NEED FOR BRINGING CHANGE IN SYSTEM FOR TRANSFORMING
UN-ORGANISED EMPLOYMENT TO
FOR PROVIDING VALUE, RECGNIZATION AND STREAMLINING THE SERVICES OF UNORGANISED, SEMI ORGANISED AND ORGANISEDLY UNORGANISED (CONTRACT EMPLOYMENT) WORKFORCE BY MANDATORY REGISTRATION OF EACH INDIVIDUAL WORKFORCE ACCORDING TO THE CATEGORY OF SERVICE THEY RENDER (DOMESTIC HELP, DRIVER, WASHER MEN, COBBLER, LABOURERS, GOLD/BLACK SMITH, TAILORS PLUMBER, MECHANICS, ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS, ELECTRICIAN, KIRANA SHOP HELPER, SALES PERSONS, SECURITY GUARDS, PRIESTS, CLERICS, ACCOUNTANTS, ETC ), ALSO MAKING IT MANDATORY ONLY REGISTERED WORKFORCE TO BE EMPLOYED BY THE EMPLOYERS FOR MULTIPLE BENEFITS; NEED FOR MANDATORY EXTEND OF WELFARE MEASURES TO THE WORKFORCE BY THE EMPLOYERS BY PROVIDING MANDATORY “PROVISION DEBIT CARD” (BY DEDUCTING PART SALARY OF ORGANISED WORKFORCE, EXCLUSIVELY FOR SECURING PROVISIONS, ENHANCING FOOD PURCHASE POWER OF MAXIMUM HOUSEHOLDS, THUS CURTAILING FOOD INFLATION) INDIRECTLY ENSURING FOOD SECURITY FOR ALL WORKFORCE, HEALTH CARE (HEALTH CARE FOR ALL WITH CONTRIBUTION FROM EMPLOYEE & EMPLOYER), FREE EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN, ALSO PROVIDING BETTER COMMUNICATION FACILITY BY PROVIDING MOBILE AND TABLET PC WITH INTERNET FOR EVERY EMPLOYEE FOR EASE OF VARIOUS ONLINE BILL PAYMENTS TO ENCOURAGE MORE CASHLESS TRANSACTIONS FOR MORE CONVENIENCE & TIME SAVING; NEED FOR ENSURING ECONOMIC GROWTH OCCURS EVENLY THROUGH INCLUSIVE GROWTH OF WORKFORCE AND INVESTORS BY MAKING IT MANDATORY TO SHARE PART OF PROFITS OBTAINED THROUGH BUSINESS TO THE EMPLOYEES BY THE EMPLOYERS FROM PROPRIETARY KIRANA SHOPS TO GIANT CORPORATE INDUSTRIES (ENSURING MORE LEGITIMATE PRODUCTION, REDUCED ZERO TRADE); NEEDED MEASURES FOR ENSURING INDUSTRIALISATION/SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES SHOULD NOT AT THE COST OF CURBING CULTIVATION & DISPLACEMENT OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE DEPRIVING THEIR LIVELY-HOOD WHO ARE DEPENDENT ON AGRICULTURE & NATURAL RESOURCES, FOR EMPLOYMENT OF FEW HUNDREDS & ENORMOUS GROWTH OF WEALTH OF FEW TENS OF INVESTORS
PRADEEP KUMAR KUNCHE,
 NEED FOR MANDATORY REGISTRATION OF PROFESSION WISE WORKFORCE IN EVERY CATEGORY; NEED FOR ISSUE OF PROFESSIONAL ID CARDS FOR ALL KINDS OF PROFESSIONALS; MANDATORY FOR EMPLOYERS TO EMPLOY ONLY REGISTERED WORKFORCE, FAILURE SHOULD LEAD TO CRIMINAL OFFENCE.
 NEED FOR SETTING UP OF SKILL DEVELOPMENT TRAINING INSTITUTES FOR PROVIDING TRAINING PROFESSION WISE, ALSO FOR UP GRADING THE SKILLS FOR THE EXISTING WORKFORCE IN EVERY DISTRICT IN ALMOST ALL THE STATES
 NEED FOR FIXING UNIFORM PAY FOR SAME KIND OF PROFESSIONALS DECIDED BASED ON THE LOCAL CONDITIONS AND ALSO MORE PAY BASED ON EXPERIENCE FOR CERTAIN PROFESSIONAL SERVICES; NEED FOR STANDARDISATION OF WORK ENVIRONMENT
 NEED FOR CONDUCTING MASS WORKSHOPS AND PROPAGANDA FOR PROFESSION WISE (FOR ALL UN ORGANISED EMPLOYEES) IN EVERY WARD/ MANDAL/ DISTRICT REGARDING THE OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES AND TO OVER COME THEM, THE GENERAL HEALTH CARE OF THE FAMILY ETC
 NEED FOR REMOVAL OF POLITICAL PARTY BASED/BACKED UNIONS IN ALL TRADE UNIONS AT WORK PLACE POLITICAL PARTY SYSTEM DIVISION SHOULD NOT OCCUR; NEED FOR COMPLETE BAN OF INDIVIDUAL INDUSTRY/ BUSINESS ORGANISATION WISE UNIONS
 NEED FOR FIXING THE TENURE OF THE OFFICE BEARERS OF THE UNIONS TO A MAXIMUM OF TWO TERMS WITH FIXING THE TENURE OF THE UNION TWO YEARS
 NEED FOR MAKING ALL THE MEMBERS MANDATORILY VOTE IN THE ELECTIONS WHICH EVER PART THEY ARE, AND FAILURE TO EXTEND VOTE SHOULD BE LIABLE TO EXPEL FROM THE UNION. ONLY PERSONS WHO GOT 50% MAJORITY AS UNION LEADERS.
 NEED FOR INSTALLATION OF CC CAMERAS AND BIO METRIC DEVICES AT WORK PLACE IN ALL THE GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE ESTABLISHMENTS- UNION LEADERS BUST HAVE 75% PRESENT IN THE WORK PLACE TO SET EXAMPLE FOR OTHER WORKER (CERTAINLY REMOVE THE IDEA OF FREE BIRDS AND DO ANYTHING UNDER THE COVER OF THE UNION)
 NEED FOR MINIMUM ATTENDANCE OF 66 % TO THE DUTY AND PERFORMANCE AT THE WORK SHOULD BE REQUIRED TO BE CONTINUED AS UNION LEADER EVEN AFTER ELECTION; THE ATTENDANCE SHOULD BE REVIEWED QUARTERLY; ALSO OVER ALL ATTENDANCE OF OVER 75 % REQUIRED TO CONTEST ELECTION FOR SECOND TERM TO BE RE ELECTED FOR THE SECOND TERM
 NEED FOR MANDATORY REPRESENTATION IN ALL ELECTORAL SYSTEMS FOR THE WORKFORCE FROM MANDAL LEVEL ONWARDS FOR ALL EX UNION LEADER SHOULD BE THE CRITERIA
 NEED FOR DECLARATION OF INCOME AND ASSETS OF THE INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY (PARENTS, BROTHERS& SISTERS, IN-LAWS, SPOUSE, AND CHILDREN) OF ALL THE UNION MEMBERS AND EX UNION MEMBERS A MANDATORY THROUGH OUT THEIR LIFE TIME.
 NEED FOR EXTENSION OF HEALTH CARDS BY THE EMPLOYERS- WHICH ARE TRANSFERABLE FROM ORGANISATION TO ORGANISATION- DURING THE IDEAL NON WORKING PERIOD GOVERNMENT SHOULD PAY BASED ON THE DEDUCTION FROM MOBILE PAYMENTS OF ALL MOBILE USERS
 NEED FOR POLICE VERIFICATION OF CREDENTIALS OF DOMESTIC HELP/ DRIVERS AND SECURITY GAURDS AND WATCHMEN
 NEED FOR MAINTENANCE OF DATA OF ALL MEMBERS IN EACH CATEGORY OF WORKFORCE (ORGANISED, UN ORGANISED) AND ANY CRIMINAL RECORDS ETC AND AN ONLINE VERIFICATION OF DATA THROUGH INSTANT MASSAGE THROUGH PROVIDING THE CARD NUMBER OF WORKER AND THE E-MAIL/ SMS DETAILS BY THE PROSPECTIVE EMPLOYEE FOR THE CREDENTIALS AND PREVIOUS WORK EXPERIENCE AT A NUT SHELL. DETAILED DESCRIPTION ON E MAIL REQUEST TO THE ASSOCIATION. THIS METHOD WILL NOT ONLY REDUCE THE CRIME RATE BUT ALSO INDUCES THE MORAL AND ETHICAL RESPONSIBLE BEHAVIOUR OF WORKFORCE OF DIFFERENT CATEGORIES
 NEED FOR ENSURING ALL THE WORKFORCE UTILISE THEIR SALARY PRIMARILY FOR FOOD, BY ISSUE OF MANDATORY “PROVISION DEBIT CARD” FOR ALL EMPLOYEES BY THE MANAGEMENTS FOR ORGANISED WORKFORCE BY DEDUCTION IN SALARY IN THE CARDS WITH DEBITED AUTOMATICALLY WITH 25% OF THEIR SALARY AMOUNT, THE CARDS ARE USEFUL ONLY FOR THE PURCHASE OF PROVISIONS, ALSO FIXING THE MONTHLY PURCHASES LIKE CEREALS, DAILY CONSUMABLES, NUTRIENTS, FRUITS AND VEGETABLES ETC SETTING THE LIMIT FOR EACH CATEGORY BASED ON THE SIZE OF INCOME AND FAMILY WITHIN THE DEBIT LIMIT.
 NEED FOR COMPLETE TAX EXEMPTION ON THE AMOUNT OF SALARY DEDUCTED FOR THE PURPOSE OF PURCHASE CARD AMOUNT
 NEED FOR MAKING IT MANDATORY THAT ALL EMPLOYEES SUBMIT THE MONTHLY EXPENDITURE BILL ONLINE (PROVISION CARD) AS WELL AS SALARY UTILISATION ON THE PREVIOUS MONTH TO OBTAIN THE REFILL OF THE NEXT MONTH PROVISIONS PAY (QUARTERLY HAS TO SUBMIT THE DETAILS)
 NEED FOR PROVIDING THE EDUCATION FACILITY BY THE EMPLOYERS TO THE CHILDREN OF THE EMPLOYEES
 NEED FOR MANDATORY PROVISION OF BREAKFAST & LUNCH OR EVENING SNACKS & DINNER FOR ALL EMPLOYEES BY THE MANAGEMENTS ENSURING BALANCED DIET AS PER THE GUIDANCE OF NUTRITIONAL EXPERTS BASED ON THE OCCUPATION.
 NED FOR TAX EXEMPTION / REDUCED TAX FOR THE EXPENDITURE INCURRED ON THE AMOUNT SPENT BY THE EMPLOYER FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROVIDING THE BREAKFAST & LUNCH, FOR THE EDUCATION, FOR THE MOBILE PHONE/ INTERNET CHARGES
 NEED FOR PROVIDING HYGIENIC TOILETS IN THE WORK AREA OR VICINITY OF WORK AREA
 NEEDS FOR PROVIDING MOBILE PHONE AND INTERNET CONNECTION FOR ALL EMPLOYEES BY THE EMPLOYERS AND PAYMENT OF THEIR MINIMUM BILLS
 NEED CREATION OF ERGONOMIC WORK CONDITIONS IN ALL WORKPLACES; NEED FOR FOR CREATION OF INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION (ILO) WORK CONDITIONS AND REST PERIODS AND INSTALLATION OF YOGA AND RE CREATION IN EVERY WORK PLACE
 NEED FOR MANDATORY EXHIBITION OF LIST OF OCCUPATIONAL DISORDERS AND MEASURES FOR REDUCTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISORDERS BY THE EMPLOYERS; NEED FOR QUARTERLY/ HALF YEARLY HEALTH CHECK UP CAMPS AND NEED FOR MAINTENANCE OF HEALTH RECORDS OF THE EMPLOYEES BY EMPLOYERS FOR REDUCTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISORDERS
 NEED FOR KEEPING THE PART RESPONSIBILITY ON THE UNIONS FOR THE EFFLUENTS/ EMISSIONS DISCHARGE FROM THE FACTORY/INDUSTRY, SPURIOUS / ADULTERATED PRODUCTS/ ZERO BILLING PRODUCTS
 NEED FOR CREATION OF PERMANENT OFFICE SPACE FOR ALL THE UNIONS OF DIFFERENT WORK FORCES FROM BLOCK TO DISTRICT TO STATE LEVEL WITH FULL COMPUTERISATION AND VIDEO CONFERENCE FACILITY AND INTRANET FOR DATA EXCHANGE. CONCESSION ON POWER SUPPLY, RENT ETC IN THE WARD/ VILLAGE OFFICES
 NEED FOR RESTRICTION OF WORKFORCE UNIONS RIGHT TO STRIKE ONLY FOR THE ISSUES PERTAINING TO THE EMPLOYMENT THAT TOO AS LAST RESORT AND ONLY PROTEST SHOULD BE ALLOWED, BANNING WORKFORCE UNIONS TO EXTEND SUPPORT/ PARTICIPATION ON SOCIAL & OTHER ECONOMIC ISSUES
 NEED FOR MAKING TO MANDATORY THAT APPROVAL OF MAJORITY OF THE PEOPLES APPROVAL ONLY LAND ACQUISITION SHOULD HAPPEN
 NEED FOR MANDATORY PROVISION OF MARKET RATE PAY FOR THE LAND OWNERS/ NOMINAL PAY WITH ONE PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT FOR THE BREAD EARNER IN THE FAMILY OR IN CASE NO ELIGIBLE PENSIONS IN THE LAND OWNERS FAMILY MANDATORY PAYMENT OF PENSIONS THROUGHOUT THE EXISTENCE OF THE COMPANY/FACTORY WHETHER FACTORY RUNNING IN PROFITS OR LOSSES TO THE FAMILY OF THE LAND OWNER FAMILY.
 NEED FOR MANDATORY SHARE OF PROFITS BY THE MANAGEMENTS TO THE EMPLOYEES; THE MINIMUM PROFIT SHARE SHOULD BE 10% OF THE TOTAL PROFIT BEFORE TAX TO ENSURE INCLUSIVE GROWTH OF BOTH EMPLOYEES AND EMPLOYER
 NEED FOR CONDUCTING CONDUCTING WORKSHOPS FOR BOTH UNORGANISED WORK FORE AS WELL AS ORGANISED WORKFORCE AS WELL AS ORGANISED WORKFORCE IN FINANCIAL COUNSELLING/ STRESS MANAGEMENT FOR OVER COMING THE FINANCIAL STRESS / CRISES; ENSURE THAT ALL THE WORKFORCE POSSESS THE BANK ACCOUNTS AND OPERATE THROUGH THE ACCOUNT. NEED FOR TEACHING IN SELF BELIEF AND “POWER OF SUB CONSCIOUS MIND” TO ALL WORKFORCE
As we all knew that India is known for moderately cheap labour and extremely hardworking, dedicated, result oriented, committed and talent workforce. It is mainly due to the honesty and sincerity of workforce in the work (other than some of the government workforce) belonging mostly to the BPL, Low income group and middle income group engaged in the work mainly to earn their bread/ roti, but very sadly even after India being emerged as one of the super power nation with rapid industrialisation, urbanisation and economic growth, still larger portion of the workforce is in unorganised sector / informal sector as government employment is very small portion of the total workforce , while the private business establishments and industries are adopting the method of more contract employees and a nominal / small percentage of regular employees thus creating more unorganised workforce/ informal workforce in organised sector as well apart from the totally informal / unorganised sector of business/household (with less than 10 employees). As the informal sector is occupying over 93% of the total workforce (in organised and unorganised sector) of which agriculture sector alone are near about 53% of the workforce and rest is distributed to various sectors; again the analysis of distribution of informal sector as per the National statistical survey report 2012 on unorganised sector reveals that each sector
Agriculture and forestry 99.9
Electricity, Gas, Water supply 12.4
Wholesale and Retail Trade, 98.3
Hotel & Restaurants 96.7
Transport, Storage & Communication 82.2
Financial Intermediation 32.4
Real estate, renting and business activities 81.4
Public Administration and Defence, etc. 2.6
Health and social work 55.1
Other Community, Social and Personal Services 92.5
Private Households with Employed Persons 100
Extra Territorial Organizations and Bodies 87.8
As per the survey carried out by the National Sample Survey Organization in the year 1999-2000, the total employment in both organized and unorganized sector in the country was of the order of 39.7 Crore i.e. around 2.8 Crore in the organized sector and the balance 36.9 Crore (about 93%) in the unorganized sector. Out of 36.9 Crore workers in the unorganized sector, there are 23.7Crore workers employed in agricultural sector, about 1.7 Crore in construction work, 4.1 Crore in manufacturing, 3.7 Crore in trade and 3.7 Crore in transport, communication and services. Also the contribution of un organised sector to the GDP is almost half of the organised sector and the gross value addition by the informal sector is over 53% compared to organised sector contribution
Also the labour of the innocent people are being exploited by majority of the non-government employers either individuals (households for domestic help or kirana shop proprietors their helpers) or business establishments/ corporate making them to work like “cogs in oil mills” to extract more work output with less pay (in spite of existence of minimum wages act –as the implementation is very poor due to lack of adequate awareness and also manpower in the labour departments of the government coupled with no stringent punishments in this regard) and un-ergonomic work conditions and only motto of the employers is to earn profit, more profit to become rich, richer and richest & wealthiest by making small organisations/establishments to big industrial giants in the shortest duration possible; Also very sadly due to the rise of neo feudalism in the parliamentary democracy most of the feudalistic mentality leaders (from gram panchayat to parliament) are in association with the capitalists are running big business empires and ensuring the laws favour them in one or other manner protecting the interests of the capitalists rather than workforce and common people. It starts from the force able acquisition of fertile land with high market value for dead cheap by the government in the interest of private capitalists with the pretext of providing the jobs of unorganised workers, semi skilled labour and paying a vary nominal compensation which will be of very less use making the lives of millions of people throughout the country in misery literally curbing the lively hood of the farmers and other section of people dependent on natural resources like fishing etc; also this is leading to reduction of agriculture production, and also most of the projects once announced some of the local leaders and other real estate capitalists are acquiring the nearby lands and selling it to the other ancillary industries and cheating land owners by acquiring at nominal price and selling it exorbitantly high prices and making wind fall profits in the transactions.
Since most of the establishments have one common thing that is the nexus with the strong political leaders (cutting across party lines) and capitalists irrespective of ruling governments in states / local the law makers and law implementers extend undue favours to these capitalist in covering the violations of the existing laws (many intellectuals feel that some of them are tailor made to suit some of the organisations) to ensure speedy process of the project construction to speedy break even to more profits quickly as if there is no tomorrow. In the process some of the places found gross violation of environment laws in effluents discharge, pollutant gaseous emissions, gross violation of issue of water, conversion of land use causing great damage to the cultivation due to pollution caused by these kind of industries, also causing great health hazards/deterioration of health in the vicinity of habitations etc;
Also in the urge of quicker project completion most of the experienced and trained manpower from the government companies being poached by the so called giant corporates luring the well trained individuals with handsome pay packages and naturally well trained PSU and government employees and other private organisation employees who are getting relatively low pay compared to corporate giants will join the new company and work more dedicatedly to ensure the project is completed well in advance then the projected projected completion time being sincere in their heart. But to their shock after few months the so called industrial giants who are fully feudalistic, captilist mentality mercilessly drastically reduce the pay to the lowest minimum far below than few years back they are getting in the PSU/ government organisation and making them to work with that lower pay since there is no much use for them their services once the project is completed (literally treating the trained workforce as “polished call grils”) and making the lives of these kind of workforce literally in hell as by seeing the high pay they are taken loans for more comfortable house, big cars etc and the lower present pay not even sufficient for the maintenance of household needs forgetting about the repayment of various loans; Most of such lacks of people are undergoing the acute mental stress due to financial crunch due the deceiving tactics/ exploitation tactics of the employers of industrial giants and business establishments, these deceived employees are helpless to fight with the managements as they are with money power and political nexus and remain as living dead for rest of their life. Also it is a fact very hard to accept but truth is truth, since the acute financial crunch making the downsized employees after the projects are completed who used to more comfortable life enjoying high social through their proper planning for rest of their life with the presumption of the pay getting, once they are denied such payments and getting mere peanuts some of the employers are becoming perverted and are indulging in wrong activities to earn extra income to balance their monthly income, in some cases due to extreme pressures for repayment of loans from banks and other financial institutions (as it is evident most of the private sector banks using the goons to recover the dues) some of their female family members are entering the flush trade through hi-fy prostitution rackets running in the cities to earn extra money to pay their loans(the advertisements in the news papers “body massage, enjoyment & relaxation by decent high class females, house wives etc” is the live example? It is a common sense why house wives will go public to do body massage for some xyz unknown male strangers in hotel rooms and homes??????), very sad, very sad these capitalists are ruining the life of millions of people and even are the cause for indirect flush trade to some extent in the urban areas??????
Coming to the case of farmers since the fertile lands or even normal lands are being extorted by the capitalists using their political nexus and bureaucratic nexus and their money power and muscle power by paying peanut compensation for the land owners and farmers, but strangely the same land was being pledged in the banks and financial institutions and getting loans to establish the industries and also for the working capital for running the industry????; after few years (two to three years) once farmers who are living with satisfaction to some extent in their life to having two meals a day (in spite of exploitation by the business people from seeds to fertilizers to pesticides to agriculture produce purchase in the market yards) now becoming merely agriculture labour and are becoming the MNREGA card holders seeking the alams from the governments, where as the factories / industries established in their land are becoming multi billionaires and are entering the billionaires club in the country. How strange is this?????; also this kind of promotion of industrialisation is one of the reason for reduction of agriculture output effecting the entire country???? Also this is the cause of rise of naxlisim in the rural areas.
Also it is a fact since most of the services received by the most of the industries are in contract labour the labour are literally at the disposal of the managements, since the contract labour cannot form unions to demand justice for them, the managements are acting according to their whims and fancies exploiting the workforce to the maximum extent possible. (Also the urban areas since there is no associations/ unions / regulators for the unorganised sector employees like domestic help, kirans shop helpers, drivers, security guards, helpers in the super markets, real estate agents etc) Also it is fact that some of union leaders behaviour are very questionable, and once become union leader or members in the trade unions they feel they are unquestionable free paid employees and enjoy the life by some sort of extortion/ undue favours obtained from different vested interests in creating the issues and start black mailing the managements to extort some money for their luxury (in some cases as small as alcohol or other pleasure comforts leaving their married wife in greave misery) in the name of rights of the workers pretending to the workers they are working for the welfare of the workers but in reality they are working for their self centred interests. Also some of the unions are hand in glove with the managements being political connections and the unions are won in the elections at the indirect support of all kinds from the management itself to manage workers properly and are pampered by the managements to exploit the workforce, as such in spite of existence of unions in majority of the factories/ industries are exploiting the work force.
Also coming the very common unorganised workforce is domestic help, the drivers, washer men, cobbler, sweepers, the plumbers, the electricians, the mechanics, watchmen, security guards etc are hardly has a uniform pay/ pay as per their hardship and hardly their welfare has been taken care by their employers.
Also it is a fact that due to rapid urbanisation by 2030 the urban population will be around 40 % of the total population and by 2050 the urban population more than 55 % of the total population need for streamlining of workforce is very much necessary as the economy needed to be streamlined in order to create the infrastructure to bare that population load by the cities, which needs rapid rise in the revenues of the state without effecting the life of the people.
Also it is a fact that most of the people in the urge of accumulation of wealth they save every penny , since the expenditure on rent, repayment of loans for housing ( as per statistics that over 85% population has housing but the urban housing only 65% and that too only few sections has more number of houses and also migrations due to employment, other reasons necessities the need for urban housing), other statutory payments like the electricity bills (which are on the rise year after year in most parts of the country), water bill, mobile bills, other taxes, they are left with only option to save more is by controlling the expenditure on food and adjusting with whatever available or just to fill the stomach without proper care for balanced nutrient diet which requires them to spend considerable amount, in doing so not only they are spoiling their own health (as if balanced nutrient food intake is good naturally they are healthy), if people are healthy then naturally the productivity will be more and naturally economy is on the rise, which naturally ensures better living standards. Also need to inculcate in the minds of the people that state alone is the sole responsible for everything by doing everything fee to them (as most of the political parties in some states by completion offering everything free to the people as election promises- if the same trend continues some people may expect and some political parties may do also that “you look for the would be spouse we will marry” then other political parties may come with scheme that we not only perform marriage but our party workers produce children free without much efforts of the married couple- of course through IVF), as such it should be the responsibility of every individual to contribute themselves at least part of their earnings towards certain activities, also it is equal responsibility of the employers / business organisations what they are because of the employees, as such the welfare of the employees is there primary responsibility, All these circumstances leads to the very necessary to bring systemic changes to bring the unorganised sector workforce to organised sector work force to ensure curtailing of exploitation of millions of workforce by the employers either an individual or a corporate giant organisation, in a WIN-WIN manner for both the workforce as well as employers.
2. NEED FOR MANDATORY REGISTRATION OF PROFESSION WISE WORKFORCE IN EVERY CATEGORY; NEED FOR ISSUE OF PROFESSIONAL ID CARDS FOR ALL KINDS OF PROFESSIONALS; MANDATORY FOR EMPLOYERS TO EMPLOY ONLY REGISTERED WORKFORCE, FAILURE SHOULD LEAD TO CRIMINAL OFFENCE.
The government must enact law making it mandatory that all kinds of professional service providers should mandatorily get registered in the government; for this the government must incorporate a unified department with profession wise cells to register to obtain the ID card by submitting the details of the personal information about family, stay etc along with voter ID card by all the citizens and a bio metric fingerprint; for this government can also utilise the post offices/banks to register the profession wise member card, the card should be unique number as per the profession. (pre activated cards should be provided to the post offices, banks , RTA offices, labour department offices etc which can issue card by taking the details from the individuals in the standard format and the bio metric details of the individual, on uploading the details individuals in the computer system, the bar code details integrated will recognize the no duplication elsewhere through online verification of databank from the central server as the issue centres are conned through the internet to the central databank- on verification of uniqueness of data of fingerprint will issue the card) The card should have both unique number and bar-code in the front and magnetic strip/ electronic strip in the back to be used for manual entry, bar code reader as well as swipe card. This card has multipurpose multi dimensional usages. First it provides the data of profession wise people in the country; also it provides number of people who are skilled/ semi skilled/ un skilled, the training needed for the semi skilled or un skilled; also caste wise professionals etc; also it enables the payments made were accurate and as per the government decided minimum wages per professional services subjected to other conditions; this method will certainly prevents the exploitation of labour work force (as every payment to the worker for any service rendered should be through the referring of the ID card number, which will enable them to adhere to the minimum wages as was determined from time to time); also it provides means for providing health care for each individual professional and their immediate family; also this enables all the payments made in cash for the professional services are recorded by the contractors/ employers and it provides clear claim of real expenditure for the labour payments. Also these methods reduce the child labour. It should be made mandatory that all employers should employ only registered workforce, failure should lead to heavy penalty and should be made a non bail able criminal offence.
3. NEED FOR SETTING UP OF SKILL DEVELOPMENT TRAINING INSTITUTES FOR PROVIDING TRAINING PROFESSION WISE , ALSO FOR UP GRADING THE SKILLS FOR THE EXISTING WORKFORCE IN EVERY DISTRICT IN ALMOST ALL THE STATES.
Also it should be made made mandatory that there should be skill development and training institutes in every district in appropriate number with skill development and up grading the latest techniques in performing the skills etc, the institutes should be a joint collaboration of state government and the industry associations and the central government for conducting various skill development & up gradation programmes free of cost for all the people who wish to do so, in case of certain professions like drivers, electricians, plumbers etc in case found their present skills are not sufficient to provide registration to enable them be in the profession chosen they should mandatorily undergo the skill development programme, and once they learned they should be registered in that professional workforce. Also the services like tour guides, the real estate agents etc should be thought about the history and the legal terminology related to property etc should be thought respectively as per their chosen profession. Also for other professions based on the profession should conduct the mass training camps. This will certainly improve the efficiency in work also reduces the accidents betterment for both employee and the employer.
4. NEED FOR FIXING UNIFORM PAY FOR SAME KIND OF PROFESSIONALS DECIDED BASED ON THE LOCAL CONDITIONS AND ALSO MORE PAY BASED ON EXPERIENCE FOR CERTAIN PROFESSIONAL SERVICES; NEED FOR STANDARDISATION OF WORK ENVIRONMENT
Also it should be ideal to make profession wise minimum payments per day / per working hour depending up on the type of service; the pay determined should be uniform through pout the country with little variation of addition of maximum of 20% depending up on the local conditions for labour workforce of similar nature (for domestic help, drivers, kirana shop/ supermarket helpers, helpers at different commercial outlets/shops, washer men, cobblers, sweepers, labour force at agriculture, quarrying, hamali, hotel servers/helpers etc, the clerical jobs, the semi skilled /trained workmen like copy machine operators, DTP operators, electricians, plumbers, carpenters, gold smith, black smith, various sales persons from marketing products to policies, tour guides, etc etc); also the professional services of same kind should have equal pay minimum (for engineers staff of different nature like construction engineers, software engineers etc, HR people, front office people, accounts people etc) by all the organisations throughout the country; also it should be ideal to make almost same working standards exist in all the offices and work places both executive as well as workforce in all organisations of same nature with slight modifications depending up on the regional conditions of weather, and the office working conditions and the turnover of the organisation.
5. NEED FOR CONDUCTING MASS WORKSHOPS AND PROPAGANDA FOR PROFESSION WISE (FOR ALL UN ORGANISED EMPLOYEES) IN EVERY WARD/ MANDAL/ DISTRICT REGARDING THE OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES AND TO OVER COME THEM, THE GENERAL HEALTH CARE OF THE FAMILY ETC
Also it should be made mandatory that the labour department in association with the industrial associations and other professional associations should conduct the mass workshops/ awareness programmes for occupational diseases and personal & family health care in almost all the professions from ward/ mandal/ district and at the industrial clusters and areas periodically in a planned manner in association with the health department, revenue department, the labour department, the industries department and the industrial associations calling the expert doctors for guidance and check-up, also the nutritional experts to guide them the nutritional food which they can afford at their cost of living (low cost nutritional food) etc to ensure protective health care measures preventing the possible health disorders rather than post health care after the disorder. These measures will certainly enhance health of the employee as well their family, which will lead to better work output , betterment of both employer as well as employee.
6. NEED FOR BANNING OF POLITICAL PARTY BASED/BACKED UNIONS IN ALL TRADE UNIONS AT WORK PLACE POLITICAL PARTY SYSTEM DIVISION SHOULD NOT OCCUR; NEED FOR COMPLETE BAN OF INDIVIDUAL INDUSTRY/ BUSINESS ORGANISATION WISE UNIONS
Also it should be most ideal to ensure that all workforces should be allowed to form unions and these unions should be barred from having linkages and tie-up’s with political parties, every individual can have like for some political party ideologies as per their personal wish; all workers who wish to contest for election as a union member should be barred from holding primary membership of any political party; only professional workers welfare organisation unions should be allowed to form unions in the wards/villages/ mandal/ division/ district / state and nation. The body of the organisation should be elected from within the members of that organisation of that particular profession in those regional boundaries. And complete ban of workers unions in individual organisations/workplace (with few exceptions), only organisations with more than 100 employees of the same level can form sub unions in that particular organisation regarding that particular workforce only but they should act only under the direction of district association of the same professional services workforce organisation.
7. NEED FOR FIXING THE TENURE OF THE OFFICE BEARERS OF THE UNIONS TO A MAXIMUM OF TWO TERMS WITH FIXING THE TENURE OF THE UNION TWO YEARS
Also it should be made mandatory that the tenure of the office bearers as well the number of office bearers and also number of terms one individual can act as office bearer of the union should be fixed; the ideal tenure for any union should be two years and maximum terms an individual can be in the union executive should be two terms (four years in their working life time) and the number of executives in the union should be less than 10 members at the village/ward and also at the mandal level for each village/mandal, whereas at the district level it should be limited to double the number of mandals in the district, and at state level two member from each district and at the national level two members from each state with few more additional members from states with larger population.
8. NEED FOR MAKING ALL THE MEMBERS MANDATORILY VOTE IN THE ELECTIONS WHICH EVER PART THEY ARE, AND FAILURE TO EXTEND VOTE SHOULD BE LIABLE TO EXPEL FROM THE UNION.- ONLY PERSONS WHO GOT 50% MAJORITY AS UNION LEADERS.
Also it should be made mandatory that all the members of the association in the particular workforce should directly vote and elect the panel at that level till the mandal level; and from district level, state level and national level all the office bearers of the elected at the mandal / block should elect the body in an indirect election method. The unions should be eligible to be recognised only when they secure more than 50 % of the voters, all the registered members at the mandal level; and 50% of the union office bearers for the district, state and national level unions. In case no one gets this majority in the first incidence then the top two should be re voted to get absolute majority.
9. NEED FOR INSTALLATION OF CC CAMERAS AND BIO METRIC DEVICES AT WORK PLACE IN ALL THE GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE ESTABLISHMENTS- UNION LEADERS BUST HAVE 75% PRESENT IN THE WORK PLACE TO SET EXAMPLE FOR OTHER WORKER (CERTAINLY REMOVE THE IDEA OF FREE BIRDS AND DO ANYTHING UNDER THE COVER OF THE UNION)
Also it should be made mandatory that CC cameras should be installed at all the work places in all organisations with more than 10 employees. Also bio-metric system of attendance should be introduced in all work places (including the onsite temporary jobs like construction/ repair activities of any nature like roads, buildings, mechanical, municipal, agriculture labour, quarry labour, hamali etc etc) and ensure the presence of the workforce in time and out the work place in time and maintain the rest periods as was designed in the workplace following the ILO suggestions for reduction of stress and fatigue in the workforce for more work output as well as better health of the workforce. Also this method will ensure the union office bearers will too work, as it is a common trend that most of the union office bearers and leaders never perform their duty with dedication but take their pay, which is a common syndrome in most of the government and PSU and in some of the private organisations. The installation of CC cameras at the work place will certainly create more responsibility and deliver better work output both in the shop floor as well as in offices. Also this method ensures reduction of corruption activities in the government offices. Also it should be made mandatory to keep mobile safes at the entrance of the work place to ensure all the employees deposit the mobiles at the mobile safe during the working hours and in case of emergency calls the employees can make and receive calls from the land phones provided in the office. Also it should be ideal to provide intercom to almost all the employees within the reach of two meters or at their desk with more number of lines per number of the organisation. Or one office mobile phone per organisation for texting with contact number for any message to a particular employee in case of medical emergencies to be received and passed by the management. These methods are WIN-WIN methods for both the employees as well as the management of the organisation as these methods will create a conductive work atmosphere and the best work output will be delivered.
10. NEED FOR MINIMUM ATTENDANCE OF 66 % TO THE DUTY AND PERFORMANCE AT THE WORK SHOULD BE REQUIRED TO BE CONTINUED AS UNION LEADER EVEN AFTER ELECTION; THE ATTENDANCE SHOULD BE REVIEWED QUARTERLY; ALSO OVER ALL ATTENDANCE OF OVER 75 % REQUIRED TO CONTEST ELECTION FOR SECOND TERM TO BE RE ELECTED FOR THE SECOND TERM
In order to inculcate the discipline among the workforce it should be ideal to create the discipline in the representatives of the workforce i.e. the union leaders, as such it should be made mandatory that all the union office bearers should present to the duties accurately with minimum attendance in every quarter with not less than 66% (2/3) of the total working hours of the period to continue as office bearer; in addition the overall aggregate of 75% of the days & working hours is necessary for consideration of nomination for re election for the second term to the union. This method will certainly create discipline among the union office bearers as well as common workforce.
11. NEED FOR MANDATORY REPRESENTATION IN ALL ELECTORAL SYSTEMS FOR THE WORKFORCE FROM MANDAL LEVEL ONWARDS FOR ALL EX UNION LEADER SHOULD BE THE CRITERIA
Also it should be ideal that mandatory representation for workforce to get few seats reserved for them through constitutional amendment to represent their sections at all levels of governance from the mandal parishad, to the zilla parishad to the assembly to the parliament either through election or nomination by the municipal mayor or governor of the state or president of India. This will certainly ensure that their voices are heard well in the law making.
12. NEED FOR DECLARATION OF INCOME AND ASSETS OF THE INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY (PARENTS, BROTHERS& SISTERS, IN-LAWS, SPOUSE, AND CHILDREN) OF ALL THE UNION MEMBERS AND EX UNION MEMBERS A MANDATORY THROUGH OUT THEIR LIFE TIME.
Also it should be made mandatory that in order to ensure fair, honest and sincere behaviour and practice of non corruption attitude by the union members it should be made mandatory that the union members should declare the assets of their individual and their immediate family members (spouse and children) and also their parents and brothers and sisters in an affidavit form and keep in the web site. This practice will certainly reduce the collusion of the union leaders with the managements or also blackmail extortion of the union leaders from the managements by breaching the trust and confidence kept by the innocent hard working employees on the union leaders
13. NEED FOR EXTENSION OF HEALTH CARDS BY THE EMPLOYERS (BOTH ORGANISED AND UNORGANISED) WHICH ARE TRANSFERABLE FROM ORGANISATION TO ORGANISATION- DURING THE IDEAL NON WORKING PERIOD GOVERNMENT SHOULD PAY BASED ON THE DEDUCTION FROM MOBILE PAYMENTS OF ALL MOBILE USERS
Also it should be made mandatory that all the employers should mandatorily contribute to the health card of the employee from the management side in addition to the deduction from the salary amount and crediting in the account of the employee. In case of the employee shifts the workplace/ organisation the health card is unchanged and in case of ideal period of the individual the government will pay for the health care card and soon after joining in the new work place the new employer start deducting from the salary as well as contribute from their side also; this is necessary especially for covering the health care of the unorganised sector especially the small time employees like the domestic help, drivers, security guards, watchmen etc. As they change their duties either due to the change of place of the employers due to transfers etc or by themselves due to any personal reasons. For this the registration in the government in their category will help to great extent. People who are working as professional driver, house made/ domestic help, watchmen, ayas, sweepers etc are low income unorganised sector. Also they might have migrated from different parts of the country. Their income is not sufficient to take care of the daily needs, so it is really a great difficulty for them in case of medical emergencies.
As majority of the drivers working in passenger transport and goods transport other than the government and PSU are totally un-organised, does not have uniform salary, does not have uniform working hours, no health care, and no track record of the drivers exists, as such in order bring them into some sort of organised sector with more social security it should be made mandatory that state RTA should have a special cell to register the private professional drivers i.e other than the employees of government & PSU. All the drivers have to register them self with their driving licence, bank account, local address proof/affidavit (all three are mandatory) in RTA office near the place of work, all such drivers will be conducted a driving test by the local RTA and on passing the test will issue a private professional driver licence. Also there should be uniform fixed salaries throughout the country for all drivers based on the years of experience, the vehicle type, type of duty i.e public taxi, private taxi, passenger transport or goods transport etc. All private employers (other than government) should provide job to registered private drivers only. To employ a private driver the employer should registration with the RTA for along with the details of the owner of the vehicle and the details of the local RTA registration copy of the private driver, then the RTA should issue a permit to the owner of the vehicle on agreement duly signature by the employer or owner of the vehicle, and the driver in presence of RTA officials regarding the minimum salary as per the standard fixed as per the guidelines, salary to be paid through bank and the number of working hours, number of working days in month, the mandatory responsibility of the owner for medical check up condition of driver once in 6 months as pre conditions of employment.
Alternatively while employing the employer should deposit one month advanced salary with the government RTA drivers cell and deposit the agreed salary every month to the RTA drivers cell on the account number of the driver through bank transfer or bankers cheque only- which in turn will pay the salary to the driver after deducting the health care amount and debiting some amount in the provision debit card in case the driver do not come to the duty or irregular the employer can lode complaint with the RTA cell and it will record such complaints in the history sheet which will have negative effect on future employment of driver; also the employer or diver in case wish to leave the employment should provide at least 15 days notice through RTA drivers cell and in case the driver absconds without any notice after 3 days the driver should be removed from employment in case the employer wishes, these kind of measures are a WIN-WIN for both employee and employer) A copy of the agreement should be forward by the RTA to the local police for record. It has multiple advantages in the security angle as well as prevention of accidents, having resting period, adequate timely salary to cater the family needs; health check up of the individual is the duty of the employer. It should be applicable not only to the four wheels and above vehicle drivers but also to the three wheelers if the three wheel vehicle owners employ the driver to run the vehicle. This facility will help several lacks of people in the country as majority of the four wheels have drivers and the three wheel owners are third party. If the vehicle either four wheeler or three wheeler run on the roads by other than the owner should be treated as driver. The driver not registered by the owner should be treated as violation should seize the vehicle with heavy penalty.
Similarly also there is a need to bring the All the maid servants/ domestic help and helpers at kirana shops/ small retail propriety outlets who are un–organized to organised sector in the similar lines of the drivers by registering mandatorily at the local labour department with a special cell at labour department to resister the domestic help/servants / small helper with them on the production of a valid ID proof and bank account to obtain the registration certificate with a number. All the households/outlets who wish to employ maid servants/ domestic help/helpers should employ only the registered maid servant or domestic help, by getting the agreement with the special cell of labour department regarding the place of work, address, the owner, the working time, number of working hours and the salary, on obtaining the agreement with the owner the labour department should send the same to the local police for record. The maid servants are at the liberty to serve at as many houses as possible based on their stamina after the fixed working hours of the agreed house is completed. If the work performance is not satisfied the employer can make a registered remark at the local labour department special cell and remove them with payment of full salary if they work for more than 15 days and half salary if they work for more than one week, less than that only for those days. Also it should be the responsibility of the employer to deduct 10 % of the salary every month and pay to the insurance account at the labour department towards the family insurance of the domestic help. Alternatively the salary agreed should be deposited to the labour department special cell and it will credit the salary and other payments for health card etc from the amount deposited as salary by the employer; The government must contribute equal amount for them to issue health care card for them, which can be used anywhere in India for themselves and their family members. This will have multiple advantages, one the security angle, second the domestic help will get security of the health care, the responsibility of the individual and government ensures that part of the reduction of burden on the government. This will certainly cater the needs of urban poor in the unorganised sector.
Also like the above all unorganized semi skilled and skilled work force can be brought to the semi organised work force. This includes the private cobblers, carpenters, electricians, private plumbers, private vehicle mechanics, gold smiths, black smiths, tailors etc, who are not working under the government or PSU (even when they are self employed utilising any government support) should get registered mandatorily with the labour department of the government, they should be given registration card after testing them for their basic skills in their respective profession (the testing of the skills should be recorded in camera, otherwise there will be a huge chance for mal practice, corruption, allowing every other individual to get a profession card, in case does not poses the minimum skills need to be trained), a copy of the registration details will be sent to the local police for record. Also they should be given training for a day or two for the skill up gradation/ skill perfection and also safety measures need in performing their work. Also all these kind of professional service holders should be given hand held billing machines which are connected through RFID devices to the government department network to issue the bills on completion of work, also it should be ideal that government professional labour cell maintain a call centre and once they receive a call from any individual house hold or any organisation for repair the computer system automatically issue the information to the nearest available worker through identifying the location of the professional service providers through the GPRS and RFID and makes them to attend the need of the house hold. This will ensure that the person rendering the services is trained and qualified to officer the professional services. This will be useful for other than organisations offering such services. Also this method enables that the earnings of the professionals are recorded and also this enables them to provide the health care by making them to deposit 10 % of their professional earnings to get the card and continue as a member of the professional to render services.
Also it should be ideal that there should be a mandatory cess of 1 % on the manufacturers of the products related to the respective professions like all electrical manufacturers like bulbs, chokes, fans, electric cables etc, and all motor vehicle manufacturers and spare part manufacturers should mandatorily contribute for the skill development, up gradation of people in these sectors and also for the government will contribute from the fund for their social health insurance to all the semi skilled persons who are not employed in any of the private establishment and who are either not running any individual private business. As far as the entire people employed in private establishments it is the responsibility of the employer to take care of the health of their employees. Also government should decide the minimum remuneration for the private employees based on the grading of the skill and experience if they are passed out from any ITI or any recognised skill training centre, and also for the individual private self employees the fixed uniform service charge throughout the country. For all unemployed trained semi skilled labour government should contribute from the fund collected from the manufacturers related to that profession.
Also in the similar lines of the above unorganised category, few more categories can be included to bring more semi skilled people in un organised sector to semi organized sector. The gold Smiths, black smiths, weavers, cobblers who are practicing independently, also who are having small establishment under loan from SC finance corporation, tailors who are practicing independently and all the weavers in textile looms who owns small looms, etc Also it is ideal to bring the un organised professionals like qualified priests who has no income or low income as most religious places are run privately has very meagre income, qualified teachers/tutors in rural areas and slums not working in any school etc. Also it will be more ideal to bring all the hawkers selling in the streets, news paper boys, the milk deliver boys, the street fruits & vegetable hawkers selling on non motored carts, etc.
Also this measures of issuing ID cards for the unorganised sector and issue of health care card will certainly ensure the entire workforce is recorded at every places from agriculture to different hard working places like working in the explosive factories, chemical factories, mines etc where large number of unorganised workforce id dying due to poor health care or due to accidents but never got reported or adjusted with compensation there and then hushing the matters, these kind of things will get an end due to the workforce ID card and health care card for all the workforce of all types in the country.
14. NEED FOR POLICE VERIFICATION OF CREDENTIALS OF DOMESTIC HELP/ DRIVERS AND SECURITY GAUDS AND WATCHMEN
Also it should be made mandatory that the while employing the unorganised sector employees by the employers it should be mandatory that they will employ only registered employees otherwise it should lead to criminal offence; also while employing the registered unorganised employee the employer must submit the details of employment in the prescribed employment form with the details of the employee, the working hours the pay agreed, the minimum duration of contract for employment etc duly signed / thumb impression of the employee and the contact details, e- mail and alternative contact details, (in case of house made / domestic help the details of the employer including the house whether owned or rented, in case rented rental agreement number, there should be unique rental agreement number for each agreement; the number of people living in the house etc, in case of driver, the vehicle details, the cost of the vehicle when purchased, preset value after depreciation, the name of the owner, the place of stay and the duties and the duty should be only on the vehicle and place assigned, in case change of duty or on other vehicle the employer should send the SMS to the government authority dealing with unorganised sector employees of that nature; this government organisation will immediately/ instantly online send the details to the concerned local police for verification and to obtain the criminal cases if any pending against the employee, this will certainly reduce the crimes happing through un organised employees; also this provides the security for both the employer as well as employee as the employers credentials are also known to the government so that watchmen, security, domestic help, drivers , labourer in the factories of un authorised / non licensed factories etc, also working with the criminals and epscanders in police cases can be easily identified. This will certainly reduce the overall crime arêtes and resolve many pending criminal cases in the courts.
15. NEED FOR MAINTENANCE OF DATA OF ALL MEMBERS IN EACH CATEGORY OF WORKFORCE (ORGANISED, UN ORGANISED) AND ANY CRIMINAL RECORDS ETC AND AN ONLINE VERIFICATION OF DATA THROUGH INSTANT MASSAGE THROUGH PROVIDING THE CARD NUMBER OF WORKER AND THE E-MAIL/ SMS DETAILS BY THE PROSPECTIVE EMPLOYEE FOR THE CREDENTIALS AND PREVIOUS WORK EXPERIENCE AT A NUT SHELL. DETAILED DESCRIPTION ON E MAIL REQUEST TO THE ASSOCIATION. THIS METHOD WILL NOT ONLY REDUCE THE CRIME RATE BUT ALSO INDUCES THE MORAL AND ETHICAL RESPONSIBLE BEHAVIOUR OF WORKFORCE OF DIFFERENT CATEGORIES
Also it should be made mandatory that all the government organisations maintaining the registration data of different kinds of professional services work force also should maintain the data of the employment, the police verification data for any criminal records of each individual in each category, and the data of change of nature of professional service by the individuals; Also all the employers mandatorily should send the details of the employers leaving the job, also the employers need to approach the government authorities for employment of un-skilled/ semi skilled work force; for the skilled work force either they can approach the association or through the advertisement or any other methods of recruitment, must the mandatory condition that the employee should be registered with the professional workforce association of that profession; once the prospective employer sends the online request 24/7 through the internet or through mobile SMS (only for un skilled/ semi skilled work force) by providing the basic details of the employer and the prospective employees professional registration number, then the basic details of such individual should be sent for clearance for further decision by the employer to offer the employment or not; this method will certainly reduce the crime rate also improves the safety and security of both employer as well as employee.
16. NEED FOR ENSURING ALL THE WORKFORCE UTILISE THEIR SALARY PRIMARILY FOR FOOD, BY ISSUE OF MANDATORY “PROVISION DEBIT CARD” FOR ALL EMPLOYEES BY THE MANAGEMENTS FOR ORGANISED WORKFORCE BY DEDUCTION IN SALARY IN THE CARDS WITH DEBITED AUTOMATICALLY WITH 25% OF THEIR SALARY AMOUNT, THE CARDS ARE USEFUL ONLY FOR THE PURCHASE OF PROVISIONS, ALSO FIXING THE MONTHLY PURCHASES LIKE CEREALS, DAILY CONSUMABLES, NUTRIENTS, FRUITS AND VEGETABLES ETC SETTING THE LIMIT FOR EACH CATEGORY BASED ON THE SIZE OF INCOME AND FAMILY WITHIN THE DEBIT LIMIT.
Also it should be made mandatory that certain portion of the salary amount say 25% of the salary or Rupees fifteen thousand whichever is lower should be provided as a provision card for all the employees of all the organised workforce both in the government as well as private; the employers should provide the provisions at the work place once in a week through mobile shopping or through a fixed shopping areas in every blocks/mandal by all the employers’ associations or tie up with government to ensure mandatory use of swipe card based online wired/ wireless billing equipment with broad band connection facility by all grocery sellers both provisions sellers, fruits & vegetable sellers to record the sale through the swipe of the card and deduct online payment towards the purchase of the material. This method will have numerous advantages, it enables that all employees will certainly utilise part of the salary mandatorily for providing the food for their family, second this method will ensure record of the sales throughout the country in real terms. Also this method will certainly track the sales of the traders and also records the real expenditure on the food by the employers; in case of more than one family member working in order to ensure that un necessary deduction from the salary towards the provision expenditure it should be made mandatory that no deduction from salary or minimum deduction from the salary as intended by the employee by submitting in the affidavit from for non deduction mentioning the other family member living in the same space address (spouse & children only eligible) and their provision card number and duly agreed by the other family member. This will certainly ensure that all the employees’ first priority for their employment is the food; if proper food is there the health will automatically improve. Also there should be provision cards for the un organised sector which should be integrated to the PDS system or otherwise automatic reduction of rates for the material of provisions in the shops as the pricing was online billing machines supplied by the sales tax department, the rates are being determined district wise, this will enable even reduction of the PDS system pilferages and expenditure on maintenance of the PDS system; this method will certainly control the entire trade and drastically reduces the zero billing trade and government will get more tax collection and also can provide “food for all” at the same time better infrastructure creation can happen due to more revenues.
17. NEED FOR COMPLETE TAX EXEMPTION ON THE AMOUNT OF SALARY DEDUCTED FOR THE PURPOSE OF PURCHASE CARD AMOUNT
Also it should be made mandatory that the amount deducted from the salary payable to the employee for the purpose of the amount required for the “provisions debit card” debit every month should be completely exempted for the purpose of taxation. This is necessary as everyone works for the food only, also people purchasing the food through the official transaction will certainly increase the sales tax and other taxes.
18. NEED FOR MAKING IT MANDATORY THAT ALL EMPLOYEES SUBMIT THE MONTHLY EXPENDITURE BILL ONLINE (PROVISION CARD) AS WELL AS SALARY UTILISATION ON THE PREVIOUS MONTH TO OBTAIN THE REFILL OF THE NEXT MONTH PROVISIONS PAY (QUARTERLY HAS TO SUBMIT THE DETAILS)
Also it should be made mandatory that all the employees should submit the details of expenditure of the provision card in order to get further money debited in the provision card, else the same should be held in the suspense account and will be credited in the employers account in the government to be paid to the employee by government without any interest at the time of retirement or with deduction of certain percentage for early payment i.e after 5 years. This will help either eat well or save for better life after retirement.
19. NEED FOR PROVIDING THE EDUCATION FACILITY BY THE EMPLOYERS TO THE CHILDREN OF THE EMPLOYEES
Also it should be the duty of the employers the education facility for all the employees children for all organised sector, for all unorganised sector it should be the responsibility of the government indirectly collecting from the people taking the services of unorganised sector workforce; in the organised sector the government as well as private employers should either provide a separate school, colleges exclusively for the children of their employees by forming an association within the locality / mandal/ district or must tie up with the existing schools and colleges to start fresh braches at their locality or must bear the expenditure for the education of the children of their employees till degree. From degree onwards it should be the responsibility of the employee as well as the employer to share the expenditure as was fixed by the government for each course. This will certainly reduce the burden on the employees and will be able to concentrate more on the work and bring more productive work.
20. NEED FOR MANDATORY PROVISION OF BREAKFAST & LUNCH OR EVENING SNACKS & DINNER FOR ALL EMPLOYEES BY THE MANAGEMENTS ENSURING BALANCED DIET AS PER THE GUIDANCE OF NUTRITIONAL EXPERTS BASED ON THE OCCUPATION.
Also it should be made mandatory that all the employers provide safe drinking water to their employees; also all organised work places both by the government, PSU and also by the private establishments more than 100 employees must maintain the in-house canteen facility or else all the organisations should have tie up with the caterers to provide hygienic nutritional valued food which was as suggested by the nutritional experts based on the occupation of the employee as breakfast/ lunch or as snacks and dinner based on the shift works; this will certainly provide better health for the employee to provide more better productive work output as it not only provides health but also reduces work related stress and more cooperation and coordination among the workforce due to socialisation and also having the common food from the smallest employee to the highest employee at the same place and same time period (this measure should be mandatorily maintained). This will lead to more informal discussions related to work mostly will certainly yield better work output.
Also the government must establish the public subsidized canteens for supply of food at low cost (roti Rs 2, idli Rs 1, rice at Rs 5 etc) at all major places in the wards and junctions for providing breakfast for unorganised sector like the present Tamil Nadu government providing at present for the entire downtrodden sections; these subsidized canteens should get the food raw material from the PDS supplies and excess stock from the warehouses which are being wasted as rotten or uncovered exposed to weather.
21. NED FOR TAX EXEMPTION / REDUCED TAX FOR THE EXPENDITURE INCURRED ON THE AMOUNT SPENT BY THE EMPLOYER FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROVIDING THE BREAKFAST & LUNCH, FOR THE EDUCATION, FOR THE MOBILE PHONE/ INTERNET CHARGES
Also it should be made mandatory that the government must extend the wither full tax exemption or part exemption for the expenditure made by the employer for the purpose of providing nutritional balanced diet for the employee, for the education of the children of the employee, for the health care card, for the mobile and internet minimum bill. This amount of exemption of tax on the employer will create more economic growth and more tax collection as it creates more security for the employee as well makes the ways and means for more cashless transactions and more legitimate transactions.
22. NEED FOR PROVIDING HYGIENIC TOILETS IN THE WORK AREA OR VICINITY OF WORK AREA
Also it should be made mandatory that all employers in the process of creating better working conditions the first and foremost thing is to create and extend, maintain hygienic toilet facility at all times (separate for men & women) in appropriate number based on the number of employees; also all other organisations without the provision of toilets can be made to either group up to provide the common toilet facility in the vicinity of the work place (shopping complexes, markets etc) , or pay to the municipality to provide a hygienic toilets in the vicinity by bearing the construction cost jointly by all such small organisations and also government allowing one time deduction from tax such expenditure.
23. NEEDS FOR PROVIDING MOBILE PHONE AND INTERNET CONNECTION FOR ALL EMPLOYEES BY THE EMPLOYERS AND PAYMENT OF THEIR MINIMUM BILLS
Also it should be ideal to make it mandatory that every organised employee to provide the mobile phone SIM or onetime cost of the set and pay the minimum monthly bill for all their employees; also similarly to provide tablet PC (akash or any make) or computer lap top with internet broadband where ever the service exists and pay the minimum bill to ensure every employee family is net savy. This will certainly make more and more people are net savy and use the online facilities for booking bus/ train/ air tickets, also enables them to pay all the utility bills like electricity bill, water bill, municipal bill, property rental payment for the house owners, salary for the house maids, drivers etc, the income tax etc pay online; also this enables the online money transfers, online request, online grievances registration etc. This will certainly reduce the burden on the respective collection / issue centres. Also these measures enable more cash less transactions and certainly help in better utilisation of resources by the employees.
24. NEED CREATION OF ERGONOMIC WORK CONDITIONS IN ALL WORKPLACES; NEED FOR FOR CREATION OF INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION (ILO) WORK CONDITIONS AND REST PERIODS AND INSTALLATION OF YOGA AND RE CREATION IN EVERY WORK PLACE
Also it should be made mandatory that government must make standardisation of working condition from the appropriate light with minimum lux in the working area to fresh air to the, the green building to the safe drinking water to the provision of hygienic toilets etc should be provided. Also the working tables and chairs should be ergonomically designed to reduce the stress & strain and fatigue, Also it should be made mandatory that all organisations should provide ILO standards for better working conditions to reduce the stress and fatigue in the workers by providing the work breaks/ rest periods during the working hours; also all the organisations should provide appropriate space either in the premises or very near vicinity in a group of organisations the recreation either in-door or outdoor games and fresh oxygen facility (oxygen bars in case of highly polluted industries). Also should provide appropriate conveyance to reach the work place.
25. NEED FOR MANDATORY EXHIBITION OF LIST OF OCCUPATIONAL DISORDERS AND MEASURES FOR REDUCTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISORDERS BY THE EMPLOYERS; NEED FOR QUARTERLY/ HALF YEARLY HEALTH CHECK UP CAMPS AND NEED FOR MAINTENANCE OF HEALTH RECORDS OF THE EMPLOYEES BY EMPLOYERS FOR REDUCTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISORDERS
Also it should be made mandatory that all the offices / organisations must exhibit the possible occupational diseases list and their symptoms and remedies in the form of visual literature at the working place and educate every worker regarding the occupational diseases and methods to overcome them. Also it should be made mandatorily that the managements should ensure health check up for all the employees once in 3 months/ 6 months depends up on the nature of the jobs and mandatorily and maintain the records
26. NEED FOR KEEPING THE PART RESPONSIBILITY ON THE UNIONS FOR THE EFFLUENTS/ EMISSIONS DISCHARGE FROM THE FACTORY/INDUSTRY, SPURIOUS / ADULTERATED PRODUCTS/ ZERO BILLING PRODUCTS
Also it should be made mandatory that the unions in the individual factory or the unions in the ward/ village are responsible for the emissions of excess untreated gases and effluents in the open air / land by the factories contaminating the air/ water/ land through pollution. This method will certainly provide positive results, as the unions should complaint to the pollution control board, else should be treated as hand in glove with the managements. And the same criminal cases that are applicable to the managements should be applicable to the workers union leaders/ office bearers, this measure will certainly reduce the pollution related issues. Also similarly for spurious/ adulterated products or excess production and zero tax sales etc the unions in the manufacturing uint should take the responsibility.
27. NEED FOR CREATION OF PERMANENT OFFICE SPACE FOR ALL THE UNIONS OF DIFFERENT WORK FORCES FROM BLOCK TO DISTRICT TO STATE LEVEL WITH FULL COMPUTERISATION AND VIDEO CONFERENCE FACILITY AND INTRANET FOR DATA EXCHANGE. CONCESSION ON POWER SUPPLY, RENT ETC IN THE WARD/ VILLAGE OFFICES
Also it should be mandatory on the part of the government to provide permanent office space for all the unions of various kinds of workforce from the mandal level to the district, state and national level; the offices should be fully computerised and should possess the video conference facility and broad band facility. Also it should be ideal to provide the concession on electricity, rent etc for the offices of the unions in the wards / villages to enable them to have some office facility.
28. NEED FOR RESTRICTION OF WORKFORCE UNIONS RIGHT TO STRIKE ONLY FOR THE ISSUES PERTAINING TO THE EMPLOYMENT THAT TOO AS LAST RESORT AND ONLY PROTEST SHOULD BE ALLOWED, BANNING WORKFORCE UNIONS TO EXTEND SUPPORT/ PARTICIPATION ON SOCIAL & OTHER ECONOMIC ISSUES
Also it should be made mandatory that all the workforce unions are restricted their right to strike for the issues related their employment in that region/ arena focusing only on their occupation/ profession only; they are completely barred from supporting any strikes or moments organised by some other workforce union or other NGO’s or any political party for any socio-economic issues. This will certainly reduce the nucance that has been created by the vested interest union leaders in some places causing incontinence to the common people, and also the welfare which was suggested on implementation do not has the meaning if this provision was not incorporated.
29. NEED FOR MAKING TO MANDATORY THAT APPROVAL OF MAJORITY OF THE PEOPLES APPROVAL ONLY LAND ACQUISITION SHOULD HAPPEN
Also it should be made mandatory the land acquisition should be permitted in a particular area only and only after due discussion about the need for acquisition in the gram sabhas in these villages and approval of 4/5 of the majority within the gram sabha and overall 2/3 majority of the gram sabhas in the mandal and in addition 3/4 of the mandals approval within the stipulated area intended to acquire. This process of getting the peoples approval should be completed in 3 months by conducting public meetings under video recording and with voting; the government must charge the processing fees from the companies for using its machinery for acquiring the land. Also to protect the interest of the both buyers and sellers government must fix the minimum and maximum sale price.
Also in case of purely private acquisition in case ¾ of the land holders or ¾ of the total land required for the proposed project is acquired by the private party with minimum maximum value of the property, then the remaining land should be registered to the private party at the maximum value permitted by the concerned registration authority; this registration should be permitted only on registering the ¾ of the land by the private developer on full payment to the 3/4 of the land to the concerned landowners. Otherwise the investments attraction for the development of properties is not possible and due to the jack up of the prices or due to non sale of the part left over most of the developers approaching high clout political and anti social elements for acquiring the property for the projects which case the land owners are losing and the middle men are gaining and the project developers are gaining, the proposed methods are certainly a WIN-WIN for both the land owners as well the project developers.
Also it should be made mandatory in order to protect the interest of the land owners being exploited by the middlemen/ local politicians/ real estate mafias and the corporate by taking them at very peanut price and selling at pumpkin price to acquire wind fall gains, by restricting the land resale by making it resale should be permitted only after and lock in period of ten years, and the companies which are acquired are barred from changing their articles or mergers or acquisition by other companies only financial investment can be allowed in the form of secured/un secured loans to those companies which acquired land with certain purpose, ensuring the companies do not use loopholes in the companies law to acquire land and trade almost doing like a real estate broker by transferring the land or transferring the company shares entirely to new companies or other investors for other projects and conversion use only for the purpose intended to use, and also with a stipulated period to be used to complete the project by at least 50 % else the land should be returned back to the farmers/land owners. This measure will certainly reduce the exploitation.
30. NEED FOR MANDATORY PROVISION OF MARKET RATE PAY FOR THE LAND OWNERS/ NOMINAL PAY WITH ONE PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT FOR THE BREAD EARNER IN THE FAMILY OR IN CASE NO ELIGIBLE PENSIONS IN THE LAND OWNERS FAMILY MANDATORY PAYMENT OF PENSIONS THROUGHOUT THE EXISTENCE OF THE COMPANY/FACTORY WHETHER FACTORY RUNNING IN PROFITS OR LOSSES TO THE FAMILY OF THE LAND OWNER FAMILY.
Also the government must provide jobs to the locals and monthly compensation for the locals who lost their land in land acquisition for the purpose of project construction; in addition government must re habilitate them and also government must protect the interest of the people living in that area who do not hold land like fishermen etc by paying not only one time compensation, but also monthly pension for them as they do not know other than their profession to earn their lively hood.
31. NEED FOR MANDATORY SHARE OF PROFITS BY THE MANAGEMENTS TO THE EMPLOYEES; THE MINIMUM PROFIT SHARE SHOULD BE 10% OF THE TOTAL PROFIT BEFORE TAX TO ENSURE INCLUSIVE GROWTH OF BOTH EMPLOYEES AND EMPLOYER
Also it should be made mandatory that all organisations from kirana shop / pan shop to a giant industrial establishment must share part of their profit to the employees; the share of profit should be minimum 10% of their total profit before tax. This will certainly make better living for all the employees and is certainly a recognisation for the hard work and because of the hardship of employees the organisations are getting profits apart from their capital investment, as in most of the instances the capital is drawn from banks and other financial institutions. The payment to the employees should be made through bank transaction only; also in larger organisations if the employees wish to convert it into shares it should be made in that form at the market rate prevailing (ESOPS).
32. NEED FOR CONDUCTING CONDUCTING WORKSHOPS FOR BOTH UNORGANISED WORK FORE AS WELL AS ORGANISED WORKFORCE AS WELL AS ORGANISED WORKFORCE IN FINANCIAL COUNSELLING/ STRESS MANAGEMENT FOR OVER COMING THE FINANCIAL STRESS / CRISES; ENSURE THAT ALL THE WORKFORCE POSSESS THE BANK ACCOUNTS AND OPERATE THROUGH THE ACCOUNT. NEED FOR TEACHING IN SELF BELIEF AND “POWER OF SUB CONSCIOUS MIND” TO ALL WORKFORCE.
Also it should be made mandatory that all the government in association with banks and financial institutions should ensure that all the entire workforce both organised and un organised should be provided with the financial management, financial counselling for proper utilisation of the limited resources, enhancing it in legitimate safe manner (alert / awareness before investment in any institutions other than government and established banking systems), encouraging in savings for the future, also ensuring they are out of the existing financial crunch in some people. Also ensuring that every single workforce will possess the bank account, also training the educated workforce in using the mobile/internet banking and use of online payment and online banking transactions for payment of utility bills, for booking railway tickets etc. These measures are necessary as the workforce is mostly got cheated by the so called “money circulation schemes”, the chit funds etc in the pretext of higher interest and faster multiplication of money; as such all these un-organised and organised workforce should be thought about the awareness ensuring their hard earned money is not siphoned by the cheaters; also it will certainly reduce the wastage of money spending on the so called “babas, mullas, fakers etc” making them to spend money in the pretext of getting extra money/ resolving their financial crises making these already stressed small earners with more financial and mental burden, hardly there are noticeable change through such process; Also it should be most important that the entire workforce both unorganised and organised should be thought about the self belief and the “ power of sub conscious mind” to be happy & peaceful at all the times and also ensuring them to lead better life by achieving their wishes.
Since there is an abnormal growth of the unorganised sector of employment and also surprisingly the abnormal increase of contract workers instead of permanent workers in the private as well as government establishments there is urgent need for correction in the system, Also there is an abnormal rise of growth of income/ profit margin of the employers/ organisation but the growth of income and living standards of the employees are being deteriorated and the living standards are being in steep decline and the health issues are alarmingly on the rise and which may lead to loss of production hampering overall economic growth of the country and thus the standards of living of the people in the country; as such there should a systemic correction in channelling both unorganised workforce as well as organised workforce is required in order to ensure that the first and foremost thing is to make it mandatory that the government must form an agency to register the individual according the nature of skill/ work he/she intended to perform, un skilled, semi skilled or skilled based on the respective strengths and training in each and every category of work; also to ensure that every un organised and organised workforce should be provided with bank account then to issue the registration number with ID card; all the employees must be provide employment only based the registration number; this will also provide the details of previous employment, also verification of credentials for unskilled workers in the domestic areas, also this methods has many advantages of its own; like all the payments to the employees are mandatorily recorded, also it enables the health care card provision for all employees of what so ever nature; also it should be made mandatory to provide the “provisions debit card” by deducting the 25 % of the salary amount of each employee (any one member in the house hold) in the organised sector and contract workers to ensure the employees mandatorily use 25 % of salary for the food only to ensure at least the families of the employees should have health food; also making it mandatory that all employers must provide balanced diet food for the employees during the working period in their premises or for the organisation; also making it mandatory that providing the education for the children of the employees is the responsibility of the employer, also it should be made mandatory that all the organised sector employees and contract employees in the organised sector and semi organised sector (other than labour) should be provided with tablet PC and basic mobile charge as well as basic internet charges ensuring that all the employees are fully conned with the communication and enabling them to use the online payments for the statutory payments like electricity bill, other bills, booking of travel tickets etc which will certainly reduce the burden on the travel organisations as well as recording of the legitimacy of the travel; online cash transfers, etc; also government must reduce the taxation for the individuals for more cashless transactions, also reduction of taxes for the employers for providing the food, health care, education, mobile & internet minimum bill etc; also the provision card will certainly ensure more trade happens and also most of the trade has been recorded this will certainly reduce the zero billing and enhance the sales tax and other taxes collection; also making it mandatory that all employers from propriety kirana shops to the giant corporate share minimum of 10 % of profits before tax with the employers will certainly lead to betterment of both employers as well as employees; also all the workforce should be thought about “financial counselling” within their limited resources; also the workforce both un organised and organised should be thought about occupational diseases and overcoming them through preventive measures, also they are thought of health care and low cost nutritional food for the family health care; also educating the entire workforce on self belief and the “power of sub conscious mind” to overcome all issues (both personal life issues, financial crunches, workload stress etc instead of depending upon the non scientific practices of believing the banas, mullas etc and further declining to stressing themselves) and achieve everything in life also making the workers are united by ensuring the unions are elected only for the wards, mandal / industrial zones, and the tenure of the union office bearers is only two years and maximum terms of union office bearers is two and also making all the offices/ establishments are installed with CC cameras and bio metric attendance system, and every union office bearer should have at least 66% of the total days as well as working hours attendance every quarter to continue as office bearer and also an aggregate of 75% of attendance to re-nomination for contesting for second term; also making to mandatory that all union office bearers provide the income and wealth statements of their immediate family members, also providing the union with permanent office establishments from the mandal level onwards, also restricting the unions the right to strike only to the local areas and only in that particular employment issues and permanently barring the unions from participation/ extending support to other socio economic issues raised by the other unions or NGO’s or other political parties will certainly ensure that the unions are for the welfare of the employees and work towards the betterment of the employees as well as economic growth of the country making the country not only self sufficient but also to help other deserving countries thus becoming a real “ super power nation”.