandals must have a standard design as per the regions customs,; and uniformity should prevail throughout the region/ state/ country; also government must distribute the religious material to be dumped / discharged into water bodies in a uniform manner throughout the country after the rituals are over, by carrying the material across the length and breadth of the country in no habitation zones or thin habitation zones by lottery system with minimum distance from the installation, rather than immersing them on a single location/ near to the installations in their respective habitations , to prevent water contamination at a single location, only where there is perennial flow of water is in existence, only such places the idols, religious material should be immersed, discharged; mandatory fixation of maximum weight of the idols and the religious material should not be more than 100 Kg per each pandals; the above measures are necessary in order to prevent water contamination in the name of religion due to vested interests, causing irreparable damage to millions of individuals, the country and to the religion.
As it is a fact like mush rooms every village/ ward several hundreds of idols are getting installed temporarily, by various registered/ majority non registered private religious associations, in discriminately, extorting huge sums of donations, making mockery of the religion by installing the idols with themes of the gods idols in so called cinema/ sports/ political leaders portraits, utter denigration of religion & purpose of the rituals, a complete hypocrisy; also in the name of competition they rise the height of the idols year of year, for that they are using the plaster of Paris or other non bio degradable raw material as over a certain height, as Idols made of mud will not come in the required shape, height, theme. In addition using of several non bio degradable material for performing the rituals, also completely forgetting the essence of the installation of temporary idol for religious sanctity, and completely indulging in so called cinema item raunchy, voluptuous, sexual stimulus double meaning music/ songs and dances in the pandals, So in the larger interest of Religion Sanctity, also to ensure all people are Healthy through having Healthy water, by preventing the Water Condemnation by indiscriminate religious rituals government must restrict only one Temporary pandals per village/ ward in the country
As it is a fact that even if the above suggested measure is implemented still there will be more than 6.3 Lakhs pandals (6.3 Lakhs Villages, not including over 9 laky Temples in India, as every temple will install the pandals inside the temple as a custom irrespective of Main deity in the sanctum sanatorium, and over 200 million Hindu household of which at least 10% of the household install the temporary idols of various sizes which means 200 lakh small idols and used material all together weighing at least 3 kg on an average per house hold). Temporary idols, and average of 100 Kg stuff per Temporary pandals per a single time will lead to 0.6 million metric Tonnes of material into the water bodies which include fresh water bodies, even though it is high quantities but the religious sentiments cannot be cut to size than this, as such the material should be distributed throughout the country in all the continuous flow water bodies to get absorb the same; one should Imagine the present condition of without any restrictions, the minimum number of Temporary pandals are more than 50 pandals per village/ ward is getting installed, with average weight ranging from 200 Kg to 500 Kg of used material (average of 300 kg) discharge which means at present 6.3 Lakhs villages multiplied by 50 installations per village leads to 315 lakh pandals, and in wards 1 lakh multiplied by 50 is 50 lakh pandals, total 375 lakh pandals, with average of about 1170 million metric tonnes of religious used material is getting into the water bodies, making the water bodies get contaminated, in addition turning part of water into “dark water” due to getting into water bodies millions of tonnes of oily, greasy substances in the religious used material along with all other religious used material, also the volumes of 1170 million metric tonnes of waste is produces billions of bacteria and pathogens which are harmful for health of humans and animals as the same contaminated water is being consumed by the majority of the population, especially in the rural areas and slum dwellers, majority of the downtrodden, BPL and low income group people do not afford have a filtered water or even municipal water, in addition all animals, especially the HOLY COWS are drinking these contaminated waters and are getting health disorders and life span is getting declined, and many Human beings & COWS are losing life, their Full Life Time natural death, which is otherwise a GREAT SIN/ PAP than the amount of PUNYA/ BLESSINGS by performing name sake religious rituals???.
Also without rationing of temporary religious ritual pandals, and ban on private collection of donations, it become a regular business for anti social elements to extort in the name of religion, over 95% of the amounts collected are un accounted, and use only 5 to 10% for the actual religious ritual, and remaining money distributed among themselves by many private religious association who are doing temporary installations, and there are certain percentage of the people in the private religious association they even consume alcohol, smoke, even some of them indulge in prostitution on these auspicious days of temporary religious pandals festivals using the public donations completely by ensuring so called recoding dances on the stages till late night and then some indulging in this kind of heinous acts completely denigrating, tarnishing the religious values, ethics, for these section of people religious festivals are mechanical in nature with no spirituality and a money spinning wind fall gain mechanisms..
It is a fact that many poised religious leaders, even many real orthodox priests who follow the religious customs cutting across religions fully following spirituality, who are such people, who feels that ‘one who has borne in any religion must die in the same birth religion while receiving birth religious last rituals to attain MOKSHA/ Salvation’ every human being should endorse this thought as it is also one way of attaining salvation, provided they discharge their duties as a truly human working in the larger interest) are annoyed, ashamed of this kind of corrupt behaviour, insulting the very essence of religion, happening all in the name of religion; even though they are aware of such acts by most of the private religious associations, they become mute spectators for not taking about this for the reason they are scared of branded as blasphemic people, by corrupt religious leaders/ priests/ people with political nexus cutting across party lines; as it is an open fact that real poised religious leaders are non corrupt, apolitical and do not seek publicity, media attention, seek special respect, they silently contribute their best to the larger interest of the all living beings in the universe. So in the larger interest, it is necessary to ration the installation of Temporary idols in the country.
74) STREAMLINING USE OF WATER IN RELIGIOUS PLACES
Also government must regulate and streamline the use of water by individuals in the religious rituals in the temples. As it is a fact that daily millions of people use water for rituals and on special occasions billions of litres of fresh water being literally wasted all in the name of religion ritual without any satisfaction. It is important to use the water for religious rituals and nothing wrong in it, but in a small place, i.e. sanctum sanctorum thousands/ Lakhs of people pouring the water just like that or hundreds/ thousands of people pouring the oil, hundreds/ thousands of people lighting the oil lamps and also lighting the smoke sticks, how far it is justifiable when millions of people are dying for lack of fresh drinking water.
It is necessary to maintain the sanctity of religion and religious rituals, also inculcation of religious discipline among the devotes, government must make it mandatory that daily only once the religious rituals using the water (to perform bathing of the idols of almighty) by the authorised qualified priests in addition making it mandatory that all the people who wish to perform the self water pouring ritual by the individuals, to get register at the government, government provide opportunity for select few Lucky people by way of lottery system to participate personally.
Also it is very strange that millions of litres of milk get poured on the idols as a part of religious rituals with the notion that god receives the milk, but strangely that the majority of the milk is getting into drainage, such process daily millions and yearly billions of litres of milk is getting into drainage, religious leaders do not have any botherisation for getting billions of litres of milk going into drainage, strangely ignoring the fundamental principle of religion that ‘SERVICE TO HUMANITY IS SERVICE TO GOD’, also as per many religions consider CHILDREN AS GODS, when it is a fact millions downtrodden of children are dying due to malnutrition due to lack of mother’s milk for infants, and milk for the children, and even for that matter millions of people who are begging in front of religious places are starving, even when some destitute eating leftover food thrown into the public dust bins; very SHAME ?? How come one justifies this kind of acts of religious trust boards all in the name of religion?
No one should criticize / act against religious rituals in any religion, as religious rituals are sacred, meant for providing positive energy, as such every person who is born as human being must be aware of religion, must practice religious rituals, as such government make it mandatory that every child must be educated about the essence of religion i.e. service to humanity is service to god, and follow the ethical norms to lead a healthy and peaceful prosperous life; but in the name of religious rituals wasting precious material is utter hypocrisy and an unpardonable heinous act in the eyes of almighty.
As such there should be rationing of religious rituals at every religious place; there should be fixed standard quantities of water, milk, honey etc all other material ingredients as described in the religious texts, depending up on the size of the idol, which should be universal applicability of all HINDU religious places anywhere in world; as it is fact that till now in most of the religious places for reading & performing 108 chants, or 1008 chants hundreds of litres of water, hundreds of litres of milk and some quantities of ghee, oil being used as hundreds of people bring with them, for a single ABISHAKEM, and daily several such abhishakams are getting performed in some of the religious places; there is no disciplined way of rituals, only money is the motto for religious trusts for the ticket money for performing the ABISEKHAM???? Shame full act, for denigrating the religious spirituality for little self centred selfish personal benefit of few individuals?
As such there should be daily only one time ABISHAKEM of the almighty done by the Religious trust priests, and not by individuals, all individuals can witness the ritual if they wish to do so, if they wish to participate in the ritual, they should pay any amount of their choice to the religious trust, (complete ban on sale of tickets for any ritual in any religious place, all religious rituals must run on donations or government sponsor religious rituals from tax paid money, or by collecting religious cess form all individuals) ; and only the religious trust boards should provide the material, and any individual wish to sponsor for any ingredients like milk etc the same should be used by the religious trust to distribute the same to the needy old aged, children in the villages/ slums/ schools. This measure is real disciplined way of religious ritual fully sync with spirituality and dharmas of service to humanity is service to god.
This measure not only saves billons of litres of water getting wasted in the name of religious rituals, also inculcated more dedicated approach towards religion to get their turn, it provides equal opportunity for all, rather than only those who are having money power, so called upper echelons with influential in the society get into the sanctum sanctorum.
Also government must ban indiscriminate lighting of lamps in religious places, only few lucky people should be allowed to light the lamps/ sticks also pour oil, etc by way of lottery from among the registered people. also ensure no amount of oil is spilled on the floor, all the oils used must have double containers, as it is a fact oils spilled in the floor from hundreds and thousands of lams when washed going into the waste water turning to Dark water instead of Grey water, which is non usable without treatment.
Also all the used water that goes from the religious rituals should be used as Grey water for recycling to the gardens in the religious places or use by the nearby habitations for use in gardening only.
75) ALL TEMPLES, RELIGIOUS PLACES MUST USE PRESSURISED WATER SPAY SYSTEM FOR CLEANING THE COMMON AREAS; ALSO MANDATORY INSTALLATION OF HATH FACETS TO THE TAPS TO WASH THE FEET BY THE DEVOTEES, ALONG WITH AUTOMATED WATER DISPERSES TAPS IN WASH BASINS.
Also in temples most of them get cleaned daily for the cemented common areas, with more than 10 lakh temples and other religious places billions of litres of water used annually, if they adopt the pressurised cleaning for the common areas (which is not any deviation of agama shastra, as the water for deities bath and cleaning of the sanctum sanctorum is as usual as was approved by the religious tests like carrying with bronze pots etc by the priests etc); this saved water can be used for several other purposes.
Also government should make it mandatory to fix the hath facets in water pipe connections meant for washing the feet by the individuals devotees visiting the religious place, in all religious places whether it is temple of Masjid or Gurudwara or Church etc; as it is a fact that most of the people use the running tap to wash their feet before entering the prayer place in the religious institution, it is a common practice in all religions, whether in Hindu temple or Muslims in Masjid or Sikhs in Gurudwara, and daily millions of people wash their feet using millions of litres of water, of which more than 70% of water is getting wasted, in case of installation of hath facet to release the spray of water (hand fact used in the toilets),then the optimal quantities of water is released and also it enables entire feet is washed properly as this small pressure of the jet of water from the hath facet is enough to clean the feet better than simply leaving in the running tap or just pouring few jugs of water just like that; Also some religious places leave the running water flow at the entrance to the depth of one to two inches so for 2 to 3 feet width so that who every coming into the religious place will get automatically by default their feet get wet/ sanctified; but all such religious places must mandatory use this grey water generated for gardening instead of simply wasting the fresh water, this measure saves lot of water and best use of every drop of water in the religious places.
Also government must make it mandatory that all religious places must have automated sensor based water taps at wash basins, to save millions of litres of water; as it is a fact most of the major temples other religious places serve the PRASAD after the rituals, and it is a fat that most of the people wash the hands, and there are wash basin taps, but since it is manual, the loss of water is huge; also most of the major religious places, like temples have daily serving of free food, which is served in the name of the god and millions of people are consuming the food daily across the country, and every food serving place has the wash area attached, so in case or ordinary conventional tap, lot of water getting wasted, so the automatic sensor based water taps will certainly save millions of litres of fresh water; so government must make it mandatory that all religious trusts replace the conventional existing taps with sensor based taps; government may provide tax concessions and subsidies for installation of the replacement of sensor based taps in religious places; also government must provide tax concessions for donations provided by the devotes for replacement of the existing conventional taps with automated sensor based taps; all new constructions should by default install the sensor based water taps. Also all religious trust may appeal to the devotes to contribute for the replacing of taps other the sensor based taps and for fixing hath facts, the donations must be routed through government to get tax benefits.
76) FEDERAL IRRIGATION AUTHORITY FOR CONSTRUCTION OF DAMS IN THE STATES
It is really unfortunate that as far as water sharing is concerned the regional interests are becoming paramount rather than larger interest of people of the country, and many states political party leaders cutting across the party lines are acting biased towards their regions interest for political compulsions/ vote bank politics, even some regions water theft of perennial rivers is happing by constructing the irrigation and power dams, in the river streams just before the bordering districts of other states, makes the life’s of the people living in the downstream miserable as the flow of water get restricted to the downstream people as perennial water flow from upstream to downstream get restricted, literally blocked ; due to such acts millions of farmers, people in the downstream are striving & starving, as it is a fact that in case the free water flow to the downstream territories get blocked, the only way the downstream farmers/people get river water is during the excess rain, floods, the upstream dams over flows, but if the floods are heavy, then that water is not useful as it also effects the downstream people.
It is fact, open secret that the upstream states built dams indiscriminately by government after government is certainly not in the interest of the people of the territory/ region/ districts, but certainly for personal gain of few select people, by giving contracts of construction to kin kith, political party leaders (cutting across party lines) or else most of the contracts are in connivance with the political & elected representatives and while sharing this kind of projects all political parties both ruling and opposition get units, as the money power makes them to get any low.
As such government must constitute a federal irrigation authority, in case any state wish to construct any dam/ irrigation project or do any project that uses ground water, using water in the bordering districts of other states must get approval from the all the states involved in this process and then only the project should go ahead with the approval of this federal irrigation authority, this measure not only saves millions of hectares of irrigation, also provides lively hood for millions of people, in addition reduces corruption in irrigation projects to a considerable extent as the irrigation projects cannot be done at the whims and fancies of the elected government of the day in the states for their personal windfall gains. Also government enact law making it a criminal offence on the part of state government violating this norm, and without permission execution of construction work wasting billions of Rupees of public money, the case should be a non bail able offence on the hierarchy of the government from the head of the government to the last bureaucrat in the chain, for wasting public money, for tying to stop water for other state people.
This Federal Irrigation Authority also must looks into assessment /estimation of excess flood water flow during floods from one state to other, ways & means to divert excess rain water, so that downstream states are not affected/less effected, also storage and best future utilisation of excess water flowing to sea.
Also this Federal irrigation authority should ensure clearing of the silt / sediments deposited in the rivers, irrigation cannels for ensuring more water is stored/ flowing for ensuring more water available for the downstream states. This authority should monitor the clearing of silt/ water plants in the water bodies in all states with are having no link to rivers, also maintainance of earth dams; Also this federal irrigation authority will provide permissions for constriction of Earth Dam’s across the country, and maintainance of the earth dams.
The funds for the Federal irrigation authority should be shared by state and centre in 25:75 ratio; this measure is necessary as it is fact that it become a regular source of income for most of the corrupt elected representatives and most of the corrupt governments / officials/ contractors that irrigation projects, clearing of silt in the water bodies as a easy money spinning activity, whatever investment they made during elections (several times excess of limits prescribed by the Election Commission) is going to get multiple times through these projects/ works related to water, water bodies, as most of the works standards/ quality is otherwise remains in papers, and are subjected to weathering, quickly in the event of any so called enquiry., in most of the state’s most of the irrigation ministers are either so called powerful upper caste with full connection/ control of the major contractors, or else relatives of the head of the government or a person belonging to backward classes who is ultra loyalist of the head of the government who is for name sake and the actual works are executed by proxies of the head of the government, a white paper in this regard in the last 20 years history of all state governments will reveal that whatever expressed by millions of common people in this regard is a fact.
Also the water sharing among the states where river water is flowing is in according to the population of the territory, in addition in according to the total land under irrigation within 1 km radius of either side of cannel, and no other way. All the dams/ irrigation projects must be guarded by the CISF and not the state police, especially the dams on rivers which pass through more than one state, in order to ensure no kind of bias, favouritism, towards the upstream state police, and ensuring equality before law, justice for all in case of any dispute, protests.
77) GEO MAPPING OF FRESH WATER BODIES; CANNELS, SEWERAGE LINES ; DISMANTLING OF THE ENCROACHMENTS TO ENSURE FREE FLOW OF WATER (FRESH & SEWAGE), ENSURE NO BLOCKS, STAGNATION, FLOODING IN THE TERRITORIES OF AGRICULTURE LANDS, RESIDENTIAL HABITATIONS, COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL AREAS
Also it should be made mandatory that government must do GEO mapping, GEO tagging of all water bodies, cannels, their length, breadth, circumference in full days, their look at dry days, the full tank level (FTL) extent details, and also government must install the marks at appropriate points both in urban areas and rural areas ward wise and village wise, with clear marking as no to discharge of any kind of effluents; so that public should get automated update on their mobile by default that they are passing so and so fresh water body. This measure ensures identification of any unauthorised discharges if any, encroachments both in cities, rural areas. These measures reduces water contamination, ensure more water availability for the agriculture, also reduction in discharging untreated emissions to the soils.
Also government must enact law to dismantle any encroachments, constructions on the natural passage of water, sewers in the rural and urban areas, the law should be in such a manner that the dismantling can be challenged only in special court created for this and the judgement should be time bound with Six months for all those encroachers in that territory and the judgement can be challenged only in the supreme court that too with paying 50% of the value of the property of encroachments; and also supreme court must decide the judgement within six months; this measure is necessary as many f the sewerages in the cites are encroached, also the natural passage of water is obstructed due to encroachments and constriction of buildings commercial and residential, as such the water is getting stand still during the rainy season in many cities across the country, billions of rupees of property damage, in addition lead to loss of lively hood and misery for millions of people, in addition to leading to health hazards for millions of people, in addition to loss of billions of turnover due to loss of millions of man-hours of production. as such government must ensure stringent measures to dismantle the encroachments across the country for ensures river water, flows freely, also the rainwater, sewers water flows freely to reach the end points without getting standstill and get stagnated
78) DISMANTLING OF ALL ENCROACHMENTS IN THE HILL STATIONS FROM WHERE FREE FALL OF WATER TO THE RIVERS, DISMANTLING OF THE CONSTRUCTIONS / DAMS PREVENTING FREE FLOW OF RIVER/ GLACIER WATER
Also government must on war footing bases identify and dismantle the encroachments near the man flow lines of the river stream/ glacier streams in the hill stations and also in the plain areas to prevent possible floods in the nearby habitations in case of excess rain due to weather changes (especially due to Elnino in some places there is excess rain); this measure is necessary as in the hill states like Uttarakhand , Himachal etc recently the floods are mainly due to the encroachments and constructions along the flow of the rivers and also shrinking of the flow due to dam constructions, resulting in heavy loss of life’s in addition to loss of property, as such government must do assessment of all rivers, hill station flow, and dismantle the constructions, enrichments along the banks of the rivers which are obstructing the flow otherwise or which are going to effect in case of excess water flow due to floods or incessant rains.
79) GOVERNMENT MUST MAINTAIN DATA BANK OF ALL COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS, MANUFACTURING UNITS, VILLAGE WISE, WARD WISE, DETAILS OF NATURE OF MANUFACTURE, AND NATURE OF WASTE GENERATED SOLID, SLURRY, FLUID, THE EFFECTS OF INTENSITY OF THAT WASTE, ALSO GEO MAPPING OF VARIOUS ALL TYPES OF MANUFACTURING UNITS CATEGORY WISE.
It is high time that government have data base of every manufacturing unit, factory, and industry small or big with nature of manufacture, the quantities of raw material, the process, the type of waste generated, the quantities waste generated, the measures adopted to treat the waste disposal, every village wise, ward wise.
Also as far as the industrial emissions are concerned the first step is government must take censes of all employees working in both organised and un organised sector, details of place of work, nature of work they perform, from how many years they are working etc in a data sheet and take details as per voter ID card village wise, polling booth wise, provide a unique id card, with skill up gradation training in due course. It should be mandatory that all organised and un organised employees must get registered with government with the details of skills, the nature of work they are performing, the exact address of the place of work, also it should be mandatory that only registered employees must be allowed to work in the organisations, all employees must carry & display this government registration card along with them while attending the work place.
After that government must make it mandatory that all the commercial and industrial establishments must register with government online by providing the details with nature of the work, the number of people working, the raw material used, from where they sourcing, mode of transportation of raw material, the process of manufacture, the end products, the quantity of material lost in the process of conversion of raw material to finished product, number of working hours and number of shifts, the details of building plans, the electricity consumption, details of the machinery, the details of electricity supply whether captive power or power from the discom’s, source of water quantity of use of water discharge of treated water etc, whether power from the renewable sources or non renewable sources generated, what are the quantities of water used, the source of water , whether river, ground, or rain water harvested or municipal water, whether safety standards maintained or not, where they are dumping the waste, where they are discharging the effluents, whether they possess any bank account, from where they are getting finances, the details of banks of the individuals and organisations, the contact details, e mail, social media, phone numbers, the details of sales tax, income tax and other government statuary licences. etc and should be given a unique ID number for every verified manufacturing place, like population data census the manufacturing data census must be collected; the data collected must be under video graph.
Also government must collect the data of all bank account holders, all sales tax holders, all income tax payers etc
Also government must the details of all transports across the country gather the details from bank accounts of commercial accounts, all individual accounts, all details of vehicle registrations as per the RTA, especially the commercial goods vehicles, their ownership details, and recording details of their earnings, from where they get the goods to transport, to which places they transport to deliver the material, how much goods they carry every day/ week/ month, whether they receive payments on cash or through bank transaction, their bank account details etc.
Also government must collect the data of Discom power users every village wise, ward wise especially all power bills, and find out from the users that the reason for high power bills, conduct energy audit, also find out the details of use of motors/ generators, details from villagers/ ward people about any gaseous emissions or liquid discharge from the neighbourhood etc all trade unions, all farmers association members must be contacted to find out information about any emissions / effluents come in their notice, also at the time of soil testing card information (as per GOI initiative) the officials must verify the in that territory for any discharges etc observe near to their territory where the factories are situated.
All the details should be collected independently by independent teams and the data should be correlated to ascertain the un authorised manufacturing, un authorised discharge of effluents, un authorised discharge of emissions, and bring such manufacturing into regulation by giving them time to follow the norms / standards, pay taxes with the VDS / one time opportunity to regularise.
Also government must make it mandatory that every manufacturer should be a member of the manufacturers association of that category of products, or service providers association of that kind of service provider, for all kinds of industries whether large or MSME; and then they should make set of norms among themselves for training the manpower, quality control, improving the efficiency of manufacturing, recycling waste energy recovery, water & energy conservation etc.
Also the manufacturing associations themselves must fix maximum optimal limit of use of electricity, water, discharges per standard quality of output in a standard process (for different type of process); also the manufacturers association ensure their members follow the standard treatment procedures for effluents treatment before discharge ensuring bare minimum pollution effects on environment,. This measure ensures that the role of government can be minimised as was intended by the industry (to improve quality, reduce corruption) as well as as promised by the GOI that “Minimum government Maximum governance”.
Also it should be mandatory that all transactions for purchase of raw material or sale of finished goods in the chain i.e. manufacturers, distributors, retailers must be through bank online transactions only; all the finished products should be bar coded and the chain of bar coding should be made available in the web of the particular manufacturer and also in the manufacturing associations website so that any product just by reading the bar coding should reveal the details of retailer, the manufacturer ; this measure yields the desired results in optimal use of water, ethical sourcing of water, and minimal discharge of treated effluents; this is the best way of containing the emissions to a great extent and also improve the revenues for the government as all goods manufactured are by and large taxed.
Also government must make it mandatory to do GEO Mapping and GEO all manufacturing units based on category wise, territory wise, process wise etc throughout the country.
80) MANDATORY TO MAKE PUBLIC DATA OF ALL MANUFACTURING UNITS, CATEGORY WISE EMISSION OF TYPE OF WASTES GENERATED, QUANTITY OF EFFLUENTS, DISCHARGE DATA OF EFFLUENTS EVERY DAY ONLINE, REAL TIME UP DATES
MANDATORY THAT VEHICLES CARRYING THE EFFLUENT/ SLURRY ARE EQUIPPED WITH GPS AND DASH CAMS AND ALSO CC CAMERA MOUNTED ON THE VEHICLES MONITORING FOR ENSURING DISCHARGE ARE DONE AT THE DESIGNATED LOCATIONS ONLY
ALSO IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY FOR MANUFACTURING UNITS ENTIRE PROCESS OF TREATMENT AND DISCHARGE OF EFFLUENTS SHOULD BE UNDER HIGH RESOLUTION CC CAMERAS WITH LIVE WEB FEED REAL TIME FOR PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING AND SCRUTINY ENSURING MANUFACTURE ADHERE TO STANDARDS OF EMISSION AND ETHICAL MANUFACTURING
Mandatory that government make it public the data of all manufacturing units of all sectors, territory wise, sector wise quantity of waste generated, type of waste generated, the quantities of effluents and discharge of effluents, designated places for discharge of effluents, also for public knowledge what are standard measures to follow by every type of manufacture to treat their waste before discharge, he upper limit of contaminated chemicals in the effluents allowed to discharge after treatment, what are the effects on environment of untreated discharges, on a website, in a text & video form.
Also it should be mandatory that entire process of treatment and discharge must be under high resolution CC cameras and should be recorded and should be webcasted, and the data of every days production must be up loaded by the every industry on the web, also up date details of treatment every day before discharge, of every single batch discharge, every batch of production, every day so that people should watch, especially the worker unions, NGO’s to identify any deviations from standard procedure of treatment, any deviation from discharge in non designated places, and inform the government through mobile APP.
Also government must make it mandatory to do GEO Mapping and GEO tagging location of discharges and the emissions / effluents they discharge, and what are the effects on public, soil, water, etc, and a automatic update on the mobiles when they pass the locations of discharges that so and so industries are in this locality and they are emitting these effluents/ this is the area which was designated for effluents discharge of so and so type of industries; So that public will be more more vigilant -arin to report to the government in case any manufacturing units do not adhere to standards.
Also it should be mandatory that the effluent slurries, the sludge’s from the manufacturing units must be discharged and stored in the designated places, and all the vehicles carrying the sludge and slurry must be equipped with GPS and high resolution CC cameras mounted on the vehicle (as was proposed to the fuel tankers carrying fuel from the oil refineries to the fuel stations,) and the confirmation of discharge should be made online real time live video that only at the designated location only the vehicles drained the discharges, not in the midway.
Also it should be mandatory on each and every manufacturing unit, to put it on the web daily, the details of vehicles carrying, the time of stating from the factory/ manufacturing unit, the approximate time, the time of discharge. This measure will certainly ensure that the manufacturing units maintain to certain extent.
In order to ensure that there will not be any negligence wilful otherwise during the surveys, or there will not be any violations government must develop a mobile APP to take pitchers of emission each village wise, ward wise and send it the government through that APP to fix the culprits.
Also government must educate all the people in the country, also all the people in the territory wise (about the industries in that territories), various types of emissions, their harm full effects on ecology, human beings, animal, also how to identify, the emissions, effluents, how to report it to the government; all the elected representatives, gram Sabha members must be educated about this and there should be a periodic meetings of the gram sabhas and in the wards to make people aware and act as vigilant-arians.
In addition government make it the responsibility of the elected representatives of the villages and wards to lead the vigilant system, act as watch dog in identifying the emissions, contamination of water bodies, soil, also encroachments of the water bodies and report it to the government, in case failed to do so, in the event of encroachments of water bodies, discharge of effluents, the local elected representatives should be liable for punishments, as co-conspirators for wilful cooperation to the people / organisations which are emitting/ contaminate. This measure will certainly contain the emissions/ discharges of effluents to a great extent, in addition the health of the people will be taken care to a great extent, as most of the people analyse why they are getting the heath discords and the correct medicine will be taken as such heir recovery from illness is faster, certain. Also since doctors in that territory are aware of the causes of illness, they will be able to prescribe suitable medicine.
81) GOVERNMENT MUST MAKE THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE TRADE UNION/ TRADE UNION MEMBERS INDIVIDUALLY AND COLLECTIVELY FOR NOT INFORMING/ CONCEALING THE INFORMATION OF DISCHARGE OF EFFLUENTS WITHOUT TREATMENT.
MANDATORY FOR ALL MANUFACTURING UNITS WITH MORE THAN 10 EMPLOYEES TO BE PART OF ALL TRADE UNION OF THAT TYPE OF MANUFACTURING, WITHOUT WHICH THERE IS NO MEANING FOR FREEDOM OF UNION
Also for more successful control of emissions, government make the trade unions also be responsible for the untreated emission, for this government must amend the trade union act and allow formation of trade unions for every manufacturing unit above 10 workers in that unit, also it should be mandatory that every worker must be a member of a recognised trade union even if a single employee working in a mom & pop store. And it should be the responsibility of the trade union members to report to the trade union and also to the government through the mobile APP the details of emissions in case they found that a particular manufacturer is discharging without treatment; in case the government authorities notice any emissions the trade union members are also liable for punishment. Also the trade union members must report un authorised manufacturing units, or excess manufacturing etc. to the government.
82) MANDATORY GOVERNMENT MUST CONDUCT PERIODIC TESTING OF WATER BODIES, SOILS IN THE VICINITY OF THE FACTORIES WHICH EMIT LIQUID EFFLUENTS FOR ENSURING THAT THE FACTORIES ADHERE TO TREATMENT STANDARD FOR SAFE DISCHARGE OF WATER, MAKE THE TESTING DATA PUBLIC
Also government must collect the samples of water bodies, soils from the vicinity of the factories/ industries, especially the specific industries, and also the discharge out let point of all manufacturing units that emit effluents, all water bodies adjacent/ near to the manufacturing unit on daily bases, shift bases, so that it will be easy for identification of pollution emission industries, this measure will contain emission of untreated fluids,. Slurry, etc, this measure reduces the scope for manipulation in emissions.
83) MANDATORY GOVERNMENT MUST INSTALL AIR QUALITY INDEX METERS IN ALL PLACES OF MANUFACTURING UNIT, IN THE VICINITY OF THE MANUFACTURING UNIT FOR IDENTIFYING THE EMISSIONS ONLINE REAL TIME FOR ENSURING THE DISCHARGES ARE SUBJECTED TO STANDARDS
Also government must install the air quality index monitors in every village, ward, where the factories are situated, especially the heavy pollution industries and monitor the quality of air in the vicinity at multiple locations, so that the quality of air in that vicinity can be monitored remotely on every hourly, bases; in case of any deviation / abnormal rise in any of the indexes then government must alert the local pollution control board officials to go for surprise check for that industry to identify the reason, also in case of multiple industries in the same locality, then specific analysis with additional sophisticated instruments the types of gases released into the air, correlating the data bank of industries types and emission types and find out the manufacturer/ industry and inspect for ascertaining the reason for release of gases un treated; Also government must maintain the details of by product emissions in the form of gases, fluids from each verity of industries should be stored, this measure enables easy identification of emissions from which factory the emissions are released un treated.
84) MANDATORY REDUCTION OF USAGE OF WATER IN VARIOUS INDUSTRIES, MANDATORY UP GRADATION OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR REDUCTION, RECYCLE THE WATER; INCENTIVES FOR ZERO WASTE MANUFACTURING.
BAN ON CAPACITY ADDITION IN THE PAPER INDUSTRY, BAN ON FURTHER INSTALLATION OF NEW PAPER & PULP UNITS; MEASURES TO REDUCE THE USAGE OF PAPER PRODUCTS (WRITING, PRINTING AND PACKAGING AND ALSO NEWS PRINT) IN VARIOUS SECTORS.
It is very necessary that the water intensive manufacturing and industry must upgrade the technologies every five years to reduce the total usage of water and improve the recycle and reuse of waste water and energy and ensure eco-friendly manufacturing; for this government provide tax incentives for research in the various industries, also government must provide incentives for up gradation of technologies, the incentives depend up the quantities of use of water reduction and quantities of water recycling and quantities of energy recovery from the waste generated in that particular type of industry.
Also it is fact that one of the top most water usage industry is paper and pulp industry, and it is a fact that the demand for paper is growing in India in spite of digitalisation; the annual production of over 11 million metric tonnes with projected growth of 15 million metric tonnes by 2020, with the present per capta consumption of paper is 9.2 kg, and for every one kg per capta consumption increase leads to an increase of 1 million metric tonnes production annually; of the total production per 38% production account for writing and printing papers and 45% account for packaging paper and 17% account for news papers; the fact of the matter is that for every tonne/ 1000 kg production of pulp and paper the water consumption ranging from 80,000 litres to 150,000 litres depending up on the raw material, apart from using heavy electric power, also discharging large quantities of effluents into water bodies; paper industry is one of the largest green house generating industry; as such government must take all necessary steps to reduce the use of paper in INDIA and contain no further capacity addition (as of now the industry is running at 79% of the installed capacity of around 12.75 million metric tonnes per annum).
85) MEASURES TO REDUCE WRITING & PRINTING PAPER
The first step in the reduction of writing and printing paper; since the education sector uses large quantities of paper for text books and writing, the focus should be on reduction of printing of text books, as only once in 5 years or 10 years the text books content are changed slightly, as such in case of reuse of text books by the students of each year of the same class will save huge printing paper for all classes from Kg to PG
For ensuring re use of text books government must make it mandatory that hence forth text books are printed as lose papers with page numbers and the lose papers are laminated and kept in folders, the laminated papers chapter wise will be bundled every day (this will also reduce the weight of the school bags, as children carry only those chapter papers of each subject that teachers are going to teach) to till the course of that year is completed and the same should be returned to the educational institute so that the same can be re used by the next year same class students, penalties for not maintaining the laminated papers quality, so that the students will use the text book laminated papers carefully, even in case the some laminated lose sheets are lost, only those lost few pages can be re printed, this measures saves lot of papers and printing ink, transportation etc; in addition students can use the digital text books to read.
Also since digitisation is taking place in the fast pace, from 10th standard or from intermediate till PG government provide high end tablet pc that recognises hand writing with e pencils to store the written matter on the tablet pc in their own hand writing to note down the teachings of the class room; and prepare themselves for examinations, of once one tablet PC is given to the student he/she should use the same till the PG, or else pre loaded text books and space for writing each chapter wise should be made in the tablet PC so that the same tablet can be returned after completion of the academic year. this measure saves compete printing and writing note books from 10th standard to PG
Also government must ban the text books of educational institutions zerox, it is really a criminal act on the students to take zerox of the text books, which is one of the largest paper consuming act, which is otherwise illegal, copying the book / course material for reading, without the permission of the publishers; as it is a fact most of the books especially the software education, the medial education books are getting zeroxed in the zerox shops by the students, by obtaining the book from the library or one student buys the book and other students simply zerox the book, which is otherwise a loss for the publisher and also additional use of paper, which means millions of litres of water wastage.
Also it should be made mandatory that all the book publishers must keep the library e addition of the books published by them in the internet, anyone can read the books from the net, by paying a nominal rent by the reader/ students, since the books are only referral books the students who are interested should pay, also all the books in the libraries of the educational institutions must be made to read within the library only and not to allow to physically carry with them. Also government must make it a non bail able criminal offence on the part of the zerox shop to take zerox of any books for more than 10 pages, this will certainly reduce the use of zerox books also saves the publishers from unauthorised use by the users, and e additions by the publishers will make more people study the books; government must sell pre paid cards in open market to buy anywhere to provide the prepaid card voucher number for paying the book reading read online, the maximum amount of book reading rent for any book should not be more than Rs 10 per month, in case reader wants to print they pay 50% of cost of publisher printed book, they can with visiting the publishers website and paying online the cash and print instantly only one copy. This measure reduces lot of paper.
Also government must make all the project reports submission to the banks, educational institutions must be through e mail only with complete ban use of papers/ printing on computer papers.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the educational records of all students, un employed, already employed must in the digital lockers, Also government must make it mandatory that all the employment advertisements only through digital advertisements, so that people can search the jobs according the education, skills, the place of work, etc; all the government and private job applications must submit their resumes and supporting documents only in the digital format, this will reduce billions of papers getting zeroxed for the job applications. All the employment applications must be filled online.
Also government must regulate the sale and use of bulk lose papers, all the retailers of bulk lose papers for the purpose of zerox, computer print must get registered with government, also they should sell to the users only through government registration, all the users more than one bundle (500 lose papers) per month in the office/ commercial establishments, zerox shops or the cyber cafe shops must get register with government, every time they order the quantities of the volumes of bundles they should make an online requisition with automatic permission number from government and the retailer / whole seller must sell more than one bundle to users with this government permit number for the user; All the zerox shops, all the computer printout shops, all the cyber cafes must operate under CC Camera monitoring, all these measures ensure that the paper use is accounted for, all those offices / commercial establishments that uses the papers more will be audited for the real need of use of paper, to make them upgrade to the computer systems communications where ever possible, also these measures makes the zerox shops, and computer printout shops to be answerable for bulk printing/ zerox, also it should be made mandatory that all the zerox shops and all the computer printout shops must get payment online through bank transaction for any user bills more than Rs 500, also for the users more than Rs 100 they should record the details of online bill along with phone number of the customer, online real-time with government website.
Also government must ban use of papers for wall posters for cinema, political etc, as it is fact the wall posters are consuming lot of water for manufacture and also uses heavy inks and are a social distraction, and also indiscriminate pasting of wall posters reducing the city/ territories look, also most of the wall papers are pasted with chemical adhesives every now and then they remove to add/ paste new wall posters, and they leave the wall posters on the road and many HOLY COWS eating these removed tore wall posters which not only contain the chemical adhesives in addition to the chemicals/ beaching agents in the paper, also consuming the printing inks, paints that got fixed on the posters as a result the health of the Holy cows are getting effects. And by and large indiscriminate display of wall posts do not have much eye ball attraction and the purpose of those who are fixing is not served.
As such government must ban the wall posters, or streamline the wall posters with pre permission from the government to print the wall poster, with bar coding on each poster with total number of wall poster permitted to print and designated places to paste based on the information provided by the permission seeker; government permit the quantities and the before applying they should give a declaration that they are going to display these wall posters only in the specific designated locations that wall posters are meant to display by the local municipal authorities; any public can simply type the bar code number on the government website or mobile APP to know whether such and such poster obtained permission or not, if obtained whether they are pasted in the designated permitted location or not, any deviation they can report, and it will be heavily panelised; also there should be uniform guidelines for all the municipalities to chose the place for space for wall posters, and the place should not create traffic jams or the place should not be at the traffic island, only the specific place for wall posters should be in the market yards inner compound wall or inside the market yard where there is no vehicle movement, the cinema complexes inner compound wall, this measure will not only reduce the use of wall posters , but also reduces the total quantities of water used to make the paper in addition to saving large quantities of effluents generated from the paper manufacture.
Also government must ban use of paper pamphlets as hardly any one bothered to read the pamphlets, in addition it is creating more rubbles on the home and on the commercial complex corridors and also on the streets; as such government must ban the commercial pamphlets, political party pamphlets only NGO’s can distribute the pamphlets that too only for social awareness message, and for that they should apply online to get permission to pamphlets printing. This measure reduces lot of waste paper generation.
Also government, private organisations must circulate all its communications internally within governments both state and central, or local government in case of government, and in case of private among its branch offices, its share holders and its vendors, only through e mail without any printed material, also government must make it mandatory that all educated must make their communication through e mails to the government for any correspondence with government.
Also government must standardize the formats for various agreements, and the people should choose among the formats, government must create a central portal for all kinds of agreements whether they are sale deeds, or rental agreements or any other agreements, of business purpose like dealers distribution etc, all government, private banks, financial institutions or among the individuals, all the agreements should be mandatorily e agreements, by both parties entering the agreement in the government website by typing a onetime special pass word which can be obtained by providing the basic details through their mobile number similar to that of online bank transaction. This measure will reduce lot of paper work, in addition the agreements are secure and they cannot be tampered, and also the agreements deemed to be registered.
Also all financial agreements of loans private and banks must be mandatorily done with e agreements to not only reduce the paper work, but also it makes easy recovery through automatic bank attachment for EMI / Interest, it should be made mandatory that all payments to loans should should be through bank and no cash transactions, with complete ban on use, legal validity of so called promissory notes, and blank paper notes etc, and also no validly for cheques bounce cases if the transactions are not written; this measure will not only reduces paper works but also reduces private fiancé persons atrocities for recovery, it also reduces black money circulation in the finance business in addition it reduces valuable time of courts and police stations in the so called cheque bounce cases, once the bank account are made mandatory biometric and AADHAAR card based, with centralised data of banks, if any amount deposited in any bank anywhere in India the first right must go to the recovery, and in case no amounts of transactions in any bank in the individuals name within two years then only the case should go to the legal proceedings for recovery.
Also government must make the bank cheque leafs costly, all transactions should be online, and all payments between vendor and vendee in the commercial/ business transactions should be mandatorily online, also all the government statutory bill payments be paid online, for this government must send all the electricity and water bills through e mail or mobile and the bill should be mandatorily paid online, through bank payment only through mobile APP for each government service.
Also government must make it mandatory that all property registrations must be online and the seller and the buyer must submit their records online, this measure not only reduces the papers use but also reduces the frauds by the sellers or government officials.
Also government must make it mandatory that hence forth all the papers submitted to the courts should be in the electronic format, all the judges and all the registered lawyers must get a separate e mail ID with digital space and all the lawyers arguing for and against any case must submit their petitions and evidences in the electronic format, all the judges must be provided with latest high end tablet PC for reading the case details filed by the lawyers; this measure will save billions of papers, and billions of rupees for the petitioners and respondents in all 30 million odd pending cases at various courts, as they are zeroxing hundreds of papers several times till the case is closed.
Also government must reduce the printing of tokens, bills in the toll gates, by making e toll pass, by making every toll gate must have a bar coded reader, and the vehicles must buy smart cards based on the type of the vehicle with pre loaded money by recharging through bank or any mobile recharge unit, so that the smart cards just need to swipe at the toll plaza so that the money for the toll will automatically get cut, this will reduce the printing ink of papers and papers saves millions of tonnes of papers, it reduces the toll frauds.
Also government must ban printing of tickets or boarding passes for both railways, air ways, hence forth all tickets should be on the mobile SMS through smart phones or ordinary phones through SMS with bar coding number of the ticket booked with voter ID card number/ AADHAAR card number of the passengers, this measures saves not only paper but also more security and convenience
Also government must make make that all retail stores, restaurants, food courts billing should be online, that is the bill should be sent as SMS to the mobile phone number/ e mail/ social media of the purchaser, and it should be mandatory that every purchaser should provide the mobile number mandatorily and the purchase bill should contain the mobile number; or in case people who feels that their mobile number is privacy, that retail store should provide the last four digits of the bill to the customer, and keep the details of item wise purchase on the website of the retail store, and the customer can visit the website and type the last four digits on that date and obtain the detailed bill, and this will be like one time pass word, and once used the bill cannot be visible next time, and the bill cannot be printable, in case the customer insists for a bill, then he/she has to pay Rs 10 per bill and obtain from the retail store. This measure saves lot of bills.
Also government must make it mandatory that all the bills provided by the citizens to claim the bills in the government and private organisations for various occasions like medical reimbursement, ltc etc, for all those people the bill should be e bills from the service provider, and only they should submit e bills (the bills generated in the e accounts software of the service provider and certainly not the paper bills scanned),this measures saves lot of papers, in addition this measure reduces the fraud claims.
Also government ban issue of paper tickets in the movie theatres, instead government must must make it mandatory online mobile APP booking and payment through mobile wallet or they can buy prepaid smart cards which are made available at any pan shops, which can be rechargeable, and each person entry should swipe the card to get payment to the entry ticket and enter, this measure will certainly reduce the use of paper also more convenient for the people.
The above measures will certainly reduce usage quantities of writing and printing paper use in India to great extent, still the manufactures can produce the paper at full installed capacity to meet the growing demand due to growing population so by the above measures of paper reduction there will not be any loss for the manufacturers or the employment in the paper industry and only future demands are adjusted against the reduction.
86) MEASURES TO REDUCE USE OF PACKAGING PAPER
Also since the consumption of packaging paper is to the tune of 45% of the total paper usage government must ensure reduction of usage of paper in the packaging.
It is a criminal waste on the part of the E commerce traders to pack every other thing in the corrugated box by and large, since the E commerce has enormous advantages, and on the rise year after year, so government must ban the use of corrugated boxes packaging in the e commerce trade which itself reduce the packing paper requirement to a large extent. They may use the cloths or jute or plastic nets to pack the goods, may be with exceptional that only glass items, crockery items, and electronic items may be allowed to pack in corrugated boxes.
It is a fact that e commerce grocery suppliers print the list of groceries in every time the customers orders for internal purpose of packing, and also while delivering to the customers they provide the printing, which need to be eliminated to eliminate use of paper in the E commerce, as such it should be made mandatory that all e commerce grocessery stores use the tablet PC, Smart phones internal commutation, to read the content of the items ordered to do pickup and package and ready for delivery, also while delivery they should send the details of ordered by the customer and supplied by the APP store in the bill of delivery online, to the mobile of the customer or E mail of the customer so that the customer verify the quantities and items ordered along with the bill of the APP service provider in case cash on delivery or , rather than every time seeing the printed bill, this measure saves lot of paper.
Also for the E commerce packages that are getting delivered from the E commerce stores must print a bar code, which should contain details of with item description for every order of the customer, only the address along with the bar coded sticker should be printed and pasted on the pack, this will further save large amounts of paper use in the delivery system of E commerce parcels. Since most of the E commerce deliver are taking E signature with Smart phones, why they should print all details, just paste a barcode sticker which contains all details of customer?
Also government must make a policy that additional amount for use of corrugated boxes for glass items, electronic items sold by both e commerce as well as the direct sales in the show rooms, and if one do not want corrugated paper box then they should get reduction in the cost of the item, or initial option for no corrugated box and safe delivery by the e commerce service providers or the show rooms, or return for a price, and the manufacturing company may re use the same corrugated box by just fixing the sticker of the new production in it, as it is a fact that most of the electronic items like grinders etc are opened and tested for the function so this measure of returning of the corrugated boxes will not be big issue, in case people are getting reduction of some amount, many people will certainly do not use the corrugated box packaging; Alternatively government must make it mandatory that all the e commerce service providers must send the electronic items, glass/ cookery items which are breakable in a special plastic containers with arrangements in it to ensure that the goods will not get damaged in transit, and the plastic containers should be seal open in front of the customers who ordered these breakable goods and o delivery the e commerce service provider delivery person should retain the plastic container, this measure saves millions of tonnes of surrogated boxes and billions of litres of water is saved.
Also government must ban using corrugated boxes for electronic items, like wrapping the refrigerators, washing machines, etc. instead there should be a permanent safe plastic/nylon/polyethylene re usable boxes which should be used by the manufacturers to deliver to the distributors or retailers, and collect the same from the retailers and distributors after unloading; there should a permanent system to safely store in the vertical cup boards, at the distributor/ retailer place, only the outer hard cover should be returned back from the retailers place, however there should be some soft plastic cover / cloth cover on each pack to ensure no one tampers the seal, ensure the original manufactures seal prevails for quality of the product, in case a customer wants the outer plastic hard cover they should be charged extra the cost of the manufacture of the plastic hard box.
Also government ban packing of plastic/ glass, water bottles/ beverages in the paper corrugated boxes cartons to distribute to the retailers from the manufactures, instead they should use the plastic boxes which will be usable for decades for distribution from manufacturer to the distributor to the retailer the cartons of water bottles; Also government must induce the first time deposit to all tetra packs packing of liquid foods like milk, fruit juices in tetra packs for more than 200 ml, exchangeable at any location in India in any retailer store for the second purchase by returning the empty used tetra packed milk/ juices.
Also government must ban use of corrugated boxes for the shoes industry and all the shoes must be packed only in the cloth bags, as it is really unnecessary waste of water for manufacture of that hard corrugated box for the shoe.
Also government ban the packaging of eggs in the corrugated boxes, instead they should use the plastic re usable trays to keep the eggs for transportation
Also government must ban use of corrugated paper in the logistic industry for packing and transportation of material, ensure they should use the permanent re usable material, and the persons who used the permanent material has to return back after transportation for re use or pay rent for free days for keeping, and in case non return they should collect the full amount of the permanent packing material.
Also government must ban packing of FMCG products in the corrugated carton boxes to pack bunch of packed items, it is really a criminal waste that packing in corrugated boxed these FMCG products, example a detergent powder of one Kg packed in a corrugated box which is otherwise only a outer decorative box when the actual detergent powder is sealed in a polyethylene vacuumed sealed pack, and this corrugated outer box of the detergent weights minim of 100 gm, then it is nothing but 12.5 litres of water is water in manufacture of the 100 gm corrugated box, in addition more than 9 litres of effluents discharged into the water bodies , in addition the power consumption in the processing and also the gases released while manufacturing, so is it necessary that the outer box of chemical detergent power (non bio) requires this kind of packing? Causing severe damage to the environment, it is a fact that annually several millions of these detergent power boxes are sold, which lead to billions of litres of water getting wasted for no productive work,??? Similarly other food and non food products of FMCG like soaps packed in boxes, tooth pastes packed in boxes etc and also for transportation and distribution packaging in the corrugated paper boxes must be banned, alternatively they must use the reusable plastic boxes, plastic taps which are foldable, easy to carry large volumes of the empty cartons in a small space of a container, back to manufacturer.
Also government and manufacturing industry must jointly form a committee to determine which products should be allowed to use paper boxes in pharmacy industry, etc and industries like detergent should be banned, without this there s no meaning for government advertisement for save water save life??, there should not be two class system, one is common people and other is business people????
Also government regulate the use of paper boxes in the readymade ready to eat foods packing, government must levy luxury tax on the food packing 100 % the actual cost of the each food box, like the pizza packing, Cake boxes, etc delivered/ sold within the city limit or within 10 Km radius; from the bakeries and pizzas, as most of the door delivers do not require that kind of packing of paper cardboard, instead all the pizzas must use the large specially designed casseroles boxes to deliver which ensure no hand touch or distort the shape of the content (like a pan shaped boxes with pizzas made to in the pans and pack the pans so that while removing only the pan handle is touched not the content, it is up to the customers to transfer the content into any vessel) and retain with the pizza supplier the same for reuse, this measure will save lot of paper, in case the customers want only packing for giving gift etc they should pay 100 % extra cost for the value of the corrugated box, and this 100 % extra tax should go to the government exchequer. This measure will certainly reduce use of boxes for pizzas.
Also government must put luxury tax on the use & throw tissue papers (the market of tissue papers just started raising), and ban use of tissue papers in the restaurants, all the functions, etc, either they should serve the reusable cloths napkins or advise the people to bring the hand kerchiefs or hand napkins if they wish.
Also government must establish a “bring banks” for the unemployed youth to establish in every ward to collect used plastic bottles, tetra packs for recycling, by door to door collection every month, also for accepting at counter the empty water bottles, beverage bottles and empty tetra packs to refund the money in the form of mobile cash, in the event of collection of cash advance for the first purchase, with details of first purchase code of the store where it was purchased or can exchange for bonus points to purchase the product without any cash refund with any retailer similar product. This ‘bring banks’ should be limited to few select recyclable products collected in the original form only. Also this Bring banks can take fresh unused news papers (other than reading) from the homes every month to ensure recycle of the news papers, and the value of the news papers weight can be given credit to them to get deducted in the next months news paper bills. This measure ensures maximum amount of use and throw products like packaged water bottles, tetra packs and also the empty carton boxes of the food packs will get collected and recycled to protect the environment, in addition this process generates substantial self direct and indirect employment, direct employment through collection agency employees, and indirect employment through employment in the recycling plants.
All the above measures save lot of packaging paper, in addition generated additional employment in other sectors.
87) MEASURES TO REDUCE CONSUMPTION OF NEWS PRINT PAPER
Also government must reduce the news papers and magazines size to reduce the use of the quantity of paper, government must ban the advertisements in all magazines, only in news papers some government advertisements can be allowed to given that too the advertisements must be only social awareness advertisements certainly not the so called opening, closing ceremonies, the achievements of any govt dept etc; this measure will certainly reduce the printing of the magazines and most of the magazines and tabloids are just surviving on government/ PSU advertisements and most of the content in it is cut copy minor language change and print, and it is become an organised racket with nexus between government and the magazines to provide advertisements and indulge in wasting of tax payers money and also partly encouraging indirect corruption
Also government should contain the value of private organisations giving advertisements in the print media, government must restrict the print media advertisements by the private commercial business organisations to 25% of their total value of the advertisement expenditure, the remaining 75% advertisement can be according to the choice of the business organisation whether outdoor hording advertisements or television advertisements or online internet advertisements or door to door advertisements; if any private organisation commercial, industrial provides more than 25% value of their annual advertisement in print media, they should be subjected to penalties with levying of luxury tax of 100% on the total amount of advertisements above 25% of the advertisements, and this will certainly reduce the use of the print media and reduce the paper volumes, as it is a fact that for the sake of advertisements the news papers are increasing the volume of total papers, which means criminal waste of more fresh water for processing the printable paper, in addition discharge of substantial quantities of waste water .
In order to protect the print media, (which is otherwise known for pure journalism, as the print media journalists have ample time to analyse the data and write the content in a detailed manner by and large compared to electronic media), government must reduce the taxes / zero tax for the consumables for the print media (only for news papers which are having accreditation), if print media restricts its content in few pages, rather than filling pages with half naked photos of young women or gossips of film news or cut copy paste from the social media or from news channels, (let news papers write the original content, relevant content which should be decided by the media associations among themselves); By this measure of reduction in advertisements, and providing concessions on consumables makes print media restricted to perform well with original content of analysis or investigative journalism or the original press briefings of the government.; over all government must reduce the paper making and using in India to save billions of litres of fresh water and billions litres of effluents and GHG, for over all development ofcountry through judicious use of water.
88) GOVERNMENT FIX THE QUOTA FOR SUGAR PER HOUSE HOLD AT NORMAL PRICE, ABOVE QUOTA PRICE SHOULD BE TWICE PER KG FOR HOUSE HOLD; SUGAR FOR COMMERCIAL USE SHOULD BE THREE TIMES HOUSE HOLD PRICE TO REDUCE USE OF SUGAR, SUGAR CANE PRODUCTION, TO REDUCE WATER USAGE
It is a fact that India is the diabetic capital of the world, in addition the rise of obesity in children, in addition rise in cardio vascular diseases, all certainly because of the food habits, certainly because of eating refined food, and mostly because of raw sugar consumption, in many forms, it is evident from the statistics that the average sugar consumption in India has raised from 5% of total global production to 13 of total global production in the last 50 years, with per capta consumption of about 21 kg sugar, when the permitted average sugar intake per adult male is 9 table spoons or about 37 gm, and average female is 25 gm, which translates into average sugar per annum is 13.05 kg per male, and 9.125 kg per number female, is the maximum limit one can consume, but most shocking almost double the quantities are consumed in India, and more shockingly the so called aerated soft drinks 330 ml can contains near about 39 gm of sugar (9 tea spoons)one litre contain 120 gm of sugar approximately; which mean just consuming one soft drink the entire requirement of sugar per day is reached, and what all sugar coming naturally from the food intake like rice, fruits, coffee/tea/ small eats, etc is fully additional, but no one can live on just one drink of aerated drinks and starve to control their sugar intake??, as a result more people are prone to several health discords; also further most shocking is the so called aerated soft drinks which takes about 2 litres of water per one litre of soft drinks is the generally known fact for majority of the people, and one litre of soft drink sold around 40 Rs, but most shocking is it actually takes near about 110 litres of fresh water to make one litre of soft drink.
As it is a fact that to make one Kg of sugar from the sugar cane rising to the processing of sugar it takes average of 1000 Litres to 2000 Litres with average of 1500 litres of water per kg production of finished sugar; which means 100 gm of sugar takes 150 litres of water; 120 gm takes 180 litres of water, so for the production of 1 litre of so called carbonated soft drinks it takes 182 litres of water, with total consumption of sugar by the so called carbonated per annum ranges anywhere between 4,00,000 metric tonnes, which translates into over 1100 billion litres of water; it is a fact that the industry is estimate to grow at 28 to 30 percent per annum for next 30 years, how far it is justifiable to lose this much quantities of water, in addition losing health of millions of people on account of excess of sugar due to consumption of the so called carbonated soft drinks??
Government must raise the cost of sugar to 5 times the normal cost of the sugar sold in the open market for the manufacturers of so called carbonated drinks as a penalty towards excessive water usage (direct and indirect), and at least 3 times the cost of market cost to the other food product manufactures like bakeries, biscuits etc. to ensure reduction of usage of the sugar in the larger interest of people of the country for ensuring sustained inclusive growth, as it is a fact that without fixing the root causes of health disorders as per estimates at present conditions near about 5% people in the working age group are going to die due to health disorders every year which will affect the GDP adversely; also it is a fact that if the water is conserved by reducing the consumption and production of the sugar, sugar cane, the same water can be used to produce other crops (also it is necessary that crop rotation in the sugar cane fields for better yields), and also the water can be used for various other manufacturing process , which will further ensure increase in productivity and growth of GDP and several times more contribution to the exchequer than the so called carbonated drinks contributing to the exchequer, and also substantial reduction in health care of the individuals will ensure health and happy living of the people of the country. Alternatively government may ban the manufacture of carbonated drinks in India and the employees who are working in the industry can be adjusted in other industries or new job opportunities in the service and manufacturing sector, in the larger interest of the health of the people of INDIA, and for ensuring sustained inclusive growth.
In this process, government must aim at reducing the consumption levels of raw sugar at house hols by resting the sale of sugar adhere to standards per family, For this sugar rationing ensuring limited quantities of sugar, government must make it mandatory that from production to retailer the entire chain should be online real-time movement, every house hold must apply online the details of family, government must have data of each house hold across the country, along with voter Id / AADHAAR card no of the adult family members,, each house hold must have unique ID number for their family, and where every they buy the sugar, they must provide the unique id, in the sugar sale to get a special number on the mobile , and submit the one time number for the quantity of purchase at any retail store in India so that the total purchase is limited to only to 13 kg per annum with equated monthly sale of 1.08 kg per adult male and 0.76 kg per adult female, multiplied by total males and total females in the family, if there is a diabetic in the family that sugar quota will get reduced permanently; this measure will certainly reduce the consumption of raw processed sugar in the house hold, and more sugar will be available for export.
Also government must ensure in less than a decade from now the entire production of sugar cane in India must get converted to use only drip irrigation which will further reduce the water consumption by 40 to 50 % of the total consumption at present; in addition government must ensure more sugar production the state of Uttar Pradesh/ north in the sub tropical climate even though there are more risk than the tropical climate production of sugar in states like Maharashtra, as the sub tropical climate production is more viable in spite of volatile extreme conditions high temperatures and cold temperatures still it is economic and efficient way of sugar production, as it take 50 % less water for almost same quantities of production; as the average litres per hectare in Maharashtra is 187 lakh litres per hector per season, where as in UP it is 57 lack litres per hector per season, but the production per hector is 90 quintals per hector in Maharashtra, and 57 quintals per hector in UP, but the water consumption per hector is 2 lakh litres per tonne production in Maharashtra, where as it is one Lakh litres per tonne production in UP this is in the normal irrigation (for the same if drip is used the consumption in Maharashtra by 1 lakh litres per tonne and in UP it s about 50,000 litres per tonne); Also government must pursue with both state governments of Maharashtra, UP and the sugar cane farmers, the sugar mills, the distillers in both states and if the famers, mill owners can swift their base from Maharashtra to UP , if the state of UP can accommodate the sugar cane famers; the existing sugar cane lands in Maharashtra can be used for other crops so that there won’t be any effect on the farm works, also since the sugar mills are shifting, majority of the workers in sugar mills in Maharashtra can shift to UP, this measure will ensure over all development of both states and also the country.
89) MANDATORY INCULCATION OF HABIT OF CONSUMING MORE WATER TO CHILDREN, STUDENTS, ALL AGE GROUP PEOPLE FOR ENSURING HEALTHY LIFE
It is a fact that 70 % of human body is made of fluids that carry the energy to every part of the body, the more the fluids in the body the more the better metabolism, the better release of energy, the better blood circulation and better function of entire body, but strangely most of the people do not consume even minimum required quantities of water, more over most of the youth consume lot of ready to eat fried foods, oily foods, which require even more water, in addition they consume more carbon aerated drinks; this is the main reason for several health disorders in the people, As such it is necessary that from the very childhood onwards children should be thought about need for drining required quantities of pure water, inculcated the habit of drinking more water in the form of pure water. As more water will not only relives thirst, but also it maintains body temperatures optimal, thus ensures brain functions effectively, thus all organs functions effectively making people live healthy.
Since the population is on the rise and demand water water is on the rise and need to use the existing water recourses optimally, government must ensure stringent measures are adopted from now onwards to ensure in the nearby future people will not be starved for water, in the process is to ensure free flow of water in the water bodies and also ensure abundant rain fall in the catchment area through reduction of climatic temperatures through reduced pollutions/global warming effects, also ensuring more greenery, and best methods of transport in addition to applying weather modification techniques to ensure more rain water, along with preserving the rain water in best possible manner, in addition utilisation of waste water by recycling to the maximum possible extent.
As it is a fact that rapid urbanisation is happening and by 2050 near about 50 % population in the country live in urban areas and water supply is a big issue; since municipal water is not adequate, also not quality due to contaminations due to often mix with sewer lines also the ground water is very meagre, and the taker water is only for domestic use not for consumption as the source is not known, in addition it requires purification for consumption, as such majority of the population are depending at present on the so called Bottled water, with industry production of 25 to 30 % growth of bottled water industry in India, to begin with making it mandatory to use of only river/harvested Rain / desalinated Water for Manufacture of Bottled Mineral Water & Beverages, which will save billions of litres of fresh water, which otherwise are sourced from the municipal water or from the ground water; the conserved fresh water is used for other purposes like residential or commercial, in addition to reduction of load on the ground water as well as tanker water, thus reducing the pollution levels thus better natural rain water.
So by making all bottled water manufacturers, all beverages manufactures mandatorily source water directly from the rivers or create own rain water harvesting and use rain water, or use of desalinated water will save billions of water; in addition government making it mandatory that at least 50 % sale of beverages in INDIA should be using desalinated water further forces the bulk water users for bottled water and beverages manufactures to establish their plants in the sea costs, along with desalinated plants to reduce the load on the other sources of water; also government providing incentives for the establishment of desalination plants will further encourage desalination plants by not only for use of water in the captive consumption, but also the private invests in establishing the desalination water plants to supply the desalinated water to the government in the manner of private investment in extraction of oil and natural gas, also making it mandatory that all the costal districts must supply municipal water with minimum of 25 % of the quantity of water sourced from desalination, will further reduce the load on the river water supply, and the conserved river water can be best used in the land locked districts/ cities.
In order to reduce the environmental pollution occurring due to non recycling of billions of small water bottles making it Mandatory for purchase of small Mineral Water Bottles (100 ml, 200 ml, 500 ml, 750 ml and 1000 ml) to Pay Deposit for Purchase of First Bottle & Return Empty Bottle for Refund/ Second Purchase at Normal Cost of any Brand, Any Where in India for Ensuring Total Recycling of Used Bottles, for this Creation of Bring Banks will further ensure more waste get recycled in a systematic manner, with reduction of litter on the streets, in dust bins, with less contamination of soil, water bodies; the establishment of ‘Bring Banks’ Village/Ward Wise Jointly by Manufacturers to Collect Empty Bottles & All Recyclable Items will further generate employment to millions of people and reduces the cost of production of some of the non food grade items, as most of the items raw martial cost get cheaper; as it was obtained from the recycled, recovered material at nominal price; in order to ensure prevention of un authorised manufacturing, sale of the bottled water, and also to ensure the system of return of used bottles after paying the first bottle deposit work effectively, making it mandatory Bar Coding of Bottled Water with Mandatory Display on Internet the Quantities Manufactured, Stock with each Sale Point & Display of Execution of Sale Online Real Time of every Bottle Sale will help in ensuring effective implementation to reduce the use of fresh water, reduce discharge of effluents, reduce duplicate and contrabands circulations, improves quality of bottled water; more profits for the manufacturers due to organised detailed sale.
Also with mandatory to Installation of RO Water Plants in All Apartments, Gated Communities & in RAW with Capacity Equivalent to 20 Litres Per Day Per Household, which should be supplied free of cost; in addition making it mandatory Establish Reverse Osmosis (RO) Water Plants (By Government & Private) in all Educational Institutions, Office Establishments, Commercial Complexes, Market Yards, in Fuel Stations, Bus / Railway Stations, At All Bank ATM's, All Major Post Offices, All Wards & Villages to ensure Safe Drinking Water available free of cost to All Sections of People, Especially Downtrodden Hard Labour, Farmers & Farm Workers,; in addition providing RO water free of cost for the downtrodden people BPL families in the wards/ villages and at cost to cost to the low income group and and others at marginal cost by supplying the RO water door to door by the Municipalities will further reduce use of bottled water in addition improves the health of the millions of down trodden people who do not have access to safe drinking water; in addition ban on Use of Packaged/Bottled Mineral Water in all Commercial/Office Establishments with More than 5 Employees and also in all Mass Gathering Functions like Marriages etc will further reduce the use of bottled water, will further saves billions of litres water, they can use the RO water supplied at nominal cost by the municipalities to the people living in Independent houses who do not have provision for RO water, ensures more people has access to safe drinking water; in addition supply of packaged bulk bottles by municipalities to all those commercial establishments & shops with less than 5 employees who do not have access to RO water will ensure even all employees get access to safe drinking water; Also mandatory on the part of the employer to supply RO water to the staff/ workers working onsite in the construction and other activities will further ensure that all sections of people have access to RO water.
Also making the RO waste water collected to use mandatorily in the fire engines and also in vehicle service stations, which was supplied at concessional rate than the fresh rate, else the vehicles has to go for dry wash only, otherwise has to pay additional charges for using fresh water will certainly make the vehicle service stations adopt use of waste water further reduce the fresh water consumption to a large extent as millions of vehicles serviced every with water of the total vehicle population of over 120 million in India; in addition the waste water generated from the RO water plants used for cleaning the common areas, cleaning Kitchen utensils will further saves billions of fresh water; this measure further reduces the use of bottled water.
Also by ensuring accountability of usage of water by all sections of people for all purposes all types of water making it Mandatory to fix Water Meters for Every Type of Water Use (Municipal, Ground, River Water, Grey), making the data Online the Quantities of use, the Source, the Nature of Water (Fresh, Recycled), in addition mandatory Monthly Water Audit for Usage by Individual House, Apartment, Gated Community, Commercial Users, Agriculture for ensuring Working/Functioning by taking the water meter reading every month like electricity meter reading, in addition calibration of Water Meters, done once in three months, along with making it mandatory that all usage Charges Paid Online Bank Transaction will further ensure accountability of use of water further increases the responsibility on individuals judiciously as they have to pay for the used water; will further reduce the demand for fresh water.
Also by Fixing the upper Limit of Water Usage to 1000 litres pay or 30,000 litres per month by a house hold of 4 in urban areas for residential users, also similarly setting limit for all other users of every Type, Additional Cost for Water Usage Above Fixed Limit will further reduce the use of water; in addition mandatory periodic maintainance of the pipes, plumbing systems storage tanks further reduce the leaks and saves water, also periodic maintainance of home appliances like washing machines, dish washers home RO water systems etc will ensure further saving of water; also Government providing Tax concessions for Water Conservation Equipment Pressurised Water Cleaners for Vehicles & Gardening, Bio Toilets, Water Conserving Toilets Flush Systems, Automatic Sensor Based Water Dispenser Taps will further ensure water is conserved, by reducing the using of excess water for cleaning the personal vehicles, floors, etc also in the wetting lawns, in addition the automated tap dispensers will reduce the running tap water from the sinks in residential, commercial places thus saving billions of litres of water.
Also levy of luxury tax on the water used in the swimming pools with mandatory to register swimming pool with government, with periodic maintainance of swimming pools and data of date of use/ discharge of swimming pool water; in addition levy of Luxury Tax for Swimming Pools in RWA, Gated Communities & in Hotels, will further reduce the construction, & use of swimming pools, instead they use the public swimming pools created by the government by paying the user charges will further reduce the fresh water demand, also luxury tax on bath tubs in the residential use further reduces the use of large quantities of water.
Also making it mandatory that All bore wells register with government with the depth of the bore well rigged, the capacity of motor used to lift the water, the source of power, along with mandatory accountability of use of quantities of bore water by fixing the water meters on the bore well discharge points to quantify the use of ground water; also government levying fixed charges for bore well water will further ensure judicious use of bore well water; Also to further accountability & preserve the ground water through restricting the use of ground water by imposing Ban on Ground Water use by the Bulk Users with more than 60,000 lit of Water per month or Above Rs 10 Lakhs Turnover per annum, Ban on Municipal Water Use by Bulk Users more than 60,000 Litres per month and less than 2,00,000 litres per month or Rs 1 Cr turnover per annum with mandatory to use only River Water directly sourced or Harvested Rain Water, or Desalinated Water, will ensure more ground water available for residential uses.
Also further fixing the optimal limit of usage of water for cultivation by the farmers who are sourcing water from rivers or ground water by fixing the Water use Limit for Farmers Based on Type of Soil, Type of Crop, Season at Nominal Rate, Beyond optimum use, Water Charges on Additional Quantities; also government providing incentives for adopting the drip irrigation system, the sprinkler system, the mulching system etc where ever possible in addition making it mandatory that all Horticulture crops should be raised Using drip irrigation system will further reduce the demand for ground water and cannel river water; Also government levy of additional cost for the use of excess water above the optimal limit will further ensure judicious use of the water by farmers for best output; Also levy of commercial Water Usage Charges For all Commercial Cultivation by Corporate farming, Contract Farming for captive consumption by the manufacturers for food processing or for the open market sale of raw material, be levied / charged at double the rate than the normal water rate will ensure all the corporate will adopt all water conserving techniques, use less water consuming verity seeds; this measure will further reduce the demand for fresh water.
Also in order to ensure the private water suppliers who supply the water by tankers source the water from the rivers/ permitted limit from the ground water source and pay taxes for the water supplied, by making it mandatory for All Private Water Supplying Enterprises to Register with Government, Private Water Tankers must be Equipped with GPS & Water Meter at the discharge Discharge Outlet and making the data of supply online real time up date; along with certified for quality of water and source of water for ethical sourcing of water, along with mandatory government control supply of private water tanker by making it mandatory ordering of water tanker through government website and government supply tanker water from among the registered private water tanker suppliers with advance online payment from the user through mobile cash or bank transaction with booking using the municipal water connection number further ensures all water is accounted for (virtually reducing the private water supplier just providers of transport from source to the user), Also supply of tanker water by observing the GPS position of the source, and end user with optimal route, minim distance and minimum time of travel will further reduce the pollution caused by the private water tankers; also making it mandatory that all the water tankers (government, private, carrying fresh water, waste water from RO units or gray water or the bottled water supplied by the manufacturers) in future must be operated only through CNG will further reduce the air pollution due water transportation ; Also Uniform Fixed Rate for Quantity of Water supplied by tanker water with the variable cost of transportation depending up on the distance travelled from source to delivery point, also cost depends up on the urgency of requirement to ensure optimal use of the water tanker with making it a non bail able criminal offence to Supply tanker water or Buy tanker water without online registering & not ordering from the government, supplying Illegally, or Paying Cash for the tanker water; all measures further ensures judicious use of water.
Also government itself making the weather modification, in addition incentives for private investment from the industrial associations and manufacturing units of that consume large quantities of water (direct and indirect, by way of consuming the raw material which consumes bulk water for creation of that raw material like sugar, cotton, carbonated drink manufacturers etc), for weather modification/ cloud seeding to ensure more rain fall in the river catchment areas, also in the private catchment areas where the natural earth dam pits are create by the bulk water users for storage of rain water, also government using the MNREGA workers to create huge earth storage pits for conserving the rain water in the large rain fail areas; in addition making it mandatory that all the residential, commercial, industrial building must have rain water conserving storage tanks, either underground or over the ground with the storage capacity not less than the average rain fall in that built up area, in that territory to preserve the rain water for future use (at least for few months after rainy season), to reduce the load on the municipal water and also on the ground water, by using the rain water for washing clothes being considered as soft water which also takes less detergents to clean the dirt thus less rinsing required, as there is no dissolved chemicals as was part of ground water or no bleaching agents as was in the municipal water.
Also adopting the measures to reduce the vehicular pollution to reduce the global warming, to ensure better rain, also for pure rain, by making limited commercialisation of personal passenger vehicles to utilise existing empty space optimally (for four persons in a self driven car, one person in a two wheeler), to reduce the traffic density on the roads; in addition to further reduce the vehicular pollution using the systems of mass transport of goods vehicles to reduce the total travel distance, especially transporting the goods from manufactures near to the sea port locations to other destinations which are near to sea ports along the coast line of India, which will reduce the travel distance by road substantially, as one ship can carry near over 800 to 1000 trucks and consumes less than 20 % of the total fuel consumed by the 1000 trucks; by this way substantial amount of fuel and pollution can be reduced, in addition to reduction in transportation cost of the goods, all resulting in reduced pollution; In addition through creation of railway sidings near the vicinity of all major Agriculture Markets & All Major Manufacturing Units in the Land locked Districts to reduce the Transportation of Goods by Road; All measures to reduce Air pollution ensuring Better Rain, Pure Rain, harvest rain Water For use in Multiple Ways; in addition this measure improves the inter district, interstate trade, ensure more profits for the farmers and less cost for the consumers by way of reduction of middle men.
Also government making it mandatory use of 50 % of the grey water generated by the independent houses, apartments, gated communities and RWA, hotels, hostels to be recycled for use in the toilet flush systems and the gardens (non food grade plants) by establishing the grey water recycling systems in their homes, commercial establishment, government providing one time incentives will save billions of litres of fresh water from turning into black as out of total use of household fresh water about 10 to 30 % of water is used for toilets flushing, Since India being the diabetic capital of the world with more number of diabetic patients, and the number is raising, the water use in the toilets is high, so by recycling the used water generated from the bath rooms and the washing machines or washing clothes recycling will reduce the demand for for fresh water to the tune of 10 % minimum to a maximum 30 % in various household, which itself is saves lot of fresh water; in addition imposing fine of 20% on the total water bill, for fresh water usage without the recycling system in independent houses and apartments, gated communities, hotels, ensure every household use the grey water recycling at least 50 % of the total grey water generated, as in the normal house hold the grey water generated is around 30 to 40% of the total water use, and remaining 30 to 40% of dark water generated from the kitchens and dish washers ad surface cleaning water, which will not be of used for recycling, unless treated (recommend for drought prone areas to treat and use for gardening, toilet flushing). Also using the excess grey water generated from the residential habitations, hotels to be collected and used to pump the grey water to be used in public toilets mandatorily which will further saves billions of fresh water as the public toilets in the commercial complexes, market yards, bus stations, railway stations, air ports, cinema halls, parks, exhibitions, sports complexes/ stadiums etc which has billions of foot prints per annum, in the toilets; the use of grey water saves billion of litres of fresh water from becoming into unusable black water.
In addition government regulating the use of chemical detergents with are not only consuming more water to rinse and also causing the serious health hazards in case not rinsed properly due to shortage of water, in addition to causing health hazards while using with bare hand and exposing to bare feet while washing manually, and government making it mandatory for all detergent manufactures to specify the components used, the side effects of chemicals on the humans and environment, and classification of range of detergents and surface cleaners as per the effects on health and environment will further ensure judicious use of detergents, leading to reduced water consumption; also government providing incentives for manufacture of bio organic detergents and dish washer and the surface cleaners and definitive time period to phase out chemical detergents will further save billions of litres of water due the fact the organic bio detergents consume less water for washing clothes due to less water for rinsing. in addition saves water bodies from contamination, reduce the grey water from bath rooms from turning to dark water due to the chemicals present in the detergents when used for washing by hands or in the machines making the grey water un usable for other than just toilets flush.
Also making it mandatory for the laundry service providers, and bulk users of detergents like restaurants, etc to use only bio detergents will not only save lot of fresh water but also saves the environment and health; also government supplying at concessional rate the harvested rain for commercial laundries, and also government provide incentives for rain water harvesting for the bulk water users like laundry water saves billions of litres of fresh water.
Also government Streamlining Use of Acids, with Ban on use of Acids for residential and commercial purposes will improve the quality of the grey water generated from the residential and commercial bath rooms, as grey water mixed with acids is unsuitable for circulation and use for gardening, even it is un safe to use in the flush tanks for long periods; in addition to saving the life of the flooring & tiles of the building; further ensure Better Recyclable Grey water generated; Also Streamlining Use of Distilled Water In Batteries of Vehicles & in Power Inverters, as most of the urban population uses the power inverters which consume the distilled water, and there is lack of systems to safe disposals of used distilled water containers causing serious health hazards in addition to making the grey water unusable so by making Only Authorised Service Agents can procure & Use, Ensuring Safe Use & Disposal, in addition creation of more employment in an organised way; Also Streamlining Use of Paints for Residential, Commercial Building, To Reduce Contamination of Fresh & Grey Water, as every day millions of litres of paint is used with at least 5 % wastage and there is no safe disposal, paints getting dumped into the water bodies or soil or sewerage lines; which can be contend by regulating the sale of paints only to the register users, this measure ensures optimal use of paint saving sustainable amounts for the employer ; this measure generated million of employment.; Measures to Contain Leakages of Transformer Oils to save lot of water from contamination through Periodic Maintainance of Transformers to minimize failures to the barest minimum levels, the failures are mostly due to leakage of transformer oil, with millions of transformers stationed across the country using millions of lifters of transformer oils, also continuous monitoring the health of the transformers ensuring the up time by 99.9 % will not only reduce the contamination of water but also improves the efficiency of motors, and water pumps and better water delivery.
Also reduction of contamination of water bodies directly and indirectly through decomposition in the soil the used sanitary napkins & period clothes which account for over 300 million every month most of the water bodies are directly and indirect creation by way of safe disposal for the used sanitary napkins and used periods cloths by installing the Exclusive Disposal Bins for Used Sanitary Napkins/ Period Cloths in all Streets, Residential Habitations, Apartments, RWA, Office Buildings, Railway Stations, Bus Stations to Prevent Soil, ensuring the privacy of the disposer to protect the dignity of women, safe guarded, in addition removal of these exclusive napkin collection bins every day like removing bio medical waste, and sanitisation of the bins area will further reduce the contamination of water and reduction of health risks for People in Habitations & also for Sewerage Cleaning Workers, Also government further ensuring all women in India use the sanitary napkins by providing /Supplying Low Cost Sanitary Napkins for all Adult Girls & Women Free/ Subsidised Cost to ensure Hygienic & Health care for the individual girl child and the women in addition to make the disposal more organised way with less contamination, this measure also wipe out the NATIONAL SHAME as till date more than 95 % India do not have access to hygienic sanitary napkins.
Also mandatory periodic maintainance of sewerage system in all independent houses, apartments gated communities, in all RWA and in all commercial complexes periodically ensures better circulation of water, no stagnation of water, chances of contamination with fresh water gets reduced, in addition periodic maintainance of the fresh water supply and sewerage pipes ensuring no amounts of solids enter the sewerage lines will further reduce chances of contamination, as the leaks in the pipes and sewers causing huge loss of fresh water; also mandatory to use only trained sewerage workers who are register with government, providing safety gears and training and online booking of sewerage workers, mandatory monthly maintainance of seaware systems in residential and commercial places, online data of periodic maintainance of the sewerage works will further reduce chances of breakdown of sewage system, contain to a great extent the over flowing during the rainy season, in addition to saving thousands of lives of sewerage workers who otherwise are dying every year, with daily 3 to 5 n the spot and annually 25000 prematurely at a young age much less than the average life; Also ban on the rising of plants in the black waters, especially the green leafy vegetables, along with mandatory to raise kitchen gardening by the habitations on the free terrace and open space in residential places and in the office establishments in verticals, ensuring people in the habitations especially in the urban habitations get fresh leafy vegetables for healthy living grown in their own terraces/ garden using the stored rain water will ensure best use of rain water and also the waste water from the RO water plants, day.
In Addition taking measures for Safe Disposal of Dead Animals With Last Rituals in designated locations, further reduces the contamination of water, by way of creation of exclusive slaughter places in the Mandal/ block to ensure safe disposal of the animal slaughter remains, in the absence of this as of now everyone cutting the animal (hen & goat etc ) for meat by people at their homes or in the local temples and discarding the remains in the nearby area causing severe contamination of soil and water bodies in the event of rain fall, which can be contained by making it mandatory for animal owners to register animal with government get a unique id for the animal with mandatory RFID tags internal for small animals or external tags for the lager animals mandatorily; which can be tracked; also government do RFID tagging for stray animals along with making it mandatory to take online permission from government for cutting any animal for meat or to report the death of the animal or discarding the ailing animal will reduce the contamination of water bodies and soils and prevent the spread of diseases, Also ban on sale of frozen meat, also sale of non vegetarian only in exclusive non vegetarian markets further ensures safe disposal of the meat remains, in addition organised way of slaughter by trained people will create millions jobs, also organised way of disposal of the dead animals will further ensure organised employment for the people who dispose the dead animals in addition the safety and security of the persons engaged in the disposal in addition sanitisation of the area, in addition paying last rights for animals especially the Holy Cows, in addition creation of tax free donations for caring the animals will ensure more animals get salvation.
Also stream Streamlining of Water usage for Religious Purposes to reduce the contamination of water bodies due to large number of devotes visits the GHATS to taking part in the rituals using water in a limited space, to reduce the severe health risks for all those immersed, in addition to reduce deposition of non bio degradable material, every wastes in the name of religion indiscriminately dumped in waters causing clogging of water cannels and also to reduce environmental damages, in addition to reduce abnormal growth of bacteria in the water, to save aquatic life and also entire ecology; so as a part of ensuring clean water prevails for all religious purposes, by building Long Lengths of GHATS on River Banks, with lengths of the GHATS Based on average Visit of People During Auspicious Days with One Sft Area Per Person & Only Fixed Number of People Per Year Allowed on Lottery System From Among Applied with complete Ban on Pouring any Substances in Water Bodies as part of Religious Rituals ; in addition permitting erection/ installation / establishment of Only One Temporary Idol Installation per Village/ Ward on Lottery System from Among Private Religious Associations will ensure the purity of water preserved by containing billions of tonnes of religious material getting dumped into the water bodies, in addition the rituals are performed with utmost satisfaction, in addition creation of more employment opportunity due to long lengths of GHATS and fixed place of GHAT to be visited by the devote. ; in addition making it mandatory to use pressurised water cleaners at all religious places to clean / wash the premises with water saves billions of litres of fresh water getting wasted, also mandatory to fix the hath facets to all the water taps meant for washing the feet at religious places saves billions of litres of water, also mandatory installation of automated water dispenser taps at the wash basins to wash hands will further save billions of litres of water in addition it ensuring hygienic and cleanliness to the persons who are using due to no touch of tap opening by every other person who use tap in the conventional tap to open the tap for water got avoided.
Government regulate the construction of dams and projects on the rivers which are obstructing the flow of water for the downstream by enacting law for Creation of Federal Irrigation Authority to Issue Permission for Construction of Dams in All States Using River Water, Sharing of River Water Based on Population of Territory/ Cultivation along Flow of River Water; along with Geo mapping of Water Bodies, Cannels, sewerage lines and Dismantling of Encroachments to Prevent Water Logging, this causing flooding of the cities, causing excessive damage to the property in addition contamination of water bodies due to the dead animals and other wastes.
Also making it mandatory for all manufactures to register with government, ward wise wise village wise manufacturing units for Online Information with Geo Mapping of Factories/ Industries Village Wise/Ward Wise, along with information on Nature of manufacture, total Quantities of Manufacture, Type of manufacture & Quantities of use of water, quantities of waste generation, the ratio of raw material to finished product weight; the quantities of Discharges/Emissions, details of Effects on Ecology, Living Beings long with making it mandatory that all Manufacturing units to Provide Online Real Time Live Web Casting of Process of Treatment of Effluents Before Discharge & Display of Permissible Limits of Discharge through Instruments Reading along with GEO information to the people; in addition making all Vehicles Carrying Effluent Slurry, Fluids equipped with mandatorily GPS tracking along with monitoring with CC Cameras Fitted on Vehicles to ensure Discharge in the Designated Locations Safely to Prevent Water Bodies, Soils from Contamination; In addition government making Periodic Testing of Water, Soil Health in the Immediate Vicinity of Factories Which Discharges Effluents, Storage of Data for Analysis also making the Employees Union Members responsible for not informing the discharge of Untreated Effluents will further reduce the contamination of water bodies on account of effluents discharge; also Mandatory Education of People in Vicinities of the Factories for Possible Health Hazards due to Untreated Effluents, Precautionary Health Care Measures, Act As Vigilant will further ensure the manufactures adhere to the standards, in addition government providing the incentives total recycle and ZERO emission industries will further reduce effluents contaminating the water bodies.
Also stricter implementation of measures to save billions of litres on account of reduction of paper manufacture and usage (as one tonne of paper manufacture consumes about 1,50,000 litres of water on an average, which means one kg of paper or paper box consumes about 150 litres of water); by way of mandatory office internal communication using the computers both in government and private, also all the legal agreements made online in the special website created for this purpose by the government, in addition submission of al court papers in the online electronic form, in addition Reduction of Use of Writing & Printing Paper Through Adopting Measures to Reuse Text Books, E-Text Books, E-Slates for Writing in higher education; reduce the use of paper carton boxes for delivery of the goods ordered online by the customers by banning the e commence traders to use the paper carton boxes, also banning the manufacturer of electronic goods to use reusable polyethylene or plastic or nylon packs to pack the goods; also reducing the advertisements in news papers restricting it to 25 % of the total value of the advertisements to reduce the papers size, means saving of billions litres of fresh water and also saving of billions of litres of effluents generation and discharge into water bodies.
Also government taking measures to reduce the sugar use & production to save billions of litres of water (as one Kg of sugar production takes about 1500 litres on an average) by way of rationing the sale of sugar to individual household, ensuring every person in India consume only the permitted limit of raw sugar, thus reducing the per capta consumption, in addition Regulation Sugar Use in Carbonated Drinks, Concessionaries by Enhancing Cost of Sugar for Commercial use 5 to 10 times normal cost of sugar to Reduce Use of Sugar Ensuring Reduced Production of Sugar to Conserve of Billions of Litres of Fresh Water.
Also educating the people to ensure people consume more freshwater from the very child hood every day to be healthy.
All Measures Ensure Availability of Clean & Safe Water for Residential, Commercial, Industrial & Agriculture Use For Healthy Living of All Sections of People, All Animals, All Trees at All Times Through Sustained Environment Friendly Development
Note: This document pointing out the existing lacunas in the system, provides ways & means to rectify the lacunas thus ensuring Water For All ; the wordings and expressions are in the larger interest of people, especially the downtrodden sections who are otherwise sufferers due to failure of systems; the content is not indented to demoralize, denigrate any section of people, only meant to bring the change in the systems and make sure every human gets clean drinking water, also dignity of labour, humanity, compassion prevails in the society; in case any section of people/ institutions sentiments are hurt due to the content of this document, I express by sincere regrets, along with prayer to the almighty to provide equanimity of mind to all such people.
Note: Ref: My Documents from 2011 to 2015
List of Documents By The Author
1) Simple and Effective Reforms for Controlling Corruption (Dec 2011)
2) Gender Equality Need of the Hour (April 2012)
3) Measures for Betterment of SC, ST, OBC Children in Welfare Hostels (Sep 2012)
4) Health Care for All (Sep 2012)
5) Food for All (Sep 2012)
6) Need for Fixing Perils regarding FDI, Decontrol of Oil Prices (Oct 2012)
7) Need for Partial De Control of Oil Prices (Oct 2012)
8) Railway Sector Reforms (Oct 2012)
9) Civil Aviation Sector Reforms (Nov 2012)
10) Shelter for All, Land Reforms (Nov 2012)
11) Religious Reforms (Nov 2012)
12) Justice System Reforms (Dec 2012)
13) Measures for Safety and Security of Girls, Women (Dec 2012)
14) Political and Electoral System Reforms (Jan 2013)
15) Measures for Acquiring True Leadership Qualities (Mar 3013)
16) Unorganized Employment to Organized Employment (Mar 2013)
17) Need for Accountability of Expenditure on Advertisements &Publicity by Governments (May 2013)
18) Sports System Reforms (June 2013)
19) Safety, Security and Preservation of Nature and Abolition of Two Class Treatment in Religious Shrines (July 2013)
20) Measures for Achieving Inclusive Growth.( Aug 2013)
21) Measures for Strengthening of Economy (Sep 2013)
22) Media Regulations (Sep 2013)
23) The Manifesto (Dec 2013)
24) Absolute Accountability & Transparency of Elected Representatives, Civil Servants & Judiciary Officials to Common Public. (May 2014)
25) Uniform Norms for Fixing Land Value (Feb 2015)
26) Reforms in Marriage Related Laws (Mar 2015)
27) Role of Media & Reforms in Media for Providing Space/Voice for Dalits, Adivasis, OBC (April 2015)
28) Measures to Contain Food Adulteration, Hygienic Food Preparation (June 2015)
29) Educational Sector Reforms (Oct 2015)
30) Measures to Contain Vehicular Pollution (Dec 2015)
31) Measures Ensuring Clean ‘Water For All’ (Jan 2016)
Pradeep Kumar Kunche
Think Social Engineering, Think Me